The time rate of change of the position of an object

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2
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5answers
46k views

Finding the force of friction of a moving object and its change when it accelerates to a constant speed

I have been searching for a straight forward answer to this question for ages now and it is driving me crazy. Here is what I know: If an object is moving at a constant speed the force of friction ...
1
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1answer
123 views

Visualisation of electron

first things first, I'm not by any means a physicist nor a student of physics. I study graphic design. Theme of my bachelor thesis is visualisation of physical and mathematical phenomenons, long story ...
1
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0answers
58 views

2 questions on 4-velocity

Firstly 4-velocity is defined by $u^\mu=\frac{dx^\mu}{d\tau}$ let us consider the component $x_i$ of $x^\mu$ then this derivative can be written as: ...
5
votes
4answers
297 views

Why does objects with zero acceleraton move?

My question is, if we apply a force on an object to move it with a constant velocity, of course it will move. But what I don't understand is, why will it move? From Newton's law F=ma and in this case ...
2
votes
2answers
656 views

Velocity of car down an Inclined Plane

I was learning to make a car game and came across this situation where my car is on an inclined plane. It's initial velocity is 0. Now, the problem is that my memory serves me this formula to ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

What matters more in the strength tester game at a carnival, momentum or force?

A buddy and I were arguing over which matters more in the strength tester game (assuming the same accuracy of the hit): 1) momentum or 2) force. He was arguing that if you swing the hammer directly ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Finding acceleration and distance when velocity given

I am trying to do the following question for practice (it is an interview question), and I don't know if my methods and answer are correct. Given a velocity $v=2+3t^2$, find acceleration after 3 ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

How to find “Time” from “Force vs. Velocity” graph? [closed]

If I have Velocity on the $y$ axis and force on the $x$ axis how can I calculate the total time it takes to reach 4000 newtons? Is this just a case of integrating the gradient of the line?
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Would a wormhole be able to move?

First, I consider the following as given: All the galaxies, solar systems and planets in the universe travel on a different route at a different velocity through space, mostly moving away from each ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Terminal velocity of two equally shaped/sized objects with different weights?

I've tried doing research on this and there are some similar questions. However, they have slightly different scenarios and to make sure I understand things perfectly, I wanted to word it into my ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Change in velocity of a circular orbit?

For a body in a circular orbit will any (i.e. however small) decrease in velocity mean it falls to earth or will it go into an elliptical orbit? I originally thought that it was the first (i.e. falls ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Calculating velocity from a pressure distribution

Using computational fluid dynamics I have calculated the pressure distribution over a streamlined body. I have access to the static, dynamic and total pressure seperately and assume that I can use ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Converting velocity-time line to acceleration-time?

How would one find where the straight line on a VT graph is on an AT graph? For example in the above image, if I were to convert that into an acceleration-time graph, where on the y-axis would the ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views
3
votes
5answers
390 views

High speed does not kill. Does acceleration do it ? or jerk?

In a recent question the OP asked why high speed will not kill us. The accepted answer, highly upvoted, stated very first that Speed doesn't kill us, but acceleration does. The second answer ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Swinging onto a Hill

I was just watching the movie "Frozen" (not the Disney one), and they were trapped in a ski lift 50 feet off the ground. They had to jump. My question is, when they jump, should they swing on the ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Relative Velocity and Momentum

The question is, A $45.5~kg$ girl is standing on a $140~kg$ plank. Both originally at rest on a frozen lake that constitutes a friction-less, flat surface. The girl begins to walk along the plank ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Why frequency is inversely proportional to time-period?

Why frequency is inversely proportional to time-period? While studying about Fourier transform that shows frequency representation. A doubt that came to me was a set of signal with same wavelength ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Relative velocity of two objects travelling at $c$ (or near $c$) [duplicate]

If two bodies are travelling at speed $0.9 \, c$ in opposite directions, what will be the speed of one, as observed by another? Newtonian mechanics won't apply at such speeds. As such, how will we ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Importance of Powers of Velocity in Classical Mechanics

Is there any general significance to calculated quantities that depend purely on general powers of the velocity of a particle/system/etc? The first power being momentum and the second being kinetic ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Lagrangian of Non-Relativistic Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field

I'm trying to derive the Lagrangian for a non-relativistic charged particle under the influence of a magnetic potential. I'm assuming that $F=-grad(V)$ and so by the Lorentz force we have $-grad(V)=q ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Rotational Speeds

I was driving the other day and couldn't help but look at all the wind mills in the wind farms. I know I am not doing the math correctly, but I want to know what is "really" happening when a windmill ...
2
votes
1answer
11k views

Need help with the position of a particle in a velocity-versus-time graph

I am having trouble with a velocity-versus-time graph. I recently took a Physics test that asked this question: The graph shows the velocity versus time for a particle moving along the $x$ axis. The ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Is the moment of zero velocity identical for objects of differing mass?

Assume we have two perfect spheres of identical size but different mass (e.g., one made of steel and one made of enamel) and an environment where the only forces in play are gravity and velocity ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How to derive addition of velocities without the Lorentz transformation?

Lorentz contraction and time dilatation can be deduced without Lorentz transformation. Can you deduce also the theorem of addition of velocities $$w~=~\dfrac{u+v}{1+uv/c^2}$$ without Lorentz ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

When a body accelerates, it gains (relativistic) mass; after stopping, is the (relativistic) mass different from before it started accelerating?

