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2answers
202 views

Gravitational field has no curl? What about gas discs around stars, black holes, etc.?

So everybody says the gravitational field has no curl, and is not comparable to a liquid swirling around a drain. Observationally, of course, there are many examples of vector fields (which I think ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

Are conformal, Killing and homothetic vector fields the same in pseudo-riemannian manifolds?

I work in the Lorentzian manifolds, more generally in pseudo Riemannian manifolds and applications to general relativity. I know the definitions of conformal, Killing and homothetic vector fields in ...
6
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2answers
339 views

How to show that every Killing vector field is a matter collineation?

Various texts make this claim, but no proof is given. Explicitly, let $L$ denote the Lie derivative. Suppose $L_X g_{ab} = 0$ for some vector field $X$, called a Killing vector field. Suppose that ...
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0answers
70 views

Force on an electron at an arbitrary point inside a cylinder (electron gun)

I want to simulate the path of an electron through the anode of an electron gun. I therefore need to calculate the force on the electron due to the electric field from the anode and apply that to its ...
0
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1answer
83 views

Representation of the velocity field

Im trying to understand this line given by our prof. : "Representing fluid parameters as a function of the spatial coordinates($x$, $y$, $z$) and time $t$. For example: $$\vec{V} = u(x,y,z,t) \vec{i} ...
3
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0answers
438 views

Killing vectors for 2-sphere as generators of $SO(3)$ symmetry

How to get Killing vectors in a form of generators of $SO(3)$ group symmetry? By using Killing equations for metric $ds^{2} = d\theta^{2} + \sin^{2}(\theta^{2}) d\varphi^{2}$ I got $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

What are the generators of spherical symmetry?

The title says it all. I think this should be a pretty simple question but I just couldn't find the answer. Ok -- I'll give a bit more context to my question. I'm encountering this in the context of ...
0
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2answers
479 views

General relativity: Induced metric and Killing vector fields

Assume that in spacetime ($M,g_{ab}$) there is a hypersurface generated by a set of independent one-parameter transformations acting on one single point, the generators of these transformations being ...
0
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1answer
147 views

Amplitude and phase in vector wave field

Is it possible to make some separation of amplitudes and phase for a general vector-wave field? For example, like a paraxial approximation of a complex scalar field of the form $$\Phi(x,y,z) = ...
-2
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2answers
881 views

Non-conservative field?

A conservative field is a function of position/configuration, what about a non-conservative field? It's a function dependent on what?
2
votes
1answer
566 views

'Easy way' of finding out the Killing vector fields?

Is there a way for calculating the Killing vector fields of a given metric in a quick way? Sure I can guess looking at the metric at the symmetries, and then guess some of them, but, for instance, in ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Vectors of polarizations from vector boson field solution

Let's have the solution for vector boson Lagrangian in form of 4-vector field: $$ A_{\mu } (x) = \int \sum_{n = 1}^{3} e^{n}_{\mu}(\mathbf p) \left( a_{n}(\mathbf {p})e^{-ipx} + b_{n}^{+} (\mathbf p ...
0
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2answers
135 views

Feynman's subscript notation

Consider this vector calculus identity: $$ \mathbf{A} \times \left( \nabla \times \mathbf{B} \right) = \nabla_\mathbf{B} \left( \mathbf{A \cdot B} \right) - \left( \mathbf{A} \cdot \nabla \right) ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Question about “quadrupole radiation” vector potential formula derivation

I tried to get an expression for $\mathbf A (\mathbf x )$ in quadrupole approximation. After some transformations of Liénard–Wiechert vector potential I got, as in many books, $$ \mathbf A \approx ...
3
votes
3answers
214 views

Are Field Lines an accurate depiction of reality?

Field lines are used for explaining a wide variety of phenomenon. But is it really an accurate depiction of reality? Is it more accurate to imagine a field in a different manner. For instance, using ...
1
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0answers
76 views

Preservation of a scalar along geodesic trajectory

Let $u^\mu$ be the velocity of a particle , and $\xi^\mu$ be a killing vector. would taking a contravariant derivative of to scalar product $\xi_\mu u^\mu$ , and showing that it equals to 0 shows that ...
1
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1answer
239 views

Finding the Basis vectors of a Killing field vector space

I have solved the Killing vector equations for a 2-sphere and got the following answer. $A,B,C$ are three integration constants as expected. $$\xi_{\theta}=A \sin{\phi}+B\cos{\phi}$$ ...
1
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3answers
430 views

How could flux can be a vector and a scalar?

