The tendency of a force to rotate an object about an arbitrary axis.

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105 views

Boomerang angular momentum

So I'm building a boomerang to fly 200 feet in order to do that I was told to increase the moment of inertia to increase the resistance from change in state, and I was told that it would increase the ...
5
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3answers
3k views

Which is the axis of rotation?

This should be simple, but it keeps bothering me. If a rigid body has no fixed axis, and a torque (defined relative to a point $A$) is applied, it will rotate around $A$. But often I can also ...
4
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1answer
60 views

What is rotational potential energy?

I don't understand the concept of rotational potential energy. During linear motion, when a force is applied, the work it does gets converted to kinetic energy and there is no change in the ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Torque on electric dipole placed in non uniform electric field

When electric dipole placed in non uniform electric field, what is the approach to calculate torque acting on it? Can it be zero?
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1answer
16 views

Frictional torque=? [on hold]

A uniform, hollow, cylindrical spool has inside radius $R/2$, outside radius $ R$, and mass $M $ (see figure below). It is mounted so that it rotates on a mass less horizontal axle. A mass m is ...
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1answer
20 views

How can I calculate the torque on a body resulting from a spinning propeller?

If a quadcopter has all of its propellers spinning on the same direction, the body of the quad will obviously start spinning in the another direction. I know how to calculate the torque acting on a ...
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1answer
42 views

How to calculate the linear momentum on a dumbbell? [on hold]

In this picture there is a dumbbell and a mass in motion that hits one of the masses of the dumbbell. Now the problem is I have to find the velocity of the CM and the rotational speed around the CM. ...
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4answers
44 views

Force needed to flip/overturn object [on hold]

I can't find a way to solve this physics problem: I have an l-shaped object (Mass: 10KG and edge of length a) on a surface and I need to calculate the force needed (applied on the top right corner,...
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0answers
14 views

How does Torque from tidal forces scale with distance

I read in a paper a while back that the torque on a body caused by differential rotation and tidal forces scaled with distance to the power of 6. That struck me as odd since the tidal force scales ...
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1answer
2k views

Why does the beam in a weighing balance get tilted proportional to the weights added to each pan?

I'm talking about a beam balance(a simple weighing balance with a beam and two pans hung on either side) As answered in a previous question, the beam comes back to the original position when one ...
0
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1answer
228 views

How does ground interact with a box rotating around its corner?

I have some questions about how forces $F$, friction force $F_{friction}$, and normal $N$ interact in order to the box below to turn (clockwise) about the red corner, without sliding. The force $F$ is ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Force required to rotate around an axis [on hold]

So I have a rather simple physics question that I am not sure where to begin with. I am designing a dumper and I need to figure out the amount of force required to rotate and lift it around a bearing. ...
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4answers
266 views

Forces Create Angular Acceleration And “Straight” Acceleration - But How Much Of Each?

Let me set up the following problem for a rectangle floating in space: We know its dimensions. We know its mass. There's a force pushing it for a known amount of time - we know the angle & ...
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3answers
72 views

Friction-free rolling/sliding on an inclined plane

Suppose a sphere is rolling down an inclined plane. There is no friction. The body will not roll and undergo just a translation. But why is this so? If we consider the axis to be along the point of ...
-1
votes
0answers
19 views

Force exerted on a rod resting on a frictionless surface [closed]

In a very short amount of time, a force is exerted on one end of a rod(mass M and length L) that rests on a frictionless plane. The force causes the momentum to change by J. What is the velocity of ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Torque and a pulley

I'm supposed to find, symbolically, what the moment of inertia of the pulley is using $T_1, T_2, r,$ and $a$. Obviously the base equation would be the sum of the torques equals $Iα$. I have the ...
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2answers
49 views

Homework: Angular Acceleration from Net Torque [closed]

I have the correct answer but don't know how that is the correct one. My answers were way off which indicates I am missing something big but don't know what. Now the 4 torques are: t1=6.175, t2=....
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2answers
84 views

