The tendency of a force to rotate an object about an arbitrary axis.

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116 views

What fraction of peak horsepower do typical 4 door passenger vehicles use?

I was surprised when I looked at the power rating of the engine used on a Humvee. It's only ~190 horsepower, which is exceeded by many sedan engines. So an obvious question is why doesn't my Camry SE ...
4
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2answers
391 views

Thrust center in space

I have this dilemma: Suppose you have a space ship somewhere in deep space, where there is no drag force or substantial gravity. If the ship has a single engine situated in such a way that the center ...
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1answer
3k views

Is angular momentum always conserved in the absence of an external torque?

Consider either the angular momentum of the earth around the sun or equivalently swinging a ball horizontally on a string. I know that with respect to the point of rotation of the swinging ball, ...
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5answers
4k views

Difference between torque and moment

What is the difference between torque and moment? I would like to see mathematical definitions for both quantities. I also do not prefer definitions like "It is the tendancy..../It is a measure of ...
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5answers
2k views

comparing torque and 0-60 speed in cars

Im looking a two cars, both are the same model but ones got a 2.0L turbo petrol engine and ones got a 3.0L turbo diesel engine. These are the full specs 2.0L Petrol 3.0L Diesel what im ...
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1answer
125 views

Truck driven from a small motor that can carry a heavy load, yet can travel fast. [closed]

I am building a truck from trash as materials. I have one small motor and a a few small gears, but no other engineered materials are allowed. The truck must carry a load for a distance of 3m. The ...
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2answers
4k views

DC Motor Torque Constant

I am very new to DC motors and to stackexchange. Please correct me if anything I said does not make sense. For DC motors, the equation looks like this: $P = \tau\dot{\theta}$ where $P$ is power, ...
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1answer
252 views

Repulsive Magnetic Hammering Experiment

I have been thinking about something thing... I want to attach four or any number of magnets with arms to an axle.. Blue dots be magnets. Its is not a wheel configuration, all arms can move ...
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2answers
2k views

Which is the axis of rotation?

This should be simple, but it keeps bothering me. If a rigid body has no fixed axis, and a torque (defined relative to a point $A$) is applied, it will rotate around $A$. But often I can also ...
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0answers
1k views

Neglecting friction on a pulley?

So, this is how the problem looks: http://www.aplusphysics.com/courses/honors/dynamics/images/Atwood%20Problem.png Plus, the pulley is suspended on a cord at its center and hanging from the ceiling. ...
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1answer
924 views

Calculation of torque for motor used in 4 wheel robot [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Torque Required For a Motor to Move an Object on Wheels? I want to build a 4 wheel robot. the maximum weight of the robot is approximately 100 kg. and the radius of my ...
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1answer
1k views

Does weight distribution affect angular velocity?

If an equal torque of equal radius and size is produced on two bodies of the same weight and same center of gravity, but with different weight distribution (say one has a 1kg mass 1 meter above the ...
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1answer
70 views

If a cart hits a wall, does the weight of it affect how it moves, when the center of gravity is constant?

I have a model that represents a bicycle (a wood block with wheels), and I'm balancing the center of gravity so it's the same as a real bike. However, when the center of mass is kept constant, does ...
2
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2answers
268 views

Force and Torque Question on an isolated system [duplicate]

If there's a rigid rod in space, and you give some external force perpendicular to the rod at one of the ends for a short time, what happens? Specifically: What dependence does the moment of inertia ...
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1answer
428 views

Does mass concentration affect the torque induced by a force?

If you had two bodies with the same weight but one having mass concentrated more in the center, while the other had most mass concentrated on the outside, but both had the same center of mass and ...
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1answer
401 views

How can the torque a bicycle experiences be calculated based on the center of gravity, weight and a force?

The position center of gravity of a bicycle and its rider is known, and the distance from it to the point of contact of the front wheel with the ground, in terms of horizontal and vertical distance (x ...
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4answers
7k views

What determines the direction of precession of a gyroscope?

