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-2
votes
5answers
116 views

Work as force * distance — what about mass? [on hold]

So, in defining work as force * distance, how is mass applied? Is it just that it's $1kg$ multiplied in normally, but that's typically ignored / not shown? ..so: $2kg \cdot 1n \cdot 1m$ = $2J$ .....
0
votes
2answers
138 views

How the standard units for length force and time are defined in US Customary Units as standard units are defined in SI?

I'm much confused about US customary units so I want to ask a lot more questions under single question.First how standard units, in US customary Units, of force time and length are defined as second ...
2
votes
3answers
473 views

What is the relationship between the magnetic units oersted and tesla?

How are the units oersted and tesla related? For example, how would you express $20\:\mathrm{Oe}$ in tesla?
0
votes
8answers
8k views

Celsius to Fahrenheit confusion: why there is no 1 to x ratio?

Why is it not possible to know the ratio of 1°C to how many Fahrenheit and use that to convert from or to Celsius/Fahrenheit? What is really happening? Fahrenheit increases linearly and so does ...
2
votes
2answers
283 views

What is the difference between emu and esu?

Ok...so this is the statement given in my book: a) In C.G.S System the unit of charge is electrostatic unit of charge (E.S.U). It is also called Stat Coulomb (StatC). b) In C.G.S system, the unit ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Pi switching from 3.14 to 180°

The task goes as following: Calculate the amount of charge $Q$ of a unevenly charged semicircular ring with radiuses $a$ and $b$ if $\eta=\eta_0\sin\phi, 0<\phi<\pi$. I started off by ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

How to convert intensity arbitray units to percentage in a XRD data?

In powder x ray diffraction result contains mainly two values 2theta and intensity where 2theta is in degree's and intensity is in arbitrary unit ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Confusion on electron volt and Kelvin?

If an element A has a binding energy of X eV with element B, can it be said that it is equivalent to X*11600K as 1 eV approx equals 11600K. I do not think this is correct as temp. is linked to the ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Why is Avogadro's constant not exactly the inverse of the atomic mass unit (kg)?

First, Avogadro's constant (in essence, but off in terms of decimal place) is the inverse of the atomic mass unit (kg). Why are the two constants off by 10^3? Look at the picture for a quick diagram ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

What does J cm-1 stand?

For an optical component, I got following number as an optical damage threshold from the company, damage threshold = 10 Jcm-1,20ns, 20Hz It looks like 20ns is ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Having trouble with linearly varying potential values (semiconductor band modeling)

One way to model an electric field-induced potential along a 1D semiconductor is: $$\phi(z) = eE_\mathrm{field}z\quad [\mathrm{eV}]$$ I'm troubled with the values, however. A typical electric ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Conversion from PPBV to PPBM [closed]

What is the conversion between PPBV and PPBM? I have a database that includes values of Parts-per-billion-by-volume (PPBV) as a function of altitude. I've been asked to convert this to "parts-per-...
-2
votes
1answer
36 views

In this energy conservation problem, why are the answers different with different units? [closed]

Really basic question, but basically I'm given a change in height in centimeters (that's how I measured it). From that, I'm supposed to find the initial kinetic energy. $KE_i = PE_f$ After doing ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Proper units for physical quantities when $\hbar$=$1$

How to deal with the units of quantities if $\hbar=\tfrac{h}{2\pi}=1$? For example, the energy $E=\hbar\omega$: If I have chosen $\hbar=1$, how do I use the units to properly differentiate between ...
-1
votes
1answer
42 views

Is there a software to convert units for quantities and equations? [closed]

For example, Often I end up with a complicated equation that uses non-standard units. In these equations, Temperature is in eV and Magnetic field is in Gauss. I need to convert my equation to another ...
0
votes
6answers
71 views

The Kelvin-Celsius problem

Let's suppose we have temperatures 30°C and 35°C. Converting them to Kelvin we have 303.15K and 308.15K. In the second case, the temperature difference is 5K. While in first case, temperature ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Fine structure constant and unit conversion [closed]

In a paper I'm reading, the author writes down the following formula: $$\Gamma=\dfrac{\alpha^2}{576\pi^3}\dfrac{\left(4+z\right)^2}{z}\dfrac{m^5}{m^2_\pi f_\pi^2}$$ $\Gamma$ is a function of $m$ (in ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Units in Plasma Physics

