Geometric object with magnitude (length) and direction.

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16 views

Write the force as a sum [on hold]

We suppose that a force $\overrightarrow{F}$ (for example, the gravity) is applied vertically downwards to an object that is placed at a plane which has an angle of $45^{\circ}$ with the horizantal ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Electric Flux - Vector Components

How is $vcos(\theta)$ the perpendicular vector? I think I'm missing something fundamental in my trig and vector knowledge...
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1answer
51 views

Quantities that have magnitude and direction but do not obey the parallelogram law [on hold]

Back in college, when I'm learning about Vectors, I remember the text book saying.. There are certain quantities that have Magnitude & Direction but doesn't follow the Parallelogram Law of ...
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2answers
88 views

Vector decomposition validity

Is force or field decomposition into component vectors always valid? Lets say a constant electric field $\vec{F}$ is acting in space such that it makes an angle $\phi$ with respect to the horizontal ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

vector and position and acceleration [closed]

I really need your help with two problems. Consider a moving object that can be described by the position function r(t) = [(8.00m/s )t-[( 4.50m/s^3 )t^3 ]î +(− 2.00 )t^2+10.0m]ĵ In unit­vector ...
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2answers
4k views

Confused on how to properly use right hand rule

I am having trouble using the right hand rule properly and often find myself putting my hand in awkward orientations. I know you point your hand in the direction of $r$ and then point your fingers in ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Newton's third law of motion versus Work

Newton third law of motion says that "To every action, there is always an equal and opposite reaction". The vector study tells us that if two vectors are of same nature and equal magnitude but ...
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3answers
181 views

Force vs. impulse: what is the math description of their interaction?

In this image there are two forces acting on the same body, and we can decribe them mathematically and geometrically using vectors and the palallelogram rule. NOw, suppose the box (stone, ...
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1answer
29k views

How does force relate to velocity

I had originally asked this question on math overflow and it was suggested that I ask it here. So I know that a force will change the magnitude of velocity if it is at an angle other that 90 degrees. ...
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2answers
128 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
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1answer
58 views

Basic question about angular momentum

I've learned that the angular momentum of an object rotating about a fixed axis is $I \omega $. Also, in absence of external torques, $I_1 \omega_1 = I_2 \omega_2 $ (meaning, two different events). I ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Equilibrium question about forces

Hi! I have to find the force $S$ of the rope in point C and A as well as the reaction force $R_o$ about the point $O$ Why is $S_1$ and $S_2$ considered to have the same magnitude? Which basically ...
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2answers
268 views

Relative motion. Setting course of closest approach

Let $r_{P/Q}$ be the position vector of $\overrightarrow P$ relative to vector $\overrightarrow Q$ and $v_{P/Q}$ the velocity vector of $\overrightarrow P$ relative to $\overrightarrow Q$. Suppose ...
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1answer
283 views

Relative wind velocity explanation - understanding Irodov problem 1.6

I am having trouble understanding the reasoning behind the solution in this Irodov General Physics problem. The problem is 1.6: 1.6. A ship moves along the equator to the east with velocity vo = ...
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2answers
591 views

How can I split a resultant force into its $x$ and $y$ components?

Point charge 3.5μC is located at x = 0, y = 0.30 m, point charge -3.5μC is located at x = 0 y = -0.30 m. What are (a)the magnitude and (b)direction of the total electric force that these charges ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Is a vector field not a vector quantity?

I'm trying to make sense of Poisson bracket relation $$\{L_i,A_k\}_{PB}~=~\epsilon_{ikl}A_l,\tag1$$ where $L_i$ is $i$th component of angular momentum, $A_k$ is $k$th component of an arbitrary ...
0
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0answers
52 views

why do we use cosine as the expression of vector dot product? [migrated]

When we do vector products, we use two different methods. One is the vector dot product, another is vector cross product. The equation of the vector dot product is $$\textbf A \cdot \textbf B ...
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1answer
41 views

vector resolutions

I am learning Mechanics - motion in a plane. Is it possible to that a given vector can be resolved in infinite ways into two non-colinear vectors in the same plane? For example, I have a vector ...
0
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1answer
45 views

How the torque/moment-of-force can be mathematically defined?