Here is the General mathematical definition of Flux on Wikipedia: The frequent symbol is $j$, and a definition for scalar flux of physical quantity $q$ is the limit: $$j=\lim\limits_{A\to ...
3
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3answers
3k views

Why the heat flux vector at a point must be perpendicular to the temperature isothermal surface? Is it a definition or a deduction?

Before the question: I am working on numerical calculation of three dimension parabolic equation that based on Fourier's Law of which I am a little confused. Here comes the law in modern mathematics ...
1
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0answers
84 views

Null vector fields given Bondi metric

I'm trying to understand how to compute the null future-directed vector fields if I have a given (Bondi) metric $g=-e^{2\nu}du^{2}-2e^{\nu+\lambda}dudr+r^{2}d\Omega$ with $d\Omega$-standard metric ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Regarding Electromagnetic Plane and Maxwell equations

I asked this on the math.stackechange but I was told that it might be a good idea to ask here too since my problem is physics/math! Here is the question: Hello everybody I am kind of struggling with ...
1
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1answer
199 views

$\nabla({\bf u}^2)=2({\bf u}\cdot \nabla){\bf u} - 2(\nabla \times {\bf u}) \times {\bf u}$

Please see the next link: http://www3.kis.uni-freiburg.de/~peter/teach/hydro/hydro02.pdf In (2.13), he used: $$\nabla({\bf u}^2)=2({\bf u}\cdot \nabla){\bf u} - 2(\nabla \times {\bf u}) \times {\bf ...
1
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2answers
156 views

Restriction on vector fields

The 2D vector field (x,-y) does not transform like a vector under rotation(Arfken Vol. 1)! Does this mean we cannot have such a vector field physically?
1
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1answer
288 views

Interpreting Vector fields as Derivations on Physics

I have a subtle doubt about the physical interpretation of the mathematical definition of vector field as a derivation. In basic physics we understand a vector quantity as a quantity that needs more ...
3
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2answers
541 views

Metric coefficients in rotating coordinates

Let $(t,x,y,z)$ be the standard coordinates on $\mathbb{R}^4$ and consider the Minkowski metric $$ds^2 = -dt^2+dx^2+dy^2+dz^2.$$ I am trying to compute the metric coefficients under the change of ...
4
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3answers
603 views

Difference between spinor and vector field [duplicate]

How do we distinguish spinors and vector fields? I want to know it in terms of physics with mathematical argument.
6
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1answer
2k views

Physical significance of Killing vector field along geodesic

Let us denote by $X^i=(1,\vec 0)$ the Killing vector field and by $u^i(s)$ a tangent vector field of a geodesic, where $s$ is some affine parameter. What physical significance do the scalar quantity ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Killing Vectors of BTZ black hole and their calculation in general

I was wondering what are the Killing vectors of BTZ black hole and how to guess them easily? Will it be the same as of AdS? What then will be Killing vectors for AdS-Schwarzschild e.g.?
1
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2answers
366 views

Example of two linearly independent, nowhere vanishing vector fields in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$

I knew that two linearly independent and nowhere-vanishing vector fields provide a basis for the tangent space at each point in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Is it necessary that these two vector fields commute? ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Killing vector fields

I am facing some problems in understanding what is the importance of a Killing vector field? I will be grateful if anybody provides an answer, or, refer me to some review or books.
1
vote
1answer
249 views

The equation of a ferrofluid under a magnetic field?

What is the parametric equation guiding the geometry of a ferrofluid under a magnetic field? See also this Wikipedia page. From previous research, Maxwell's Equations and Navier-Stokes Equations were ...
1
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1answer
681 views

Is it possible to prove that the curl of a gradient equals zero in this way?

If $(\nabla\times\nabla\Phi)_i = \epsilon_{ijk}\partial_j\partial_k\Phi$, where Einstein summation is being used to find the $i$th component... Using Clairaut's theorem $\partial_{i}\partial_{j}\Phi ...
5
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3answers
2k views

What is a Killing vector field?

