The universe refers to the cosmos; all of space-time and that which exists as part of it. Alternatively, it can refer to the observable universe, which only contains the part we can see. Questions tagged with this should ask about physics at scales the size of the universe or specific properties of ...

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What is the mass of the universe?

Working with a flat and infinite model of the universe (which seems to be the most popular serious model these days), the density of the universe is 3e-28 kg/m^3 [1]. When added to the cosmological ...
5
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2answers
349 views

Light takes too long to get here

When looking at the night sky, we see lots of stars. Several places tell you that the light of those stars has traveled to many light years to reach Earth and there may be others where light has not ...
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0answers
200 views

If nothing can travel faster than the speed of light, how can there be parts of the universe we can't see? [duplicate]

Assuming we originated from a single infinitely dense point in space time in the big bang, how can there be parts of the universe that we can't see as the light has not reached us yet, if nothing can ...
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1answer
132 views

Many times speed of light [duplicate]

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/24/theory-of-everything-big-bang-discovery_n_5019126.html What does "many times speed of light" really mean in this context? For a layman it's easy to draw wrong ...
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1answer
127 views

What's the meaning of the age of the universe?

I'm not asking about how we worked backward from an expanding universe to the age of the big bang, but rather what is the meaning of time in a near infinitely dense point in the context of general ...
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1answer
99 views

Where do our 4 macroscopic spacetime dimensions reside in multidimensional models of the universe?

In models such as M-theory with 7 'higher dimensions' plus the 4 macroscopic spacetime dimensions, where do our 4 macroscopic spacetime dimensions reside ordinally? My reason for asking is TV shows ...
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3answers
172 views

Is Space conserved [closed]

Can space be created or destroyed? Is space conserved? I am not asking for matter,energy and time. Its just a question about conservation of space PS: I am asking for what was there before big bang. ...
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2answers
59 views

Direction of expansion of the universe

From what I understand the expansion of the universe has no "center". If we're flying through space away from the "center of the big bang", there's basically no way to tell. Every two given points in ...
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2answers
297 views

If the universe didn't expand faster than light, would our nights brighter like day?

There's a common QnA which has amused and inspired many kids: There are billions of Stars in the sky. If we combine lights received from all stars, wouldn't it beat Sun? Why is night dark really? ...
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2answers
279 views

Did the singularity really existed in the begining of the universe?

I read in Hawking's brief history of time the following: The final result was a joint paper by Penrose and myself in 1970, which at last proved that there must have been a big bang ...
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1answer
147 views

Is the universe a perpetual motion machine? [closed]

Is the universe a perpetual motion machine?
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1answer
171 views

Can we have a static point in the universe? [closed]

Big bang theory states that the universe began from a single point (which we may consider as a central frame of reference for the objects in the Universe). In 1929, Edwin Hubble confirmed that the ...
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0answers
58 views

According to Penrose, Weyl Tensor=0 is the start/end of the Universe. Must it =0?

If I understand Roger Penrose's theory, as the Universe expands and cools, matter is consumed by black holes. Eventually the black holes collide and evaporate so that there is only energy and the Weyl ...
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4answers
332 views

Was Einstein wrong when he said nothing can go faster than the speed of light? [duplicate]

If the universe is constantly expanding faster than the speed of light, how could Einstein be right?
3
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1answer
115 views

Is it possible that the universe in its entirety is discrete rather than continuous? [duplicate]

Since electric charge is comprised of discrete units and and mass is formed by discrete units is it possible that space-time itself is discrete as well?
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2answers
131 views

Initial conditions of the origin of the universe [duplicate]

I'm not quite sure this question fits the format of this site but I try to word it the best I can to comply the rules. The question is simple: How far can we go talking about the origin of the ...
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1answer
47 views

How is the scale factor from the FLRW equation used with Volume?

I'm trying to put a spreadsheet together that shows the co-moving volume of the universe from the time soon after the Big Bang through the present and then as predicted into the future. I am pretty ...
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1answer
67 views

Acceleration of the Expansion of Universe

Is the acceleration of the expansion of the universe (AEU) uniform in direction? Meaning that if a particular direction in the sky is chosen and the AEU is measured and then other directions are ...
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2answers
162 views

How can space expand?

How can space expand when it is only a perception of the separation between at least 2 objects. Isn't saying "space expands" implying it has properties?
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2answers
83 views

A way to determine the exact location of the Big Bang?

See What is our location relative to the Big Bang?, which contains the following: The conclusion is that the Big Bang happened everywhere, all at once. Phys.SE users Ali and WernerCD reached this ...
2
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1answer
72 views

If we were able to double the mass of the ordinary matter in the universe it will recollapse?

What will happen if we suppose to be able to add mass at the universe? For example doubling the mass of the ordinary matter?
3
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1answer
120 views

Can a simulated Universe simulate Special Relativity

I know there are theories (or postulates) that hold that our Universe could be a simulation. I was wondering, if Special Relativity states that two events which are not causally linked can be judged ...
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2answers
79 views

Is there any mathematical structure modelling parallel universes (multiverse)?

Is there any mathematical structure modelling parallel universes (multiverse)? If we established such structure, is it science or science-fiction?
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3answers
183 views

Space and the size of infinity [duplicate]

If you could build a spaceship and keep travelling in one direction, what would finally happen? One answer is that you would never ever reach the end. But this sounds purely platonic space and comes ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Status of time in a Universe at maximum entropy

In billions and billions (thanks Carl Sagan) of years I have heard that atoms will lose energy and their temperature will approach absolute zero and thus their entropy will approach a minimum level. ...
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1answer
2k views

How can stars make up 0.5% of whole universe?