When a body accelerates, it gains (relativistic) mass $m$ according to the relation $$m=\frac{m_0}{\sqrt{1-(v/c)^2}},$$ where $m_0$ is the (rest) mass. But after it stops is the gained (relativistic) ...
-1
votes
1answer
110 views

Explain the terminal velocity equation [closed]

As explained by Method 1 on WikiHow, the equation for Terminal Velocity is: $$ V_T = \sqrt{2 \times m \times g \over ρ \times A \times C} $$ Some parts of this equation are self explanatory, and ...
0
votes
2answers
142 views

How can Terminal Velocity be greater than gravity? [closed]

It's been over a decade since my last high school physics class, so I apologize in advance if this is a dumb/ignorant question, but how can a skydiver fall faster than the speed of gravity? If gravity ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Breaking the speed of light…? [duplicate]

I know the speed of light can't be broken, but I cannot figure out why the following scenario is not possible. I'm not a physicist myself but I know the basic stuff. Assume you're in a car ...
0
votes
0answers
204 views

How to calculate the centerline velocity inside a pipe?

Well, I was reading about fluid-solid/structure interaction models for make a simulation in COMSOL, and in few papers about it [1] I find an expression about the centerline velocity. I understand the ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

Orientation of a rocket going in a circle?

This problem is from my physics homework: A rocket is moving at constant speed in a perfect circle in deep space, far away from any planets or stars. The diagram below shows the circle the ship ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Instantaneous velocity is slope of displacement-time curve?

I have a toss-up question that I'm not sure how to answer. Here it is (true or false): The instantaneous velocity at a particular time is the slope of the displacement-time curve at that position. ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Calculating force of a car [closed]

I'm simulating car cruise system and my results are not making any sense. I have been told that my force formula is wrong but I don’t understand why it is wrong and how I can fix this. Does anybody ...
1
vote
2answers
207 views

Quick question on free fall of 2 objects [closed]

I am trying to work through a problem, that is basically telling me that two objects were dropped from a building, one was thrown 2 seconds after the previous object, and I have to find out how long ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Velocity in relativity

We just started learning about 4-vectors in my physics class, and I'm a little confused about the relationship between the 4-velocity $U=\gamma(c,\vec{v}),$ and the velocity transformations given by ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

Can a flying bullet be caught with your hands?

Many films show heroes catching fired bullet with their fingers. Is it practically possible? Is it possible to do like that or just in movies? Can we catch a bullet that is fired towards catcher?
1
vote
1answer
407 views

Drift velocity of electrons with changing area

What would happen with the drift velocity of a cylindrical resistor's diameter increases, with a given voltage between its terminals? According to the expression: \begin{align} ...
0
votes
2answers
136 views

Can speed be defined in the complex plane?

This question cropped up while I was playing with the equation for time dilation. If I set the speed to be $i$ (imaginary unit) the answer from the equation still makes sense, but does that matter if ...
1
vote
0answers
364 views

Pressure required on a wing to lift a plane and the speed required to create this pressure difference [closed]

An aircraft has a single wing with a total area of A =1 2.6 m2 (assume that the thickness of the wing is negligible). When in motion, the air flows under the wing at the velocity that the aircraft ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do rockets jettison fuel tanks? [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand why rockets have multistages releasing their fuel tanks. Say a rocket $R$ has two fuel tanks $A$ and $B$, which respectively have masses $m_a$ and $m_b$, and the mass of the ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Projectile velocity and component $x$ and $y$ velocities

So the equations for the X and Y velocity given $\theta$ and $V_0$ are $V_x = V_0\cos\theta$, and $V_y = V_0\sin\theta$. When I test this with something like 1 m/s and and angle of $45^{\circ}$, I ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

What is the physical explanation for the phase relationship between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in plane and spherical waves?

I've been looking around for a decent physical explanation of the differences in the phase relationships between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in different types of waves. Mathematical ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Four-momentum, four-velocity, energy

If given the four-momentum of any particle monitored by an observer as: p = $p^\hat{α}e_\hat{α}$ using unit vectors in observer’s reference frame and u = $e_\hat{0}$ then I get I'm just ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Centripetal motion (Average force vs magnitude of velocity) [duplicate]

I had a homework question, regarding designing a centripetal motion lab, It asks me to determine the 2 constants if I'm performing a centripetal motion lab, trying to determine the effect that the ...
1
vote
2answers
258 views

Derivation of the average Velocity formula with constant acceleration (using calculus)

I have been looking at $$ v_{avg} = \frac{v_{i} + v_{f}}{2}, $$ when the acceleration is constant, where $v_i$ is equal to the initial velocity and $v_f$ is equal to the final velocity. How can ...
7
votes
5answers
761 views

Is speed an intensive property?

I remember being taught in elementary physics that while it makes sense to add volumes, masses, or heat, it makes no sense to add temperatures. As I wanted to use that to illustate some other issue, ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculating time to reach certain velocity with drag force

I was given a problem for homework where we needed to calculate the time for a falling object to reach a certain velocity when accounting for drag force. I did it by setting up acceleration as a ...
1
vote
1answer
288 views

Finding the velocity of a ball thrown upwards [closed]

A ball is thrown upwards with a speed of 16.1 m/s. What is the ball's velocity 1.6 seconds after it is released? I tried to solve this using the equation: $v = u+at$, substituting u for 16.1, a for ...
4
votes
1answer
375 views

Velocity of a viscous fluid through a tube

When a viscous liquid flows through a tube in a laminar flow, why is its velocity highest at the center? I understand the concept of shear viscosity and why the liquid in contact with moving plate ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

A question about finding average velocity and average acceleration

I have trouble understanding the following problem's answer: Which of the following relations are true for any arbitrary motion in space? (a) $v_{avg}=\frac{r(t_2)-r(t_1)}{t_2-t_1}$ ...