What are the units people use in plasma physics? I am having hard time converting an equation from an old paper to SI units. I saw temperature being defined in $eV$. I assume this is $eV/k_B$ with $...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Classification of plane angle as fundamental or derived

I recently started with my high school studies and the chapter I am stuck at is units and measurements. I was told about two types of physical quantities and my teacher gave me the following ...
-4
votes
3answers
16k views

What is the fundamental units for coulomb? [closed]

Everything I saw suggests coulomb has no fundamental units. So then how is Newton/Coulomb equivalent to Volt/meter?
-4
votes
2answers
88 views

Converting PSI to Velocity [closed]

The question I'm asking is pretty much: How do you convert PSI to Velocity? Everywhere I look it says You can't, but can you? And what would you need to know to ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Sudbery's Quantum Mechanics and the Particles of Nature, Chapter 1, Problem 2: Calculate the mass of the electron [closed]

I'm currently working on the problems for Chapter 1 of Quantum Mechanics and the Particles of Nature: An outline for mathematicians by Anthony Sudbery (Cambridge University Press, 1986; reprinted (...
1
vote
2answers
412 views

Numerically solving 2D poisson equation by FFT, proper units

The 2D Poisson equation is: (1)$$\frac{d^2\varphi(x,y)}{dx^2}+\frac{d^2\varphi(x,y)}{dy^2}=-\frac{\varrho(x,y)}{\epsilon_0\epsilon}$$ And in $k$-space it is in form of: (2)$$(k_x^2+k_y^2) \phi(k_x,...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to calculate apex angle of sun shining on the Earth

I'm trying to compare the brightness of various LEDs to the average brightness of natural daylight. LEDs are rated in terms of candelas whereas the Sun is measured in terms of lumens, so I need to ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Bohr's model and positronium

I was trying to get an order of magnitude estimate for the radii and energies of positronium using the Bohr's model. I did find a few places where they have used the reduced mass to replace the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Easy unit conversion in Kerr metric

I would like to use Kerr metric in Boyer-Lindquist coordinates in geometrized units with mass of the black hole normalized to $M=1$. I am embarrassed to admit, but I can't seem to figure out how to ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

How to express a mechanical force field in the units of electric fields?

Electrostatic fields have a unit $\frac{V}{m}$ (volts per meter) and the mechanical force fields (including gravitational field) have a unit $\frac{m}{s^2}$. If we exclude gravitational force from ...
12
votes
3answers
8k views

Coulomb force in SI and cgs

Coulomb force in SI is $ F = \frac{Q1*Q2}{4\pi\varepsilon R^{2}} $ while in CGS $ F = \frac{Q1*Q2}{R^{2}} $ why is it? I mean doesn't it any make difference in dimension? since $ \varepsilon $ ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

Clarification on factors of $c$ in the Lorentz' force

I was told that Lorentz' force is given by $${\bf F}= q{\bf v} \times {\bf B}.$$ But I have read that it is given by $${\bf F}= \frac{q}{c}{\bf v} \times {\bf B}.$$ Why have these two relations ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Constant $c$ in Lorentz force [duplicate]

I met some of examples of force in studying classical dynamics, and Lorentz force was represented as $$ \mathbf{F}=\frac{q}{c} \mathbf{\dot{r}} \times \mathbf{B} $$ I've searched for meaning of $c$, ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Converting $W/m^2 $ unit [duplicate]

In my equation I have a unit measured in MET found here $1MET=58.2 W/m^2 $. But my other parameter which is metabolic heat generation is measured in $W/m^3$ . I want to convert $W/m^2$ units ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Why does the vacuum permeability have the value of $\pi$ in it?

The vacuum permeability, or the capability of the vacuum to permit magnetic field lines, contains the value of $\pi$. Why? What does this have to do with the ratio of a circle's circumference to its ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Lorenz Gauge Dipole Potentials Formulation In SI Units? [closed]

After hunting in vain* for a documented closed form solution (ie: no integrals or differentiation in the formula) for $\phi$ in terms of A under the Lorenz condition, of an electrically short dipole (...
-1
votes
4answers
406 views

How do I use the kinetic energy formula using mass as lbs and velocity as mph?

