A region of space devoid of any fluid molecules resulting in a zero pressure in ideal cases. In practice, even space has a small but finite number of molecules.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

6
votes
0answers
56 views
+50

Finding the vacuum which breaks a symmetry

I will start with an example. Consider a symmetry breaking pattern like $SU(4)\rightarrow Sp(4)$. We know that in $SU(4)$ there is the Standard Model (SM) symmetry $SU(2)_L\times U(1)_Y$ but depending ...
2
votes
3answers
173 views

why cannot fermions have non-zero vacuum expectation value?

In quantum field theory, scalar can take non-zero vacuum expectation value(vev). And this way they break symmetry of the Lagrangian. Now my question is what will happen if the fermions in the theory ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What is the meaning of the negative vacuum expectation value of the Higgs field? Do we see it in nature?

In studying about the Higgs field and related, I find little mention of the equilibrium point at -V. I would like help conceptualizing what a negative vacuum expectation value is, ideally with respect ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

How electromagnetic fields travel through vacuum?

How electromagnetic fields travel through vacuum is it right to say that they propagate or travel? do they alternately form each other by charged particles?
0
votes
1answer
65 views

If empty space is not really empty, what does the space between an atomic nucleus and its electrons consist of? [duplicate]

I'm currently reading Brian Greene's The Elegant Universe and have also picked up his other book - The Fabric of the Cosmos. In The elegant universe Brian makes up an interesting point that empty ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Beryllium Vacuum Sphere Boat/Aircraft

Is it possible to make a solid rigid evacuated "balloon" out of Beryllium or other elements or alloys? The critical buckling pressure at which an evacuated sphere is given as $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Is nuclear fusion via underwater vacuum possible?

An under water explosion creates a bubbly which quickly collapses on itself. The action takes less that 1/100 of a second for bubbles less than a foot across. This creates a point of extremely ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Can one obtain free energy from the vacuum?

It is known that from the vacuum of a quantum field theory, virtual particle pairs are created and destroyed; is it possible to capture these particles thus obtaining free energy from the vacuum?
5
votes
2answers
66 views

Does space have a “radiation pressure” caused by subatomic particles?

If space is not actually a void, then there's something shooting around in it, I'm guessing a lot like molecules in a gas. Could we apply a $(PV/T = k)$ -like gas law to it. Obviously we're not ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

Is the double-slit experiment typically carried out in a vacuum?

It is my understanding of the double-slit experiment that when a measuring device is activated, to measure which of the two slits a particle is travelling through, this measuring is responsible for a ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

What exactly does vacuum contain?

Does vacuum or outer space contain any gases? Recently i watched a video on youtube,in which NASA installs a camera on a spacecraft.The footage shows some dust particles or some matter floating over ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

What is the perturbative vacuum?

Will someone please supply me with a good definition of the perturbative vacuum vis a vis quantum cosmology?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How do you calculate the air and water pressure inside the bell siphon during and after the vacuum is formed?

I am interested in the math/physics behind the simple bell siphon. In this YouTube video, the presenter says that the space in the top of the bell becomes a vacuum when the water flow eventually fills ...
2
votes
5answers
281 views

Does it take infinite energy to create a perfect vacuum?

Question is inspired by a recent burst of perpetuum mobile-type questions. It would be nice if one could simply discard them all by an argument that shows it's impossible to create a perfect vacuum. ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Container in a Vacuum in a Container Problem

My friend puzzled me with this: Say I have a container that contains a vacuum and another container inside. And this inner container contains air. Also the outer container material is just barely ...
7
votes
2answers
142 views

What are the current experimental limits on the polarizability of the vacuum?

