The time rate of change of the position of an object

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Time dilation at zero velocity (and zero gravity)

From what I've learned, the more an object travels closer and closer to the speed of light, the more time will slow down for that object.. at least from an outside perspective.. It was shown that ...
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3answers
3k views

Light traveling through a medium

Does the frequency of light change when it travels across an interface between two media? What happens to the light wavelength and the light velocity at the interface? I've gotten different answers ...
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5answers
9k views

How can an object with zero acceleration move?

My physics text has a problem in which it is said that a person moves a block of wood in such a way so that the block moves at a constant velocity. The block, therefore, is in dynamic equilibrium and ...
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2answers
3k views

What will be the relative speed of the fly? [duplicate]

It has happened many times and i have ignored it everytime. Yesterday it happened again . I was travelling in a train and saw a fly (insect) flying near my seat. Train was running at a speed of ...
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2answers
260 views

2 bodies separated by a rope [closed]

Say you have two bodies connected by a "weightless" rope, one hanging from a ledge on a pulley (classic pulley problem). If the body that is on the surface and being pulled by the object hanging ...
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3answers
64 views

Why is there a contradiction in this Newton's equations of motion related question? [closed]

One second after being thrown straight down, an object is falling with a speed of 20 m/s. How much distance does the object travel in the first second? We took: $$v = 20\,{\rm m/s}$$ $$u = 0\,{\rm ...
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1answer
102 views

Does speed in space really matter?

This is about validating the science from a science fiction novel. My understanding is that speed is all relative. So while I am in a car on the freeway my speed relative to another passenger is ...
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3answers
80 views

Does there exist a hyperbolic relationship between frequency $\omega$ and wavenumber $k$?

As the title states, is it possible to derive a hyperbolic relationship in the form of $\frac{x^2}{a^2} - \frac{y^2}{b^2} = 1$ between frequency $\omega$ and wavenumber $k$ I have tried to start this ...
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4answers
1k views

Can a flying bullet be caught with your hands?

Many films show heroes catching fired bullet with their fingers. Is it practically possible? Is it possible to do like that or just in movies? Can we catch a bullet that is fired towards catcher?
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2answers
317 views

Weird case for relative velocities and special relativity

This has bothered me for a while. I've been taught that the formula for determining the perceived velocity on an object from another moving object's reference frame under special relativity is: $$v = ...
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3answers
3k views

Force with zero acceleration [duplicate]

If I apply a force on a body which is kept against a wall, then the body will not move. The body is not moving means that its velocity is zero, and hence its acceleration is also zero. According to ...
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2answers
86 views

If airplanes' highest speed depends directly on the air it is moving through and not the ground,

If airplanes' highest speed depends directly on the air it is moving through and not the ground, does it mean we can build a time machine if only the air moves near the speed of light?
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3answers
657 views

How does one measure velocity in space?

Just what the title states. Velocity, by definition, is the distance covered in a defined amount of time. How does one measure the velocity of a spacecraft that is not in Earth Orbit? E.g. Beagle ...
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2answers
54 views

Movement of accelerating points with maximum speed (i.e. running away from tiger) [closed]

I'm walking through a forest and suddenly I see a tiger. And now I have a problem. I want to know how much time I have left but I don't know how to calculate it. Or more formally: Let's ...
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1answer
50 views

Are velocity and accelerate smooth quantities?

My thinking: acceleration corresponds to a force which is instantaneous, so the acceleration of a rigid body can be rather spiky (non-smooth) velocity (angular velocity) describes the ratio of ...
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2answers
114 views

Problem finding the average velocity [closed]

Problem: A car travels along a straight line for first half time with speed of 40 km/h and second half time with speed 60 km/h. The mean speed of the car is__________. My answer: 48 km/h Why? ...
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3answers
83 views

Perceiving travel speeds from different view points

Scenario: Two vehicles pass each other on a highway moving at 100km's an hour; from a stationary position beside the road you witness these cars pass each-other directly in front of you: from your ...
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1answer
72 views

Question regarding FTL information transfer between two inertial frames

Why can’t information travel faster than the speed of light, if the two endpoints to and from which the information is being sent are moving relatively to each other, as long as the information ...
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2answers
61 views

Query into the cumulative velocity of mounted platforms

Consider throwing a stone at an object from rest, it travels at Vms-1. Now throw that stone whilst running at Ums-1. It seems in the latter scenario the total speed of stone is V + U. Now imagine ...
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3answers
129 views

Question about relative speeds on a different “scales of perception”

I was kind of puzzled yesterday when thinking about this. If we observe an object moving away from us with 10m/s we would say the object is moving away from us really slowly But if we (humans, ...
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1answer
680 views

Resisting force depends on velocity? [duplicate]

Why does resisting force depend on velocity? I think there is no relation between resisting force and velocity of object. Please speak about it logically.
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3answers
4k views

Calculating car's acceleration from change in angle of hanging object?

The question essentially is based on a situation like this- A car has a small object hung from the cieling on a string (apparently at an angle of 0 degrees to the ceiling). The car is accelerating ...
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2answers
84 views

Solving distance with acceleration and velocity given and getting two different answers using two different equations [closed]

Frictional forces from brake pads are responsible for stopping an automobile. A car is moving at $35.0 \:\mathrm{m/s}$. If the car's brakes are capable of generating a deceleration rate of $6.00 ...
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2answers
93 views

Playing catch in space?

I was thinking about this on the bus (exam this week :P). What would happen if two people played catch in outer space? Lets say person A and B are in space at rest, A throws a mass m at B, what ...
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1answer
86 views

Would a wormhole be able to move?

