A region of space devoid of any fluid molecules resulting in a zero pressure in ideal cases. In practice, even space has a small but finite number of molecules.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
86 views

Why does very cold water in a thermos cause there to be strong suction on the cap?

After putting ice-cold water in a thermos, the cap is strongly held on by what feels like suction. I assume the cold water condenses the air, thus lowers the pressure inside, but can someone explain ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Can I say that the two-body problem is also a vacuum solution for the special case of two orbiting black holes?

A two body system is one where two bodies orbit each other. In the case of two orbiting black holes, since an individual black hole is described by a vacuum solution, can I say that the two-body ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

Why is space a vacuum? Also, why doesn't air from the Earth escape into space? [duplicate]

Why is space a vacuum? Also, why isn't the air from the Earth escaping due to the vacuum in space? The ozone layer is only gas and a magnetic field, so why doesn't the air escape from Earth into ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

What's the difference between vacuum particle-antiparticle annhiliation and regular annihilation?

Why does vacuum particle-antiparticle creation and annihilation result in nothing rather than photons? What is the difference between that and regular annihilation that does result in photons.
-5
votes
2answers
190 views

Nothing cannot possibly exist, right? [closed]

A few things about this question. I am aware that people have written papers describing total nothingness, and even something from nothing type of scenarios. I have no idea how this is possible. If ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Infinite Accelatation

Before I ask my question, let me just say, I know very little about particle physics and general relativity, so I may ask a obvious question or a question that makes little or no sense. Now, what ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Can a pure vacuum with 0% gas be created? [duplicate]

If we were to create a vacuum room with no air in it to avoid air resistance can it be done?
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Vacuum pressure equivalent in a siphon hose filled with water?

So, I was thinking about how siphons worked today, and no matter how high or low the tube goes, as long as the end is lower than the start, water will flow. So, if you took a hose, ran it up 50 ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Is it easy to create a vacuum in space?

Say for example you have a closed, empty, and air-tight plastic bag, then you can't grip it from each side and pull the sides apart because for that to work a vacuum would need to be created inside ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Cosmological constant in General Relativity [duplicate]

According to my GR notes the cosmological constant can be thought of as a vacuum energy much in the same way as the ground state of the harmonic oscillator. The notes claim that the regularised energy ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

How do EM waves travel in a vacuum? [duplicate]

Apart from that electric and magnetic field variation thing, is there any other explanation? Can photons simply pass through vacuum?
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Quantum gravity- Vacuum catastrophe

Why does the predicted mass of the quantum vacuum have a very little effect on the expansion of the universe?
-1
votes
1answer
64 views

Difference between Cosmologial Constant and Quantum Vacuum State

Hello I am very new to cosmology and quantum physics. I need some basic understanding (in Layman's term) of the Difference between Cosmological Constant and Quantum Vacuum. Cosmological Constant is, ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Can high speed moving hydrogen atoms drive turbines?

We know that hydrogen is a part of air so if we accelerate hydrogen atoms in a circular vacuum tube as done in a particle accelerator, can the high speed moving atoms of hydrogen drive a turbine if we ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

If you brought a hollow one-inch cube of steel filled with air into space, would the air exert a pressure of 14.7 psi on the cube?

In my thought experiment, since air exerts $14.7$ psi at sea level, the air within the cube of steel should exert the same pressure outward, $14.7$ psi. Right? The whole thing about balanced air ...
6
votes
1answer
741 views

Could a vacuum airship be possible? [duplicate]

According to Wikipedia, a vacuum airship is a hypothetical airship that is evacuated instead of using a lighter gas. Really, once I first saw this, I thought, "Why did I never think about this ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Can we spin a top in vacuum?

What happens to a top if we spin it in vacuum. Will it have any difference to rotating in a normal surface to a surface in vacuum.
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Slow sustained liquid movement in a vacuum

Can water or any other liquid be made to “simmer” or “low boil” (slow sustained liquid movement) in a vacuum as opposed to go from liquid to all out boil when the vapor pressure is equal to the ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Vacuum to vacuum transition amplitude confusion

I keep seeing this for the vacuum to vacuum transition amplitude: $\langle 0,\infty|0,-\infty\rangle_J\,.$ What is $|0,-\infty\rangle_J?$ Am I to take the Hamiltonian with the source present, ie. ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Using reflective optics concepts to focus gas pressure in a vacuum

At very low vacuum pressures the bulk behaviour of molecules can be approximated by non interacting particles bouncing off of the chamber walls: For an monotonic molecule such as He with perfect ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Partitioning a single vacuum chamber to isolate out-gassing components?

Planning a DIY vacuume chamber that would contain motors and electronics for manipulating in random experiments My thought is to section the chamber into two parts: clean and dirty - the dirty part ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

Locality, unitarity & vacuum energy

I've read in a set of lecture notes that the requirement of locality and unitarity in QFT imply that the vacuum must have a non-zero energy associated with it (http://arxiv.org/abs/1502.05296 , top of ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Temperature of planets without atmosphere

I am wondering how come a planet without atmoshhere loses heat in space when the space around it is a vacuum. In my understanding for one object to lose heat it must have contact with another ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Pressure - How much fluid can void support?

Please refer to the attached (terrible) drawing while reading the post ! After watching some videos about the U-tube effect in drilling, a question came to me. Imagine one fluid of heavy density ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Forces of suction in WIllie Wonka's Chocolate Factory (filmed 2005 starring Johnny Depp) [closed]

Before I begin the question: I am in no way judging this movie, just happened to be casually watching it and saw the scene (referred to below) and thought to post this question. The scene: Boy falls ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Pressure and humidity

Does pressure/vacuum affect water vapor differently than other gases and hence humidity? For example, imagine I have a vacuum bell at atmospheric (mean sea level) pressure and the air in it is 50% ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Are topological vacua of QCD Lorentz invariant?