Many (all?) materials are polarizable at some level; meaning that when we apply an electric field across the material, there is an induced dipole moment $$ \vec{p}=\alpha(\omega)\vec{E}, $$ where ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Does $\langle\Omega|\mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{i}Px}=\langle\Omega|\mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{i}0x}$? $(\langle\Omega| =$ ground state of the interacting theory)

Let $\langle\Omega|$ be the ground state of an interacting theory, just as Peskin & Schroeder(PS) describes on page 82 and page 213. On page 213 PS do the following ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Why apply voltage on an Si detector only on atmosphere or high vacuum

The general instruction when using a silicon detector is to either apply voltage only in atmospheric pressure or in high vacuum. Not in between! I can't find a physical answer to it. Why is it so ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Definition of vacuum in field theory; Connection between the classical definition and the connection to QFT

I am a bit confused by what is defined to be a vacuum in field theory. Classically a vaccum state is defined to be the state where the field sits at some minima of the potential $\frac{\partial ...
5
votes
3answers
155 views

Does time exist in a vacuum?

Imagine a perfect vacuum devoid of all matter and radiation. Irrespective of whether such a space can even exist, my intuition tells me that time would not exist within such a space. What this thought ...
-4
votes
2answers
65 views

Would a beam of light moving through a vacuum be considered an example of perpetual motion? [closed]

I have a very limited understanding of Physics but if the beam of light was moving through a vacuum like space and had saw no obstuctions during its path, would that be perpetual motion in action?
12
votes
2answers
127 views

What would happen to wet laundry in the vacuum of space?

Imagine for a second that I was in a college dorm room frustrated that all the dryers were broken or in use. I'm impatient and not a jerk so I don't wait or take out someone else's laundry, I shoot it ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

gas pressure outside nozzle in vacuum

I'm currently trying to figure out the following in the simplest possible way: Say we have a nozzle in a vacuum environment. A gas of a certain pressure is emitted through the nozzle, which has a ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Expectation values in QFT?

What is the meaning of different expectation values in QFT? For instance: $$\langle 0|{\cal O}(0)|q,s\rangle$$ or $$\langle 0|{\cal O}(0)|0\rangle$$ with ${\cal O}$ being some operator and ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Question on the Electroweak vacuum decay

Is there any current estimate of the electroweak vacuum lifetime based on the recent measurement of the Higgs boson and the top quark masses?
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Does the space between molecules have no pressure?

In any living organism there exists are space between cells filled with interstitial fluid. Loss of this fluid into abnormal areas (3rd spacing) can cause relative to severe hypo-volemia. The fluid ...
-1
votes
1answer
58 views

Loss of atmosphere to a vacuum

I'm working to craft a space-horror themed RPG a la Dungeons & Dragons and I've run into a situation I can't resolve on my own. At what rate is atmosphere lost to space through various sized ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Vacuum expectation value in QFT

In QFT, one writes the VEV of a field $\psi$ as $\langle0|\psi|0\rangle$. But as I understand it, the fields in QFT are not operators, but just some functions which we use to calculate cross-sections. ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Vacuum polarization of dark matter candidates

Can a dark matter particle (axions, for instance, but the question applies to any valid candidate for dark matter) induce QED vacuum polarization effects even if being electrically neutral and with no ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

How far could one fire a charged particle in space?

I've wondered how far would be able to send a concentrated beam of electrons in space. The reason is would we be able to launch a magnetic ring with an electron absorbing material on one side and just ...
3
votes
2answers
263 views

How does blood/saliva boil in outer space?

Why would the blood boil? Is it because of the temperature or pressure? Because I really can't figure it out. I thought space didn't have a temperature above freezing unless close to a star or the ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

are there any “known unknowns” that could affect the possibility of a false vacuum?

(Although Donald Rumsfeld was mocked for talking about "known unknowns" and "unknown unknowns", I think it's an truly important distinction.) Periodically, I hear about how the universe might be in a ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Will the “Vacuum Wine Saver” suck the bubbles out of Champagne?

The "Vacuum Wine Saver" comes with the following "warning": Not for sparkling wines Intuitively and naively, I imagine that the bubbles (or the "bubble-potential"—my made-up terminology) will be ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Why does Hauksbee's electrostatic machine produce light?

