The time rate of change of the position of an object

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2answers
42 views

(+)/(-) Acceleration & (+)(-) Velocity

Does a negative acceleration mean an object is slowing down? Does a negative velocity basically mean you are moving at an opposite direction? The sign is just direction?
2
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0answers
25 views

Why did they use two separate vectors to calculate the magnitude and angle of the initial velocity?

The question/solution are on the attached images. (It's dealing with projectile motion) I already understand how to work out part a, but I'm having trouble understanding why they used the final ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Ball Bounce Acceleration at the Point of Bounce [closed]

simple question but I wanted to confirm my approach of thinking about the problem. Question: A rubber ball is dropped from the fifth story of a building and free falls to the ground, after which ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

How a wheel move on the earth?

I was wondering how a wheel move on the earth ,I mean if friction causes it moves so what causes it stops after a while without any pushing force? I think that the direction of the friction force is ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Drift velocity of electrons with changing area

What would happen with the drift velocity of a cylindrical resistor's diameter increases, with a given voltage between its terminals? According to the expression: \begin{align} R&=\rho\frac{L}{A}\...
1
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4answers
114 views

if mass is dependent on velocity, and velocity is relative, how can we determine rest mass [closed]

If I'm not mistaken, $m=\gamma*m_0$ ($\gamma$ being the lorentz transformation) But $\gamma$ depends on velocity. How do we determine velocity if velocity is relative? If we are currently being flung ...
-1
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1answer
36 views

Relative velocity

Question is from Barron's SAT subject test Physics "A flat railroad car is moving to the right at 5m/s. A person standing on the car throws a ball straight upward at 20m/s. If air resistance is ...
2
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0answers
568 views

Portal 2 physics - one moving portal [closed]

A problem is posted and solved so many times on 9gag - till yet no good answer. The problem: you have two portals (one moving and one still standing). The one moving reach a still standing cube: what ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Help with Gravity question

I need some help with this question from my homework. An Oort cloud comet moves on an orbit so eccentric that it can be well approximated by a radial straight line through the Sun. The comet starts ...
1
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1answer
85 views

What is the physical significance of taking derivative with respect to proper time?

I would like to know if there is any physical significance associated with the derivative of a quantity with respect to proper time or is it just a mathematical trick. Since proper time is measured in ...
-1
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1answer
173 views

Position from velocity time graph [closed]

I have taken Calculus before but unfortunately no equation is given so I have to do it the old way. An object is at x = 0 at t = 0 and moves along the x axis according to the velocity-time graph ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Trouble with Simple Average Velocity [closed]

I have a super simple question on average velocity that either I am not setting up correctly, or is itself graded incorrectly in a huge online system used by thousands of students for a very long time....
0
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0answers
25 views

Time taken to cover a point object in a circular region

I'm assuming a finite width rotating beam with increasing width as it gets closer to the circular edge. I'm trying to find the time it takes the beam to cross a point object at some distance from the ...
0
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1answer
76 views

Does the velocity of steam affect the transfer of heat?

I am analysing a heat exchanger system which uses steam travelling through a finned tube to warm air. I am currently looking at reducing time lags in the system so as to raise the temperature of the ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

What is meant by 'Phase velocity is $c^2/v$' [closed]

Is phase velocity $c^2/v$ or $v/2$? Is there only one phase velocity as indicated by the above formula? If yes then why is wavepacket said to be superposition of 'waves' whose velocity is termed as ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Tachyons and Lorentz velocity transformation

In general, is it possible to apply the Lorentz velocity transformation to a tachyon? I have tried to do so but the results seemed very illogical. Here's my attempt: suppose an evil spaceship named ...
-1
votes
3answers
71 views

Are all conserved scalars proportional to relativistic mass? [closed]

I have read in Rindler's relativity book that all scalars depend only on the magnitude of velocity of a particle and that are conserved are proportional to relativistic mass. $$m(\vec{v})=m_{0}/\sqrt{...
4
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1answer
12k views

Terminal velocity of two equally shaped/sized objects with different masses?

I've tried doing research on this and there are some similar questions. However, they have slightly different scenarios and to make sure I understand things perfectly, I wanted to word it into my ...
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votes
1answer
68 views

Objective velocity (Relativity theory) [closed]

Suppose that I have a velocity of (approximately) $c$. Then I decelerate with $c$ per hour for exactly one hour. Then I would know that I would be standing still in the end, because the decelleration ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Empty space and velocity

If there was a universe without anything in it except you in a space rocket how you would you know what your velocity if you kept the engine on?
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0answers
38 views

Calculating electricity used for weights on an elevator

Given an elevator with a motor driven by a power supply, torque ability and a pulley does it take more electricity to lift more people? I have some of the calculations but do elevators lift at a set ...
5
votes
5answers
614 views

Why is rapidity additive?

With the rapidity $\phi$ defined so that $\frac{v}{c}=\tanh{\phi}$, say you have 3 parallel moving reference frames $S$, $S'$ and $S''$ with a constant but different velocity/rapidity. If the ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Finding acceleration using components method

The problem I am working on gives me an initial velocity of 2[E15N] m/s and a final velocity of 4[E35N] m/s after 30s. I need to find acceleration so I create a right angle triange for both of these ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Difference between escape velocity and speed [duplicate]

What is the difference between escape velocity and escape speed , is their any error if we use them interchangeably?
0
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1answer
57 views

Having trouble understanding projectile motion [closed]

So, I learned about projectile motion in class a fe days ago, and am having trouble understanding. I main problem is seeing how velocity works in projectile motion. For example, why is the velocity in ...
1
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0answers
25 views

How can a net force of 0 still lead to movement and how is movement possible with interaction pairs? [duplicate]

