Geometric object with magnitude (length) and direction.

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0
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3answers
57 views

Tension on a string

A string is attached at both extremities and put under tension $T_0$ at rest. We know that if we pull the string upwards from the middle, the tension will increase. But why is it that, admittedly, ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Difference between Speed and Velocity

What is the difference between Speed, Velocity and Acceleration? Could any one describe it pictorially?. I am more over confused even after investigating many times. I am unable to relate myself ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Is a vector and a unit vector dimensionless

Lets say I have a position vector $\vec r$. Is it dimensionless or does it have a dimension of length i.e $[L]$. Also does the unit vector $\hat r$ have a dimension?
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Is the Mass flow rate (Mass flux) a scalar quantity?

Wikipedia states that mass flow rate is a scalar quantity, however Mass Flow Rate= Density x Cross Sectional Area x Velocity and velocity is a vector quantity, so this would imply Mass Flow Rate is ...
2
votes
3answers
98 views

Vector decomposition validity

Is force or field decomposition into component vectors always valid? Lets say a constant electric field $\vec{F}$ is acting in space such that it makes an angle $\phi$ with respect to the horizontal ...
0
votes
2answers
198 views

Force vs. impulse: what is the math description of their interaction?

In this image there are two forces acting on the same body, and we can decribe them mathematically and geometrically using vectors and the palallelogram rule. NOw, suppose the box (stone, ...
-2
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0answers
24 views

How do I get F1 force from this diagram? [closed]

Hi, Can someone explain to me how to get F1 & angle theta? Much appreciated.
0
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2answers
280 views

Relative motion. Setting course of closest approach

Let $r_{P/Q}$ be the position vector of $\overrightarrow P$ relative to vector $\overrightarrow Q$ and $v_{P/Q}$ the velocity vector of $\overrightarrow P$ relative to $\overrightarrow Q$. Suppose ...
-2
votes
1answer
44 views

Formula for 2 vectors [closed]

Hello StackExchange people, I have an issue. I need to create a formula to find degrees and size at a problem like the following: So I have 0−359 degrees and a length of 2 lines, and I need to get ...
1
vote
1answer
363 views

Relative wind velocity explanation - understanding Irodov problem 1.6

I am having trouble understanding the reasoning behind the solution in this Irodov General Physics problem. The problem is 1.6: 1.6. A ship moves along the equator to the east with velocity vo = ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

A particle is constrained to move around the unit circle in the xy plane according to (x,y,z) = (cos(t^2),sin(t^2),0) t >= 0 [closed]

A particle is constrained to move around the unit circle in the xy plane according to (x,y,z) = (cos(t^2),sin(t^2),0) t >= 0 At what point should the particle be released to hit a target of (2,0,0)? ...
1
vote
1answer
282 views

How can I calculate the speed of an object knowing its horizontal and vertical velocity components?

Let's say a ball is thrown and it experiences typical projectile motion (moves in a parabolic arc etc.) and the only information we know are the equations for the horizontal and vertical components of ...
2
votes
4answers
97 views

Normal Vectors to these Hypersurfaces on a Lorentzian Manifold

With respect to the coordinates $(x^{0},x^{1},x^{2},x^{3})=(v,r,\theta,\phi)$, we have the following components of the metric tensor: $\begin{bmatrix} g_{00} & g_{01} & g_{02} & ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

Why is the “complete metric space” property of Hilbert spaces needed in quantum mechanics?

I have been learning more about Hilbert spaces in an effort to better understand quantum mechanics. Most of the properties of Hilbert spaces seem useful (e.g. vector space, inner product, complex ...
-4
votes
0answers
49 views

When to use $\sin$ and $\cos$ to find $x$,$y$ components? [migrated]

I'm having difficulty understanding when to use $\cos$ and $\sin$ to find $x$ and $y$ components of a vector. Do we always use $\cos$ for $x$-component or what?
11
votes
7answers
239 views

How can a set of components fail to make up a vector?

