The universe refers to the cosmos; all of space-time and that which exists as part of it. Alternatively, it can refer to the observable universe, which only contains the part we can see. Questions tagged with this should ask about physics at scales the size of the universe or specific properties of ...

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How do we know for certain that space is expanding?

How do we know for certain that space is expanding? Let's say that in the year 1950, we observe that galaxy 1 is 5 billion light years away from us and galaxy 2 is 10 billion light years away from ...
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1answer
57 views

What proof do we have that space is expanding? [duplicate]

how can we really say that space is expanding when we cannot see the distant galaxies forming nor are the planets nearby newly formed, nor is anything expanding in size nor are we going far away? ...
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0answers
31 views

if gravity travelled faster than light, what would the implications be? [on hold]

I know that some weird stuff might take effect in the long term outside of the observable universe affecting us and I do have a lot of ambitious, intuitive guesses based on my qualitative ...
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0answers
41 views

What is the status of the Church Turing Deutsch principle? [on hold]

The Church Turing Deutsch principle states that: every finitely realizable physical system can be perfectly simulated by a universal model computing machine operating by finite means. According ...
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1answer
144 views

What happens to black holes if/when the universe “ends”

I've heard several ideas about what happens to the universe when it dies, and they range from infinite expansion and heat death, to a "big crunch". In the event that something like a "big crunch" ...
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0answers
94 views

Calculating energy density in the early Universe

I've been told to calculate the energy density in the early Universe. It states that it is completely dominated by neutrinos (3 species), photons, electrons, and positrons. Now, I've found an ...
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1answer
182 views

Reconciling “The Big Crunch” with the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics

Assume "The Big Crunch" scenario (the universe will collapse to a singularity). In this case, I think of the entire universe as an isolated system; in the "Big Crunch" scenario, it seems to me gravity ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Question about universe expansion

In general relativity, we cannot determine the global structure of the universe (since it is not flat), therefore all measurements and observations are only meaningful locally. In particular, we can ...
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0answers
30 views

How can we make use of wormholes? [closed]

Some people say blackholes are wormholes which could be a shortcut through spacetime. This is great, because if its true we can travel deep into the universe. However, everyone knows the gravity in a ...
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2answers
41 views

Why is the ratio dark matter / normal matter bigger today than in the past? Is it the dark matter that increased or the normal matter that decreased?

These two pie charts clearly show that the ratio dark matter / normal matter is bigger today than it was in the past. But why? How is it possible? And does it mean that the amount of dark matter ...
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1answer
71 views

Traveling faster than the universe is expanding?

I was thinking, if the universe is space and time expanding, lets say in 3D (like a sphere). And it is doing that in a constant or not constant speed, there is a debate about that, never mind that but ...
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1answer
45 views

How can gravitational energy cancel out the rest energy of mass in the universe [duplicate]

I've heard that some physicists think that the net energy of the universe is zero. For this to happen, I would assume that the negative gravitational energy of a body ought to cancel out its rest ...
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1answer
454 views

Why does mass in the universe have no limit in large size, but has a limit in small size?

We found VY Canis Majoris, a star so big it can't even be seen in scaled illustratations with the sun itself. However, we stop at particle physics, or quantum mechanics, i.e. particles, subatomic, ...
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3answers
308 views

What does the accelerating expansion of the universe mean about its end?

So we know that the expansion of the universe is accelerating.When we thought that the expansion of the universe was slowing down,we predicted that it would reach a plateaux and maybe reverse the ...
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0answers
65 views

Is there evidence that the universe truly is the entirety of “everything”? [closed]

This is a question that has popped in my head recently. Do we have any verifiable proof that the "known" universe truly is everything that is out there? I'm not talking about the multiverse theory ...
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2answers
61 views

We stretch as the universe does [duplicate]

Here's an idea I thought about; more of a thought experiment than anything: The universe is essentially the same as the universe 14 billion years ago, just stretched. However, all matter stretches ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Is it impossible to practically predict the future?

For the sake of curiosity, let us postulate a universe that can be completely described by mathematics. Let us further postulate, that humankind has fully discovered all the fundamental laws of ...
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4answers
757 views

Can a perfectly mathematically describable universe exist in a multiverse?

Assuming inter-universal (see here) travel is possible, can a perfectly mathematically describable universe exist inside a multiverse? If it could, would that mean that the multiverse is ...
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1answer
78 views

How do we know the expansion of the universe is “of space” and not “in space” or “into space” or another less intuitive arrangement?

How do we know the expansion of the universe is "of space" and not "in space" or "into space" or another less intuitive arrangement? For example, what implicit and explicit assumptions underlie the ...
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2answers
96 views

Where did energy come from?

So it is my understanding that before the big bang there was a very small point that held all of the matter in the universe. My question is what form did energy of the universe take on when it was in ...
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0answers
21 views

Relation between black hole mass and size applied to observable universe [duplicate]

If I apply the relations given in http://xaonon.dyndns.org/hawking/hrcalc.js and http://www0.arch.cuhk.edu.hk/~hall/ag/sw/SpinCalc/SpinCalc.htm to the values for the mass of the observable universe ...
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1answer
61 views

Test to determine if universe is infinite or not

Currently it is not known whether the universe is finite or infinite. Is there any test that can be performed (theoretically) to know whether the universe is infinite or not? I'm still in high ...
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1answer
2k views

Why haven't we seen the big bang?

The Andromeda galaxy is 2,538,000 light years away, so if we view Andromeda from a telescope, we see Andromeda how it was 2,538,000 years ago. Now the diameter of the visible universe is 92 billion ...
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1answer
72 views

Are we really sure that the whole universe is expanding?