I understand how torque mathematically causes a change to the direction of angular momentum, thus precessing the gyroscope. However, the direction, either clockwise or counterclockwise, of this ...
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1answer
149 views

Stability of balanced masses with different surface areas

Say I have this setup. The two round objects have equal mass and their centers of gravity at the same distance from the shaft. The objects only differ in that they have different surface areas ...
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2answers
4k views

Confused on how to properly use right hand rule

I am having trouble using the right hand rule properly and often find myself putting my hand in awkward orientations. I know you point your hand in the direction of $r$ and then point your fingers in ...
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2answers
7k views

Torque And Moment Of Inertia

I am reading the two concepts mentioned in the title. According to the definition of torque and moment of inertia, it would appear that if I pushed on a door, with the axis of rotation centered about ...
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4answers
665 views

Meaning of the direction of the cross product

I was doing calculations with torque and then I came across something very confusing: I understand that the magnitude of the torque is given by product of the displacement(from the center of ...
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1answer
193 views

How does the weight force distribute in roughly kite like kinematic to determine torques

I have a kinematic model like the simplified following image. Assume that all points are fixed. I'm interested in how the force $\vec{m}$ distributes across $a_2$ and $b_2$ up to $a_1$ and $b_1$. ...
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2answers
1k views

Force applied off center on an object

Assume there is a rigid body in deep space with mass $m$ and moment of inertia $I$. A force that varies with time, $F(t)$, is applied to the body off-center at a distance $r$ from its center of mass. ...
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2answers
676 views

Is it reasonable for a heavy door to “open by itself” (ie from differences in air pressure) if it had already been slightly ajar?

If you consider a basically uniform massive door (say, 300 N) where there is some coefficient $\mu_{s,k}$ of static and kinetic friction between the thing on the inside of the door, and where the ...
3
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2answers
5k views

Calculating torque adjustment for offset of pivot point

I'm trying to figure out how much to adjust torque, on a torque wrench when using an extension that offsets the pivot point. See this calculator for a diagram of what I'm talking about: The trouble ...
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1answer
528 views

Torque and equilibrium

I am a little stuck on the concept involved in part b) of the following problem: A $5 m$ long road gate has a mass of $m = 15 kg$. The mass is evenly distributed in the gate. The gate is supported at ...
4
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1answer
885 views

Understanding moments as forces?

I was watching this lecture on analysis of stress for mechanics of materials. At time 7:20, the lecturer says that in equilibrium, the sum of forces and "moments" in each direction (x,y,z) must be ...
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1answer
537 views

Calculating torque in a structure

I posted this on math stack exchange but realize it is more a physics question. I have a structure which is set up as shown in the image. A weight hangs from point A with mass $m$. Joint B is free ...
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9answers
12k views

Why is torque not measured in Joules?

Recently, I was doing my homework and I found out that Torque can be calculated using $\tau = rF$. This means the units of torque are Newton meters. Energy is also measured in Newton meters which are ...
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2answers
1k views

Electric scooter acceleration

I tested two electric scooters with almost same power (1500 W), but very different performances: A "Zem Star 45" (1500 W, 60 Nm) can reach 50 km/h in "a few seconds" (not measured actually), An ...
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2answers
4k views

Unit of torque with radians?

Usually, the angular frequency $\omega$ is given in $\mathrm{1/s}$. I find it more consistent to give it in $\mathrm{rad/s}$. For the angular momentum $L$ is then given in $\mathrm{rad \cdot kg \cdot ...
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1answer
524 views

Which speed can an electric scooter reach on a given slope?

Electric scooters are always "given" as "working with slopes up to xx%", but what does it mean? Given motor torque and power, scooter+driver weight and wheels diameter, how can I determine at which ...
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3answers
3k views

Time period of torsion oscillation

For the oscillation of a torsion pendulum (a mechanical motion), the time period is given by $T=2\pi\sqrt{\frac{I}{C}}$ which is a result of the angular acceleration ...
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1answer
192 views

Horsepower achieved with multiple motors

Scenario I'm planning to build an electric motor for fun (not for any practical purpose). I recently purchased a shapeoko CNC mill kit and intend to manufacture most of the parts housing, stator etc. ...
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1answer
2k views

Why does the beam in a weighing balance get tilted proportional to the weights added to each pan?

