Units are standards of measurement used for different types of quantities.

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What is the particle residence time for given flow rates of gas mixture components? [closed]

For two different chemical substances there are two open valves with flow rates $$Q_1=a\frac{m^3}{h}\ \text{ and }\ \ Q_2=b\frac{m^3}{h},$$ leading into seperate cables. Next, the cables join, the ...
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400 views

Is dimensional analysis used outside fluid mechanics and transport phenomena?

Most dimensionless numbers (at least the ones easily found) used for dimensional analysis are about fluid dynamics, or transport phenomena, convection and heat transfer - arguably also sort of fluid ...
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1answer
5k views

What are the units or dimensions of the Dirac delta function?

In three dimensions, the Dirac delta function $\delta^3 (\textbf{r}) = \delta(x) \delta(y) \delta(z)$ is defined by the volume integral: $$\int_{\text{all space}} \delta^3 (\textbf{r}) \, dV = ...
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3answers
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How do Temperature Scales work?

How exactly do temperature scales work? If my understanding is correct, the Celsius scale has two fixed points: (definitions of temperature irrespective of scale) 1. The freezing point of pure water ...
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2k views

Why are radians more natural than any other angle unit?

I'm convinced that radians are, at the very least, the most convenient unit for angles in mathematics and physics. In addition to this I suspect that they are the most fundamentally natural unit for ...
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2answers
2k views

Magnitude refers to number or number with units?

This question is about terminology for physical quantities. When we talk about magnitude (while talking about scalars and vectors) do we refer to just number or Number along with units? example: If ...
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1answer
399 views

Question about units in Lagrangian dynamics (inertia matrix)

I have a 3 degree of freedom system and my equation of motion is like this: $$M(q)q_{dd} + C(q,q_d)q_d+G(q)~=~0$$ $M(q)$: inertia matrix $C(q,q_d)$: Coriolis-centrifugal matrix $G(q)$: potential ...
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Units of Distance, Pressure, and Temperature [closed]

I need to store data. I'd like to store them in Metric units and use a tool to convert them to and from other units that these data points will be displayed in. As the title states, my constraints ...
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3answers
235 views

Can you use PCR to make a standard kg?

While reading this question: Why do we still not have an exact definition for a kilogram? , I had a crazy thought. Using PCR, you make a known number of copies of a DNA strand where the length and ...
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10answers
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What exactly is a kilogram-meter?

This question isn't just about kilogram-meters, it's about multiplied units in general. I have a good mental conception of divided units, e.g. meters per second or grams per cubic meter. Meters per ...
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2answers
289 views

Conversion from barn unit to square meter?

I read Wiki: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barn_(unit) on this and calculations under the 'Conversion from squared prefixed SI units' do not look like correct. Is 1fm^2 = 10 mb ? (or 1b = 100m^2 ) ...
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1answer
183 views

Conversion of the units BeV (US) and GeV (UN)

What is the difference in the definition of a billion electron volts in United states (US) and United Nations (UN)? When the US people say billion, do they mean $10^{12}$ or $10^9$?
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1answer
3k views

Can x and y axis have different scales? [closed]

In a graph on reflection, can i give the x axis a scale of 4 cms = 10 degrees , and the y-axis a scale of 2 cms = 10 degrees? Will it affect the readings?
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1answer
194 views

Euclidean Geometry in Classical Thought - Realization or Representation?

First post! :] This has been bothering me for a while now: [Taken from John J. Roche's "The Mathematics of Measurement: A Critical History"] When physico-mathematicians in the seventeenth ...
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1answer
112 views

Gaussian Unit of Charge and Force

I just read that in the Gaussian Units of charge The Final equation in Coulomb's law is as simple as $$\boldsymbol{F}=\frac{q_1q_2}{r^2}$$ No $\epsilon_0$ no $4\pi$ like you have in the $\mbox{SI}$ ...
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1answer
724 views

Conversion from natural units to SI

I got questions about converting units from natural system of units to SI. To be exact, I'm solving the problem in Heisenber interpretation of quantum mechanics, and I'm using Heisenberg equation of ...
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1answer
416 views

Four momentum of a photon squared, trouble with combining wave-particle duality and energy-frequency relation

Since $p^2=E^2-\vec{p}^2=m^2$ and $E=h\nu=\frac{hc}{\lambda}$ and $|\vec{p}|=\frac{h}{\lambda}$ we have that $p^2=\frac{h^2c^2}{\lambda^2}-\frac{h^2}{\lambda ^2}$ If I go to Planck-units ...
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4answers
475 views

How can there be a quantum field theory that predicts all particle masses?

