The tendency of a force to rotate an object about an arbitrary axis.

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2answers
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Calculating torque adjustment for offset of pivot point

I'm trying to figure out how much to adjust torque, on a torque wrench when using an extension that offsets the pivot point. See this calculator for a diagram of what I'm talking about: The trouble ...
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1answer
444 views

Torque and equilibrium

I am a little stuck on the concept involved in part b) of the following problem: A $5 m$ long road gate has a mass of $m = 15 kg$. The mass is evenly distributed in the gate. The gate is supported at ...
4
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1answer
681 views

Understanding moments as forces?

I was watching this lecture on analysis of stress for mechanics of materials. At time 7:20, the lecturer says that in equilibrium, the sum of forces and "moments" in each direction (x,y,z) must be ...
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1answer
461 views

Calculating torque in a structure

I posted this on math stack exchange but realize it is more a physics question. I have a structure which is set up as shown in the image. A weight hangs from point A with mass $m$. Joint B is free ...
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9answers
7k views

Why is torque not measured in Joules?

Recently, I was doing my homework and I found out that Torque can be calculated using $\tau = rF$. This means the units of torque are Newton meters. Energy is also measured in Newton meters which are ...
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2answers
909 views

Electric scooter acceleration

I tested two electric scooters with almost same power (1500 W), but very different performances: A "Zem Star 45" (1500 W, 60 Nm) can reach 50 km/h in "a few seconds" (not measured actually), An ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Unit of torque with radians?

Usually, the angular frequency $\omega$ is given in $\mathrm{1/s}$. I find it more consistent to give it in $\mathrm{rad/s}$. For the angular momentum $L$ is then given in $\mathrm{rad \cdot kg \cdot ...
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1answer
398 views

Which speed can an electric scooter reach on a given slope?

Electric scooters are always "given" as "working with slopes up to xx%", but what does it mean? Given motor torque and power, scooter+driver weight and wheels diameter, how can I determine at which ...
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3answers
2k views

Time period of torsion oscillation

For the oscillation of a torsion pendulum (a mechanical motion), the time period is given by $T=2\pi\sqrt{\frac{I}{C}}$ which is a result of the angular acceleration ...
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1answer
151 views

Horsepower achieved with multiple motors

Scenario I'm planning to build an electric motor for fun (not for any practical purpose). I recently purchased a shapeoko CNC mill kit and intend to manufacture most of the parts housing, stator etc. ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Why does the beam in a weighing balance get tilted proportional to the weights added to each pan?

I'm talking about a beam balance(a simple weighing balance with a beam and two pans hung on either side) As answered in a previous question, the beam comes back to the original position when one ...
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3answers
1k views

Why do rolling disc (coin) move in circular path?

We have a coin that is rolled such that it's tilted at an small angle $ \theta $. Question:: What turns around rolling disc so that it traces circular motion (spiral as it's speed decreses)? ...
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3answers
314 views

How to imagine the following power and torque?

I can roughly feel a force of 10 newton only by considering the weight of 1 kilogram object. How to imagine the following measurements? Maximum horsepower 16 hp @ 9,500 RPM Maximum torque ...
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2answers
373 views

Lorentz engine to run a car?

Could a Lorentz engine (like the ones that move the write head inside of hardrives) be used to run car ? Would it be possable to get it producing 60hp, and a decent amount of tourque, if so how large ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Proving angular momentum is conserved for a particle moving in a central force field $\vec F =\phi(r) \vec r$

A problem I am trying to work out is as follows: A particle moves in a force field given by $\vec F =\phi(r) \vec r$. Prove that the angular momentum of the particle about the origin is constant. ...
3
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3answers
246 views

What is a “Center Of Mass” issue of a Gorillapod?

I read somewhere that a Gorillapod may have "Center Of Mass" issues when used with the long lenses. So, I wish to understand what is a "Center Of Mass" issue? I have to clarify that I am NOT a ...
0
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1answer
2k views

how to calculate minimum torque a DC motor needs to move the wheels

Im making a robot that must sense objects and pick them up. I need to order some motors, so i wanted to work out the torque needed just to push one wheel (as it may pivot, so one wheel will need to ...
2
votes
1answer
722 views

Normal force in a compound pendulum (physical pundulum) system?

Consider a compound pendulum pivoted about a fixed horizontal axis, illustrated by the force diagram on the right: # Okay, I can't figure out where the normal force on the pendlum should point ...
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3answers
7k views

How do I calculate DC motor speed for a given load?

Suppose I have a robot of a given mass, and I'm choosing between 2 different wheels and 2 different motors to put on it. For each wheel I have the diameter, and for each motor I know the stall torque ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

How do levers amplify forces?

This is really bothering me for a long time, because the math is easy to do, but it's still unintuitive for me. I understand the "law of the lever" and I can do the math and use the torques, or ...
0
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1answer
523 views

Can anyone solve this simple static equilibrium problem? [closed]

A bridge is 50m long, has a mass of 20,000kg, and rests on two pivots, A and B. The distance between A and the left side of the bridge is 10m. The distance between B and the right side of the bridge ...
2
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0answers
235 views

Why do control moment gyroscopes exhibit “torque amplification”?