I was reading Wikipedia article about universe and stumbled upon pie chart which represents what universe contains. It says that stars make up 0.5% of whole universe. I tried to find average ...
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2answers
736 views

Can Flow of time become still?

According to theory of time dilation, flow of time slows down significantly at the speed of light.Is there any conditions practically or theoretically when flow of time is reduced to zero means it ...
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1answer
49 views

Ultra Deep Field 3D camera speed

I guess most of you saw Ultra Deep Field 3D video. In the end it shows camera moving in 3D perspective through all the galaxies. My question is, how fast is the camera moving in that video? I couldn't ...
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0answers
96 views

What coordinate system is used to describe planets positions in the universe?

How are planets positions described in the space and in respect to what? For example is Sun the origo and right now at this moment Earth has [coord_X, coord_Y, coord_Z]? or maybe [lng, lat]? ...
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1answer
100 views

Is there there is another universe which is made up of antimatter, in large amounts like ours is made up of matter?

Can it be possible that in the big bang, not one, but two universes were formed, one formed of matter, and the other formed of antimatter? It seems logical to me that since our universe is formed of ...
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2answers
119 views

What is the best explanation for the fine tuning of the Universe? [closed]

In my view, this is one of the most profound unsolved mysteries of Science. How to explain the fine tuning of the Universe without recourse to saying that a God/Designer did it. Examples of fine ...
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0answers
82 views

Modelling a matter dominated universe collapsing into a black hole

With the FLRW equations we can get solutions for a matter dominated closed universe in which the finale is an ultimate collapse, but this is only in terms of $a$ (the scale factor) and $t$ (time) and ...
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3answers
180 views

Does the Universe have finite number of particles? [duplicate]

I read that the number of atoms in the entire observable universe is estimated to be within the range of $10^{78}$ to $10^{82}$. Does the Universe have finite number of particles? If so, how could it ...
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2answers
624 views

Experimental proof for Conservation of Total Energy

In physics, the law conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system cannot change—it is said to be conserved over time. (Source : wikipedia(conservation of energy) And ...
3
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1answer
328 views

What is the universe 'expanding' into? [duplicate]

We say the universe is expanding, and by expanding we mean the distance between objects gets larger over time. We call that "Metric Expansion of the Universe". So far so good. I kind of get the idea ...
2
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1answer
145 views

What arguments are in favour of an atomic structure to space-time?

The atomic theory as first theorised by Democritus has been successfully applied to matter and to energy (quanta). Space-time is still generally seen as a continuum. What arguments are there (if any) ...
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0answers
30 views

CMB radiation and holography

If in principle someone have the exact data of the CMB of our universe and unlimited computability power, to what extent it is possible to determine how the universe should look like? Does it fully ...
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2answers
98 views

Expanding universe and the peculiar velocity

Hubble's law states that the universe is expanding with a velocity equals Hubble's constant*distance from earth. But, recent findings show that the Andromeda galaxy is actually blueshifting towards us ...
3
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0answers
115 views

What is the theoretical geometry of bubble universes?

My research has led me to look into the idea of bubble universes which I don't know very much about. The first thing that I am looking for is understanding or visualising how could many bubbles ...
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0answers
70 views

What is the future of our universe?

Is the universe heading towards a Big Freeze, a Big Rip, a Big Crunch or a Big Bounce? Or is it part of an infinitely recurring cyclic model?
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3answers
160 views

Faster than light galaxies/clusters?

A few years ago in an astronomy course, we calculated some (transverse?) velocity of a moving object and got super luminal results. The answer was apparent and not physical velocity of the object. ...
2
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2answers
146 views

Is it possible to detect if everyting in the Universe is changing size?

This may be a trivial question, but I cannot find a good answer to it. What would happen if the size of everything in the Universe is multiplied by some constant factor at the same time, let's say ...
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1answer
104 views

Boundaries of Black Hole and Observable Universe

Are the boundaries of a black hole, the event horizon, similar to the boundary at the end of our observable universe?
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1answer
125 views

How long would it take for a galaxy to collapse without dark matter?

I am trying to understand the effects of gravity in the Cosmos without complications of Dark Matter/Dark energy issues. So my question is, assuming that a galaxy (for example, the Milky Way) does not ...
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1answer
78 views

A well-defined quantum probability in the beginning of the universe?

In mathematics or statistics, a well defined probability requires a large sample space. However, in the beginning of the universe, when the first quantum collapse happened, the sample space contains ...
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1answer
98 views

How is dark energy calculated

This should be a very simple question. What would be the proper way to calculate Dark Energy in Joules at any point in history and that is consistent with the Standard Model? I'm thinking that ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Speed of light's relation with the expansion of the universe [duplicate]

If nothing can travel at the speed of light and light cannot escape the universe, then the rate of expansion of the universe should be equal to the speed of light, why it is not?
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1answer
112 views

How the mass loss rate by stellar wind is calculated for massive stars?

I have been searching for some examples about the different rates at which massive stars lose their mass by stellar wind, but I haven't been able to get anything other for the sun. To be more ...
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3answers
171 views

Can the Cosmological Constant explain an accelerated expansion?

From what I've learned so far, it appears that all models that attempt to explain the expansion of the universe are either based on Lambda-CDM or quintessence. The former support a big bang with ...
4
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1answer
214 views

What is the equation for the scale factor of the universe, a(t), for the best fit of data to the $\Lambda CDM$ Model of Cosmology?

Ideally I like a single formula or multiple formulas for different time ranges that would cover the time from the end of inflation through 100+ billion years after the big bang using the $\Lambda ...