I'm talking about a beam balance(a simple weighing balance with a beam and two pans hung on either side) As answered in a previous question, the beam comes back to the original position when one ...
4
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4answers
1k views

Why do rolling disc (coin) move in circular path?

We have a coin that is rolled such that it's tilted at an small angle $ \theta $. Question:: What turns around rolling disc so that it traces circular motion (spiral as it's speed decreses)? ...
0
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3answers
354 views

How to imagine the following power and torque?

I can roughly feel a force of 10 newton only by considering the weight of 1 kilogram object. How to imagine the following measurements? Maximum horsepower 16 hp @ 9,500 RPM Maximum torque ...
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2answers
419 views

Lorentz engine to run a car?

Could a Lorentz engine (like the ones that move the write head inside of hardrives) be used to run car ? Would it be possable to get it producing 60hp, and a decent amount of tourque, if so how large ...
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3answers
4k views

Proving angular momentum is conserved for a particle moving in a central force field $\vec F =\phi(r) \vec r$

A problem I am trying to work out is as follows: A particle moves in a force field given by $\vec F =\phi(r) \vec r$. Prove that the angular momentum of the particle about the origin is constant. ...
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3answers
267 views

What is a “Center Of Mass” issue of a Gorillapod?

I read somewhere that a Gorillapod may have "Center Of Mass" issues when used with the long lenses. So, I wish to understand what is a "Center Of Mass" issue? I have to clarify that I am NOT a ...
0
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1answer
2k views

how to calculate minimum torque a DC motor needs to move the wheels

Im making a robot that must sense objects and pick them up. I need to order some motors, so i wanted to work out the torque needed just to push one wheel (as it may pivot, so one wheel will need to ...
2
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1answer
973 views

Normal force in a compound pendulum (physical pundulum) system?

Consider a compound pendulum pivoted about a fixed horizontal axis, illustrated by the force diagram on the right: # Okay, I can't figure out where the normal force on the pendlum should point ...
5
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3answers
9k views

How do I calculate DC motor speed for a given load?

Suppose I have a robot of a given mass, and I'm choosing between 2 different wheels and 2 different motors to put on it. For each wheel I have the diameter, and for each motor I know the stall torque ...
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4answers
2k views

How do levers amplify forces?

This is really bothering me for a long time, because the math is easy to do, but it's still unintuitive for me. I understand the "law of the lever" and I can do the math and use the torques, or ...
0
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1answer
703 views

Can anyone solve this simple static equilibrium problem? [closed]

A bridge is 50m long, has a mass of 20,000kg, and rests on two pivots, A and B. The distance between A and the left side of the bridge is 10m. The distance between B and the right side of the bridge ...
2
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0answers
268 views

Why do control moment gyroscopes exhibit “torque amplification”?

There are a number of articles that describe the benefits of using control moment gyroscopes (CMGs) over reaction wheels in inertial navigation applications. One of the primary benefits of using a CMG ...
2
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1answer
10k views

Torque Required For a Motor to Move an Object on Wheels?

I've been attempting to calculate how much torque a motor needs to produce in order to start a stationary object on wheels moving. (The torque is being applied to the rear 2 wheels, the front 2 are on ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Gravitational torque about a bolt that a mass is hanging from [closed]

A uniform rectangle sign h=20.0cm high and w=11.0cm wide loses three of its four support bolts(at points p_1, P_3, and p_4) and rotates into the position as shown, with p_1 directly over p_3. It is ...
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2answers
499 views

Finding work done by rotational force?

A disk with a rotational inertia of 5.0 kg·m2 and a radius of 0.25 m rotates on a fixed axis perpendicular to the disk and through its center. A force of 2.0 N is applied tangentially to the ...
5
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4answers
6k views

Torque vs Moment

I was wondering, why in Newtonian physics torque is called "torque" while in static mechanics they call it "moment"? I prefer by far the term "torque", for not only it sounds strong, but also ...