So I always thought of movement as interaction pairs. For example, I thought that a rocket moves by applying a force of hot exhaust gases, which then apply a reaction force back on the rocket ...
0
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1answer
114 views

Question about acceleration & deceleration in real world?

have searched the net and am not satisfied with any answer I have found to calculate the following:- Here is an example just for reference. Suppose I can accelerate my car from 0-100km/h in 10s. That ...
1
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1answer
48 views

At what velocity was this car traveling? [closed]

Throughout schooling we are given problems in which we are to solve for velocity, force, mass, etc. I have a real life situation in which I would love to solve these exact things. Please consider: Car ...
2
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2answers
123 views

Velocity addition rule in special relativity

I just worked out a problem showing peculiarities of the velocity addition rule in special relativity. This was the statement for the problem: "Nefarious thieves flee the scene of their bank ...
0
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2answers
67 views

motion with constant acceleration question! [closed]

Consider a motorboat maneuvering on the surface of a lake, Is it possible for the boat to have accelerated motion in the x axis and unaccelerated motion in y direction?
1
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6answers
18k views

How can an object with zero acceleration move?

My physics text has a problem in which it is said that a person moves a block of wood in such a way so that the block moves at a constant velocity. The block, therefore, is in dynamic equilibrium and ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Velocity of a liquid jet, coming out of a container

Think of a container which has a hole beneath it. And we have filled the container in height $h$ with a liquid of density $\rho$ and cross section of the hole $a$. (look at the pic) Then what is the ...
1
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0answers
24 views

How does a bikerider turn by leaning on one side? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the following image: Could someone please help me understnding it. What I understood so far: Your angular velocity mutyplied by the impulse gives you the impulsemoment. By ...
20
votes
1answer
858 views

What determines the speed of waves in water?

While I was walking my dog this morning, I passed over a canal filled with boats, barges, and kayaks all of different masses and moving at different speeds. I noticed that all of these vessels left ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Why is the potential independent of the generalized velocity?

In Goldstein, Classical Mechanics, Chap. 1.4 we derive Lagrange's equations from D'Alembert's Principle. My question is regarding the last part of the derivation, specifically the part where he ...
0
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1answer
937 views

Jumping from a moving train

If you were to jump from a moving train at 20 km/h, would it be better to run in the direction of movement before jumping to maintain inertia or in the opposite direction of the train ?
0
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0answers
32 views

Real and relative velocity formula

What i need is a thing more complicated than the usual relative velocity formula. Imagine a radar. You are at the center, moving at some angle, but lets make it clear, you are always at the center. ...
0
votes
2answers
875 views

Velocity time graph for a ball thrown vertically upwards and falling back down to be caught again by a person

I am currently studying AS level physics and having some difficulty understanding the shape of a velocity time graph that represents the motion of a ball being thrown upwards and falling back down to ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Do we have the potential technology to harness the energy the Earth is constantly giving us? [duplicate]

Messing around with fun physics, and it got me thinking. I probably am not the only or the first one to think of it. I am wondering what more experienced physicists on this site can contribute to this ...
0
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0answers
53 views

Elastic Collision of Infinitely Large Body and an Infinitely Small Body

So I guess this is a somewhat conceptual question. There are two bodies, one with a mass $m$ that is so light it is massless and at rest so $v_{_i1} = 0$ And the other with mass $M$ that is almost ...
0
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0answers
46 views

What's the formula to determine how fast a magnet can travel and still hold objects in it's magnetic field?

If an object (an iron ball) is locked (suspended) in the magnetic field being produced by a magnetic bar, what is the maximum velocity at which the bar can be moved before the iron ball is disturbed ...
-3
votes
1answer
228 views

If an object's acceleration is zero, can its velocity be non zero?

Question: If an object's acceleration is zero, can it's velocity be non-zero? Explain by giving an example. My Attempt: This doesn't make any sense at all. Via my teacher's solution ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Calculate distance with variable acceleration [duplicate]

I know the time and I know the force that acts horizontally on a particle. The problem is that the force is F=k(D-V), where k and D are constants. So at the beginning where the particle has zero ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Can 3 objects be collinear?

Suppose there are 3 objects floating in some space, without anything else besides this 3 objects. Is there any way for them to end up collinear at any given moment (assuming they start at completely ...
0
votes
3answers
440 views

How to prove the average velocity formula without calculus

I often see the formula: $$ \overline v = \frac {v + v_0}{2} $$ in physics textbooks, to describe the average velocity for an object moving with constant acceleration. This formula is often ...
1
vote
2answers
180 views

Elastic collision between two circles [duplicate]

I am trying to calculate the final velocities of two equal mass 2-dimensional circles after an elastic collision. I have tried to figure it out using formulas I know from high school physics, but ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Find the height and the velocity of the object [closed]

A bolt is detached from the lower part of an elevator cabin that is ascending with velocity 6meters/second and for 3 seconds comes to the point from where the elevator started to ascend. Find: in ...
1
vote
3answers
156 views

Can a particle have no instantaneous velocity at all points of the path taken but a finite average velocity?

I have a question on kinematics. Say the path traced by a particle is given by a Koch curve or Koch snowflake. Now consider the particle starts from some arbitrary point $A$ on the curve and ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Escape speed or Escape Velocity? [duplicate]

Which one should be the correct term escape speed or escape velocity? In one book it is given Speed whereas in another its velocity.
4
votes
3answers
15k views

What is the physical meaning of diffusion coefficient?

In Fick's first law, the diffusion coefficient is velocity, but I do not understand the two-dimensional concept of this velocity. Imagine that solutes are diffusing from one side of a tube to another (...