Say I have a theory with only one (energy) scale, e.g. one given by the fundamental constants $$\epsilon=\sqrt{\dfrac{\hbar c^5}{G}}.$$ In this case, where I can't compare to something else, is ...
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Understanding units and the units of the derivative operator

Suppose that $f$ is a function from unit $A$ to $B$, then what is the unit of $f'(x)$?. We can do $f'(x)\Delta x$ to get an estimate of $f(x + \Delta x)$. Since the latter has unit $B$, so has the ...
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1answer
303 views

Gravity and Planck scale

What is the connection between Planck's constant and gravity? Why is the Planck scale the natural scale for quantum gravity? I would have though the scale would be related to G, not h.
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4answers
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Is the Avogadro's constant equal to one?

Question: Is the Avogadro's constant equal to one? I was tasked with creating a presentation on Avogadro's work, and this is the first time I actually got introduced to the ...
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2answers
267 views

Is there a named unit that, when divided by 32, gives meters per second?

I am receiving unknown units of speed from another system. I must divide the value by 32 to get meters per second. What units do I use to refer to the values I'm receiving? Is there any such unit? Is ...
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3answers
111 views

Is it possible to be changed Energy Unit in future or it is strict reality in nature?

Could you pease tell me why energy unit must be $Energy=Mass . \frac{Distance^2} {Time^2}$? (I tried to write general form of Energy unit) What is the strong proof of that unit? Does it just depend ...
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1answer
117 views

Is this a correct addition to a pipe friction loss calculation?

I've been using this online calculator to work out the difference in pressure and flow between two ends of a pipe: Pipe Friction Calculation for Fluid Flow in a Pipe So far most of it makes sense, ...
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89 views

Units describing the behavior of neutrinos

http://proj-cngs.web.cern.ch/proj-cngs/Download/CNGSDGVE/cngsdgve.pdf on page 13 I read that "the present plan is to provide nu_mu neutrinos with an energy between 5 and 30 GeV." Wikipedia neutrino ...
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1answer
10k views

How much is 1 electron-volt (eV)?

I am interested in knowing how much is one eV of energy. Everywhere I found are the technical definitions. Can anybody please tell me how much is this much energy. I need something which I can feel. I ...
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1answer
2k views

Question Based On Units And Measurements Involving Lengths [duplicate]

The below is the sixth question of the very first chapter from halliday and resnicks fundamentals of physics text,which i'am not able to comprehend. Harward Bridge,which connects MIT with its ...
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2answers
378 views

Finding the correct units for the energy-momentum tensor?

I'm trying to understand the energy-momentum tensor $T^{\mu\nu}$ but I'm confused about the units. My textbook says the components of $T^{\mu\nu}$ are $\mathrm{Jm^{-3}}$. Four-momentum is is given ...
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1answer
6k views

Can I calculate the maximum concentration of sucrose that will dissolve in water at STP using physical constants?

I am interested in identifying the maximum solubility of sucrose in water. Can this value be estimated based on the physical properties of sucrose? Eventually I will need this in degrees Brix (%w/w). ...
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2answers
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Why is the unit of hydraulic impedance/resistance kilogram per second and hypermeter?

I'm trying to figure out the unit of impedance in the hydraulic analogy of electronic networks. Assuming $$Z=\frac{P}{Q},$$ with $P$ as pressure difference, $Q$ as volumetric flow rate and $Z$ as ...
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465 views

What is a “measure equation” as mentioned by this TeX Users Group guide?

In this TeX Users Group (TUG) document, Typesetting mathematics for science and technology according to ISO 31/XI by Claudio Beccari, the author makes various typesetting recommendations including: ...
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817 views

Do the trigonometric functions preserve units?

