A region of space devoid of any fluid molecules resulting in a zero pressure in ideal cases. In practice, even space has a small but finite number of molecules.

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1answer
327 views

Why does the echo for soundwaves hitting a vacuum come back out of phase? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Phase shift of 180 degrees on reflection from optically denser medium I've read in a physics book for musicians that, when a soundwave hits a near-solid object, it ...
1
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2answers
536 views

What is the expectation value of the number operator when the vacuum has a VEV?

The number operator N applied to a field whose vacuum has zero VEV gives $N|0>=0$. What if we apply it to the Higgs field? The background of this question is that in popular scientific accounts, ...
5
votes
1answer
239 views

What happens when a piezo crystal is exposed to a vacuum?

Application of mechanical stress to a piezo crystal generates a charge. Quoting from wikipedia, a 1 cm3 cube of quartz with 2 kN (500 lbf) of correctly applied force can produce a voltage of 12500 ...
2
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2answers
477 views

Speed of light in a vacuum

I see many references to the speed of light in a vacuum implying that it is only truly a constant measurement in a vacuum. I can live with that, but what kind of vacuum? Are we still talking about ...
2
votes
1answer
860 views

Can traditional steam (water vapour) exist in a vacuum?

Can steam (water vapour) exist in a vacuum, and if so does it look and behave the same as in air? Let's assume the actual case is a kettle boiling in a vacuum. Note that I'm talking about a gas-less ...
2
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2answers
606 views

What is the best tool for simulating Vacuum and Fluids together?

I require a software to simulate Fluid simulation with the capability of supporting vacuum simulation. My requirements are that all numbers must reflect their real counterparts almost exactly. For ...
2
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5answers
1k views

Is there perfect vacuum 10000 billion lightyears away?

Is there perfect vacuum about some 10,000 billion light years away? With perfect vacuum, I mean that there are no particles, not even virtual photons! I had this idea by assuming that all particle ...
11
votes
1answer
193 views

How long will our artifacts last in moon & space?

Given all the different space probes and equipment that have been either launched into space or lying on the moon. How long will they last before they get decayed into dust or some unrecognizable ...
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2answers
2k views

What causes the vacuum in my bento box?

I can't think of a good title for my post, sorry about that. I've got a lunch box (called a bento box) Basically it's a plastic box with a plastic lid with a rubber rim around the lid to create an ...
4
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3answers
686 views

Creation of particle anti-particle pairs

I was reading some QFT notes and there is one point that I don't understand, they are justifying why we need QFT saying that the number of particles is not preserved once we consider special ...
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2answers
182 views

How can thrust be generated in space which is a vacuum?

Since thrusters have no matter to push off of, how can a spacecraft generate thrust in the vacuum of space?
3
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1answer
694 views

How to properly bake a ultra high vacuum chamber?

I need to get rid of water excess in my vacuum chamber, and for that there is the procedure of baking. In order to do that there are several things that one needs to consider, the power, heat load, ...
0
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3answers
2k views

How can there be heat in a vacuum?

I keep reading in the Physics World focus issue on vacuum technology about scientists creating high temperatures in the vacuums etc. If heat is caused by thermal energy being radiated from particles ...
2
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2answers
973 views

can sound travel is space?

Everybody knows that sound cant travel through space, but is really valid? Here is my scenerio: Given the size of a football field's length cubed, there are two objects at two opposing sides. the ...
7
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3answers
702 views

What really goes on in a vacuum?

I've been told that a vacuum isn't actually empty space, rather that it consists of antiparticle pairs spontaneously materialising then quickly annihilating, which leads me to a few questions. ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Does reactive force require the two force involved have to have two different medium for reactive force to occur?

Does reactive force require the two force involved have to have two medium for reactive force to occur? I know the fuel-thruster is working on vacuum space, but we human could not use arm to swim in ...
2
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2answers
593 views

Why $\lambda\phi^4$ theory, where $\lambda>0$, is not bounded from below?

