The universe refers to the cosmos; all of space-time and that which exists as part of it. Alternatively, it can refer to the observable universe, which only contains the part we can see. Questions tagged with this should ask about physics at scales the size of the universe or specific properties of ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
4answers
229 views

Accelerating expansion of the universe: so?

Please help me out, I’m missing something. We know that, right now, space is expanding at roughly 73km/s/Mpc. This means: two points in space 1Mpc away from each other “move” 73 km farther away ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Open Big Bang-less universe?

This came up in discussion around a class I'm taking. For a Universe with $\Lambda$ and matter contributions to energy density (and implicitly curvature, but no radiation), can you have a universe ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is “A Brief History of Time” still up to date?

I have recently found my copy of Hawkings' A Brief History of Time which I have never finished. This time I'm determined to read it all the way through. However, the book is now almost 25 years old. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Supermassive black holes with the density of the Universe

This question was inspired by the answer to the question "If the universe were compressed into a super massive black hole, how big would it be" Assume that we have a matter with a uniform density ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

When they say the universe was the size of a baseball about a billion billion billion billionth of a second

after the big bang. Does that means the observable universe was the size of a baseball, or does it mean the entire universe? I'm guessing it means the observable universe - as we really don't ...
4
votes
3answers
518 views

Dark age of universe when all fusion process ceases?

Some say we live in the golden age of the universe because there exits countless number of stars that shines in the dark universe. As the supply of gas for star formation is steadily being exhausted, ...
4
votes
2answers
320 views

Total Energy of the Universe? [duplicate]

I've heard the total energy is zero, but I've also heard it cannot be said to be zero since there's so much unknown stuff in the universe. Is that true?
4
votes
1answer
222 views

Very basic question about empty universe

I'm trying to understand the empty universe model. My first textbook (which doesn't cover the empty universe) gives the Friedmann equation as $$\left[\frac{1}{R}\frac{dR}{dt}\right]^{2}=\frac{8\pi ...
4
votes
1answer
209 views

Gamma Ray Bubble at the center of our galaxy seen by Fermi Telescope

How could we measure high energy photons, whithout measuring them ? I can't understand how we can "see" those Gamma Ray Bubbles if they are not reaching here In this graph from Nasa you can see ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Could false vacuums potentially describe, in part, the Big Bang?

I've just read about something I had never of before, false vacuums. After reading a couple descriptions of what a drop (or rather, a vacuum metastability event) would imply, I thought of the Big ...
4
votes
3answers
994 views

What is meant by positive and negative gravity/energy/spacetime-curvature?

I have recently come across some cosmological assertions (based on empirical data) about the universe being self contained in the sense that it is entirely capable of coming into existence from a ...
4
votes
8answers
655 views

Is relativity necessary for the existence of life?

If the universe didn't have the relativity principle, would it be able to support life? Life consists of very complicated organisms. The operation of these organisms depends on the laws of physics. ...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

How to understand particle decoupling in the early universe?

We often say that when the rate of some interactions, say the beta decay and electron capture, are slower that the rate of universe's expansion, then the corresponding particles, say neutrinos, ...
4
votes
2answers
227 views

How can a black hole zap a galaxy into existence?

I am referring to this picture published here. Apparently super massive black holes emit radiation and matter in astrophysical jets. And these jets can form galaxies. I have some questions: Isn't ...
4
votes
1answer
378 views

Can universal continuity be experimentally falsified?

It is an unresolved question whether the universe is discrete or continuous in its intricate quantum level structure. See for example: Is the universe finite and discrete? How could spacetime become ...
4
votes
0answers
295 views

Conservation of Energy in the Universe [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is energy really conserved? Why can’t energy be created or destroyed? One of the laws of the universe that dazzles me the most is the law of conservation of energy. I ...
4
votes
5answers
163 views

Is the universe bounded?

As I understand it nobody can pinpoint an objective "center" of the universe nor "where" the Big Bang happened. It seems the observable universe is limited by our event horizon at some 14 billion ...
4
votes
2answers
392 views

How does the critical density decide the fate of the Universe?

Trying to teach myself cosmology. Given the Friedmann equation $$\left[\frac{1}{R}\frac{dR}{dt}\right]^{2}=\frac{8\pi G}{3}\rho-\frac{kc^{2}}{R^{2}}$$ and the critical density ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Failure of the Steady State Theory

I was reading a journal of astronomy and came to the most famous opponent of Big Bang theory: The Steady State Theory: The 20th - century theory was proposed by Hoyle,Gold and Bondie. The ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Scale factor and age of the universe

Why is the cosmological scale factor (expansion rate of the universe) not simply the time $t$, i.e. the age of the universe?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What's the avarage temperature of the Universe?

I'm sorry if this was asked before but with all the stars and dark matter and all the other stuff, curently in the Universe, what's the avarage temperature of the Universe? Is it like extremely high ...
3
votes
3answers
384 views

The Universe as a four-dimensional sphere?

I was chatting with my 12yo cousin yesterday and we got to the Universe, its size and stuff like that. Then he came up with the idea (I'll rephrase it), that the Universe could basically be a 4d ...
3
votes
1answer
545 views

What is the universe 'expanding' into? [duplicate]

We say the universe is expanding, and by expanding we mean the distance between objects gets larger over time. We call that "Metric Expansion of the Universe". So far so good. I kind of get the idea ...
3
votes
3answers
317 views

How do we know for certain that space is expanding?

How do we know for certain that space is expanding? Let's say that in the year 1950, we observe that galaxy 1 is 5 billion light years away from us and galaxy 2 is 10 billion light years away from ...
3
votes
2answers
425 views

What is the physics in a spacetime with only two point masses?

