The tendency of a force to rotate an object about an arbitrary axis.

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Calculating output forces of bicycle wheels

Based on the force on the rear gear $F_t$ and the radii of the rear gear $R_g$ and rear wheel $R_w$ , how would you calculate the force the bicycle exerts on the ground when it is accelerating? I ...
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1answer
28 views

From where does the fan blade gets torque?

Any sort of angular acceleration produced in a body is due to its torque. Now, consider the fan, it's weight passes through the centre of mass, so torque is 0. Now, is it the motor that is attached to ...
2
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26 views

The underlying chemical interactions behind torque

I did some searching around, and didn't find any previous topics that address torque in this specific way -- here goes: Say I just have a plain ol' piece of wood -- relatively long in one axis, so it ...
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1answer
18 views

Calculate torque to rotate and 84lb panel vertically from 0 - 90 degrees

I have a rectangular panel that weighs 84lb. Width (rotational axis) is about 60-inches. Height is about 32 inches. It will be lying flat and hinged (or connected to tubular motor) on the long edge. ...
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2answers
83 views

Does a body always rotate purely about its center of mass? [duplicate]

For example : A rod is held stationary in vertical position on a smooth horizontal ground and then released. Now the center of mass has velocity and acceleration and every point of the rod has some ...
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1answer
63 views

How can angular velocity be constant even when there is a torque by friction?

A cylinder at rest lying on a rough ground is given an impulse which imparts a translational velocity (no angular velocity) to it. The question goes ahead with finding time after which rolling starts ...
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1answer
16 views

How to calculate torque needed to rotate a ring held captive between two parts with a known compression force?

I'm wondering how to find the torque needed to rotate a ring that is held captive between two plates with a known friction coefficient, radius, and compression force. I'm assuming that the mass of the ...
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2answers
60 views

Magnitude of a dipole moment [closed]

I am now learning Electromagnetism, and I am doing the practice question. However I am stuck in the following question. A uniform electric field has a dipole placed in it. If you rotate the dipole ...
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2answers
53 views

Which moment of intertia do I need to calculate torque

I'm trying to calculate the torque needed to rotate an array of solar panels. I've found some formulas for calculating torque, but they require moment of inertia. I designed this array in Autodesk ...
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2answers
68 views

Is torque still a vector in 2 Dimensions?

In 3D, torque is defined as $\vec{r} \times \vec{F}$ which is a vector, therefore having both a direction perpendicular to the plane of $\vec{F}$ and $\vec{r}$ and a magnitude of ...
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1answer
19 views

potential energy of a segment of an ideal chain under external force

I want to construct the partition function of an ideal chain under applied external force. Let's say we apply force to both ends (with opposite sign) acting in z-direction and a segment of the ideal ...
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1answer
131 views

How to make a body rotate about a line that does not go through its center of mass by applying external torques

In space, is it possible to make a body rotate a point that does not go through its center of mass by applying external torques?
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30 views

How to work out the gravitational potential energy of rotating rod

I know that the kinetic energy of a rotating rod is $$ KE_{rot}=\frac12I\omega^2 $$ where $I$ is the moment of inertia. But is there some way to calculate gravitational potential energy using just ...
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2answers
45 views

A lever arm-definition question

My question is regarding Torque, and specifically the definition of the lever arm. As far as I've understood, the lever arm is the line perpendicular to the line of action to your reference point. ...
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0answers
13 views

How to determine how much torque a hollow cylinder can take?

I'd like to calculate how much torque a hollow cylinder along its axis can take before it will start to buckle. The cylinder is held at one end, and the torque is applied equally in discrete ...
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1answer
36 views

Torque-direction of rotation

Taking moment about $A$, the mass of 2.0g and 0.50g is rotated in the clockwise direction is because they are both directed in downwards position? while $R2$ is acted in upward direction, so it is ...
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3answers
77 views

Can the anti-torque of a motor be used to spin a space vehicle about it's axis?

Imagine an electric motor together with its power supply in space. What exactly will happen to it if it is suddenly powered? Will it spin about its axis, or it will experience no motion relative to an ...
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1answer
55 views

Drag in low earth orbit

So I'm looking at the following problem; Arrow type configuration in orbit. Each end of the arrow has a mass and a cross sectional area (we can assume the head and tail are connected by a ...
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1answer
37 views

Torque Approximations Neglecting Friction

Disclaimer: I'm not asking for homework help. I don't understand how my calculations work out conceptually. If you can help me understand the connection between the concepts, I'd really appreciate it. ...
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23 views

Shaft acceleration with a gearbox

I'm trying to calculate the shaft acceleration when there is an engine, a gearbox, and a load. I've seen the equations which change the reflected inertia via the gear ratio, relate the speeds and ...
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0answers
46 views

Deduce v(t) from power and torque

I'd like to know if this is possible to draw the highest curve of $f : t \longmapsto v(t)$ of an accelerating car based on power and torque curves like this one (EV) or this one (TV). I assume we ...
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2answers
92 views

