The universe refers to the cosmos; all of space-time and that which exists as part of it. Alternatively, it can refer to the observable universe, which only contains the part we can see. Questions tagged with this should ask about physics at scales the size of the universe or specific properties of ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
3answers
1k views

Failure of the Steady State Theory

I was reading a journal of astronomy and came to the most famous opponent of Big Bang theory: The Steady State Theory: The 20th - century theory was proposed by Hoyle,Gold and Bondie. The ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Scale factor and age of the universe

Why is the cosmological scale factor (expansion rate of the universe) not simply the time $t$, i.e. the age of the universe?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the avarage temperature of the Universe?

I'm sorry if this was asked before but with all the stars and dark matter and all the other stuff, curently in the Universe, what's the avarage temperature of the Universe? Is it like extremely high ...
3
votes
3answers
289 views

How do we know for certain that space is expanding?

How do we know for certain that space is expanding? Let's say that in the year 1950, we observe that galaxy 1 is 5 billion light years away from us and galaxy 2 is 10 billion light years away from ...
3
votes
3answers
205 views

The Universe as a four-dimensional sphere?

I was chatting with my 12yo cousin yesterday and we got to the Universe, its size and stuff like that. Then he came up with the idea (I'll rephrase it), that the Universe could basically be a 4d ...
3
votes
1answer
459 views

What is the universe 'expanding' into? [duplicate]

We say the universe is expanding, and by expanding we mean the distance between objects gets larger over time. We call that "Metric Expansion of the Universe". So far so good. I kind of get the idea ...
3
votes
1answer
392 views

Creation of a miniature universe?

I am not referring to the experiment being conducted at Lancaster University involving liquid helium and a magnetic field to build a marble sized representation of the early cosmos. My question is: ...
3
votes
1answer
466 views

Total momentum of the Universe

What is the total momentum of the whole Universe in reference to the point in space where the Big Bang took place? According to my reasoning (and a bit elementary knowledge) it should be exactly ...
3
votes
1answer
711 views

Universe Expansion as an absolute time reference

Why we call "constant" to the Hubble constant?, if the universe were really expanding then the Hubble "constant" should change, being variable, smaller and smaller..with "time". Other example/view ...
3
votes
4answers
318 views

Entropy of the whole universe

In "Thermal Physics", Charles Kittel proves that entropy always increases in systems when the degree of freedom are increased (adding particles, adding energy, expanding volume, etc ). I started to ...
3
votes
2answers
201 views

Can hyperbolic space be bounded?

There are many visualisations of hyperbolic geometry using Poincaré disks. What are their purpose? Can hyperbolic space be bounded? Can we endow the disk with the structure described by the FLRW ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views

How far can something travel in a straight line?

Suppose you have an object some distance from you and moving at a velocity different to the Hubble velocity you'd expect at that point. How does the motion of this object change with time? Does it ...
3
votes
4answers
609 views

The inner workings of the Olbers paradox

A long time ago I was told that the universe is finite. The provided "proof" (or reasoning), known as Olbers' paradox, was that on infinite universe there would be an infinite number of stars, and ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Are all points in the universe connected?

Is it true that every point in the universe is connected or could be so theoretically? If so how is this mediated? Is it through the quantum nature of the fabric of space or is it through the ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

How fast did hydrogen atoms travel when they were first formed in the early universe?

I can't seem to find any data on this, is it a known value?
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Estimating age of the universe by Hubble's law?

Hubble's law states that $v=Hx$ Age of the universe is calculated by $T= \frac{x}{v} = \frac{1}{H}$ but the velocity is not constant; it changes with distance, so I think that this equation cannot ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

Simulate the universe?

Alright, Lets assume that I have a computer with limited calculation speed (1-4GHz) but unlimited parallel processing capability and unlimited memory capacity to go with it. Under this assumption ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Many times speed of light [duplicate]

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/24/theory-of-everything-big-bang-discovery_n_5019126.html What does "many times speed of light" really mean in this context? For a layman it's easy to draw wrong ...
3
votes
2answers
402 views

(Co)homology of the universe

In this post let $U$ be the universe considered as a manifold. From what I gather we don't really have any firm evidence whether the universe is closed or open. The evidence seems to point towards it ...
3
votes
2answers
590 views

How is it possible to come to a conclusion that Universe is a result of the Big Bang while we aren't able to observe the entire Universe?

-I'm not a religious person so this is not a denial. I'm just trying to understand the most fundamental topic about Universe. -I know the Big Bang cosmological model is not a law but it's a theory. ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the universe linear? If so, why?

Simple question, I'm trying to build a quantum memory system that utilizes the superposition principle to model specific phenomenon I am trying to predict, anyways, my question is this. Is the ...
3
votes
3answers
326 views

What does the accelerating expansion of the universe mean about its end?

So we know that the expansion of the universe is accelerating.When we thought that the expansion of the universe was slowing down,we predicted that it would reach a plateaux and maybe reverse the ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Where else is there fire?

Apart from on Earth, where else does fire occur in the universe? I'd hazard a guess that it is quite rare for oxidation to occur naturally, could someone elaborate on this?
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Will the Universe eventually stop expanding

Sorry if this is a naive question, not being even a part qualified physicist in any way shape or form. I've read that the universe is expanding and the rate of expansion is increasing. The assumption ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

What would happen in the final days of the universe?

I would like to know the stages of how the universe would end and what would happen and what the possible scenarios are. I understand that eventually all the stars would burn out and that would ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

What is the mix of ordinary mass vs. ordinary radiating energy in the universe?

