A region of space devoid of any fluid molecules resulting in a zero pressure in ideal cases. In practice, even space has a small but finite number of molecules. In QFT, it signifies the ground state devoid of excitations/particles.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
0answers
101 views

Suction from flowing water

My memory from physics says yes but I want to check. Our pool is dirty and our vacuum is broken. If I were to stick the vacuum hose into the pool drain, would the flow of water going into the drain ...
3
votes
2answers
285 views

Is the vacuum empty? Are virtual particles in the vacuum? Is the vacuum non-zero? [duplicate]

I have read a lot about this stuff. Is the vacuum empty? How is it not-empty? But nobody can it explain serious and simple that I can fully understand it. Some physicists tell may that virtual ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Can you record sound through vacuum? Like this: (object)(vacuum)(object)

There are these videos on youtube that play sound of Jupiter for example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3fqE01YYWs Does anyone know if this is real at all? How can you record sound through vacuum ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Why vacuuming an air chamber is much slower than vacuuming an argon chamber?

When pumping a chamber full of air down to a certain level of vacuum, it takes a while. However, when that same chamber is full with argon, reaching the same level of vacuum is much faster. What makes ...
0
votes
2answers
232 views

How to calculate planar window's buckling pressure in vacuum chamber wall

I can't find the formula, I can see some formulas for circular windows are given here [1] (thanks CERN!). For example with a circular (flat/dome?) window, buckling pressure ($p_\text{CL}$) and max ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Difference between vacuum and pseudovacuum vector?

What exactly is the difference between the vacuum and pseudovacuum vector? In my case the ground state of a system is the vacuum vector and by letting operators act on that vacuum vector magnons are ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Does the density of virtual particles decrease when space expands due to dark energy? [closed]

I understand that vacuum (i.e. QED vacuum) is theorized to contain spontaneously appearing and annihilating pairs of virtual particles. Suppose the average density of those particles at a given moment ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Pressure - How much fluid can void support?

Please refer to the attached (terrible) drawing while reading the post ! After watching some videos about the U-tube effect in drilling, a question came to me. Imagine one fluid of heavy density ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Does it take infinite energy to create a perfect vacuum?

Question is inspired by a recent burst of perpetuum mobile-type questions. It would be nice if one could simply discard them all (or at least the huge class that assumes some kind of perfect vacuum to ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

How does the fluid's vapor pressure in aspirator (pump) relate to strength of vacuum?

From wikipedia: If a liquid is used as the working fluid, the strength of the vacuum produced is limited by the vapor pressure of the liquid (for water, 3.2 kPa or 32mbar at 25 °C). https://en....
5
votes
2answers
18k views

What exists in the Space between quarks

Apologies to all if this has been asked before, I searched but was unable to find one similar. This is a question that has been bugging me for a while that i haven't really been able to find a ...
14
votes
2answers
960 views

Does string theory have a notion of vacuum?

Does string theory have a notion of vacuum? If yes, what is known about it?
1
vote
1answer
244 views

Why does very cold water in a thermos cause there to be strong suction on the cap?

After putting ice-cold water in a thermos, the cap is strongly held on by what feels like suction. I assume the cold water condenses the air, thus lowers the pressure inside, but can someone explain ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Can I say that the two-body problem is also a vacuum solution for the special case of two orbiting black holes?

A two body system is one where two bodies orbit each other. In the case of two orbiting black holes, since an individual black hole is described by a vacuum solution, can I say that the two-body ...
0
votes
3answers
351 views

Can you stop an electron in vacuum?

If we shoot an electron in vacuum tube, then stop it with electromagnetic field, and switch off the field, what will happen with electron? Will it continue its movement? If there is a gravitational ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is space a vacuum? Also, why doesn't air from the Earth escape into space? [duplicate]

Why is space a vacuum? Also, why isn't the air from the Earth escaping due to the vacuum in space? The ozone layer is only gas and a magnetic field, so why doesn't the air escape from Earth into space?...
2
votes
1answer
964 views

Resonance and natural vibrations in vacuum

In my Physics textbook, it says that if two pendulums of the same natural frequency are placed next to each other and if one is set into vibration, the other starts resonating and when the first one ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

What's the difference between vacuum particle-antiparticle annhiliation and regular annihilation?

Why does vacuum particle-antiparticle creation and annihilation result in nothing rather than photons? What is the difference between that and regular annihilation that does result in photons.
0
votes
2answers
90 views

Infinite Accelatation

Before I ask my question, let me just say, I know very little about particle physics and general relativity, so I may ask a obvious question or a question that makes little or no sense. Now, what ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Can a pure vacuum with 0% gas be created? [duplicate]

If we were to create a vacuum room with no air in it to avoid air resistance can it be done?
0
votes
0answers
232 views

Vacuum pressure equivalent in a siphon hose filled with water?

So, I was thinking about how siphons worked today, and no matter how high or low the tube goes, as long as the end is lower than the start, water will flow. So, if you took a hose, ran it up 50 feet,...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

Is it easy to create a vacuum in space?

Say for example you have a closed, empty, and air-tight plastic bag, then you can't grip it from each side and pull the sides apart because for that to work a vacuum would need to be created inside ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Cosmological constant in General Relativity [duplicate]

According to my GR notes the cosmological constant can be thought of as a vacuum energy much in the same way as the ground state of the harmonic oscillator. The notes claim that the regularised energy ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

How do EM waves travel in a vacuum? [duplicate]

Apart from that electric and magnetic field variation thing, is there any other explanation? Can photons simply pass through vacuum?
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Quantum gravity- Vacuum catastrophe

Why does the predicted mass of the quantum vacuum have a very little effect on the expansion of the universe?
-1
votes
1answer
109 views

Difference between Cosmologial Constant and Quantum Vacuum State

Hello I am very new to cosmology and quantum physics. I need some basic understanding (in Layman's term) of the Difference between Cosmological Constant and Quantum Vacuum. Cosmological Constant is, ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Can high speed moving hydrogen atoms drive turbines?

