The time rate of change of the position of an object

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
84 views

Calculating impact velocity and time with non-uniform acceleration [duplicate]

Here goes: imagine a spacecraft with engines shut off in a free fall towards some celestial body x. let's say the distance to surface is $100 000$ $\text{meters}$. initial vertical velocity is ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Recession of galaxies

when you take such a given galaxy and it is said that you are moving away from us with a speed $v$, what do you mean really? Let me explain: is the galaxy itself which has an intrinsic velocity of ...
0
votes
2answers
340 views

Weird case for relative velocities and special relativity

This has bothered me for a while. I've been taught that the formula for determining the perceived velocity on an object from another moving object's reference frame under special relativity is: $$v = ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

What happens if a body free-falls at a certain speed?

It is known that a body falling to the ground is affected by gravity, and its velocity increases by 9.8 m/s per second. But when this body is falling, and it reaches the speed of 340 m/s (the speed of ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Calculating the energy of an electron given the wavelength

Okay, so I know that the wavelength of an electron is 5e-7m and I am asked to calculate its minimum velocity and hence minimum energy. Calculating the minimum ...
5
votes
2answers
861 views

Zeno’s Paradox of the Arrow

Premises And the Conclusion of the Paradox: (1) When the arrow is in a place just its own size, it’s at rest. (2) At every moment of its flight, the arrow is in a place just its own size. (3) ...
5
votes
3answers
321 views

Physical intuition for independence of components of velocity in derivation of Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution

Maxwell derived the shape of the probability distribution of velocity of gas particles by starting with just two assumptions. These are: The probability distribution is rotation invariant. The ...
4
votes
2answers
9k views

Flow of liquid among branches

If water is flowing through big pipe is branched into 4 branches of small pipe. Lets say the flow is around 4 m/sec. I have the following questions: What will be the flow rate in each of the ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Did a racer on a “restless” course race at some particular average velocity? (1: Starting blocks, finish line moving uniformly wrt. each o.)

Consider two participants, $A$ and $B$ moving uniformly wrt. each other; first having approached each other, then having met and passed each other, and eventually having separated from each other such ...
0
votes
1answer
296 views

Finding an equation to solve for the velocity of a swimmer crossing a river [closed]

Where $\theta=45^\circ$, $d_1=200\:\mathrm{m}$, and $d_2=150\:\mathrm{m}$. I do not know how to combine the following equations: $$\begin{align} t&=\frac{d_1}{v_s\cos(45^\circ)}\\ ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Shock Absorber - Bus - Not Uniform

Imagine a empty bus/lorry travelling at high speed over the "speed brake", why is that only rear seat is heaved relatively high compared to the fron seat?
0
votes
2answers
466 views

How can I calculate the initial velocities of a set of objects with a consistent force?

I'm trying to figure out which object would have the largest time of flight when launched from a slingshot. To do this, I need the initial velocity. How can I calculate this if I know the mass and ...
0
votes
3answers
147 views

Question about relative speeds on a different “scales of perception”

I was kind of puzzled yesterday when thinking about this. If we observe an object moving away from us with 10m/s we would say the object is moving away from us really slowly But if we (humans, ...
2
votes
1answer
542 views

Velocity of real gas molecules?

It is known that the velocity of ideal gas molecules can be computed using Maxwell-Boltzmann law of distribution of molecular velocities, with average velocity given as: ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Final position of an object after aplying several horizontal forces [closed]

I'm given an object with a starting position. Several horizontal forces are applied to this object one after the other for different amounts of time. How can I determine the final position $x$?
-1
votes
1answer
92 views

Finding the constant of gravity in a game [closed]

Minecraft is a game of mining where one digs and finds ore (to put it simply). the world is composed of "blocks" 3 dimensional cubes that have different "pictures" on them, that make them appear like ...
2
votes
2answers
493 views

What will be the velocity of a comet is falling to the Earth from infinity at the time of impact if Earth had no atmosphere?

What will be the velocity of a comet is falling to the Earth from infinity at the time of impact if Earth had no atmosphere? the comet is falling radially towards the earth. Will this velocity be ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Determining impact velocity over long distances [duplicate]

Everything I have found concerning impact velocity from a given height deals with constant acceleration due to gravity. I would like to know how to work in varying acceleration into the equation. So, ...
-1
votes
1answer
115 views

Displacement inside the moving Object

Suppose say a person is standing over the moving bike and he jumps while bike is moving, bike will move forward & person will land in same point at which he jumped, relative to earth position ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

Find initial velocity when given max height of 100m [closed]

A ball is thrown straight up. The height of the ball above the ground in (m) is given by the function: $$h(t)=-5t^2 + vt + c$$ What is the initial velocity if you want the ball to reach a max height ...
0
votes
2answers
270 views

2 bodies separated by a rope [closed]

Say you have two bodies connected by a "weightless" rope, one hanging from a ledge on a pulley (classic pulley problem). If the body that is on the surface and being pulled by the object hanging ...
6
votes
6answers
682 views

How low can an electron go?

Title says it all - recently I encountered a strange homework exercise on de Broglie dual theory with an electron wavelength of few millimeters - which implies the velocity lower than 1 m/s. I ...
-1
votes
1answer
105 views

Given Velocity formula and told to find acceleration, I need help please. [closed]

I tried to do this problem by taking the derivative and it did not get me the right answer. I also tried the Vdv=Ads integration and could not get the right answer. Please Help
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Determine orbital position after change in velocity

I am working on a satellite simulator for a project/game and I am stuck on this one bit of physics. So far I have a satellite that revolves around earth on a 2D plane following Keplerian motion using ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is it possible to affect the trajectory of a black hole?