Imagine a universe consisting of only two point masses, neither of which are in motion. Would they be drawn towards each other? Does there need to be motion for the curvature of spacetime to affect ...
3
votes
7answers
855 views

Is there a universal rest frame of reference?

I am still struggling with C being a constant and what that implies. So can an experiment be done to find the resting state for the universe? Take a device with an observer and a light source and two ...
3
votes
5answers
281 views

Could the universe be accurately simulated with an infinitely powerful computer? [duplicate]

This would mean that every event happens because of what has hapened before it and there is no randomness factor. At a microscopic level, the motion of atoms is a result of the motion of other atoms ...
3
votes
1answer
422 views

Creation of a miniature universe?

I am not referring to the experiment being conducted at Lancaster University involving liquid helium and a magnetic field to build a marble sized representation of the early cosmos. My question is: ...
3
votes
1answer
418 views

How can the Schwarzschild radius of the universe be 13.7 billion light years?

So i was reading about Schwarzschild radius on Wiki and I found a interesting thing written there link. It says that the S. radius of the universe is as big as the size of the universe? How is ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Are all points in the universe connected?

Is it true that every point in the universe is connected or could be so theoretically? If so how is this mediated? Is it through the quantum nature of the fabric of space or is it through the ...
3
votes
3answers
355 views

Is there an exact formal definition of the Universe?

I've read several articles about Observable universe, Universe and Hubble volume, including Wikipedia articles and other references. After this I wondered: Is there a formal, rigorous definition in ...
3
votes
1answer
635 views

Total momentum of the Universe

What is the total momentum of the whole Universe in reference to the point in space where the Big Bang took place? According to my reasoning (and a bit elementary knowledge) it should be exactly ...
3
votes
1answer
823 views

Universe Expansion as an absolute time reference

Why we call "constant" to the Hubble constant?, if the universe were really expanding then the Hubble "constant" should change, being variable, smaller and smaller..with "time". Other example/view ...
3
votes
4answers
377 views

Entropy of the whole universe

In "Thermal Physics", Charles Kittel proves that entropy always increases in systems when the degree of freedom are increased (adding particles, adding energy, expanding volume, etc ). I started to ...
3
votes
2answers
225 views

Can hyperbolic space be bounded?

There are many visualisations of hyperbolic geometry using Poincaré disks. What are their purpose? Can hyperbolic space be bounded? Can we endow the disk with the structure described by the FLRW ...
3
votes
3answers
261 views

Has the universe we live in started as a black hole that is imploding?

As discussed in this question, as far back as the 1960s it was suggested that the Schwarzschild metric can be smoothly joined to a de Sitter metric. For example the idea has been used by Lee Smolin in ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

How fast did hydrogen atoms travel when they were first formed in the early universe?

I can't seem to find any data on this, is it a known value?
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Estimating age of the universe by Hubble's law?

Hubble's law states that $v=Hx$ Age of the universe is calculated by $T= \frac{x}{v} = \frac{1}{H}$ but the velocity is not constant; it changes with distance, so I think that this equation cannot ...
3
votes
2answers
210 views

Simulate the universe?

Alright, Lets assume that I have a computer with limited calculation speed (1-4GHz) but unlimited parallel processing capability and unlimited memory capacity to go with it. Under this assumption ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Many times speed of light [duplicate]

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/24/theory-of-everything-big-bang-discovery_n_5019126.html What does "many times speed of light" really mean in this context? For a layman it's easy to draw wrong ...
3
votes
2answers
438 views

(Co)homology of the universe

In this post let $U$ be the universe considered as a manifold. From what I gather we don't really have any firm evidence whether the universe is closed or open. The evidence seems to point towards it ...
3
votes
2answers
683 views

How is it possible to come to a conclusion that Universe is a result of the Big Bang while we aren't able to observe the entire Universe?

-I'm not a religious person so this is not a denial. I'm just trying to understand the most fundamental topic about Universe. -I know the Big Bang cosmological model is not a law but it's a theory. ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the universe linear? If so, why?

Simple question, I'm trying to build a quantum memory system that utilizes the superposition principle to model specific phenomenon I am trying to predict, anyways, my question is this. Is the ...
3
votes
1answer
449 views

How early can scientists detect that a deadly asteroid will hit planet earth?

With the advancements in science and technology, how early can scientists of the world detect that a certain asteroid will hit planet earth and cause damage? Are there any impact avoidance strategies ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Is the cosmological horizon expanding faster than space itself?

I read that the rate of expansion of the universe is still a mystery. But if it's actually decelerating, wouldn't it mean that our cosmological horizon is expanding faster than space, and that one day ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Where else is there fire?

Apart from on Earth, where else does fire occur in the universe? I'd hazard a guess that it is quite rare for oxidation to occur naturally, could someone elaborate on this?
3
votes
4answers
378 views

Is simulating the entire universe possible?

Is it physically possible that we may one day simulate the entire universe with every single particle, field and law of physics factored in? Can n number of particles (say the number of particles that ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

Will the Universe eventually stop expanding

Sorry if this is a naive question, not being even a part qualified physicist in any way shape or form. I've read that the universe is expanding and the rate of expansion is increasing. The assumption ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

What would happen in the final days of the universe?

I would like to know the stages of how the universe would end and what would happen and what the possible scenarios are. I understand that eventually all the stars would burn out and that would ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

How could the universe be hyperbolic if hyperbolic space isn't symmetrical?

In the 2-D projections of the shape of the universe shown here, we see that the flat universe and the spherical universe are perfectly symmetrical, so any triangle drawn anywhere on them will be the ...