The time rate of change of the position of an object

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-2
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2answers
89 views

Save a falling person by nullifying their mass or reversing gravity [closed]

Let's say you have the superpowers to manipulate matter, mass and gravity. Imagine a person falls off a plane, flying few kilometers above the air, and they are about to get splattered onto the hard ...
7
votes
6answers
5k views

When driving uphill why can't I reach a velocity that I would have been able to maintain if I started with it?

Consider these two situations when driving on a long straight road uphill: Starting at a high velocity $v_h$, which the car is able to maintain. Starting at a lower velocity $v_l$, and then trying ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

Convert an equation for acceleration into one for velocity

A sledge is pushed in a straight line. Assume surface is smooth. When the sledge is x distance away from the start the magnitude of its acceleration is given by $0.08e^{-4x}$ and is going in the same ...
0
votes
2answers
267 views

Orientation of a rocket going in a circle?

This problem is from my physics homework: A rocket is moving at constant speed in a perfect circle in deep space, far away from any planets or stars. The diagram below shows the circle the ship ...
0
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3answers
110 views

Difference between $|d{\bf r}|$ and $d|{\bf r}|$

What is the difference between $|d{\bf r}|$ and $d|{\bf r}|$ and why are both of them not always equal to each other? My question might seem stupid to some and will probably get downvoted but I have ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Is the car/wall comparison valid for speeds close to $c$? [duplicate]

At school, people commonly think about momentum and conservation of energy using the example of a car collision. A common phrase is "Do not try to think of two objects moving, think of one moving at ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Sum according to a function - composition of velocities

An observation more than a question. Take any function $f$ (additional hypotheses may follow) and evaluate it on any two points $x_1, x_2\in\mathcal{D}_f$. Define then the sum of these two points as ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Velocity change of air down a cone?

Does the velocity of fluids(specifically gasses) change when traveling down a cone from the wide opening to the narrow opening? If so, is there an equation used to calculate the acceleration or ...
-1
votes
3answers
134 views

Velocity and acceleration with variable friction

If you have a body on a table,with a velocity $u_0$, going from a non friction area to a friction area, how do I find the function for velocity and acceleration due to the variable friction force(T). ...
32
votes
8answers
10k views

Why does a free-falling body experience no force despite accelerating?

Note: For the purposes of my question, when I refer to free fall assume it takes place in a vacuum. From my (admittedly weak) understanding of the equivalence principle, falling in a gravitational ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Calculate speed from accelerometer

I am trying to use my accelerometer on my mobile device (smart watch to be specific) to calculate a persons arm swing speed. The data returned from the accelerometer is in $m/s^2$. Since the ...
0
votes
2answers
259 views

Calculating the drag force provided by a laminar flow [duplicate]

If I drop a ball into viscous fluid (e.g. oil), by calculation I know that the fluid flow is laminar. So which equation do I need to calculate the drag force provided by fluid? The drag equation, ...
2
votes
3answers
443 views

How to figure out the height it would take for an object to reach terminal velocity?

I'm trying to figure out how high an object would have to be dropped to reach it's terminal velocity. Specifically if an object had a terminal velocity of 520 mph, how would I figure out how high it ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Are we all moving at $c$? [duplicate]

Is it true to say that all matter in the universe is travelling with velocity c through spacetime, but that for baryonic matter most of that velocity is through the time dimensions rather than the XYZ ...
0
votes
3answers
126 views

How to tell if area is displacement or distance?

why is it not called "velocity v. time"? how do you know? If the y-value can be either positive or negative, the direction is then indicated. i think this is why it should be called velocity but ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

Can we escape Earth's gravity slowly?

I had a recent conversation with my girlfriend, who is a physics grad student. She was kind enough to listen to me rant about an idea concerning escape velocity. Unfortunately, I am still thinking ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

Would the terminal velocity of a roller coaster train differ on the track from if it was free falling through air?

I'm working on a video about roller coaster science and I'm currently trying to figure out an average roller coasters terminal velocity going down a drop. All I can really do is fill in the ...
2
votes
2answers
779 views

If two objects have all the same conditions except different masses. Will their terminal velocity be different?

I can't seem to find a straight forward answer to this. I really just want to know if changing mass of an object affects the terminal velocity. If two objects of the same dimensions except one had ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

2D aerofoil fluid analysis - find velocity ratio

I just wondered if you could help me out on this fluid mechanics question? I have worked through it myself but am very unsure of my answer (not yet found the pressure difference) the question is ...
0
votes
3answers
199 views

Question about rain when an object is moving

So here's the question: A train window is 1 meter high and 10 meters long. A raindrop rolls down the window at a vertical speed of 5 meters per second(when stationary). If the train is moving at 30 ...
2
votes
2answers
529 views

Factors on which Coefficient of restitution depend

What are the factors on which coefficient of restitution depend? What is the reason for more coefficient of restitution of two glass balls (0.95) than for two lead balls (0.20)?
2
votes
2answers
111 views

Is escape velocity really a velocity?

The term escape velocity is quite common to us. But we know velocity is a dimension dependent on the direction. But the escape velocity has same value irrespective of from where it is thrown from the ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Gravitational “acceleration” and frequency change of a photon?

For massive particles, force translates into acceleration which again is a change of the velocity vector in direction and/or magnitude. For a photon, the velocity magnitude cannot change, only the ...
0
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0answers
98 views

Symmetry considerations in Plane Poiseuille Flow

I'm taking a first course on fluid dynamics, and I have this (sort of) conceptual question that's been nagging me for a moment now. I can completely follow the mathematics behind the derivation of the ...
2
votes
3answers
21k views

What is the difference between angular speed and tangential speed in a circular motion?

