The tag has no wiki summary.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

12
votes
3answers
4k views

Coulomb force in SI and cgs

Coulomb force in SI is $ F = \frac{Q1*Q2}{4\pi\varepsilon R^{2}} $ while in CGS $ F = \frac{Q1*Q2}{R^{2}} $ why is it? I mean doesn't it any make difference in dimension? since $ \varepsilon $ ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Higgs Boson mass in Electron volts?

Im no physics genius here, I was just interested in the Higgs Boson so I was reading this article : How the Discovery of the Higgs Boson Could Break Physics I came across this Furthermore, ...
8
votes
2answers
564 views

Where does the joules come from (ideal gas constant)?

I have not done any physics in ages and have recently started studying it. The first chapter in my book deals with the ideal gas constant: $$pV=nRT$$ It is rewritten as: $$R=\frac{pV}{nT}$$ When I ...
7
votes
1answer
368 views

Magnetic susceptibility in 1/eV

In this paper the authors refer to transverse susceptibility $\chi_{ \perp}$ [meV $^{−1}$] I was taught that the magnetic susceptibility is dimensionless. How do I get $\chi$ in the above ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Converting between brilliance, intensity, and flux

This one should be a bit of a softball, but I can't find it explicitly stated anywhere on the internet, and my basic unit analysis doesn't seem to work. Suppose you have a beam of synchrotron ...
5
votes
3answers
478 views

What is a “measure equation” as mentioned by this TeX Users Group guide?

In this TeX Users Group (TUG) document, Typesetting mathematics for science and technology according to ISO 31/XI by Claudio Beccari, the author makes various typesetting recommendations including: ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Coulomb's Law: why is $k = \dfrac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0}$ [duplicate]

This was supposed to be a long question but something went wrong and everything I typed was lost. Here goes. Why is $k = \dfrac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0}$ in Coulomb's law? Is this an experimental fact? ...
5
votes
1answer
14k views

How is formula for converting pressure from mmHg to Pa derived?

Today my younger brother asked me from where does the 1 Pa = 0.00750061683 mmHg formula for mercury barometer come. He needs a way to derive it, or an academic source which can be cited. After ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

What does 1714 mean in hydraulics?

After reading this answer: http://www.answers.com/Q/What_does_1714_mean_in_hydraulics, I still do not have a good idea of what 1714 represents. In fact, in the equasions I was working with I saw a ...
4
votes
1answer
11k views

How much is 1 electron-volt (eV)?

I am interested in knowing how much is one eV of energy. Everywhere I found are the technical definitions. Can anybody please tell me how much is this much energy. I need something which I can feel. I ...
4
votes
4answers
290 views

How accurate are constants in cgs units?

I am just curious that if constants in cgs units change the answer of an equation. For example, Coulomb's constant, in SI units it equals to $8.98...\times 10^9 \,\mathrm{N\,m^2\,C^{-2}}$. However in ...
4
votes
3answers
520 views

What am I doing wrong when I try to make this unit conversion?

I am trying to reconcile data that I have found in one publication (Allen 1969) with data that I found in another publication (George 2003) that synthesized this data. The data is root respiration ...
4
votes
3answers
393 views

What is the missing proportionality constant in the magnetic levitation formula?

The formula for magnetic levitation is $$ B \frac{dB}{dz} = \frac{ \rho g }{\chi} $$ but as always, I have a hard time figuring the units in SI. The left hand side is $\mathrm{T^2 /m}$, while $\chi$ ...
4
votes
1answer
403 views

Avogadro's number

Could I get an explanation of Avogadro's number and how it relates to determining the mass of a substance? My chemistry textbook only serves to confuse me and the Wikipedia article is aimed towards a ...
4
votes
1answer
354 views

Dangerous dose of I-131?

I was searching a lot and could only find dosages for curing cancer and allowed emission, but no Iodine-131 dose that could be connected with increased thyroid cancer risk (like, 10mSv is the ...
4
votes
0answers
265 views

How to convert Richter magnitude scale to approximate TNT?