Basically is the black hole itself affected by the matter going into it? Does it either get pulled by gravity toward things or have its own velocity affected by matter that "impacts" it?
-1
votes
3answers
256 views

According to relativity, can a statement be true and false in same time?

Say I write following statement on a paper: It's year 2014 at earth. Then I give it to my friend. My friend then starts to leave me and earth to outside with velocity of light. Einstein says the ...
7
votes
3answers
385 views

Does Super Mario physics work in reality? [duplicate]

This illustration summarizes my question: Please assume no air resistance (unless that makes a large difference). Here's what we concluded, but I could use both confirmation and also help with the ...
1
vote
2answers
174 views

Can a bullet leave a gun and tumble to the ground?

This question seems to have been asked a few times in different configurations, but none of them answer my variation. I've struggled to understand this for nearly 15 years and had conflicting answers ...
0
votes
0answers
449 views

Gravity change as a function of time only

Is it possible to find how gravity changes with time? That is, height is not part of the equation. For example, $g$ can be expressed as a function of height that does not involve time with this ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

Graph of Lorentz force in function of angle between v and B-field?

I need to draw a graph of the magnitude of the Lorentz force in function of the angle between the velocity and B. Am i right in supposing this will be a sine wave?
2
votes
2answers
314 views

Mathematical model for this graph of a simplified binary star system?

Unnecessary background for question: I had a school assignment asking us to relate a quadratic equation to a real life example relating to our future dream career, making sure to express the accuracy ...
1
vote
1answer
367 views

Using the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function to find specific molecule speeds?

I've been looking for problems to practice on this topic and found a problem asking to use the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function to calculate the fraction of Argon gas molecules with a speed of ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Does an airplane's speed include the speed of the Earth?

After take off, does airplane's speed include Earth's movement/speed? Do airplanes turn with Earth movement/rotation?
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Velocity in the lift equation

What exactly is the nature of the velocity in the lift equation? I have read that it is the velocity of the aircraft, and I think I have read that it is the relative velocity of the air to the ...
0
votes
3answers
144 views

Velocity vector for constant acceleration in newtonian mechanics

If the acceleration vector of an object remains constant, is there no change in the direction of the velocity vector? The question applies to any movements in classical physics.
2
votes
2answers
1k views

I don't understand the idea of perpendicular vectors being independent of each other?

So problem 71-75 is about vectors. The problem says: A river has a current flowing with a velocity of 2.0 meters per second due east. A boat is 75 meters from the north riverbank. It travels at ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Can the phrase “Terminal Velocity” be used to describe non-gravity situations?

According to Wikipedia: [Terminal Velocity] is the velocity of the object when the sum of the drag force (Fd) and buoyancy equals the downward force of gravity (FG) acting on the object. Since ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Speed of three objects falling with different masses

The following is the problem that I am working on. Three different objects each with mass $m_1<m_2<m_3$ is launched from the same height $h$ with three different angles $\theta_1 < ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Does velocity or acceleration cause time dilation?

What causes time dilation? Acceleration or velocity? I've seen multiple comments on this forum that assert velocity is the cause, but that doesn't seem right to me. You can't have velocity without ...
3
votes
2answers
625 views

Velocity and acceleration in SHM

Can velocity and acceleration reach maximal values during the SHM simultaneously? Can you explain why?
4
votes
3answers
252 views

Do bullet/gun physics change if the gun is traveling very fast?

If I'm running at say $400\: \mathrm{m/s}$ and a bullet travels at $400\: \mathrm{m/s}$ and I fire the gun, will I see the bullet leave the barrel? I either see it stay in the barrel floating ...
0
votes
1answer
941 views

Phonon dispersion calculation based on velocity autocorrelation function in reciprocal space?

I would like to ask about the method of calculating phonon dispersion relation. Up to my knowledge, there are 2 methods to calculate the phonon dispersion: By diagonalizing the dynamics matrix. ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

Relative velocities of boats and a stone thrown by the boat [closed]

Question: A police boat is chasing a boat with criminals along a straight river by moving against the stream. The speed of the river stream is 3 miles per hour, the speed of the boat with ...
-1
votes
3answers
276 views

Velocity of the photon

As far as I know photon travels in a wave pattern, that means it has $x$ and $y$ axis velocity components. If photon travels along $x$ axis, then what is it's maximum $y$ axis velocity?
2
votes
1answer
497 views

Where do the equations for resistive force come from?

I've been watching MIT's Walter Lewin physics lectures. In lecture 12, Lewin pulls, out of nowhere, a couple of equations regarding resistive/drag forces in fluids: $$\begin{align} \vec{F_{res}} ...
8
votes
2answers
271 views

What is the physical meaning of $|f''(\xi )|\leq\frac{4(f(b)-f(a))}{(b-a)^{2}}$ where $f(t)$ is position as a function of time?

Here is the full problem: I was able to prove the given expression; but the interpretation part is giving me a bit of trouble. Here is my interpretation: The average acceleration in $(a,b)$, is ...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

Angular Momentum of Two Non-interacting Particles

I'm reading a book (An Introduction to Mechanics by Kleppner) where they calculate the angular momentum $l$ of a system of two non-interacting particles, but I don't understant what are they doing. ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How far will the first spacecraft travel before the second one catches up to it? [closed]

A spacecraft leaves the point of origin and has a maximum acceleration of 30 m/s. It can only maintain this rate for 10 minutes before it runs out of gas and then proceeds to drift at a constant ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

How to formally write down the Boltzmann equation?

Can someone write down the Boltzmann equation, not neglecting any of the variables of the involved functions and integrals? Specifically, how to concisely capture the "primed" variables in a sensible ...
3
votes
4answers
980 views

Why do people claim electrons are accelerating

A lot of text books mention that one of the reasons that classical mechanics failed to explain atomic and subatomic processes is that electrons which accelerate should release energy in the form of ...