I was looking a long time for the way the equations of this two speeds are obtained, and i found pretty much nothing important, so can someone explain how are those obtained, and which is the ...
0
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0answers
62 views

Kinetic Energy and reference frame

Two space ships A and B moving through space in the same direction. Space ship A moves 2m/s faster than B, its weight is 1kg and it has a 2 Watt engine. It is accelerating with full power for one ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Writing a proper answer in a velocity-time graph

In a velocity time or any other vs time graph is it necessary,while mentioning an instant of time as 1s,2s,3s that it is from the starting point?Do I always have to say t=2s from the starting point?Is ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

I know light's speed in vacuum is constant, but what about its velocity?

Is the velocity of light in vacuum constant? It seems it would be different depending on whether it is coming toward you or away from you, but I just want to make sure. Does the direction of light ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Deduce v(t) from power and torque

I'd like to know if this is possible to draw the highest curve of $f : t \longmapsto v(t)$ of an accelerating car based on power and torque curves like this one (EV) or this one (TV). I assume we ...
1
vote
1answer
973 views

Zero velocity and non-zero average acceleration

Can you have a zero velocity and nonzero average acceleration? I am confused with the word "average" here. If the question would be, "Can you have a zero velocity and nonzero acceleration?" my answer ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Can a “flat function” be a particle trajectory? [duplicate]

Recently I came across the concept of a flat function, which is a smooth function $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ all of whose derivatives vanish at a given point $x_0\in\mathbb{R}$, the canonical example ...
13
votes
5answers
11k views

Why and how does negative velocity exist?

Why and how does negative velocity exist? I have read on the internet about negative velocity but I still don't understand how it can even exist since time is positive and so is length. By doing some ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Feathers and Human Flight

In the case of Angels where they're supposed to have wings full of feathers and can fly. If we created a flight suit for humans made out of feathers, how big would the feathers have to be? If the ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

If velocity for an interval is zero then is acceleration also zero throughout?

We know that if velocity is zero for an instant, then acceleration need not be zero (a simple example of which is a ball thrown upwards.) But if velocity is zero for an interval, will ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

How do I graph acceleration?

I have written some java code for the calculation of some various acceleration and etc. type data. I am now trying to graph that data so I can pull specific data over a time line. The values I have ...
2
votes
4answers
537 views

Are wavelength and the distance same thing?

Can you clarify for me the following question: are wavelength and distance same? I know wavelength is measured in terms of distance but when we have a look at the two equations: $$ c=f\,\lambda\\ ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Bezier curve and deceleration

I have a question regarding calculation of a bezier curve. I'm programming an app where in there's continuous straight line motion of a vehicle at a constant speed. (Let's call it 'u'). When the user ...
1
vote
1answer
393 views

How are the higher derivatives (jerk, jounce) of position with respect to time used in physics?

I don't see them much in any physics lesson or course, but that's probably because I'm not into physics as much. I can understand why velocity and acceleration are useful, but why would someone want ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Rate of movement at an RFID reader

I'm working at using RFID readers to track movement. It's for a computer science project. I haven't done physics in a long time. I'm using passive RFID tags. This paper ...
2
votes
3answers
520 views

Basic question about acceleration [duplicate]

Very basic question. Please show where I'm wrong in the following reasoning. The movement of an object in function of time could be described as $$ x(t) = v t + x_{i} $$ if velocity is constant. If ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Why can velocity and acceleration be negative?

Why is speed and acceleration negative when $V_1$ of an object is say 150m/s, $V_2$ is 0 m/s and $\Delta d=0.50\,\rm m$? I found the time it takes which is 0.0033s and the acceleration to be 90909.09 ...
1
vote
0answers
154 views

Travelling at a relative speed greater than the speed of light [duplicate]

I've wondered about this since I was a kid. I've been told the speed of light is a constant ($c$), which would mean that light always travels at the same velocity. Now, here's what interests me: if ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

What factors affect the velocity of an object moving down an inclined plane?

If you have a small toy car rolling down an wooden plank, what factors would increase or decrease the velocity of said car. In the experiment my team originally stated that adding mass to the car ...
-1
votes
1answer
91 views

Velocity of a car in circular circuit [closed]

Prior apology for any violation of rules and regulation and poor expression of question. Statement: A racing car moves along a circular circuit with a constant speed of $20\text{ms}^{-1}$ in 5 ...
1
vote
1answer
481 views

Why does a diver changes his body positions before and after diving?

Before a diver dives in a pool, he changes his body positions several times. When he is about to jump from board he extends his arms and legs but sometime after jumping he closes his body in a ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Why do you seem to go faster as you hug a turn?

I was driving to work this morning when this question occurred to me. I was going up a clover-leaf entrance ramp to the highway. The person in front of me was lazily floating the outside of the curve, ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

What would you do to measure wind speed below 50m?

Is there a radiation spectrum that could be used near the surface of the earth to fluoresce air enough to see the currents? Is there a complimentary CCD that can image that spectrum? I am looking for ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Deceleration of spherical particle in fluid

If I know the initial velocity of a particle entering a fluid, how can I calculate its deceleration over time ? What parameters would I need to know ? Viscosity of the fluid, weight of the particle ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Is there a speed limit for objects falling in gases or liquids? [duplicate]

Let $o$ be a spherical object with mass $m$ and surface $s$. Let $g$ be the gravitational acceleration and $h$ the height. Let the gas where we drop $o$ in have density $d$ and pressure $p$ at ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Cart speed and wheel rotation

Say you have a horse drawn cart. Does the outside of the wheel spin at the same velocity that the cart moves forward? The reason I ask is because I am working on a problem where a piece of mud ...