We know that hydrogen is a part of air so if we accelerate hydrogen atoms in a circular vacuum tube as done in a particle accelerator, can the high speed moving atoms of hydrogen drive a turbine if we ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

If you brought a hollow one-inch cube of steel filled with air into space, would the air exert a pressure of 14.7 psi on the cube?

In my thought experiment, since air exerts $14.7$ psi at sea level, the air within the cube of steel should exert the same pressure outward, $14.7$ psi. Right? The whole thing about balanced air ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Could a vacuum airship be possible? [duplicate]

According to Wikipedia, a vacuum airship is a hypothetical airship that is evacuated instead of using a lighter gas. Really, once I first saw this, I thought, "Why did I never think about this before?!...
1
vote
1answer
444 views

Are dark energy and zero-point energy the same thing?

According to Quantum Mechanics is it possible that the famous "dark energy" and "zero-point energy" are the same thing that drives the accelerated expansion of the universe or maybe related to each ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Can we spin a top in vacuum?

What happens to a top if we spin it in vacuum. Will it have any difference to rotating in a normal surface to a surface in vacuum.
3
votes
3answers
263 views

Propagation speed of photons when taking higher-order QFT corrections into account

In our group of experimental physicist who have nothing to do with and know very little about quantum field theory, we recently had a question concerning the propagation speed of photons in vacuum: ...
84
votes
7answers
14k views

How can a black hole produce sound?

I was reading this article from NASA -- it's NASA -- and literally found myself perplexed. The article describes the discovery that black holes emit a "note" that has physical ramifications on the ...
1
vote
0answers
144 views

Vacuum to vacuum transition amplitude confusion

I keep seeing this for the vacuum to vacuum transition amplitude: $\langle 0,\infty|0,-\infty\rangle_J\,.$ What is $|0,-\infty\rangle_J?$ Am I to take the Hamiltonian with the source present, ie. $H(t)...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Using reflective optics concepts to focus gas pressure in a vacuum

At very low vacuum pressures the bulk behaviour of molecules can be approximated by non interacting particles bouncing off of the chamber walls: For an monotonic molecule such as He with perfect ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Temperature of planets without atmosphere

I am wondering how come a planet without atmoshhere loses heat in space when the space around it is a vacuum. In my understanding for one object to lose heat it must have contact with another object/...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

Locality, unitarity & vacuum energy

I've read in a set of lecture notes that the requirement of locality and unitarity in QFT imply that the vacuum must have a non-zero energy associated with it (http://arxiv.org/abs/1502.05296 , top of ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Partitioning a single vacuum chamber to isolate out-gassing components?

Planning a DIY vacuume chamber that would contain motors and electronics for manipulating in random experiments My thought is to section the chamber into two parts: clean and dirty - the dirty part ...
5
votes
2answers
166 views

Ground state for interacting field thoeries

Are there references where the ground state of an interacting quantum field theory is explicitly written in terms of states of the underlying free theory? For example, let us suppose to have a self ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Forces of suction in WIllie Wonka's Chocolate Factory (filmed 2005 starring Johnny Depp) [closed]

Before I begin the question: I am in no way judging this movie, just happened to be casually watching it and saw the scene (referred to below) and thought to post this question. The scene: Boy falls ...
-1
votes
3answers
1k views

In truth, only atoms and the void

I have a question about this motto used by Sean Carroll in his blog: In truth, only atoms and the void. Can you explain what this sentence means? My interpretation is that the sentence does ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How abruptly would you have to brake to form an almost complete vacuum in the back seat? [duplicate]

Suppose you brake with a car (or any other moving object). As the air inside will rush forward, won't there be a relative dearth of air molecules in the back? So, how strong does the acceleration have ...
20
votes
2answers
6k views

How does space affect the human body (no space suit, no space craft)

How does "outer space" affect the human body? Some movies show it as the body exploding, imploding or even freezing solid. I know space is essentially a vacuum with 0 pressure and the dispersion of ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Virtual Particles and Causation [duplicate]

Sometimes when people debate what type of cause a universe with a beginning may have Virtual Particles has been used as an example of a thing that can arise without a cause. So my question would be ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Functional integral in spontaneous symmetry breaking

So, functional integral is defined to be (with $\lvert\Omega\rangle$ is the vacuum state): $$\frac{\langle\Omega\rvert ... \lvert\Omega\rangle}{\langle\Omega\vert\Omega\rangle} = \int \mathcal{D} \...
-1
votes
2answers
34 views

Speculative experiment: A golf ball at the frontier of the universe

Consider a golf ball in the center of an empty sphere (maybe a GR vacuum, I'm not so sure). Consider this empty sphere as being the only space available to the golf ball, it is surrounded by nether. ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

How is possible to hear mechanical sounds in space?

In the footage taken by U.S. astronaut Terry Virts during spacewalk (EVA) on the International Space Station on 25.02.2015, sounds can be heard while in space. I can understand "shaking" sounds while ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Can the vacuum energy be made finite with quantized space

From what I know the reason we have infinite vacuum energy is because according to Quantum Field Theory at every point in space we have something analogous to a harmonic oscillator but since the Zero ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Water in a vacuum sealed jar?

I recently purchased a Vacmaster VP215C chamber sealer, and have noticed that when I place a small container of water into the chamber, and pull a vacuum for just over 25 seconds, the water begins to ...