I saw an exercise where you had to calculate the units of $C_i, i=1,2$ from an equation like this: $v^2=2\cdot C_1x$ and $x=C_1\cdot \cos(C_2\cdot t)$ where $x$ means meters, $t$ means seconds ...
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2k views

static friction problem without mass

I am having trouble with a physics problem. The problem is as follows: A car is traveling at 54.0 mi/h on a horizontal highway. A) If the coefficient of static friction between road and tires on a ...
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1answer
163 views

Working with atomic (?) units in solid state physics

I'm having some troubles understanding the units used in solid state physics paper. In the paper I read $\Lambda a \sim 1$ where $\Lambda$ is a momentum cutoff and $a$ is the lattice spacing of a ...
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Why is 1 AU the distance between the Sun and the Earth?

Why 1 AU is defined as the distance between the Sun and the Earth? (approximately if you like to be precise) An astronomical unit (abbreviated as AU, au, a.u., or ua) is a unit of length ...
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1answer
163 views

How to interpret the appearance of time units in the units of a physical quantity?

Or phrased more abstractly, how to interpret the appearance of time dimension $[time]$ in the dimension of a physical quantity? For example, the dimension of pressure is $[mass] [length]^{-1} ...
2
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1answer
387 views

How to choose the right units to compute the phase space volume in classical statistical mechanics?

Without the natural unit $\hbar$, why doesn't it seem to be a problem for Statistical Physics to define $$S=k_B\ log(\Omega)\ ?$$ If $\Omega$ is given in one unit system and I switch to other units ...
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What is the meaning of speed of light $c$ in $E=mc^2$?

$E=mc^2$ is the famous mass-energy equation of Albert Einstein. I know that it tells that mass can be converted to energy and vice versa. I know that $E$ is energy, $m$ is mass of a matter and $c$ is ...
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2answers
3k views

Relating milliampere-hours to watt-hours for batteries

I've seen many batteries that are measured in milliampere hours (mAh), while others are measured in watt hours (wh). How can I convert them between each other so that I can actually compare them? It's ...
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1answer
5k views

How light years is measured? [closed]

How are light years are measured? I remember the distance between earth and moon are measured by the delay in light which travels and comes back. But how are light years calculated?
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Decibel level addition of multiple noise sources

If I have four computer fans of which each is said to run at 46 dB, and they run close to each other, how loud is the whole system? I somehow recall from my physics course that 10 decibel ...
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5answers
922 views

units and nature

I am wondering whether the five$^1$ units of the natural unit system really is dictated by nature, or invented to satisfy the limited mind of man? Is the number of linearly independent units a ...
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4answers
306 views

Are circularly defined {velocity, distance, and time} a problem in physics?

In order to measure velocity, one needs a calibrated measuring stick and clock. But in order to calibrate a measuring stick you need a calibrated clock and velocity. And in order to calibrate a clock ...
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1answer
212 views

$E=mc^2$ why is it $c^2$ and not just $c$?

Why is constant for the conversion of mass to energy square of the ligths speed? is it bedside it's the fastest real matter? .
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1answer
908 views

Question Concerning Dimensional Analysis

In the first lecture of MIT's Classical Mechanics Professor Lewin talks about Dimensional Analysis.He talks about an apple being dropped from a certain height can be quantitatively expressed as the ...
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1answer
729 views

Converting Notes to Milliseconds

Given a note duration (whole, half, quarter, etc.), a tempo (in beats per minute), and a time signature, how long does that note last in milliseconds?
3
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1answer
4k views

How does the Fourier Transform invert units?

I don't really understand how units work under operations like derivation and integration. In particular, I am interested in understanding how the Fourier transform gives inverse units (i.e. time ...
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3answers
189 views

What widely recognized organizations set standards used by physics?

I recently answered a question about the meaning of the word "dimension" as used in physics. In that response, I provided the definition given in the International Vocabulary of Metrology (VIM) and ...
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1answer
691 views

Changing magnetic flux graph?

In regards to a graph of the changing magnetic flux in a generator such as this one: a) The equation of the graph should be $\Phi = BA \cos \theta$. As $\theta=\omega t$ (angular velocity*time), ...
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3answers
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Physical interpretation of describing mass in units of length

I'm working in Taylor and Wheeler's "Exploring Black Holes" and on p.2-14 they use two honorary constants: Newton's constant divided by the speed of light squared e.g. $G/c^2$ as a term to convert ...