Why the following interaction, in QFT, $$\displaystyle{\cal L}_{\rm int} ~=~\frac{\lambda}{4!}\phi^4$$ where $\lambda$ is positive, represents a theory that is unstable (or unbounded from below as it ...
2
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0answers
142 views

How long must two surfaces be in contact for vacuum weld/cementing to occur?

Vacuum cementing apparently is far more likely in space than on a planetary surface in atmosphere. How long must two surfaces be kept in contact with each other in a vacuum for vacuum weld/cementing ...
16
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4answers
1k views

Is there an intuitive description of vacuum entanglement?

People often refer to the fact that the vacuum is an entangled state (It's even described as a maximally entangled state). I was trying to get a feeling for what that really means. The problem is ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Measured Higgs mass and vacuum stability

There is such a thing, called "stability bound" on mass of the Higgs boson. The basic idea (as I understand it) is that we take Higgs self-coupling, and calculate its renormalization running. And it ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Is there any correlation between the energy density fluctuations of two separate systems in a vacuum state?

I think the title says it all. What I am curious to find out is if there are any observable changes in the fluctuations of zero-point energy in a vacuum state system that are the consequence of ...
1
vote
1answer
632 views

If a container is in a vacuum state, what will inside the container?

Let say I can make the container or a bottle vacuum inside, what will actually inside? If this is not vacuum, we can say that it is fill with air, but if we make it vacuum... Will the bottle or ...
2
votes
2answers
217 views

If I lift a submerged hose over 35 feet above the water's surface, what's in the top foot?

I've been arguing with a friend about the whole "perfect vacuum" concept. He and I agree that the most powerful vacuum pump in the world couldn't pump water more than ~34 feet above the surface of a ...
4
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1answer
429 views

Does the vacuum energy problem of quantum field theory only occur in the Hamiltonian approach, or also in the path integral approach and in AQFT?

In a standard QFT class, you're being indoctrinated that there is the "infinite vacuum energy density problem". (This is sometimes paraphrased as the "cosmological constant problem", which is in my ...
1
vote
1answer
526 views

Resonance and Natural Vibrations in Vacuum

In my Physics textbook, it says that if two pendulums of the same natural frequency are placed next to each other and if one is set into vibration, the other starts resonating and when the first one ...
2
votes
1answer
194 views

Amount/flow rate of N2 needed to cool substrate

I'm trying to cool a substrate inside a vacuum chamber with liquid nitrogen. The substrate holder is a block of copper suspended from the top of the chamber via nylon screws (for thermal insulation). ...
12
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2answers
713 views

Does string theory have a notion of vacuum?

Does string theory have a notion of vacuum? If yes, what is known about it?
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4answers
2k views

Will a stone thrown in space move forever?

If I throw a stone on space, in a place where gravity is equal zero, will the stone move forward forever, because no air, so no friction?
1
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1answer
285 views

String theory landscape and false vacua

What is the multiverse of string theory? I always thought it would be from brane cosmology where there's chances for multiple collisions of the branes that can make a universe. So this "multiverse" ...
0
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1answer
176 views

Understanding particle's space travel

Before the discovery of dark matter, the prevailing popular understanding of Space content is that of celestial bodies (planets, stars..etc) floating in 'void' and emitting particles and waves ...
9
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3answers
2k views

What are the calculations for Vacuum Energy?

In wiki the Vacuum Energy in a cubic meter of free space ranges from $10^{-9}$ from the cosmological constant to $10^{113}$ due to calculations in Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) and Stochastic ...
2
votes
1answer
368 views

Calculating spacecraft water leak flow rate

A large container of heated water is floating in space. How can I calculate leak rate if a small puncture is opened? I'm assuming the water is kept at 298K and in the liquid state inside the chamber. ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Asynchronous generator run in vacuum chamber

what will be happen if we put asynchronous generator in vacuum chamber & run it above its synchronous speed. After reaching its over synchronous speed we will cut off electrical supply. Can it run ...
3
votes
5answers
180 views

Will a warm body naturally slowdown?