I understand that the formula for kinetic energy is: $(1/2)mv^2$, which is equal to 1 Joule or 1 N-m. If I want $m$ to be my weight (say 150lbs) and $v$ to be 40mph how do I apply it to this formula? ...
1
vote
1answer
416 views

Difference between kilogram-force and kilogram

I know that a 1 kilogram-force is the force of 1 kilogram acted upon by 1 standard unit of gravity (9.80665 m/s^2). However, in torque descriptions I find that some use $kgf*cm$ while others use $...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Units in gravitational N-body simulations

I use a code in Python to simulate a binary system interacting through gravity. You can find it here; The code works fine. I am however having problems with the units of length and velocity. I ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

How are the watt-second, the newton-meter and the joule different?

The joule is $\mathrm{kg\,\ m^2/s^2}$ right? The watt-second is $\mathrm{J/s} \times \mathrm{s}$ thus $\mathrm{J}$. The newton-meter is $\mathrm{kg \,\ m/s^2} \times \mathrm{m}$ thus $\mathrm{kg \,\ ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Does unit linear scale lead to linear scale of time?

I'm modeling movement of charged particles on computer using Coulomb's law and Newton's motion laws. As I try to simulate motion of small particles on small distances with small charges, I use my own ...
-1
votes
2answers
88 views

cm^-1 and ns^-1 relationship

In my last Phys.SE question Emilio Pisanty mentioned this relationship $1 cm^{-1} = 10^n c^{-1} ns^{-1}$. I was wondering where this relationship came from. Does anybody know? Second of all, I am not ...
1
vote
2answers
304 views

Sommerfeld Parameter Confusion

In almost every reference site I can find, the Sommerfeld parameter $\eta$ is explicitly stated as $$\eta=\frac{Z_1Z_2e^2}{\hbar \nu}=\frac{Z_1Z_2e^2}{\hbar }\sqrt{\frac{\mu}{2E}}$$ Where $Z_1$ and $...
2
votes
2answers
359 views

A change of units in Bethe formula

I'm reading through the following paper: Monte Carlo simulation of non relativistic electron scattering by W. Williamson and G. C. Duncan. In the following paragraph, I want to know how to arrive at ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

System of Units where Coulomb's constant $k_e = 1$?

I am reading (and trying to replicate the results of) a paper in the field of condensed matter physics. The system consists of a spatially separated electron and hole whose Coulomb interaction is the ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Why does physical quantity misinterpretation result in near-identical torque results?

I am going to use an equation $$\text{torque} = \frac{\text{power}\times 5252}{\text{RPM}}$$ derived on Wikipedia. Suppose that $\text{power} = 100\ \mathrm{hp}$ and $\text{RPM} = 5252\ \mathrm{rpm}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

How do I convert pressure and flow from Imperial to metric units?

I'm not a physicist or have much experience in engineering. However, for a programming task, I need to change code that calculates "pressure, head, feet of fluid, gauge" into "meters of head, absolute"...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

conversion of units

I have a quantity that I need to convert to different units. First, I need to note that the value is in the natural units system. The quantity is in cm^-1 (or, to be accurate, $cm^{-1}\hbar c /k$, ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

What unit system puts a bunch of powers of ten in Maxwell's equations?

In what unit system can we get the Maxwell equation in the following form (section 1.2 from Lewin's book Advanced Theory of Waveguide) $$\nabla\times \vec E = -10^8\mu \frac{\partial \vec H} {\...
0
votes
3answers
71 views

Displacement based on acceleration in km/h$^2$

For calculation of displacement based on acceleration and time, I have the formula below: $$ x = v_0t + \tfrac{1}{2}at^2 .$$ If I get $a$ in km/h$^2$, and $x$ in km and $v_0$ in km/h and I suppose ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

If Coulomb and Esu have different dimensions, why can we convert simply by 1C= 3*10e9 esu?

I was always told in school we cannot convert an apple into a potato, so we have to have the same dimensions on both sides. When converting coulomb to esu, we do not seem to bother with dimensions. ...
3
votes
1answer
223 views

CGS Units for Magnetism

Why does the formula for magnetic field force include the speed of light in the denominator in cgs units? Where does the extra $c$ go in SI units?
1
vote
1answer
469 views

Converting Langley to Watts

I'm reading a really old paper which looks at estimating the surface energy fluxes for The Great Lakes. They show all of their values as Langleys per day. Can this be converted to Watts per meter ...