The time rate of change of the position of an object

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1answer
72 views

Given Velocity formula and told to find acceleration, I need help please. [closed]

I tried to do this problem by taking the derivative and it did not get me the right answer. I also tried the Vdv=Ads integration and could not get the right answer. Please Help
1
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1answer
141 views

Determine orbital position after change in velocity

I am working on a satellite simulator for a project/game and I am stuck on this one bit of physics. So far I have a satellite that revolves around earth on a 2D plane following Keplerian motion using ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Is it possible to affect the trajectory of a black hole?

Basically is the black hole itself affected by the matter going into it? Does it either get pulled by gravity toward things or have its own velocity affected by matter that "impacts" it?
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Can we escape Earth's gravity slowly?

I had a recent conversation with my girlfriend, who is a physics grad student. She was kind enough to listen to me rant about an idea concerning escape velocity. Unfortunately, I am still thinking ...
-1
votes
3answers
197 views

According to relativity, can a statement be true and false in same time?

Say I write following statement on a paper: It's year 2014 at earth. Then I give it to my friend. My friend then starts to leave me and earth to outside with velocity of light. Einstein says the ...
7
votes
3answers
308 views

Does Super Mario physics work in reality? [duplicate]

This illustration summarizes my question: Please assume no air resistance (unless that makes a large difference). Here's what we concluded, but I could use both confirmation and also help with the ...
1
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2answers
115 views

Can a bullet leave a gun and tumble to the ground?

This question seems to have been asked a few times in different configurations, but none of them answer my variation. I've struggled to understand this for nearly 15 years and had conflicting answers ...
0
votes
1answer
787 views

Distinguish between instantaneous speed and instantaneous velocity

I encountered a line in my text book of physics that: Average speed over a finite interval of time is greater or equal to the magnitude of the average velocity. But instantaneous speed at an ...
0
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0answers
57 views

Graph of Lorentz force in function of angle between v and B-field?

I need to draw a graph of the magnitude of the Lorentz force in function of the angle between the velocity and B. Am i right in supposing this will be a sine wave?
0
votes
0answers
316 views

Gravity change as a function of time only

Is it possible to find how gravity changes with time? That is, height is not part of the equation. For example, $g$ can be expressed as a function of height that does not involve time with this ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Velocity in the lift equation

What exactly is the nature of the velocity in the lift equation? I have read that it is the velocity of the aircraft, and I think I have read that it is the relative velocity of the air to the ...
0
votes
3answers
125 views

Velocity vector for constant acceleration in newtonian mechanics

If the acceleration vector of an object remains constant, is there no change in the direction of the velocity vector? The question applies to any movements in classical physics.
2
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1answer
107 views

Speed of three objects falling with different masses

The following is the problem that I am working on. Three different objects each with mass $m_1<m_2<m_3$ is launched from the same height $h$ with three different angles $\theta_1 < ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Does velocity or acceleration cause time dilation?

What causes time dilation? Acceleration or velocity? I've seen multiple comments on this forum that assert velocity is the cause, but that doesn't seem right to me. You can't have velocity without ...
3
votes
2answers
172 views

Velocity and acceleration in SHM

Can velocity and acceleration reach maximal values during the SHM simultaneously? Can you explain why?
4
votes
3answers
165 views

Do bullet/gun physics change if the gun is traveling very fast?

If I'm running at say $400\: \mathrm{m/s}$ and a bullet travels at $400\: \mathrm{m/s}$ and I fire the gun, will I see the bullet leave the barrel? I either see it stay in the barrel floating ...
1
vote
1answer
295 views

Using the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function to find specific molecule speeds?

I've been looking for problems to practice on this topic and found a problem asking to use the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function to calculate the fraction of Argon gas molecules with a speed of ...
0
votes
1answer
649 views

Phonon dispersion calculation based on velocity autocorrelation function in reciprocal space?