I recently read a post in physics.stackexchange that used the term "Killing vector". What is a Killing vector/Killing vector field?
0
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0answers
275 views

Longitudinal and transverse part of vector field components

I was reviewing a paper of coupling to vector field and tensor field. I have got stuck with the term $$A_k \varepsilon^{kmn}\partial_mV_n=V^{T}.(\nabla\times A^{T})-\nabla.(A^{T}\times ...
0
votes
1answer
556 views

Divergence of cross product of transverse component

If I define the vector as $V_i=V^T_i+V^L_i$ and the transverse part is defined by $$V^T_i=\Big(\delta_{ij}-\frac{\partial_i\partial_j}{\partial^2}\Big)V_j$$ then is is obvious that $\nabla.V^T=0$ as ...
3
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0answers
199 views

Pseudo scalar mass and Pure scalar mass

Since the only difference between pseudo scalar and a scalar term is just a change of sign under a parity inversion, is it possible that both of them be present in the same field and interact? For ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Are the field lines the same as the trajectories of a particle with initial velocity zero

Is it true that the field lines of an electric field are identical to the trajectories of a charged particle with initial velocity zero? If so, how can one prove it? The claim is from a german ...
2
votes
3answers
531 views

How to get an integral formula for the flux time derivative

$$\frac{d}{dt}\int \limits_{A} \mathbf B d \mathbf A = \int \limits_{A} \left( \frac{\partial \mathbf B}{\partial t} + \mathbf v (\nabla \cdot \mathbf B ) + [\nabla \times [\mathbf v \times \mathbf B ...
1
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2answers
366 views

How can a non-conservative field be a scalar multiple of a conservative field?

Okay so I was reading this from University Physics by Freeman and Young and on the topic of inductors as circuit element, they wrote that $\mathbf{E_c} + \mathbf{E_n} = 0$ which makes no sense to me ...
0
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1answer
135 views

A problem on fluid flow

I am extremely weak in visualizing physical problems in mathematical context. Please help me in solving the following problem and please give as much details as possible. A fluid flows radially ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

Applying $\nabla\times\mathbf{B} = \mu_0\mathbf{J}$ in the presence of magnetic shielding

2012-06-13 - Revised question in experimental format (This is a thought experiment for which RF experts may have an immediate answer.) I'll assume (I could be wrong) the possibility of creating a ...
1
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1answer
166 views

How to decompose a divergence operator

I am reading a paper, and see someone decompose a divergence operator as follows, could someone judge and see if it is correct? $$\nabla \cdot {\bf{v}} = \left( {{\bf{n}} \cdot \nabla } \right){v_n} ...
1
vote
1answer
262 views

Existence Of Electric Field Lines [closed]

Can an Electric Field with field lines Like So Exist: One Of my friends said it couldn't as the field lines here are not conservative ; so it cannot exist ; Is he right? Or can it be made to ...
5
votes
3answers
179 views

Wind's Sources and Drains (see live map!!)

I was pointed out by a friend to this website that shows live map of wind in US. It sometimes show interesting places where all the wind seems to converge and vanish. What's the origin of such "wind ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Equivalent system in Centre manifold theory

I was studying the centre manifold theory. It says (see Kuznetsov page 155, theorem 5.2) that the system on the left side of the picture is topologically equivalent to the one on the right. $ ...
1
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2answers
686 views

Image charges, laplace equation and uniqueness theorem

Consider a well-known problem of the electric field generated by a system composed of a point charge in proximity of a large earthed conductor. It is said that the potential due to an image charge ...
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4answers
3k views

Divergence of $\frac{\hat{r}}{r^2}$

In David J. Griffiths's Introduction to Electrodynamics, the author gave the following problem in an exercise. Sketch the vector function $$ \vec{v} ~=~ \frac{\hat{r}}{r^2}, $$ and compute ...
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3answers
234 views

Can the field generated by a magnet domain extend to infinity?

As a thought experiment let us assume that we have isolated a magnetic domain. This domain is of finite size and we know its dimensions. Assuming that we can measure an infinitesimal field, will there ...
4
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2answers
187 views

A wonky gravitational potential and its critical points

I have tough problem I am not sure how to solve: For this question, we are confined to a plane. Consider a gravitational field that is proportional to $\frac{1}{r^3}$ instead of $\frac{1}{r^2}$, and ...
2
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2answers
80 views

In a gas of particles, how is the displacement vector related to the number density?

Suppose I have a gas of particles that is initially uniformly distributed so that the number density is $n_0$ (number of particles per unit volume), and then I displace the particles by the vector ...