Given the definition of torque/moment-of-force $\mathbf F$ applied in $P$ with respect to the pole $O$ $$ \mathbf M_O=\vec{OP}\times\mathbf F $$ and given that the vectors $\vec{OP}$ and $\mathbf F$ ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Extension of Lami's theorem

I was experimenting with the triple scalar product and forces in equilibrium when I came to this result: Consider 4 forces $ \pmb{F_i}$ for $i=1,2,3,4$. $\pmb{F_i}=F_i\hat{e_i}$ where $\hat{e_i}$ is ...
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1answer
32 views

Problem on relative motion involving wind speed .Finding the real velocity of wind?

Here is the question For a person running west at 7km/hr wind appears to blow from north-west .But when he walks towards west at 3km/hr the wind appears to blow from the north. What is the true ...
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3answers
48 views

Vector question, differentials, Electromagnetism

I was reading this demonstration of electric potential in my book: Let $q$ be a point charge at point $P$ The Electric field created at point $M$ by $q$ is : $$\vec{E}(M) = ...
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5answers
633 views

How to find total force on an object?

If there are a multitude of forces acting on an object in different directions, how do we find the TOTAL force? I know we add up the $ x $- and $ y $-components of the forces individually, but how do ...
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0answers
22 views

The first term of Stokes Vector of natural light is zero?

Consider the electric field of a beam of natural light: $$ E(r,t) = E_0 \cos(k·r+wt) $$ Since this beam of light is natural, the vector E has all the components possible that satisfies: ...
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3answers
54 views

Why are $2\pi$ factors included in the definition of the reciprocal lattice?

I would like to know where the $2\pi$ factors are coming from in the formula for reciprocal vectors in reciprocal lattices. For example, in a simple cubic lattice the primitive vectors are given by ...
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5answers
9k views

Why is current a scalar quantity?

Current has both magnitude and direction. As per the definition of vector defined in encyclopedia, current should be a vector quantity. But, we know that current is a scalar quantity. What is the ...
3
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1answer
178 views

Rolling a ball into a cone; what should the forces overall be?

This is my solution to finding angular displacement/velocity/acceleration on cone so far. Consider a cone, with an apex of half-angle $\psi$ pointing down, and a height of $h$. If I roll a ball into ...
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3answers
91 views

Can a component of vector be greater than the vector itself?

...we have at our disposal an infinite variety of ways of resolving a given force into components. . . . The fact that any component may happen to be larger than the vector itself doesn't ...
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1answer
26 views

Acceleration in a system equal for every body — why?

A 1 kg cart can slide frictionlessly on the table. The black weights each weigh 1 kg. The pulleys are frictionless. The task is to determine the acceleration of the cart. For the left-most ...
0
votes
4answers
86 views

Find the work done in moving an object along a vector r with a force F [closed]

$$r=3i+5j-2k$$ $$F=3i-3j+2k$$ What do I do. I know that work = force x distance. However, what vector operation should I do? I was wondering whether I should possible find the unit vector of r and ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Can changing representation change the meaning of density operator?

I had posted a question What is the actual meaning of the density operator?. After that I understood that if I have the expression of a density operator $$\rho=\sum_{i=1}^{i=k}p_i|\psi_i\rangle ...
2
votes
3answers
18k views

Uses of vectors in real life [closed]

I always wonder how vectors are used in real life.Vectors and decomposition of vectors,dot and cross products are taught in the early stage in every undergraduate physics course and in every ...
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votes
3answers
69 views

What force $\vec{F_{1}}$ is needed to balance the beam in the diagram below? [closed]

What force $\vec{F_{1}}$ is needed to balance the beam in the diagram below? I know that $\sum \vec{F}$ must equal zero. I also know that since the unknown force is farther from the pivot, ...
3
votes
3answers
67k views

Linear acceleration vs angular acceleration equation

I'm learning about angular velocity, momentum, etc. and how all the equations are parallel to linear equations such as velocity or momentum. However, I'm having trouble comparing angular acceleration ...
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2answers
44 views

Can one representation of a projector operator be re-arranged to get another?