I would like to ask about the method of calculating phonon dispersion relation. Up to my knowledge, there are 2 methods to calculate the phonon dispersion: By diagonalizing the dynamics matrix. ...
5
votes
3answers
239 views

Physical intuition for independence of components of velocity in derivation of Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution

Maxwell derived the shape of the probability distribution of velocity of gas particles by starting with just two assumptions. These are: The probability distribution is rotation invariant. The ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

The velocity of a cloud?

I noticed an unusually fast moving cloud this morning. My questions: What is the average velocity of a cloud on Earth? What is the greatest ever recorded cloud velocity? What factors affect the ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Relative velocities of boats and a stone thrown by the boat [closed]

Question: A police boat is chasing a boat with criminals along a straight river by moving against the stream. The speed of the river stream is 3 miles per hour, the speed of the boat with ...
-2
votes
3answers
183 views

Velocity of the photon

As far as I know photon travels in a wave pattern, that means it has $x$ and $y$ axis velocity components. If photon travels along $x$ axis, then what is it's maximum $y$ axis velocity?
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Can the phrase “Terminal Velocity” be used to describe non-gravity situations?

According to Wikipedia: [Terminal Velocity] is the velocity of the object when the sum of the drag force (Fd) and buoyancy equals the downward force of gravity (FG) acting on the object. Since ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Can I express the heat flow of a fluid in terms of estabilshed characteristics of the velocity distribution?

If $\rho$ is the mass density of a fluid and $A({\bf v})$ is an function of the velocity, which is distributed according to $f({\bf v})$, we have an averaging process $A\mapsto \langle A\rangle:=\int ...
2
votes
1answer
449 views

Where do the equations for resistive force come from?

I've been watching MIT's Walter Lewin physics lectures. In lecture 12, Lewin pulls, out of nowhere, a couple of equations regarding resistive/drag forces in fluids: $$\begin{align} \vec{F_{res}} ...
1
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2answers
768 views

I don't understand the idea of perpendicular vectors being independent of each other?

So problem 71-75 is about vectors. The problem says: A river has a current flowing with a velocity of 2.0 meters per second due east. A boat is 75 meters from the north riverbank. It travels at ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Angular Momentum of Two Non-interacting Particles

I'm reading a book (An Introduction to Mechanics by Kleppner) where they calculate the angular momentum $l$ of a system of two non-interacting particles, but I don't understant what are they doing. ...
8
votes
2answers
270 views

What is the physical meaning of $|f''(\xi )|\leq\frac{4(f(b)-f(a))}{(b-a)^{2}}$ where $f(t)$ is position as a function of time?

Here is the full problem: I was able to prove the given expression; but the interpretation part is giving me a bit of trouble. Here is my interpretation: The average acceleration in $(a,b)$, is ...
1
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0answers
23 views

How far will the first spacecraft travel before the second one catches up to it? [closed]

A spacecraft leaves the point of origin and has a maximum acceleration of 30 m/s. It can only maintain this rate for 10 minutes before it runs out of gas and then proceeds to drift at a constant ...
4
votes
1answer
225 views

Velocity of a viscous fluid through a tube

When a viscous liquid flows through a tube in a laminar flow, why is its velocity highest at the center? I understand the concept of shear viscosity and why the liquid in contact with moving plate ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

How to formally write down the Boltzmann equation?

Can someone write down the Boltzmann equation, not neglecting any of the variables of the involved functions and integrals? Specifically, how to concisely capture the "primed" variables in a sensible ...
1
vote
1answer
473 views

Newtons Cradle, Collision Theory

It has come to the point in my computing program now where I have 5 swinging pendulums that are all modified at once by slider values. These values are drawn onto the from and passed through the class ...
0
votes
3answers
128 views

I'm having trouble wrapping my head around force, and thus acceleration, diminishing with a higher velocity when using a constant power

Here is an hypothetical situation I thought about that I don't understand. Let's say I have 2 identical rockets with a fixed power. These rockets start to race in the same direction using the full ...
2
votes
2answers
240 views

Mathematical model for this graph of a simplified binary star system?