Many books in Physics insist to define vectors are objects with components with the property that the components transform in a proper way under a change of coordinates. Now, in mathematics, on the ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

How can Bernoullis be solved without Vectors [duplicate]

Some time ago I asked a question why Dynamic pressure is considered scalar. Why is the dynamic pressure not a vector quantity? This still puzzles me so I hope to give a scenario that doesn't make ...
1
vote
3answers
331 views

Why does the moment of force (aka. torque) depend on the perpendicular distance?

Couyld anyone explain how the lecturer concluded that $$(\underline{r_2} - \underline{r_1}) \times \underline{H} = \underline{p} \times \underline{H}$$
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vote
2answers
101 views

Reflection - reaction force direction

Let's say an object hits a wall. When the object is reflected does the direction of the reaction force caused on the wall look like the red arrow? Does that direction depend on how "strong" object is ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Relation between Vector space $V$ and its dual $V^{*}$ [closed]

I asked the same question in Math.SE, but I was suggested to ask it here as well. I am studying relativity, and as you know the theory extensively uses the notion of covariant and contravariant ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Rolling a ball into a cone; what should the forces overall be?

This is my solution to finding angular displacement/velocity/acceleration on cone so far. Consider a cone, with an apex of half-angle $\psi$ pointing down, and a height of $h$. If I roll a ball into ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Write the force as a sum [closed]

We suppose that a force $\overrightarrow{F}$ (for example, the gravity) is applied vertically downwards to an object that is placed at a plane which has an angle of $45^{\circ}$ with the horizantal ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Electric Flux - Vector Components

How is $vcos(\theta)$ the perpendicular vector? I think I'm missing something fundamental in my trig and vector knowledge...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Quantities that have magnitude and direction but do not obey the parallelogram law [closed]

Back in college, when I'm learning about Vectors, I remember the text book saying.. There are certain quantities that have Magnitude & Direction but doesn't follow the Parallelogram Law of ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

vector and position and acceleration [closed]

I really need your help with two problems. Consider a moving object that can be described by the position function r(t) = [(8.00m/s )t-[( 4.50m/s^3 )t^3 ]î +(− 2.00 )t^2+10.0m]ĵ In unit­vector ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

Confused on how to properly use right hand rule

I am having trouble using the right hand rule properly and often find myself putting my hand in awkward orientations. I know you point your hand in the direction of $r$ and then point your fingers in ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Newton's third law of motion versus Work

Newton third law of motion says that "To every action, there is always an equal and opposite reaction". The vector study tells us that if two vectors are of same nature and equal magnitude but ...
3
votes
1answer
31k views

How does force relate to velocity

I had originally asked this question on math overflow and it was suggested that I ask it here. So I know that a force will change the magnitude of velocity if it is at an angle other that 90 degrees. ...
0
votes
2answers
133 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Basic question about angular momentum

I've learned that the angular momentum of an object rotating about a fixed axis is $I \omega $. Also, in absence of external torques, $I_1 \omega_1 = I_2 \omega_2 $ (meaning, two different events). I ...
0
votes
2answers
658 views

How can I split a resultant force into its $x$ and $y$ components?

Point charge 3.5μC is located at x = 0, y = 0.30 m, point charge -3.5μC is located at x = 0 y = -0.30 m. What are (a)the magnitude and (b)direction of the total electric force that these charges ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Is a vector field not a vector quantity?

I'm trying to make sense of Poisson bracket relation $$\{L_i,A_k\}_{PB}~=~\epsilon_{ikl}A_l,\tag1$$ where $L_i$ is $i$th component of angular momentum, $A_k$ is $k$th component of an arbitrary ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

vector resolutions

I am learning Mechanics - motion in a plane. Is it possible to that a given vector can be resolved in infinite ways into two non-colinear vectors in the same plane? For example, I have a vector ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

How the torque/moment-of-force can be mathematically defined?