Are topological vacua of QCD Lorentz invariant or they mix under boosts?
2
votes
1answer
345 views

What happens to the total volume of a chunk of space that is being sucked into a black hole?

Does it increased, decrease, or stay the same? Maybe it explodes to infinity... Here is a similar question: Do black holes have infinite areas and volumes? But it's different because it asks how to ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How abruptly would you have to brake to form an almost complete vacuum in the back seat? [duplicate]

Suppose you brake with a car (or any other moving object). As the air inside will rush forward, won't there be a relative dearth of air molecules in the back? So, how strong does the acceleration have ...
-1
votes
2answers
31 views

Speculative experiment: A golf ball at the frontier of the universe

Consider a golf ball in the center of an empty sphere (maybe a GR vacuum, I'm not so sure). Consider this empty sphere as being the only space available to the golf ball, it is surrounded by nether. ...
6
votes
4answers
330 views

Do virtual particles actually physically exist?

I have heard virtual particles pop in and out of existence all the time, most notable being the pairs that pop out beside black holes and while one gets pulled away. But wouldn't this actually violate ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

How is possible to hear mechanical sounds in space?

In the footage taken by U.S. astronaut Terry Virts during spacewalk (EVA) on the International Space Station on 25.02.2015, sounds can be heard while in space. I can understand "shaking" sounds while ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Water in a vacuum sealed jar?

I recently purchased a Vacmaster VP215C chamber sealer, and have noticed that when I place a small container of water into the chamber, and pull a vacuum for just over 25 seconds, the water begins to ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Why does Hauksbee orb or a similar device produce light?

This essentially fits well to the question asked earlier but had to placed as a separate question... An interesting and detailed answer was provided. However, there are few points, originating from my ...
2
votes
4answers
246 views

If a bell is rung in a perfect vacuum and is suspended by opposing magnets will it ever stop ringing?

As far as I am aware a bell rung in a perfect vacuum would only lose energy and stop ringing due to friction between the bell and the hanging mechanism (due to the lack of air resistance). Therefore ...
3
votes
4answers
485 views

Can electricity flow through vacuum?

People say yes, and give a wonderful example of vacuum tubes, CRTs. But can we really say that vacuum (..as in space) is a good conductor of electricity in a very basic sense?
55
votes
7answers
11k views

Does gravity exist in a vacuum?

My understanding has always been that it does from conventional science courses, but really thinking about it, I was wondering if this is really the case. To my limited understanding there is a ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

If we go to space why isn't the temperature high? [duplicate]

We know that the temperature in space (which has vacuum) is low. If I go to space will I feel sweaty and hot or chilly? I think I will feel sweaty and hot because the radiation (UV, IR, etc) of the ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

Ground state for interacting field thoeries

Are there references where the ground state of an interacting quantum field theory is explicitly written in terms of states of the underlying free theory? For example, let us suppose to have a self ...
2
votes
3answers
84 views

Why stars are white? According to Rayleigh Scattering

According to Rayleigh Scattering, the red waves are capable of travelling a long distance, so that only we are seeing the Sun as reddish during Sunset and Sunrise. If this was true then all other ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Is a “Perfect” Vacuum theoretically possible [duplicate]

I came across this answer to another stack exchange question and wondered about how true the claim was. http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/174683/42787 It starts with a disclaimer that claims that ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Why metals fused in vacuum? [duplicate]

On Earth when two pieces of metal comes into direct contact with each other, nothing amazing happens. In a complete vacuum condition the two metals fused permanently, how and why?
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Vacuum Systems, Vapor Pressure, and Machine Damage

When operating a vacuum pump, after we have pumped it to its (almost) limit, and want to pump it back down, we normally Turn off the Turbomolecular Pump first Turn off the rotary vane pump next ...
12
votes
7answers
3k views

Drying clothes with the sun's heat, without any air

Will my wet clothes dry if I hang them under the sun, and if there is no air around the clothes? In other words, do I need both air and heat to dry wet clothes, or is heat alone (in the imagined ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Meaning of “vacuum state”?

I just learned about $|0\rangle$ and siblings $|0_\gamma\rangle$ and $|0_\infty\rangle$ while studying coherent and squeezed states in a QM class, and I have a question about the meaning of ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Negative pressure

How is negative pressure created in a fluid system?Isn't it counter intuitive that we are reducing the pressure of a system containing no molecules(zero pressure) to a lower value?
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Can Impossible Vacuum balloon be possible with this idea?

As it is well known, a vacuum balloon using the materials we have at our disposal is not possible, because of the sheer force they have to resist from the air outside. I have an idea and I want to ...
17
votes
5answers
3k views

Is speed of propeller-driven airplane limited by the speed of sound?

Mine line of thoughts goes like this: A propeller is effectively pushing itself away from molecules of air. The best any propeller can do is to create total vacuum in the front of itself. The ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

What properties does the vacuum have?

Once upon a time the vacuum was defined as "nothing". We now know it has all kinds of properties such as permeability, dimensionality etc. Is there a list of such properties anywhere?
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What happens to a body, initially at 300K, kept in isolated space? Will it's temperature drop to 0k?

With regards to Thermal Radiation, given a stable body initially at 300 Kelvin placed in isolation, after continuous Thermal Radiation will it's temperature gradually reduce to 0 kelvin ...