Unnecessary background for question: I had a school assignment asking us to relate a quadratic equation to a real life example relating to our future dream career, making sure to express the accuracy ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

The physical interpretation of limit of ratio of two functions

Imagine we have two different differentiable functions $f(t)$ and $g(t)$ where $t$ generally represents the time, if there exists the following limit as $$ \lim\limits_{t\rightarrow \infty } \frac{\| ...
0
votes
1answer
456 views

Deriving the group velocity of a wave produced by some basic cosine waves with unequal amplitudes

Consider some basic cosine waves of the form ${E_i} = {E_0}\cos ({\omega _i}t - {k_i}z)$ with different amplitudes, frequencies and phases. We know a combination of such waves could result in a wave ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

If starting speed is faster than terminal velocity then what?

If an object is say thrown down (vertically) at an initial speed that is faster than its terminal velocity, what would happen to that objects speed? Would it slow down?
1
vote
1answer
126 views

determining orbit parameters (eccentricity, length and angle of major axis)

I'm trying to make an orbit simulator, and I want to draw the orbit of a satellite given its position and velocity vectors in a 2-D plane. I found this other question which tells how to calculate ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

How do we generalize limitations on the propagation speed of sinusoidal waves to limitations for transmitting any kind of information?

Our calculations on EM waves basically deal with harmonic waves and through such calculations and relations, we derive some relations and limitations for wave like phenomena. Of these relations are ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Isn't the front edge of a wave, kind of “information” which travels faster than light?

Considering the definition of phase and group velocities, We know group velocity can't exceed C but phase velocity can be infinitely high. Assume a monochromatic electromagnetic wave traveling with a ...
0
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1answer
317 views

Simple Acceleration Problem throwing me off

I am having trouble with this problem from my homework. I have gone over it many times, and I must have some concept wrong. A rocket is launched from the ground with constant acceleration. After 4 ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Terminal velocity of two equally shaped/sized objects with different weights?

I've tried doing research on this and there are some similar questions. However, they have slightly different scenarios and to make sure I understand things perfectly, I wanted to word it into my ...
3
votes
1answer
596 views

What is the physics behind Roger Federer's & Rafael Nadal's iconic shots

Two Iconic players of Tennis, Roger Federer & Rafael Nadal, with two iconic shots. One with a top spin forehand & other with a slice backhand. I want to understand the physics of these two ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

If the velocity of particle $A$ exceeds that of $B$, is the acceleration of $A$ greater than $B$?

Two particles $A, B$ are travelling along parallel straight paths. At some point, the velocity of $A$ exceeds that of $B$. Does this necessarily mean that the acceleration of $A$ is greater than the ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Work, Energy & Power - Body slides down a hemisphere

A small body of mass $m$ slides down from the top of a hemisphere of radius $r$. There is no friction between the surface of the block and the hemisphere. The height at which the body loses contact ...
2
votes
0answers
176 views

Saturn V specific impulse issue in velocity modelling with Tsiolkovsky's equation against actual values?

I've been trying to model the Saturn V's velocity using Tsiolkovsky's ideal rocket equation, and in the process, I think I may have made a mistake with regards to the specific impulse? I've come up ...
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votes
2answers
365 views

Why terminal velocity exists?

Why the acceleration of free-falling bodies become zero after some time? My only idea would be that the closer to the core of Earth we are, the value of "g" the lower becomes (since the mass below the ...
2
votes
2answers
237 views

Understanding units manipulation (speed of falling coconut after 20m)

When I was on holidays, I was told a story about how someone passing under a palmtree and almost got a coconut fall on his head. Given that these palmtrees where about $20m$ high, we wondered at what ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

How do you travel in a circular orbit around a massive body?

I am trying to figure out how an object could achieve a perfectly circular orbit. Given a mass for the planet or other body the object is orbiting and a distance from the center of mass, how fast ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Where does the transformation of $\gamma$ come from?

I was reading Tipler, and in his book he says that in order to transform energy, we must write gamma in terms of quantities in the non-primed frame. However his derivation makes no sense to me, it's ...