Suppose a warm body moving in an empty space with high speed. The body emits radiation based on its temperature. The protons emitted forwards of the body will have higher energy due to Doppler shift ...
4
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0answers
287 views

Stability of the vacuum state of interacting quantum fields

"Stability" is generally taken to be the justification for requiring that the spectrum of the Hamiltonian should be bounded below. The spectrum of the Hamiltonian is not bounded below for thermal ...
2
votes
1answer
296 views

Why dynamic Casimir effect does not appear in static gravity field?

Dynamic Casimir effect tells us that a constantly-accelerated mirror should emit radiation due to interaction with vacuum. Following principle of equivalence, a similar mirror placed in static ...
3
votes
3answers
91 views

What's in my box?

Let's say that I have a box which is 100% empty. I fly into the vacuum of space, open the box and close it after a certain time. Then I go back to earth and my question is.. What's in my box? ...
0
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2answers
496 views

Effect of coarse vacuum on consumer electronics?

What is the long-term effects of storing materials in consumer electronics in a vacuum? Ie, plastics, electronic circuits and optical glasses?
17
votes
2answers
3k views

How does space affect the human body (no space suit, no space craft)

How does "outer space" affect the human body? Some movies show it as the body exploding, imploding or even freezing solid. I know space is essentially a vacuum with 0 pressure and the dispersion of ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Would a high-explosive in a vacuum be less harmful?

Putting aside shrapnel effects, I believe that high-explosives cause damage by producing a shockwave. How do shockwaves work in space? I've managed to convince myself that a high-explosive shockwave ...
6
votes
1answer
395 views

Defining the ground state energy of a QFT

I would like to hear of some general discussion on how is the ground state and its energy defined in QFT and how does one go about finding it. (..at least in some simple cases I have seen the use of ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

How to interpret vacuum instability of Higgs potential

If the Higgs mass is in a certain range, the quartic self-coupling of the Higgs field becomes negative after renormalization group flow to a high energy scale, signalling an instability of the vacuum ...
3
votes
2answers
819 views

Who first realized the uncertainty principle allows for virtual particle pair production?

For all I've read about Quantum Field Theory I've never seen the concept of the living vacuum accredited to someone in particular. Given the importance of this very application of the uncertainty ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Difference between $|0\rangle$ and $0$ in the context of isospin

I know this has been asked before, but I am confused having read it in the context of isospin, where the creation operators act on the "vacuum" state (representing no particles) $$a^\dagger_m|0\rangle ...
3
votes
0answers
296 views

good and reasonably cheap way of connecting glass and metal in a vacuum setup [closed]

Sorry for this very technical question, but we suffer from this problem at work and I do not know any other place to ask. Its about a good and cheap way of connecting a glass tube with a metal tube ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Would a generator in vacuum/space provide electricity endlessly?

At it's simplest, electricity generation is achieved by induced voltage due to a changing magnetic field. In a vacuum in the absence of friction, would the initial spin imparted to the rotor of a ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

Atoms pop out of nothing/vacuum/pre-big-bang?

I saw a great documentary last night about 'nothing'. It's about vacuums, and how if you have a total vacuum atoms will pop out of nowhere! Pretty crazy stuff. Atoms literally coming out of ...
4
votes
3answers
711 views

Vacuum and repulsive gravity

How can one show from General Relativity that gravity is attractive force, and under which conditions it becomes repulsive, also why positive energy vacuum drives repulsive gravity?
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0answers
274 views

Gravitation and the QFT vacuum

I'm asking this to get yet another lessson in the inability of QFT and GR to cohabit. Many people believe GR must yield to quantization. The question here is as to why the activity of the vacuum ...
13
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7answers
1k views

Can energy be taken out of the QFT vacuum?

There have been recent questions about the vacuum. In my simplified knowledge the vacuum is like a ground state energy level, and also that there might even exist other lower energy levels than the ...