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Evaluation of the anomalous dimensions of fields in SUSY $SU(5)$

The general formula for the anomalous dimension can be found in MartinĪ„s review article (hep-ph/9709356), on page 62 relation (6.5.4). In the case of $SU(5)$ and especially in the paper of Kobayashi, ...
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78 views

A model that unifies the strong, EM, weak and gravity forces?

Does there exist such a model that explains the force clusters (their origin, relations between them): the strong, EM, weak and gravity forces?
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3answers
1k views

Can all fundamental forces be fictitious forces?

After reading many questions, like this and this, I wonder: is it possible to consider also the other fundamental forces, the electroweak interaction and the strong interaction or ultimately the ...
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1answer
56 views

Unification of the electroweak theory

Can the electroweak theory be described by the spontaneous symmetry breaking of $SU(3)$ to $SU(2)\times U(1)$?
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0answers
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Heisenberg's Unified Field Theory

While searching in the Internet, I came to know about Werner Heisenberg's attempt to obtain an Unified Field Theory (see the book Introduction to Unified Field Theory of Elementary Particles). But ...
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4answers
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How are theories in physics validated against existing knowledge in practice?

Often you hear people mention how most attempts at Unified Theories haven't "accounted for all the experimental observations". The question is, how do you know you have accounted for all of the ...
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1answer
145 views

Understanding the four fundamental forces of the standard model - are they magic [closed]

Don't misunderstand the question, my purpose is exploration and understanding of what defines "mainstream physics". It is not asked idly, or with ill purpose.... My understanding of current ...
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2answers
112 views

About Quantum Mechanics

Did Feyman suggest even though Q.M. has great predictive power no one will ever really understand it ? Some people have said there may be hidden variables that explain underlying principles of Q.M. ...
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0answers
100 views

Has this approach to Coulomb force/Newton gravity unification ever been published?

Introduction: When toying with gravitational and electromagnetic equations in my undergrad days I stumbled upon this interesting relationship. With the very childish hopes of unifying gravitation ...
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1answer
54 views

Read-off particle from (projected) Dynkin labels

In the review of Slanksy "Group theory for unified model building" in chapter 6: How do one relate the projected Dynkin diagrams from for example $\overline{5}+10$ of $su(5)$ to the corresponding ...
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2answers
373 views

How do we know we've unified two interactions?

What is the precise definition of unification of fields (in classical and quantum mechanics)? In general, does unification of a field mean that we can write both of them at both sides of an equation ...
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3answers
130 views

Exchange particles-real or just mathetical constructs? [duplicate]

Are the intermediate vector bosons real (like the electrons) or just mathetical constructs?i have got a theory to unify the 4 forces, but it does not tell anything about exchange particles in case of ...
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2answers
459 views

Is there any relation between weak and strong fields, similar to electric and magnetic fields?

Is it possible to unify the strong, weak, electric and magnetic field just by Maxwellian type equations? (Maxwell by adding a small change - unified electric and magnetic field, then Einstein's ...
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1answer
367 views

Early time in the Big Bang

I am not a physicist, so I would really appreciate using a simple language for the explanation of my question. From what I understood at the early Big Bang the four fundamental forces were unified to ...
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2k views

Why is gravity such a unique force?

My knowledge on this particular field of physics is very sketchy, but I frequently hear of a theoretical "graviton", the quantum of the gravitational field. So I guess most physicists' assumption is ...
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3answers
3k views

Why is gravity so hard to unify with the other 3 fundamental forces?

Electricity and magnetism was unified in the 19th century, and unification of electromagnetism with the weak force followed suit, bringing into play the electroweak force. I've been told that ...
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1answer
7k views

Unified field theory in layman's terms

I watched some videos on the unified field theory, specifically interviews with Michio Kaku and John Hagelin, and want to learn a bit more about it. I looked up the theory of everything, string theory ...
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3answers
228 views

Is there a mathematical relationship here or am I looking for relations when there are none?

When I was taking classical mechanics, we dealt a lot with pendulums, and orbiting bodies problems. This lead me to think about the two situations depicted above. Left: Shows two balls of equal mass ...
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3answers
447 views

The Role of Gravity among the Fundamental Forces of Nature

If we look at the standard model, we have 4 fundamental forces which include Gravity, Electromagnetism, Nuclear weak force, Nuclear strong force. I would like to look at Gravity for a minute. ...
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1answer
414 views

Do all the forces become one?

Were the forces of nature combined in one unifying force at the time of the Big Bang? By which symmetry is this unification governed? Are there any evidence for such unification of forces? Has ever ...
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1answer
585 views

Spontaneous symmetry breaking in SU(5) GUT?

At the end of this video lecture about grand unified theories, Prof. Susskind explains that there should be some kind of an additional Higgs mechanism at work, to break the symmetry between the ...
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2answers
844 views

The physics community's take on noncommutative geometry

Connes's noncommutative geometry program includes an approach to the Standard Model that employs a noncommutative extension of Riemannian metric. In recent years I've heard physicists say that this ...
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1answer
152 views

Reference-request: Computational science and physics [closed]

I'm interested in the following question: Is Nature computable at it's most fundamental level? Can anyone suggest any works (books, papers / articles, reviews) related to the above question? ...
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3answers
537 views

What is a good non-technical introduction to theories of everything?

I'm not a physicist but I'm interested in unified theories, and I do not know how to start learning about it. What would be a good book to read to start learning about this topic?
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2answers
834 views

Does string theory and preons exclude each other?

Does string theory contradict the theory of preons, especially the Harari-Shupe one?
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2answers
223 views

What is the relation between extra dimensions and unification of theories?

One of the most used methods in unification of theories is the use of higher dimensions. How does it actually work? If these dimensions are extremely small curled up, how does it affect the universe. ...
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2answers
272 views

Does the existence of dualities imply a more fundamental structure?

I was wondering if the existence of some kind of duality in physics always implies the existence of some underlying more fundamental structure/concept? Let me give a few example from history: ...
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6answers
671 views

Does Kaluza-Klein theory successfully unify GR and EM? Why can't it be extended to the Standard Model gauge group?

As a quick disclaimer, I thought this might be a better place to ask than Physics.SE. I already searched there with "kaluza" and "klein" keywords to find an answer, but without luck. As background, ...
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2answers
379 views

Quantum mechanics + General relativity =?

I have learned (the basics) of how one can incorporate the principles of special relativity to quantum mechanics to obtain quantum field theory. Can the same be done with GR and QM to obtain a new ...
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3answers
380 views

GUT that includes all 3 particle families into a large group?

Explaining SU(5) GUTs (using the first particle family as an example) in the last SUSY lecture 10, Lenny Susskind mentioned that there are at present no ideas how to combine simultaneously all 3 ...
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8answers
3k views

Why are extra dimensions necessary?

Some theories have more than 4 dimensions of spacetime. But we only observe 4 spacetime dimensions in the real world, cf. e.g. this Phys.SE post. Why are the theories (e.g. string theory) that ...