Rotational work and forces such as static friction or ropes tension

I'm confused about the rotational work, defined as $W=\int_{\theta_1}^{\theta_2} \tau_z d \theta $ Where $\tau_z$ is the component of the torque parallel to the axis of rotation $z$. Consider a ...
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2answers
328 views

A lever arm-definition question

My question is regarding Torque, and specifically the definition of the lever arm. As far as I've understood, the lever arm is the line perpendicular to the line of action to your reference point. ...
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votes
1answer
33 views

Total torque about any line when resultant force is zero [closed]

While reading about rotational equilibrium I came across a statement which I was unable to understand: The torque can be taken about any line perpendicular to the plane of the forces. In general,...
0
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1answer
124 views

How to calculate torque needed to rotate a ring held captive between two parts with a known compression force?

I'm wondering how to find the torque needed to rotate a ring that is held captive between two plates with a known friction coefficient, radius, and compression force. I'm assuming that the mass of the ...
-1
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0answers
39 views

V-Belt: Torque on pulley and Max Tension

A V-belt consists of a driven pulley of diameter 250mm and a driver pulley of diam. 100mm , at a centre to centre distance of 170mm. the driver pulley rotates at 1440rpm, transmitting 30KW through ...
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2answers
895 views

How bicycle gear works?

Based on the concept of the moment of inertia, my book gives the following relationship between the size of gear and amount of torque supplied to the drive wheel: Because it [outermost gear] had ...
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2answers
251 views

What is the effect of torque steering on a motorcycle with a long wheel base?

From experience, it appears motorcycles with a large wheelbase coupled with a long handlebar (say a modified Harley Ape Hangar) shows a noticeable tendency to veer to a side during acceleration vs a ...
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0answers
34 views

Resultant angle of a suspended body after torque is applied

A common driveshaft connects two machines. Between the machines a chassis hangs freely from that driveshaft. A power source is rigidly attached to the chassis. The power source rotates the driveshaft ...
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1answer
73 views

Understanding Newton's Laws of Motion

I'm having difficulty understand Newton's laws of motion in practice, and how to model true dynamic systems. There are two examples below, where I cannot quite figure out what the true forces and ...
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0answers
61 views

Energy to winding or unroll a tube with a gaz under pressure inside

I take a tube with a gas under pressure inside it. The volume of the tube is not constant. When I winding the tube its volume decreases. So, the pressure increases in the same time so I need an energy ...
6
votes
1answer
76 views

How does a lever magnify force? [duplicate]

I understand that energy is conserved when a force is applied to the end of a lever and magnified closer to the pivot point. However, I would like to know how it is the force is transferred and ...
0
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1answer
197 views

Calculating output forces of bicycle wheels

Based on the force on the rear gear $F_t$ and the radii of the rear gear $R_g$ and rear wheel $R_w$ , how would you calculate the force the bicycle exerts on the ground when it is accelerating? I ...
0
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1answer
239 views

How is Magnetic force on a current carrying conductor $Blb$

I was reading an answer about torque acting on a rectangular current carrying loop kept in a uniform magnitude field B. Force acting on each sides is $F_1$, $F_2$, $F_3$, $F_4$. It's written here : ...
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0answers
29 views

Potential Energy for dipole in Electric Field

Potential Energy is the work done by the external agent in turning the angle of the dipole from the U=0 position to another position against the influence of the electric field applied right? So if ...
0
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1answer
255 views

torque in electric dipole placed in nonuniform electric field

In the uniform electric field case, we can know the rotational axis is at the position in the middle of positive charge and negative charge. However, if the electric field is non-uniform, or simply ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Force and Torque

Think of a uniform sphere. Sometimes if a force is applied to the sphere it does not only move but also spins. So there is a torque. But is it possible to calculate which part of the applied force is ...
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1answer
198 views

How can angular velocity be constant even when there is a torque by friction?

