The time rate of change of the position of an object

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1answer
2k views

man walking in rain:relative velocity [closed]

A man walking in rain at a speed of 3kmph find rain to be falling vertically. When he increases his speed to 6 kmph, he finds rain meeting him at an angle of 45 deg to the vertical. What is the ...
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1answer
274 views

Acceleration, velocity and speed

It is given that acceleration is constant, so can we infer that average speed and velocity are the same?? Moreover, circular motion is out of the question, as the function of x(t) where ...
2
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4answers
688 views

Why do people claim electrons are accelerating

A lot of text books mention that one of the reasons that classical mechanics failed to explain atomic and subatomic processes is that electrons which accelerate should release energy in the form of ...
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3answers
382 views

Functions of Time

1) Is position a function of time only or also velocity? Likewise, is velocity a function of time only or also the position? 2) The following are functions of time: $s(t)$ = distance a particle ...
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3answers
418 views

Parachute in vacuum

Consider that the earth is vacuum. Consider a person of weight 100 kg is falling from sky with an parachute . He is free falling at height of 3000 m. When will he reach the ground? What would happen ...
2
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1answer
8k views

Need help with the position of a particle in a velocity-versus-time graph

I am having trouble with a velocity-versus-time graph. I recently took a Physics test that asked this question: The graph shows the velocity versus time for a particle moving along the $x$ axis. The ...
2
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1answer
898 views

Kinematics with non constant acceleration

A particle experiences an acceleration described by $$ a=kx^{-2} $$ where x is the displacement from the origin and k is an arbitrary constant. To what value does the velocity v of the particle ...
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2answers
95 views

Gravity mitigated by velocity regardless of mass?

We know that a small object moving fast enough can pass by a planet and escape its gravity. Would this be (theoretically) true in reverse? Meaning a planet moving fast enough past a stationary smaller ...
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1answer
91 views

Why pulse waves results in wave packets?

I was doing experiments of measuring sonic velocity and I generate pulse waves from sensor 1, but when they are received by sensor 2, I saw wave packets on the oscilloscope, can you explain why? I was ...
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2answers
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Explanation that air drag is proportional to speed or square speed?

A falling object with no initial velocity with mass $m$ is influenced by a gravitational force $g$ and the drag (air resistance) which is proportional to the object's speed. By Newton´s laws this can ...
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3answers
3k views

What's the acceleration of pendulum when velocity is zero

For a pendulum which has a light string to hang a bob, I know that when the bob swing to the leftmost or rightmost end, the velocity of the bob is zero and the acceleration should be maximized. But if ...
0
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3answers
2k views

Force with zero acceleration [duplicate]

If I apply a force on a body which is kept against a wall, then the body will not move. The body is not moving means that its velocity is zero, and hence its acceleration is also zero. According to ...
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4answers
3k views

Deriving equations of motion using integration

Please refer to my school textbook pg48 (of the book, and not the pdf counter) here: http://ncertbooks.prashanthellina.com/class_11.Physics.PhysicsPartI/ch-3.pdf My doubt is in this context: (right ...
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2answers
901 views

Do you use the magnitude equation to get speed from an accelerometer?

A guy suggested to me that getting speed from an accelerometer required the use of this equation: $\text{speed} = \sqrt{x^2 + y^2 + z^2}$ This does not make any sense to me, all that you would get ...
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4answers
2k views

Light traveling through a medium

Does the frequency of light change when it travels across an interface between two media? What happens to the light wavelength and the light velocity at the interface? I've gotten different answers ...
2
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2answers
185 views

Where are we : On level ground or on a ramp - moving in a train?