First, I consider the following as given: All the galaxies, solar systems and planets in the universe travel on a different route at a different velocity through space, mostly moving away from each ...
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1answer
43 views

Calculating velocity from a pressure distribution

Using computational fluid dynamics I have calculated the pressure distribution over a streamlined body. I have access to the static, dynamic and total pressure seperately and assume that I can use ...
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3answers
1k views

Why frequency is inversely proportional to time-period?

Why frequency is inversely proportional to time-period? While studying about Fourier transform that shows frequency representation. A doubt that came to me was a set of signal with same wavelength ...
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1answer
57 views

Relative velocity of two objects travelling at $c$ (or near $c$) [duplicate]

If two bodies are travelling at speed $0.9 \, c$ in opposite directions, what will be the speed of one, as observed by another? Newtonian mechanics won't apply at such speeds. As such, how will we ...
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2answers
142 views

How can Terminal Velocity be greater than gravity? [closed]

It's been over a decade since my last high school physics class, so I apologize in advance if this is a dumb/ignorant question, but how can a skydiver fall faster than the speed of gravity? If gravity ...
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1answer
160 views

How do objects even move due to gravity?

I am an newbie general relativistic learner and I learnt that gravity is bending of space-time and since objects move in straight-lines but since its curved they follow curved movement through space ...
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2answers
497 views

Deriving Time from Acceleration, Displacement, and Initial Velocity

I know the equation for displacement as a function of time is $$\vec{s} = \vec{v_i} \Delta{t}+\frac{1}{2}\vec{a}\,(\Delta t)^2$$ I need to solve for $\Delta t$ I'm having problems rearranging to do ...
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3answers
162 views

Kinematics - Concept of average velocity

Average velocity, as I have heard, cannot be found simply by finding the average of two numbers. I have a question on average velocity, but am simply unable to proceed: A particle moving in a ...
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1answer
128 views

What happens if a body free-falls at a certain speed?

It is known that a body falling to the ground is affected by gravity, and its velocity increases by 9.8 m/s per second. But when this body is falling, and it reaches the speed of 340 m/s (the speed of ...
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1answer
1k views

Distinguish between instantaneous speed and instantaneous velocity

I encountered a line in my text book of physics that: Average speed over a finite interval of time is greater or equal to the magnitude of the average velocity. But instantaneous speed at an ...
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1answer
107 views

The physical interpretation of limit of ratio of two functions

Imagine we have two different differentiable functions $f(t)$ and $g(t)$ where $t$ generally represents the time, if there exists the following limit as $$ \lim\limits_{t\rightarrow \infty } \frac{\| ...
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3answers
636 views

Parachute in vacuum

Consider that the earth is vacuum. Consider a person of weight 100 kg is falling from sky with an parachute . He is free falling at height of 3000 m. When will he reach the ground? What would happen ...
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2answers
979 views

How to compute drag coefficient given initial position, initial velocity and final resting position?

The equations I'm using are: x = x + (DT * vx) vx = vx * C My DT is always 0.01 and the coefficient C (related to a linear ...
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1answer
32 views

Muzzle Velocity confusion

Does muzzle velocity refer to the velocity of the bullet with respect to ground or the velocity with respect to the gun?
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2answers
71 views

Does a reflecting object move faster than one that does not reflect?

Suppose you have two objects with the same mass and shape, such as a ball, and the only difference between the two is that one reflects light and the other does not. Would one object's velocity be ...
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2answers
44 views

Does juggling faster less work then juggling slower?

I got this idea when juggling. Let's say three balls with the standard technique. When I throw the balls higher it is harder (more work), but since it takes more time for them to fall back I work less ...
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1answer
573 views

Is air resistance affected by both mass and surface area?

If so, which has the biggest impact?
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5answers
719 views

If the velocity vector of a moving particle is always perpendicular to the position vector, is the path a circle? [closed]

A Newtonian physics question: If the velocity vector of a moving particle is always perpendicular to the position vector, is the only possible path a circle? What if the magnitude of the velocity ...
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2answers
136 views

Can speed be defined in the complex plane?

This question cropped up while I was playing with the equation for time dilation. If I set the speed to be $i$ (imaginary unit) the answer from the equation still makes sense, but does that matter if ...
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1answer
60 views

Velocity at certain point?

I seem to have misunderstood something in velocity. There is a path from point A to point B, that gap between is 100 meters. An object moves from point A to B with a velocity is 10 m/s. ...
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2answers
107 views

confusion on vector quantities

How can we define simply that velocity is a vector quantity without mentioning that velocity has vector properties. How can we simply say it needs both magnitude and direction for its complete ...
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1answer
203 views

Question Regarding Lorentz Transformation

I have question regarding the following velocity transform formula: $$v_b = \frac{v_a - u}{1-uv_a/c^2}$$ $u$ here refers to the speed that one frame is moving relative to another. How do I decide ...
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2answers
432 views

How can I calculate the initial velocities of a set of objects with a consistent force?

I'm trying to figure out which object would have the largest time of flight when launched from a slingshot. To do this, I need the initial velocity. How can I calculate this if I know the mass and ...
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3answers
143 views

Velocity vector for constant acceleration in newtonian mechanics

If the acceleration vector of an object remains constant, is there no change in the direction of the velocity vector? The question applies to any movements in classical physics.
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3answers
136 views

I'm having trouble wrapping my head around force, and thus acceleration, diminishing with a higher velocity when using a constant power

Here is an hypothetical situation I thought about that I don't understand. Let's say I have 2 identical rockets with a fixed power. These rockets start to race in the same direction using the full ...
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3answers
1k views

Velocity is “Distance/Time” in a particular direction OR simply “Displacement/Time”?

Is velocity: Distance/Time in a particular direction, or simply Displacement/Time? Or both 1 and 2 is the same thing?