A region of space devoid of any fluid molecules resulting in a zero pressure in ideal cases. In practice, even space has a small but finite number of molecules.

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2answers
491 views

What is the expectation value of the number operator when the vacuum has a VEV?

The number operator N applied to a field whose vacuum has zero VEV gives $N|0>=0$. What if we apply it to the Higgs field? The background of this question is that in popular scientific accounts, ...
2
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1answer
772 views

Can traditional steam (water vapour) exist in a vacuum?

Can steam (water vapour) exist in a vacuum, and if so does it look and behave the same as in air? Let's assume the actual case is a kettle boiling in a vacuum. Note that I'm talking about a gas-less ...
2
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1answer
288 views

Why dynamic Casimir effect does not appear in static gravity field?

Dynamic Casimir effect tells us that a constantly-accelerated mirror should emit radiation due to interaction with vacuum. Following principle of equivalence, a similar mirror placed in static ...
12
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2answers
701 views

Does string theory have a notion of vacuum?

Does string theory have a notion of vacuum? If yes, what is known about it?
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2answers
2k views

What causes the vacuum in my bento box?

I can't think of a good title for my post, sorry about that. I've got a lunch box (called a bento box) Basically it's a plastic box with a plastic lid with a rubber rim around the lid to create an ...
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2answers
173 views

How can thrust be generated in space which is a vacuum?

Since thrusters have no matter to push off of, how can a spacecraft generate thrust in the vacuum of space?
3
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1answer
656 views

How to properly bake a ultra high vacuum chamber?

I need to get rid of water excess in my vacuum chamber, and for that there is the procedure of baking. In order to do that there are several things that one needs to consider, the power, heat load, ...
2
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1answer
213 views

Asynchronous generator run in vacuum chamber

what will be happen if we put asynchronous generator in vacuum chamber & run it above its synchronous speed. After reaching its over synchronous speed we will cut off electrical supply. Can it run ...
2
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2answers
946 views

can sound travel is space?

Everybody knows that sound cant travel through space, but is really valid? Here is my scenerio: Given the size of a football field's length cubed, there are two objects at two opposing sides. the ...
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1answer
74 views

Does reactive force require the two force involved have to have two different medium for reactive force to occur?

Does reactive force require the two force involved have to have two medium for reactive force to occur? I know the fuel-thruster is working on vacuum space, but we human could not use arm to swim in ...
2
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2answers
562 views

Why $\lambda\phi^4$ theory, where $\lambda>0$, is not bounded from below?

Why the following interaction, in QFT, $$\displaystyle{\cal L}_{\rm int} ~=~\frac{\lambda}{4!}\phi^4$$ where $\lambda$ is positive, represents a theory that is unstable (or unbounded from below as it ...
2
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0answers
135 views

How long must two surfaces be in contact for vacuum weld/cementing to occur?

Vacuum cementing apparently is far more likely in space than on a planetary surface in atmosphere. How long must two surfaces be kept in contact with each other in a vacuum for vacuum weld/cementing ...
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4answers
1k views

Is there an intuitive description of vacuum entanglement?

People often refer to the fact that the vacuum is an entangled state (It's even described as a maximally entangled state). I was trying to get a feeling for what that really means. The problem is ...
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1answer
1k views

Measured Higgs mass and vacuum stability

There is such a thing, called "stability bound" on mass of the Higgs boson. The basic idea (as I understand it) is that we take Higgs self-coupling, and calculate its renormalization running. And it ...
2
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2answers
100 views

Is there any correlation between the energy density fluctuations of two separate systems in a vacuum state?

I think the title says it all. What I am curious to find out is if there are any observable changes in the fluctuations of zero-point energy in a vacuum state system that are the consequence of ...
1
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1answer
501 views

If a container is in a vacuum state, what will inside the container?

Let say I can make the container or a bottle vacuum inside, what will actually inside? If this is not vacuum, we can say that it is fill with air, but if we make it vacuum... Will the bottle or ...
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3answers
2k views

Will a stone thrown in space move forever?

If I throw a stone on space, in a place where gravity is equal zero, will the stone move forward forever, because no air, so no friction?
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2answers
201 views

If I lift a submerged hose over 35 feet above the water's surface, what's in the top foot?

I've been arguing with a friend about the whole "perfect vacuum" concept. He and I agree that the most powerful vacuum pump in the world couldn't pump water more than ~34 feet above the surface of a ...
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1answer
408 views

Does the vacuum energy problem of quantum field theory only occur in the Hamiltonian approach, or also in the path integral approach and in AQFT?

In a standard QFT class, you're being indoctrinated that there is the "infinite vacuum energy density problem". (This is sometimes paraphrased as the "cosmological constant problem", which is in my ...
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1answer
500 views

Resonance and Natural Vibrations in Vacuum

In my Physics textbook, it says that if two pendulums of the same natural frequency are placed next to each other and if one is set into vibration, the other starts resonating and when the first one ...
2
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1answer
189 views

Amount/flow rate of N2 needed to cool substrate

I'm trying to cool a substrate inside a vacuum chamber with liquid nitrogen. The substrate holder is a block of copper suspended from the top of the chamber via nylon screws (for thermal insulation). ...
1
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1answer
279 views

String theory landscape and false vacua

What is the multiverse of string theory? I always thought it would be from brane cosmology where there's chances for multiple collisions of the branes that can make a universe. So this "multiverse" ...
4
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1answer
296 views

What are the current (popular(ish)) approaches to modelling the quantum nature of spacetime at the Planck scale?