Haven't we thought about the possibility of only a region of the universe is expanding? What about space is expanding in this region and space is compressed in another region, that satisfies the ...
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2answers
37 views
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1answer
25 views

cosmological red shift significance in terms of success of gr

So from a killing tensor the FRW metric is known to possess, for a massless particle we find the well known result that as the universe expands the frequency of the photons decreases . But , what ...
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1answer
77 views

When they say the universe was the size of a baseball about a billion billion billion billionth of a second

after the big bang. Does that means the observable universe was the size of a baseball, or does it mean the entire universe? I'm guessing it means the observable universe - as we really don't ...
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2answers
111 views

All significant objects in the universe?

Taking it to the bottom of layman's terms, what would be the shortlist of significant things in the universe? A list I could think of myself would put Energy (at whatever wavelength travelling ...
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8answers
3k views

Are we inside a black hole?

I was surprised to only recently notice that An object of any density can be large enough to fall within its own Schwarzschild radius. Of course! It turns out that supermassive black holes at ...
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2answers
59 views

Why should I believe that matter does not expand along with the space between it [duplicate]

This question has been asked before under other guises. I am not a scientific profesional however i have some schooling in pyhsics and mathematics and have a keen interest in these subjects. It seems ...
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2answers
708 views

What is space made of?

General Relativity posits that matter curves spacetime, such that geodesics point towards the object in question, hence, gravity. Now, how does matter do this? What is spacetime "made of", anyway, ...
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3answers
335 views

Where is all the Dark Matter? Theoretical Question

In my Physics Class we had to look into possible areas where Dark Matter could be "hiding." Such as Black Holes and so on. Dark matter really can be "seen" through its gravitational effects, and we ...
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1answer
20 views

Single fundamental force at Planck epoch?

It is hypothese that after big bang when universe is a Planck time old, the 4 known fundamental forces used to be equal in strength or perhaps there existed single fundamental force before splitting ...
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4answers
2k views

Why is the singularity of the Big Bang not considered to be the center of the Universe? [duplicate]

If the universe is expanding, then at some time in the past, it must have started from a single point but why this point is not the center of the Universe. Just like the singularity of black holes is ...
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1answer
97 views

What is dimension and how many types of dimensions are there in the universe?

What is dimension and how many types of dimensions are there in the universe? I mean how many total dimensions are there? I have only heard about 2d and 3d. Other than these two, are there any other ...
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1answer
65 views

Does universe calculate? [closed]

This is probably totally naive (philosophical?) question. I am not mathematician nor physicist so maybe it is quite dumb question too. IF universe does calculate, how does it cope with numbers like ...
3
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1answer
66 views

The actual space curvature

What is the curvature of our physical space, according to the latest experimental data? I've found it somewhat difficult to find a definitive answer to the question, because the spacetime curvature ...
0
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3answers
144 views

Can universe or anything be simulated with absolute accuracy? [duplicate]

In a simulation everything is known which makes any apparent random event a pre-calculated event. Taking that into account is it possible to simulate the universe with absolute accuracy in a way that ...
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2answers
4k views

Dumbed-down explanation how scientists know the number of atoms in the universe?

It is often quoted that the number of atoms in the universe is 10$^{70}$ or 10$^{80}$. How do scientists determine this number? And how accurate is it (how strong is the supporting evidences for ...
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1answer
67 views

How many electrons are there in the universe?

Someone on io9 estimated there were about 10^80 electrons in the universe, but I want to ask the Stack Exchange physics community.
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1answer
109 views

How can the Schwarzschild radius of the universe be 13.7 billion light years?

So i was reading about Schwarzschild radius on Wiki and I found a interesting thing written there link. It says that the S. radius of the universe is as big as the size of the universe? How is this ...
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0answers
22 views

Why is the total energy of current universe conserved? [duplicate]

I began to think about this problem a long time ago and also asked some classmates as well, but none of them can give me a creative solution. I actually developed an original theory that our ...
6
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4answers
793 views

Does (it make sense to say that ) the universe has a center?

I was reading this page: http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/oct/23/brian-cox-jeff-forshaw-answers and I found this sentence by Brian Cox: That seems to imply that everything is flying away ...
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1answer
393 views

Does the universe follow a general physical and computational principle of evolution?

Evolution is a principle in biology, whereby organisms evolve their ability to replicate and multiply in numbers over successive generations. From a computational point of view, the organisms employ a ...
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1answer
60 views

Is the center of the universe in another dimension?

If we live in a four dimensional world and when we try to find the center of the universe (where the big bang occured) we found that there is no apparent center, could that means that the big bang ...
3
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1answer
55 views

Where else is there fire?

Apart from on Earth, where else does fire occur in the universe? I'd hazard a guess that it is quite rare for oxidation to occur naturally, could someone elaborate on this?
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0answers
21 views

Calculate Total Energy Of Universe [duplicate]

Physicist using $mc^2$ to calculate positive energy and $-MmG/R$ to calculate negative energy to calculate total nergy of the universe but I heard that one of them is relativly invariant and other ...
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2answers
73 views

Allowable spacetime deformations [closed]

What deformations are possible with spacetime? By 'deformation' I am referring to the kind of change in spacetime caused by the presence of a mass which deforms spacetime sufficiently to deflect ...
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2answers
101 views

How does a particular galaxy's apparent recessional velocity CHANGE as the universe expands?

By this I mean will the light from distant galaxies continue to show red shift (i.e. if you look at light from a particular galaxy now and in 10000 years time, the spectra will have been shifted ...
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0answers
41 views

Total Mass in Universe [duplicate]

Currently (2015), what is the total mass of the universe? How can we say with mathematical certainty that 69% is dark energy; 25% is dark matter; 5% is atomic matter; and 1% is neutrino, photon, and ...