A cylinder at rest lying on a rough ground is given an impulse which imparts a translational velocity (no angular velocity) to it. The question goes ahead with finding time after which rolling starts ...
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3answers
44 views

How is rotational torque calculated when a force is applied uniformly over a surface?

Currently, the formula I am using to calculate the rotational torque applied onto an axis is $T = Fr\sin \theta$, where $T$ is the torque (in $\mathrm{N\ m}$), $F$ is the force acting, $r$ is the ...
0
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2answers
32 views

DC motor acceleration

I'm doing a research project on the mathematics of robotics. For this research project I need to use calculus somewhere in the project. My plan was to calculate the acceleration of the robot and find ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Centre of gravity of system [closed]

We have a uniform rectangular tray of dimensions 40x60, with weight 3. We place the coordinate axes in such a way that the bottom-left corner of tray is at the origin and the tray sides are parallel ...
1
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2answers
84 views

Shelf always tipping over when pushed, thanks to normal force

A while ago, I encountered a problem with a person pushing a shelf at the top, with the center of mass located in the middle. The task is to find the maximum magnitude of the force vector, not causing ...
3
votes
2answers
950 views

acceleration of rings in aerotrim (human gyroscope)

I'm working on a graphic simulation (just for fun, for an open-source screensaver) of an Aerotrim - a "human gyroscope", one of those exercise/training machines with a human in the middle, perched on ...
2
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2answers
346 views

Clearing up confusion about calculating torque

Suppose you have a shape consisting of two perpendicular rods (the whole shape is a rigid body) which stands upright so the plane of the rods is perpendicular to the plane of the ground, and the ...
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0answers
32 views

Adding multiple torque vectors together to determine resultant torque

I am working in a 2D environment, where there are multiple angular forces (torque) applied at an object. The way I calculated 1 torque "application", was by: ...
0
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2answers
67 views

Damped Pendulum (generalised)

I know the differential equation for the swinging of a simple pendulum: $\displaystyle\frac{\partial^2\theta}{\partial t^2} + \left(\frac{g}{L}\right)\sin\theta = 0$ where: $L$ is the length of ...
0
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3answers
51 views

What does the “moment” in the moment of force or the moment of inertia refer to? [duplicate]

According to the Merriam Webster dictionary: Moment - a very short period of time Does the word "moment" in quantities like the moment of force or moment of inertia refer to this colloquial ...
0
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3answers
41 views

Perpendicular Distance for Moments

My question is: Is perpendicular distance in the equation $\tau=Fd$ the distance of the yellow or red line? My belief was that it was the red line, however when I take moments about $O$ I get $$\...
2
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4answers
197 views

Why does Torque exist?

Specifically, why does force increase with the moment arm? What about making a perpendicular force farther away from the axis of rotation increases it? How does the moment arm cause that?
3
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3answers
44 views

Why does a pot start rotating when coffee is stirred inside?

I usually make Turkish coffee as my morning coffee. I have a small somewhat rounded pot with handle on one side. I noticed that when I pour water in and start stirring, pot has a tendency to start ...
5
votes
3answers
624 views

Thrust center in space

I have this dilemma: Suppose you have a space ship somewhere in deep space, where there is no drag force or substantial gravity. If the ship has a single engine situated in such a way that the center ...
1
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1answer
90 views

How to calculate torque required? [closed]

Here's my problem diagram: I am working on a hobby project in which a motor is required to rotate a pulley that is connected to a pendulum as shown in the image. The maximum torque, Horsepower and ...
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2answers
150 views

Rotational Torque Versus Thrust on a Screw

We all used screws and tightening them before, but here is my question. If a Thrust-like load behind the other side of the screw can move the screw out (example pushing), then how much force is it ...
1
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1answer
62 views

What is the speed of the skaters in this case? [closed]

You're choreographing your school's annual ice show. You call for eight 60kg skaters to join hands and skate side by side in a line extending 12m. The skater at one end is to stop abruptly, so the ...