I have a vector space $V$ and a subspace of $V$, $W$. Let $P$ be the projection operator for subspace $W$. Also let the dimension of $W$ be $d$. Also I have two orthonormal basis $(a_1,a_2,...a_d)$ ...
4
votes
3answers
115 views

How to visualize the gradient as a one-form?

I am reading Sean Carrol's book on General Relativity, and I just finished reading the proof that the gradient is a covariant vector or a one-form, but I am having a difficult time visualizing this. I ...
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votes
2answers
120 views

How to determine velocity vector direction with respect to acceleration.

I'm currently writing a program that attempts to simulate particle movement in a gravitational field with more than one object exerting a force on it. I decided that I'd have the particle move by ...
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votes
5answers
473 views

If the velocity vector of a moving particle is always perpendicular to the position vector, is the path a circle? [closed]

A Newtonian physics question: If the velocity vector of a moving particle is always perpendicular to the position vector, is the only possible path a circle? What if the magnitude of the velocity ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

How does the Lorentz group act on a 4-vector in the spinor-helicity formalism $p_{\alpha\dot{\alpha}}$?

Given a 4-vector $p^\mu$ the Lorentz group acts on it in the vector representation: $$ \tag{1} p^\mu \longrightarrow (J_V[\Lambda])^\mu_{\,\,\nu} p^\nu\equiv \Lambda^\mu_{\,\,\nu} p^\nu. $$ However, I ...
6
votes
5answers
453 views

Is there a physical interpretation of a tensor as a vector with additional qualities?

What is a tensor? has been asked before, with the most highly up-voted answer defining a tensor of rank $k$ as a vector of a tensor of rank $k-1$. But if a scalar is defined as a physical quantity ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

How can a vector have both contra-variant and co-variant components? [duplicate]

I have read that contra-variant and co-variat vectors have different transformation properties , which distinguish them, yet at the same time I have read that a vector can have contra-variant and ...
1
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0answers
41 views

Time Given Distance and Velocity Vectors [closed]

I recently came across a problem that gives velocity and two positions (which I solved for distance) in vector notations (). My question is, given the vectors for velocity and distance, how do I solve ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Relative Motion of Child and Boat [closed]

A boat is traveling upstream at $11~\text{km/h}$ with respect to the water of a river. The water is flowing at $7.0~\text{km/h}$ with respect to the ground. What are the (a) magnitude (b) ...
5
votes
4answers
632 views

Meaning of the direction of the cross product

I was doing calculations with torque and then I came across something very confusing: I understand that the magnitude of the torque is given by product of the displacement(from the center of ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

More Vector Product Possibilities?

There seem to be two primary means of "multiplying" vectors in physics, the cross product and the dot product. Assuming the angle between vectors is defined as $(a)$, the dot product between vectors ...
6
votes
2answers
116 views

What does it mean to transform as a scalar or vector?

I'm working through an introductory electrodynamics text (Griffiths), and I encountered a pair of questions asking me to show that: the divergence transforms as a scalar under rotations the ...
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3answers
309 views

Why does the moment of force (aka. torque) depend on the perpendicular distance?

Couyld anyone explain how the lecturer concluded that $$(\underline{r_2} - \underline{r_1}) \times \underline{H} = \underline{p} \times \underline{H}$$
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1answer
31 views

How to expand this equation considering acceleration due to gravity into 3D vector space?

How can we expand this following equation into 3D vector space? I learned this equation from this answer: Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity? The ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Commutation of abstract $O(3)$ generators and vectors [closed]

I've been given the following problem, and I'm quite lost with it. Let $L_1$, $L_2$, and $L_3$ denote the abstract $o(3)$ algebras. You are given that $\vec{A} = (A_1, A_2, A_3)$ and $\vec{B} = ...
3
votes
2answers
190 views

Lorentz algebra and its generators

I'm reading Maggiore's book A Modern Introduction to Quantum Field Theory and I'm getting a bit confused when he writes about Lorentz algebra: $$K^i = J^{i0},$$ ...