I know the Richter magnitude scale is often used for measuring the strength of earthquakes. At the same time, explosive/destructive releases of energy are often quoted in equivalent amounts of TNT. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

CGS Units for Magnetism

Why does the formula for magnetic field force include the speed of light in the denominator in cgs units? Where does the extra $c$ go in SI units?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Relationship between measures of light (candela and lux)

I am trying to understand the relationship between two measures of light: lux and candela. It is probably easy for those with longer experience, but here it goes: I have learnt (here for instance) ...
3
votes
1answer
385 views

Help on unit conversion problem

This is a problem from school. I will show my attempt. The question: "The gas constant for dry air R is 287 $\frac{m^2}{s^2*K}$. Assuming the temperature is 330 K and the pressure is 1050 hPa, what ...
2
votes
2answers
380 views

Checking units for equation with degree symbol

Using the following equation: $$ U = \left(\frac{B \times L \times \sin(\theta)}{C}\right)^{1/3} $$ I can calcukate the velocity of a flow traveling down a slope. I would like to check that the ...
2
votes
2answers
518 views

Approximation to the number of seconds in a year?

Is there any mathematical formula which shows that there are approximately $\pi \times 10^7$ seconds in one year. I understand that the pi is probably due to the earth's circular orbit, but am not ...
2
votes
3answers
147 views

Astronomical Constant in Astronomical units?

I'm doing a computer simulation of the solar system and I'm having trouble working with big numbers (implementation specific problem). So what would be the Newtonian gravitational constant $G$ in ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

Convert $\text{mm}^2$ to $\text{m}^2$

Stuck on a very very basic concept. I have $1750\text{ mm}^2$ and need to get into $\text{m}^2$. I figured $1750\text{ mm}^2 = (1750\text{ mm}) \cdot (1750\text{ mm})$, but I know this isnt right.
2
votes
2answers
147 views

How to recover units?

Theorists frequently use convenient units like $\hbar=1$ or $m=2$ or whatever is useful to simplify the notation in the problem. And after all the calculations are done the units are recovered based ...
2
votes
2answers
341 views

Newton's Law of Graviation: Why $G$ and not e.g. $\dfrac{1}{4\pi G_0}$?

I've been wondering, in Coulomb's Law, $k_e = \dfrac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0}$. Therefore, why do we use $G$ in Newton's Law of Gravitation? What if the constant is more like Coulomb's Law, e.g. $G = ...
2
votes
2answers
826 views

Fundamental units

Is it right that all units in physics can be defined in terms of only mass, length and time? Why is it so? Is there some principle that explains it or is it just observational fact?
2
votes
6answers
2k views

Confused about unit of kilowatt hours

So I am a little confused on how to deal with the Kilowatt hours unit of power, I have only ever used Kilowatts and I have to design a residential fuel cell used as a backup generator for one day. ...
2
votes
1answer
259 views

Does the expression of the orbital magnetic dipole moment have $c$?

The orbital magnetic dipole moment of a particle with mass $m$ and charge $q$ can be shown to be related to the orbital angular momentum through the equation $$\displaystyle ...
1
vote
2answers
84 views

How can I understand how $\text{m}^2/\text{s}^2$ is related to $\text{J}/\text{kg}$?

$E=mc^2$ is the famous equation that states the equivalence of mass and energy, with a conversion factor in units of $\text{m}^2/\text{s}^2$. But in my naive mind, the conversion factor of mass and ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Unit conversion help (school) [closed]

Can someone please help me explaining how to convert units in problems like the one below? I've done many things, but I am very unsure of all my methods. Could you tell me what steps should I take? ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Deriving Maxwell's Equations from Electromagnetic Tensor

Given $ F_{\mu\nu} = \partial_{\mu}A_{\nu} - \partial_{\nu}A_{\mu} $ It is obvious that the diagonals are zero, as $ F_{ii} =\partial_{i}A_{i} - \partial_{i}A_{i} = 0 $ And, ...
1
vote
3answers
244 views

Speed of light definition

I understand the speed of light to be an EXACT number. If permeability of free space has a factor of pi in it, how can this be?
1
vote
3answers
116 views

Unit consistency

Does $^\circ\mathrm{C}^2$ have any physical consistency? I know that $\mathrm{K}^2$ is a valid unit even though I don't know in which context it can be used. But I feel strange about ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Temperature in CGS (Gaussian) units

I've been struggling with conversion from Gaussian to SI units for sometime, trying to figure out how derived units in CGS (current, charge etc) relate to the SI units. But I couldn't find any ...
1
vote
2answers
853 views

Equivalences for mCi doses and Rads?