There are a number of articles that describe the benefits of using control moment gyroscopes (CMGs) over reaction wheels in inertial navigation applications. One of the primary benefits of using a CMG ...
2
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1answer
8k views

Torque Required For a Motor to Move an Object on Wheels?

I've been attempting to calculate how much torque a motor needs to produce in order to start a stationary object on wheels moving. (The torque is being applied to the rear 2 wheels, the front 2 are on ...
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1answer
901 views

Gravitational torque about a bolt that a mass is hanging from [closed]

A uniform rectangle sign h=20.0cm high and w=11.0cm wide loses three of its four support bolts(at points p_1, P_3, and p_4) and rotates into the position as shown, with p_1 directly over p_3. It is ...
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2answers
383 views

Finding work done by rotational force?

A disk with a rotational inertia of 5.0 kg·m2 and a radius of 0.25 m rotates on a fixed axis perpendicular to the disk and through its center. A force of 2.0 N is applied tangentially to the ...
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4answers
4k views

Torque vs Moment

I was wondering, why in Newtonian physics torque is called "torque" while in static mechanics they call it "moment"? I prefer by far the term "torque", for not only it sounds strong, but also ...
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2answers
430 views

How do you choose the locations of forces when calculating moments?

A uniform bridge of weight 1200kN and of length 17m rests on supports at each end which are 1m wide. A stationary lorry of weight 60kN has it’s centre of mass 3.0m from the centre of the bridge. ...
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1answer
225 views

What causes a gyroscope to eventually rotate/fall over?

Hey so I've just learned about angular velocity and momentum and how torque changes it. Looking at a wheel spinning around an axis, with one end being held up by a rope, what causes the wheel to ...
5
votes
1answer
453 views

Wind turbine: Single large propeller or multiple small propellers?

Assuming smaller propellers would spin even in very low wind, whereas a large propeller would stall; Would it be efficient to use a bunch of propellers from axial fans geared to a single motor ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Why does the weighing balance restore when tilted and released

I'm talking about a Weighing Balance shown in the figure: Press & Hold on onside of the horizontal beam and then release it. It makes some oscillations and comes back to equilibrium like shown ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

finding angular velocity and regular velocity when bouncing off a surface with friction

Take the game of pong as a simple example. When you hit the ball with a paddle that has a frictional surface, the ball will spin as well as change direction according to the coefficient of kinetic ...
4
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3answers
4k views

Why and how exactly is electric motor torque limited?

Inspired by this question and specifically this answer to it. From my experience there's always some very specific limit to how much torque an electric motor can output. For example, an electric ...
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1answer
381 views

if a force is 1 newton metre, what is it at 2 meters?

If I have a force, say 24 kg/cm what would that equate to at 2cm? I would like to know the formulae for calculating this. For example. If a motor can hold an object of 24kg at 1cm from its pivot ...
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3answers
4k views

Torque required to turn a drum/barrel

I need to spec a motor to turn a mixing barrel. The barrel contains loose earth and can be filled to a maximum of 50% of its interior volume. It is a horizontal cylinder, and will rotate through its ...
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votes
5answers
4k views

Why are bicycle pedal threads' handedness left on the left and right on the right?

I understand the reason that bicycle pedals are oppositely threaded on either side. What I don't understand is why it works because I'm missing something. Take the right pedal for example. It's ...
1
vote
1answer
358 views

Finding the mass of bed/Patient

One of my friends has a problem and we don't know how to get this done, We want to to know the mass of a patient who is laying on a bed. One scales was put under the foot of a bed and weighed 232kg ...
5
votes
3answers
546 views

Electric engine transmission

If we compare a petrol engine and an electric engine car, it is sufficient for the electric engine car (e.g Tesla Roadster) just to have 1 gear (forward), whereas petrol engine can have up to 7. Why ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Dynamics of moment of inertia

I'd like to be able to determine the angular acceleration of a system of two rotating masses, which are connected so as to have a variable mechanical advantage between the two. My background with ...
2
votes
4answers
10k views

What is the difference between a moment and a couple?

In mechanical engineering, the torque due to a couple is given by $\tau = P\times d$, where $\tau$ is the resulting couple, $P~$ is one of the force vectors in the couple and $d$ is the arm of the ...
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3answers
1k views

Torque homework

We have learned that Torque is equal to a force that is perpendicular to a radius (displacement); however, I just cannot grasp one of the study questions we received: A hammer thrower accelerates ...
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vote
3answers
643 views

Self Balancing Unicycle

Here is a link to a video of a self-balencing unicycle. I'm curious as to how this works. In particular: What provides the torque to keep the rider from falling over? I know it's somehow provided by ...
3
votes
5answers
738 views

How much force would be necessary to hold a 6-foot steel staff weighing 20 lbs from one end of it, parallel to the floor?

This isn't a homework problem. I'm asking cause I'm wondering how strong a person would have to be to pull it off. Their arms would be extended, both hands gripping the staff at one end, and the staff ...
2
votes
1answer
606 views

acceleration of rings in aerotrim (human gyroscope)

I'm working on a graphic simulation (just for fun, for an open-source screensaver) of an Aerotrim - a "human gyroscope", one of those exercise/training machines with a human in the middle, perched on ...