Let's say we are traveling in a train. The path has two parts: one at ground-level and the other moving up on the ramp. The ramp has an inclination of $\arctan\frac{a}{g}$ with the horizontal, where ...
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2answers
3k views

Conservation of Momentum from Recoil Speed

A gun has a recoil speed of 2 m/s when firing. If the gun has a mass of 2kg and the bullet has a mass of 10g (0.01 kg) what speed does the bullet come out at? The gun has zero total momentum before ...
2
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4answers
30k views

Finding the force of friction of a moving object and its change when it accelerates to a constant speed

I have been searching for a straight forward answer to this question for ages now and it is driving me crazy. Here is what I know: If an object is moving at a constant speed the force of friction ...
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2answers
4k views

Calculating Average Velocity

I understand that the concept of an average of a data list means finding a certain value 'x', which ensures that the sum of the deviations of the numbers on the left of 'x' and on the right of 'x' ...
0
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2answers
2k views

How can I add an acceleration vector to a velocity with a different direction?

I am in my last year of high school and am struggling with some homework. I'm sorry if this question is incredibly stupid, but I simply can't find the answer in my notes. If I have an object with a ...
5
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1answer
145 views

Aircraft nose-up glide

In the pilot's introductory book "Stick and Rudder" it claims that a nose-up glide is possible. It doesn't state how, why or when. It implies it's possible to do and maintain a constant forward ...
4
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1answer
316 views

Does a fly get brought up to speed with a bus?

Consider a scenario where a bus is moving at a constant speed and a fly enters through a window,the fly is also flying at a constant speed. Since the bus is not in contact with the fly and neither is ...
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0answers
112 views

A 0.1kg ball of dough is thrown up with a velocity of 15m/s. What is the momentum halfway up? [closed]

I know that $p=mv$ and (0.1kg)(15m/s)=1.5 kg m/s and the momentum at the vertex is 0, but what is the momentum halfway up?
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3answers
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What is the difference between impulse and momentum?

What is the difference between impulse and momentum? The question says it all...I know the second of of them is mass * velocity, but what is the first one for, and when is it used? Also, what are its ...
3
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3answers
489 views

Is velocity quantized?

If velocity is not quantized, then do moving objects have 'infinitely decimal place' velocities which we just can't measure to infinite decimal places? From my understanding the quantization of ...
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0answers
81 views

Truck driven from a small motor that can carry a heavy load, yet can travel fast.

I am building a truck from trash as materials. I have one small motor and a a few small gears, but no other engineered materials are allowed. The truck must carry a load for a distance of 3m. The ...
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2answers
209 views

Escape Velocity question

I would like some help in understanding the derivation of the formula for escape velocity. Why does $t$ approach infinity? And why is $v(t)$ approaching zero? I know that $r(t)$ is infinite because ...
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1answer
501 views

Projectile motion problem with upward acceleration and horizontal velocity [closed]

An electron in a cathode-ray tube is traveling horizontally at 2.10×10^9 cm/s when deflection plates give it an upward acceleration of 5.30×10^17 cm/s^2 . B.) What is its vertical displacement during ...
7
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5answers
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When driving uphill why can't I reach a velocity that I would have been able to maintain if I started with it?

Consider these two situations when driving on a long straight road uphill: Starting at a high velocity $v_h$, which the car is able to maintain. Starting at a lower velocity $v_l$, and then trying ...
0
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1answer
157 views

Vertical velocity to reach a certain point given a flat horizontal velocity? [closed]

Suppose I have two points such as $a(4,6,9)$ and $b(32,5,12)$. If I have a flat velocity pointing $a$ to $b (b - a)$ which has an arbitrarily defined magnitude. Given gravity $g$,how can I calculate ...
2
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3answers
383 views

If you could reverse gravity, what velocity would you achieve on leaving Earth?

If you could reverse gravity, to make it repulsive instead of attractive, what velocity would you achieve on leaving Earth? A simple question really, but I have completely forgot how to calculate ...
6
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4answers
1k views

How to brake 'beautifully'?

Sometimes when I'm driving my car, I play a "game" against myself in which I try to minimize the deceleration felt by passengers (including myself) while still braking in a reasonable short space. I ...
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2answers
86 views

If airplanes' highest speed depends directly on the air it is moving through and not the ground,

If airplanes' highest speed depends directly on the air it is moving through and not the ground, does it mean we can build a time machine if only the air moves near the speed of light?
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8answers
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Can you completely explain acceleration to me?