My guess at a list of them would be: spin foams, casual sets, non-commutative geometry, Machian theories, twistor theory or strings and membranes existing in some higher-dimensional geometry... ...
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1answer
171 views

Understanding particle's space travel

Before the discovery of dark matter, the prevailing popular understanding of Space content is that of celestial bodies (planets, stars..etc) floating in 'void' and emitting particles and waves ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Are we living in a false vacuum? Is there any way to tell?

I was thinking of the noted 1980 paper by Sidney Coleman and Frank de Luccia--"Gravitational effects of and on vacuum decay"-- about metastable vacuum states that could tunnel to a lower energy "true ...
2
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1answer
357 views

Calculating spacecraft water leak flow rate

A large container of heated water is floating in space. How can I calculate leak rate if a small puncture is opened? I'm assuming the water is kept at 298K and in the liquid state inside the chamber. ...
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5answers
180 views

Will a warm body naturally slowdown?

Suppose a warm body moving in an empty space with high speed. The body emits radiation based on its temperature. The protons emitted forwards of the body will have higher energy due to Doppler shift ...
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2answers
455 views

Effect of coarse vacuum on consumer electronics?

What is the long-term effects of storing materials in consumer electronics in a vacuum? Ie, plastics, electronic circuits and optical glasses?
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6answers
1k views

Do all massive bodies emit Hawking radiation?

It is known that any accelerated observer is subject to a heat bath due to Unruh radiation. The principle of equivalence suggests that any stationary observer on the surface of a massive body should ...
2
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5answers
433 views

Can computers survive bubble nucleations?

According to string landscape theory, our vacua with a cosmological constant of $10^{-123}$ is a metastable vacua which can decay to a supersymmetric vacua with either a zero or negative cosmological ...
0
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1answer
2k views

Would a generator in vacuum/space provide electricity endlessly?

At it's simplest, electricity generation is achieved by induced voltage due to a changing magnetic field. In a vacuum in the absence of friction, would the initial spin imparted to the rotor of a ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Would a high-explosive in a vacuum be less harmful?

Putting aside shrapnel effects, I believe that high-explosives cause damage by producing a shockwave. How do shockwaves work in space? I've managed to convince myself that a high-explosive shockwave ...
3
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2answers
798 views

Who first realized the uncertainty principle allows for virtual particle pair production?

For all I've read about Quantum Field Theory I've never seen the concept of the living vacuum accredited to someone in particular. Given the importance of this very application of the uncertainty ...
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6answers
6k views

Does vacuum (empty space) exist? [closed]

Added: 5 times down vote for now! Down voter is this religion or physics, please try to explain your decision. I'm confused about this. In physics we know for a vacuum, but I think that there is a ...
3
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0answers
288 views

good and reasonably cheap way of connecting glass and metal in a vacuum setup [closed]

Sorry for this very technical question, but we suffer from this problem at work and I do not know any other place to ask. Its about a good and cheap way of connecting a glass tube with a metal tube ...
4
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3answers
686 views

Vacuum and repulsive gravity

How can one show from General Relativity that gravity is attractive force, and under which conditions it becomes repulsive, also why positive energy vacuum drives repulsive gravity?
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0answers
271 views

Gravitation and the QFT vacuum

I'm asking this to get yet another lessson in the inability of QFT and GR to cohabit. Many people believe GR must yield to quantization. The question here is as to why the activity of the vacuum ...
2
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4answers
2k views

Can heat be transfered via magnetic field in a vacuum?

Say you want to store hot coffee in a container surrounded by a vacuum. To remove all sources of conductive energy loss the container is suspended in the vacuum by a magnetic field and does not have a ...
3
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1answer
234 views

The vacuum as trigger

Do the apperance in the atomic nucleus of virtual matter-antimatter particle pairs play a role in the random nature of radioactive decay?
1
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1answer
171 views

In a low pressure (near vacuum), -20°C vessel, would sublimated moisture rise to the top or fall to the bottom?

If I have a strong vessel that I've cooled to say -20°C, and lowered the pressure below 0.006 atmospheres, the water in food placed inside will sublimate and freeze dry the food. But what happens to ...
3
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2answers
410 views

Effect of spacetime curvature on the sea of virtual particles

Does the nature of the assortment of virtual particles depend upon the warping of spacetime in a direct manner ?
4
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2answers
963 views

If I put a ping pong ball in a vacuum, would it pop?

If I put a ping pong ball in a vacuum, would it pop? If so, at what point would it happen? Any standard table ping pong ball is acceptable.
3
votes
1answer
779 views

Effects on a tree exposed to the vacuum of Space

My wife's kindergarten class asked, "What would happen to a tree planted on the moon?" Aside from the obvious that it would die from lack of water/air, what physical effects would happen to a tree ...
2
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2answers
301 views

Will physic object in a perfect environment last/exist forever?

We know,i.e. wood/steel tables in earth will completely broken or disappear in a very future day. If we put the table in a perfect/ideal environment (maybe in vacuum), will the disappear/broken still ...
1
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0answers
286 views

Creating the proper suction

I'm a bit rusty on my fluid dynamics. I'm experimenting with creating my own leaf vacuum. How would I determine how much suction a fan creates? Bernoulli's equation would apply correct? I would ...
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1answer
513 views

The difference between free energy and perpetual motion [closed]

What is the difference between free energy (over unity) and perpetual motion? Please provide some examples, both real world and theoretical.
6
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2answers
868 views

Wheeler-Feynman theory, QED without fields, vacuum polarization

Initially Wheeler and Feynman postulated that, the electromagnetic field is just a set of bookkeeping variables required in a Hamiltonian description. This is very neat because makes the point of ...
0
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1answer
289 views

Volume of Matter in the Universe [closed]

What would the size of the universe be if it were physically possible to remove all of the empty space, leaving only matter?
6
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2answers
574 views