What would be the magnitude of radiation received for a 50mCi dose of radioiodine I-31 as compared to say RADS? I read that it might be on the order of about 35 RADS. Does this make sense?
1
vote
2answers
158 views

What will be the unit of mass in $E=mc^2$ when energy units change?

I know that conventionally the unit of $E$ in $E=mc^2$ is taken as joules when mass is in $\mathrm{kg}$. But I am doing some calculations of my own with different units of energy ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

$\Delta T$, temperature units. How to use fahrenheit in this formula

To calculate the power in a fluid with a flow, the following formula is applied: $$P = \Delta T \rho c_p \times flow$$ $\Delta T$ can be entered as both Kelvin and Celsius. But what if I want to use ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

What is the de Sitter temperature as of now?

It is claimed that de Sitter temperature is $$T=\frac{1}{2\pi}H,$$ where $H$ is the Hubble constant. I presume it is expressed in natural units with which I am not familiar. So what it will be in ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

What units are needed for the variables when I want the result to be in $erg$ [closed]

$erg$ is an Energy unit, which means that it is equal to $\frac{mass{\cdot}distance^2}{time^2}$. If I want to calculate the kinetic energy of a body in erg units, in what units should the distance and ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How can you calculate (or convert) the Wh of a capacitor whose energy is given in Farads

When trying to compare the energy in a battery to the energy in a capacitor, the units don't match up. How can one compare a battery whose Ah are 10 and Voltage is 3 (for a total of 30 Wh) to a ...
1
vote
1answer
744 views

Converting Notes to Milliseconds

Given a note duration (whole, half, quarter, etc.), a tempo (in beats per minute), and a time signature, how long does that note last in milliseconds?
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Sommerfeld Parameter Confusion

In almost every reference site I can find, the Sommerfeld parameter $\eta$ is explicitly stated as $$\eta=\frac{Z_1Z_2e^2}{\hbar \nu}=\frac{Z_1Z_2e^2}{\hbar }\sqrt{\frac{\mu}{2E}}$$ Where $Z_1$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Difference between kilogram-force and kilogram

I know that a 1 kilogram-force is the force of 1 kilogram acted upon by 1 standard unit of gravity (9.80665 m/s^2). However, in torque descriptions I find that some use $kgf*cm$ while others use ...
1
vote
2answers
270 views

How do we convert between the maximum value of the adhesive force (in kilograms or in Newton) of a magnet and its magnetic field strength (in tesla)?

On the following website they indicate how powerful is a magnet by giving the theoretical maximum value of its adhesive force in kilograms or in Newton (its adhesive force at a distance of zero). ...
1
vote
1answer
737 views

Photometer: measured Irradiance L converted to photon rate

I am conducting an experiment in which the power meter reading of $410\,nm$ narrow bandpass stimulus is noted to be 30 $\frac{\mu W}{cm^2}$ at a distance of 1 inch away from the light source. I wish ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Conversion of the units BeV (US) and GeV (UN)

What is the difference in the definition of a billion electron volts in United states (US) and United Nations (UN)? When the US people say billion, do they mean $10^{12}$ or $10^9$?
1
vote
1answer
98 views

dynamic viscosity in the minute scale

The dynamic viscosity of air is $1.78\cdot 10^{-5}Pas = 1.78\cdot 10^{-5}\frac{kg}{ms}$. How do I convert this to the minute scale? I see a reason for multiplying the value with 60 (because of the ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How to derive velocity pressure in English units?

I know that velocity pressure can be calculated from dynamic pressure according to the potential energy of pressure (from Bernoulli's equation): $$ P = \frac{1}{2} \rho \overline{V}^2 $$ where P = ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Calculating charge density

When calculating uniform charge density, I yielded a solution with units: $$VC^2 / Nm^2$$ The answer is telling me that this is equivalent to: $$C/m^2$$ where: $$m : meter$$ $$C : Coulomb$$ $$V : ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Pressure equation working to get units kg m/s$^2$, but stuck?

Why does $kg/m^3 \cdot m/s^2 \cdot m$ become $kg\,m/s^2$ (i.e. one newton) When I do the working, I get $kg/(s^2 m)$ (i.e. metres is on the bottom rather than the top) My working is: \begin{align} ...