I have seen data showing that the estimated mix of dark energy in the universe is 68.3%, the mix of dark matter is 26.8% and the mix of ordinary matter is 4.9%1. However, within "ordinary matter," ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

The actual space curvature

What is the curvature of our physical space, according to the latest experimental data? I've found it somewhat difficult to find a definitive answer to the question, because the spacetime curvature ...
3
votes
3answers
145 views

Is it valid to apply Einstein's Relativity to scenarios involving expansion of space?

IIs it valid to apply Einstein's Relativity to scenarios involving expansion of space? For a practical example of this: Is it legitimate to speak of distant red-shift galaxies as experiencing time ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Is the Universe still believed to be flat?

I have read a handful of old articles from mid 2013 expressing that the Universe may, in fact, be curved. http://www.nature.com/news/universe-may-be-curved-not-flat-1.13776 ...
3
votes
3answers
150 views

If we say the universe is expanding, shouldn't it be expanding relative to something?

I don't understand, if everything in this world is relative to something else, then cannot we essentially say that nothing exists independently? We say that the universe is considered to be the ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Can a simulated Universe simulate Special Relativity

I know there are theories (or postulates) that hold that our Universe could be a simulation. I was wondering, if Special Relativity states that two events which are not causally linked can be judged ...
3
votes
3answers
390 views

Dark age of universe when all fusion process ceases?

Some say we live in the golden age of the universe because there exits countless number of stars that shines in the dark universe. As the supply of gas for star formation is steadily being exhausted, ...
3
votes
4answers
362 views

How was the universe created?

I do not know much beyond high school Physics. Thus, I am asking this question from almost layman's perspective: What, as per the best of our existing knowledge and widely accepted among the ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Does cosmic expansion imply the possibility of the universe splitting in half; multiple big-crunches?

There is an event horizon where cosmic expansion leads to superluminal recession speeds for sufficiently distant objects -- the Hubble Volume. 1) Does matter beyond the event horizon affect us ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Why did everything in space cool out?

Through my research, I learned that; According to thermophysics, heat always moves from an area of high heat to an area of low heat. Space has no heat at all. It is extremely cold However, ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Non-isolated universe and arrow of space

Could you please help me to understand two statements in physics: 1) Universe by definition is an isolated system. But universe expands, space pours into universe, space (vacuum) has zero-point ...
3
votes
1answer
600 views

Is it possible for one side of the universe to “meet” the other?

I've variously heard the shape of the universe being described as multi-dimensional, like a helix or mobius strip, and super string theorem seems to say there are lots of universes all piled up next ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

What is meant with the statement: “the universe in infinite”? [duplicate]

I'd like to know what is thought of when saying the universe is infinite. I've read about what is meant when astronomers are speaking of a "flat" universe and I have read that its size is most likely ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

What are the latest findings on the topology and size of the universe?

The paper G. Aslanyan & A.V. Manohar, The Topology and Size of the Universe from the Cosmic Microwave Background, JCAP 06 (2012) 003, arXiv:1104.0015, uses the 7-year WMAP data. Has any ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Is it possible that the universe in its entirety is discrete rather than continuous? [duplicate]

Since electric charge is comprised of discrete units and and mass is formed by discrete units is it possible that space-time itself is discrete as well?
3
votes
0answers
140 views

What is the theoretical geometry of bubble universes?

My research has led me to look into the idea of bubble universes which I don't know very much about. The first thing that I am looking for is understanding or visualising how could many bubbles ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

In the αβγ cosmology paper, how do the authors assume the integral of density over time in the early universe?

In the famous Alpher-Bethe-Gamow paper, the authors say: "it is necessary to assume the integral of $\sigma_n dt$ during the building-up period is equal to $5 \times 10^4 \frac{\text{g ...
3
votes
3answers
528 views

Shouldn't stars disappear from our view due to expansion?

The currently accepted theory of the expansion of the universe would suggest that for any point in the universe, there is a 'boundary' (somewhat like the Schwarzschild radius) beyond which it cannot ...
3
votes
1answer
264 views

Can universal continuity be experimentally falsified?

It is an unresolved question whether the universe is discrete or continuous in its intricate quantum level structure. See for example: Is the universe finite and discrete? How could spacetime become ...
2
votes
2answers
459 views

Wouldn't the presence of dark matter slow the expansion of the universe?

If there is a huge element of dark matter in the universe, wouldn't this extra gravity prevent the accelerated expansion of the universe?
2
votes
2answers
758 views

Can Flow of time become still?

According to theory of time dilation, flow of time slows down significantly at the speed of light.Is there any conditions practically or theoretically when flow of time is reduced to zero means it ...
2
votes
1answer
351 views

Equation for Hubble Value as a function of time

I am trying to write the equation for the situation where the Hubble parameter $H$ would be changing over time. In other words, it would represent an accelerated expansion of the Universe. That is, ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

The meaning of multiverse

A) I am intrigued by the multiverse theory as mentioned in Stephen Hawking's new book, "The Grand Design". According to his theory, one can have different 'universes' in one ultimate existence, a ...
2
votes
1answer
282 views

What happend with the light from all the galaxies visibles from an earth telescope?

Supposing it's possible to see some distant galaxies with an earth telescope, then, at the tip of the telescope lens there are photons comming from the distant galaxy... So, if I extend my hand in a ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Can we see ALL of the observable universe?

Reading this wiki page about the observable universe, (and visible universe), implies that we humans, on this rock in the milkyway are seeing a static representation of the universe that is still ...