I'm reading on the history of the discovery of electricity and the electron, and I've went from reading about Rutherford's gold leaf experiment all the way back to Francis Hauksbee's spinning glass ...
-2
votes
1answer
66 views

Attraction of a Bullet due to Gravity in a Perfect Vaccum

I realise that this might be conventially very difficult to answer because there's no KG or Newtons in space, only particles. As far as I understand, every object creates a 'pull' due to the forces ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Does photons undergo the process of cyclic absorption and re-emission by virtual particles in vacuum?

The process of cyclic absorption and re-emission by electrons in a medium is an explanation for the fact that light appears to slow down in mediums relative to vacuum. But, does light undergo this ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Is false vacuum bubble nucleation possible in our universe?

Is it possible that a false vacuum bubble to nucleate into our universe rather than a true vacuum one ? If yes,it will expand at speed of light within our spacetime or what ?
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Conservation laws in vacuum phase transition

Let's consider a bubble nucleation phase transition between different vacua via quantum tunnelling .For my understanding a particle must penetrate the potential barrier and find herself in an another ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Particle Spacing in a Vacuum

Four questions: (To start off, I know very little about physics it isn't even funny (I probably use a ton of wrong terms here and leave out vital information, if so I will try to edit it in as you ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

Why Goldstone Bosons? (A Question about VEVs)

I understand how the mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking works, and why it produces Goldstone bosons (for global symmetries) and massive gauge bosons (for local ones). However, I'm confused as ...
8
votes
2answers
123 views

Do siphons really require air pressure to function?

Can the siphon mechanism work in vacuums? There seems to have been experiments where exotic liquids (low vapor pressure) were used in siphons mounted in vacuum chambers. The idea is that the falling ...
5
votes
0answers
127 views

What does $\text{VAC}$ mean in Weinberg's QFT?

Hopefully Weinberg is sufficiently popular that this question isn't too localized. I'm reading Volume II (16.1, p. 63) and he refers to the state $\lvert\text{VAC}\rangle$ quite a lot. Does this mean ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

From which side should I solder electrical feedthroughs into a vacuum flange?

I work on an experiment that requires electrical connections to a vacuum vessel, which is submerged in liquid helium (LHe). For sending the signals into the vessel, we use a feedthrough flange. I am ...
-2
votes
1answer
245 views

In truth, only atoms and the void

I have a question about this motto used by Sean Carroll in his blog: In truth, only atoms and the void. Can you explain what this sentence means? My interpretation is that the sentence does ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Does time pass fastest in isolated, resting space?

While it is fairly established that both fast movement and the presence of gravity make time pass slower as compared to a system at rest / free of gravity, does that mean that there is no way for time ...
1
vote
3answers
92 views

Can the vacuum be filled with virtual micro-black holes?

Since the vacuum is thought to be virtual particles, is it possible that there might be virtual micro-black holes with virtual horizons and virtual hawking radiation which form and evaporate at a rate ...
2
votes
2answers
244 views

Why does vaccum have a nonzero characteristic impedance towards electromagnetic radiation

OK, so the characteristic impedance is calculated "as square root of the ratio of the permeability of free space (µ o ) in henrys per meter ( H/m ) to the permittivity of free space ( o ) in farads ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Vacuum to hold an object

How can i check and calculate if a certain vacuum pump can hold an object that weights X kg? By "hold" I mean not let that object fall to the floor due to gravity
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Question on “pocket” universes

I recently heard about the possibility of the creation of a "baby" universe or "pocket" universe from our space time,the theory says that concentrating enough mass into a tiny volume of space (like in ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

What is vacuum to DC flow?

I know how an air gap behaves: for lower voltages the resistance is extremely high, until spark voltage is achieved, at which point resistance rapidly drops, creating electric arc. Now, how does that ...