I understand what acceleration is, and I know the formula, and I understand it's a vector. I just don't understand how the equation works exactly. I'm kind of picky, I know, but bear with me. ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Connecting 4-velocity to equation for adding velocities

Is there a way to connect 4-velocity to equations for adding speeds? I know 4-velocity $U^\mu$ is derived like this: \begin{equation} \begin{split} P^\mu &= m U^\mu \Longrightarrow U^\mu = ...
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0answers
387 views

What is the pressure in a vertical pipe that has moving fluid through it?

I have a system like this When the valve is closed, pressure along any point along the thin tube may be found thru pgh. 1. What about when the valve is opened? 2. Does the top of the jar need to be ...
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1answer
412 views

Velocity of real gas molecules?

It is known that the velocity of ideal gas molecules can be computed using Maxwell-Boltzmann law of distribution of molecular velocities, with average velocity given as: ...
13
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7answers
4k views

How can kinetic energy be proportional to the square of velocity, when velocity is relative?

Let's start with kinetic energy (from los Wikipedias) The kinetic energy of an object is the energy which it possesses due to its motion. It is defined as the work needed to accelerate a body of a ...
0
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1answer
948 views

Relative Velocity and Momentum

The question is, "A $45.5~kg$ girl is standing on a $140~kg$ plank. Both originally at rest on a frozen lake that constitutes a friction-less, flat surface. The girl begins to walk along the plank at ...
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2answers
2k views

What does the velocity of a wave mean?

I know that the velocity of a wave is given by $v=\lambda f$ but what does this velocity represent in the physical sense. For instance, if I am told a car moves at a velocity of 5 $m/s$ I know that ...
1
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1answer
296 views

How much runway does the space shuttle need to land?

A textbook question proposes the following scenario: NASA needs to plan emergency landing sites for the Space Shuttle (RIP). There are a number of things to consider. The shuttle touches down no ...
0
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2answers
430 views

Negative sign of acceleration [closed]

This is the problem from our Physics textbook : A player throws a ball upwards with an initial speed of 29.4 m s–1. (a) Choose the x = 0 m and t = 0 s to be the location and time of the ball at ...
2
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1answer
515 views

How accelerometers sense constant velocity movements

There is something I don't understand about accelerometers. I know it's possible to make an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) by using "three" accelerometers. So with that, I could calculate the $x$, ...
3
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1answer
467 views

How do I find the initial velocity in this problem?

An X-ray tube gives electrons constant acceleration over a distance of $20\text{ cm}$. If their final speed is $2.0\times 10^7\text{ m/s}$, what are the electrons' acceleration? I know this ...
3
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1answer
417 views

From how deep into space can a human “skydive” back to earth? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: From how high could have Felix Baumgartner jumped without disintegrating like a shooting star? If a human can skydive from an altitude of 24 miles (39 km), and a ...
11
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2answers
2k views

How fast would a spaceship have to go to reach Alpha Centauri within a person's lifetime?

Given the recent news about the discovery of an "Earthlike" planet orbiting Alpha Centauri (our nearest stellar neighbour) it got me wondering just how fast would spaceship have to travel to be able ...
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1answer
293 views

How does Baumgartner slow his velocity so that the parachute can open up?

How does Baumgartner slow his velocity so that the parachute can open up? What is Baumgartner's speed just before his parachute opens? What causes his speed to slow down just before the chute opens? ...
13
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1answer
2k views

From how high could have Felix Baumgartner jumped without disintegrating like a shooting star?

Today Felix Baumgartner jumped from 39 kilometres high and reached the earth safely. Just considering friction, from how high can a human jump? I expect that from a certain height, he would have ...
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0answers
234 views

What direction a flag on an object moving in the wind shows?

"The flag of a ship that is moving northward with 10 km/h, points exactly southwestward. The windsock at the lighthouse points under 30 relative to the western direction southward. Calculate the ...
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3answers
3k views

Calculating car's acceleration from change in angle of hanging object?

The question essentially is based on a situation like this- A car has a small object hung from the cieling on a string (apparently at an angle of 0 degrees to the ceiling). The car is accelerating ...