Given the definition of torque/moment-of-force $\mathbf F$ applied in $P$ with respect to the pole $O$ $$ \mathbf M_O=\vec{OP}\times\mathbf F $$ and given that the vectors $\vec{OP}$ and $\mathbf F$ ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Extension of Lami's theorem

I was experimenting with the triple scalar product and forces in equilibrium when I came to this result: Consider 4 forces $ \pmb{F_i}$ for $i=1,2,3,4$. $\pmb{F_i}=F_i\hat{e_i}$ where $\hat{e_i}$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Problem on relative motion involving wind speed .Finding the real velocity of wind?

Here is the question For a person running west at 7km/hr wind appears to blow from north-west .But when he walks towards west at 3km/hr the wind appears to blow from the north. What is the true ...
0
votes
3answers
49 views

Vector question, differentials, Electromagnetism

I was reading this demonstration of electric potential in my book: Let $q$ be a point charge at point $P$ The Electric field created at point $M$ by $q$ is : $$\vec{E}(M) = ...
1
vote
5answers
884 views

How to find total force on an object?

If there are a multitude of forces acting on an object in different directions, how do we find the TOTAL force? I know we add up the $ x $- and $ y $-components of the forces individually, but how do ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

The first term of Stokes Vector of natural light is zero?

Consider the electric field of a beam of natural light: $$ E(r,t) = E_0 \cos(k·r+wt) $$ Since this beam of light is natural, the vector E has all the components possible that satisfies: ...
1
vote
3answers
55 views

Why are $2\pi$ factors included in the definition of the reciprocal lattice?

I would like to know where the $2\pi$ factors are coming from in the formula for reciprocal vectors in reciprocal lattices. For example, in a simple cubic lattice the primitive vectors are given by ...
8
votes
5answers
10k views

Why is current a scalar quantity?

Current has both magnitude and direction. As per the definition of vector defined in encyclopedia, current should be a vector quantity. But, we know that current is a scalar quantity. What is the ...
-1
votes
3answers
102 views

Can a component of vector be greater than the vector itself?

...we have at our disposal an infinite variety of ways of resolving a given force into components. . . . The fact that any component may happen to be larger than the vector itself doesn't ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Acceleration in a system equal for every body — why?

A 1 kg cart can slide frictionlessly on the table. The black weights each weigh 1 kg. The pulleys are frictionless. The task is to determine the acceleration of the cart. For the left-most ...
0
votes
4answers
143 views

Find the work done in moving an object along a vector r with a force F [closed]

$$r=3i+5j-2k$$ $$F=3i-3j+2k$$ What do I do. I know that work = force x distance. However, what vector operation should I do? I was wondering whether I should possible find the unit vector of r and ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Can changing representation change the meaning of density operator?

I had posted a question What is the actual meaning of the density operator?. After that I understood that if I have the expression of a density operator $$\rho=\sum_{i=1}^{i=k}p_i|\psi_i\rangle ...
2
votes
3answers
19k views

Uses of vectors in real life [closed]

I always wonder how vectors are used in real life.Vectors and decomposition of vectors,dot and cross products are taught in the early stage in every undergraduate physics course and in every ...
0
votes
3answers
77 views

What force $\vec{F_{1}}$ is needed to balance the beam in the diagram below? [closed]

What force $\vec{F_{1}}$ is needed to balance the beam in the diagram below? I know that $\sum \vec{F}$ must equal zero. I also know that since the unknown force is farther from the pivot, ...
3
votes
3answers
70k views

Linear acceleration vs angular acceleration equation

I'm learning about angular velocity, momentum, etc. and how all the equations are parallel to linear equations such as velocity or momentum. However, I'm having trouble comparing angular acceleration ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Can one representation of a projector operator be re-arranged to get another?

I have a vector space $V$ and a subspace of $V$, $W$. Let $P$ be the projection operator for subspace $W$. Also let the dimension of $W$ be $d$. Also I have two orthonormal basis $(a_1,a_2,...a_d)$ ...
2
votes
3answers
151 views

How to visualize the gradient as a one-form?

I am reading Sean Carrol's book on General Relativity, and I just finished reading the proof that the gradient is a covariant vector or a one-form, but I am having a difficult time visualizing this. I ...