Generalization of torque and angular momentum

Question: in the simple equations $\tau = r \times f$ and $L = r \times p$, what is the origin of the vector $r$? In many textbook discussions on rotation of a rigid body about a fixed axis, $r$ is ...
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0answers
16 views

Torque translation to force on the ground

I have a 13,000 kg vehicle wanting to tow 123,456 kg of weight at a 10% incline. I want to work out the translation of torque on the wheel to force on the ground. ie will the machine be stationary ...
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2answers
30 views

Balancing torques in a free body diagram: What point should they be in equilibrium about

I have an object that is mounted securely so that it cannot move, which is then loaded by an external force. I would like to determine the forces acting on the mount points. Since the object is not ...
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1answer
110 views

Finding the magnetic moment of a permanent magnet to calculate the torque when exposed to a magnetic field

A permanent magnet has a magnetic moment $m$ associated with it. When exposed to a magnetic field $B$ the torque acting on the magnet can be calculated as $\tau = m \times B$. I am trying to ...
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0answers
46 views

Torque on a wire loop from straight wire [closed]

I need to show that the torque on this wire loop is $$N = \frac{\mu_0}{\pi} 2abdII' \frac{(b^2+d^2)\sin(\theta)}{b^4+d^4-2b^2d^2\cos(2\theta)}$$ The where $\theta$, is the angle between the loop ...
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41 views

Find the force and the torque so that the cylinder is in balance

At the cylinder of the picture there are static pressures from environment fluid of density $\rho$. If we neglect the atmospheric pressure, calculate how much force and how much torque is needed so ...
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2answers
51 views

Torque (in $Nm$) of a cyclist

We're discussing bicycles with a friend, and it came to safety, speed and power. Now the question we have is: how much torque do my legs provide to the bicycle? I'm no expert in physics sadly, and ...
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23 views

Wire loop in the magnetic field

I have strange problem, and no idea how to solve it. The wire loop $ ABCD $ is in a magnetic field of the long thin rod magnet with a magnetic moment per unit volume of $\mathfrak{M} _0 $ and a ...
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1answer
83 views

Free Body for object on vertical wall, Applied force, Torque required for motion [closed]

I am trying to understand how to create a correct Free Body diagram and understand formula used to forces acting on object (i.e. a robot with 4 wheels) that is "placed" on vertical surface such as a ...
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2answers
64 views

Connection between moment/torque and centre of gravity?

So I understand how moments work with regards to basic examples like pushing a door, in that the further you are away from the hinges of the door, the greater the moment, which is like a turning ...
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1answer
53 views

Torque in a non-inertial frame

How can we calculate torque in a non-inertial frame? Take for instance a bar in free fall with two masses, one on either end, $M_1$ and $M_2$. Taking the point of rotation to not be the center of ...
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1answer
86 views

difference between magnetic dipole moment and torque on a magnetic dipole?

I am a bit confused. What is the difference between magnetic dipole moment and torque on a magnetic dipole ?
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31 views

Where does the center of mass torque come from?

When calculating the torques about a pivot point, there is a torque that comes about if you aren't rotating about the center of mass- where does this torque physically come from? For instance, given a ...
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12 views

from control torque to magnetic moment

I am designing a system which generates a magnetic field to make itself move in space (a cubesat with magnetorquers). This magnetic field is known as the magnetic control torque, i.e. it will torque ...
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1answer
66 views

How do we “cancel out” the torque from running?

Running certainly causes a torque on our body, as we are propelled forward via our feet; why doesn't this torque cause our bodies to spin about their center of mass?
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1answer
100 views

Why does a diver changes his body positions before and after diving?

Before a diver dives in a pool, he changes his body positions several times. When he is about to jump from board he extends his arms and legs but sometime after jumping he closes his body in a ...
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1answer
28 views

What happens with an originial force if a part of it creates a torque?

Let's say I push with an angle of 45 degrees at an object with a force of 100 N. Since the angle is 45, we would have a torque $\tau = 100 * sin(135) * r = 71N*r$ Since the force was not ...
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1answer
83 views

If $\omega = \frac{v}{r}$, why do we need torque?

If $\omega = \frac{v}{r}$, then why do we need torque and angular acceleration? The velocity v can be found just by Newton's second law of motion $F = ma => a = F/m$ and $v = v_0 + at$ . Then we ...
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2answers
35 views

Formula for balance with three arms?

I'm searching for a way to express the angle of the arm of a balance instrument expressed in the weight that is present in one arm. For a two legged balance one could use the moment formula: moment = ...
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2answers
54 views

Wheelie physics part 2

Okay, so I got some really great advice from the community here but I am still hung up on some conceptual problems. I posted earlier trying to determine the axis that a bicycle rotates about when ...
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1answer
102 views

How can I set up an equation for distance traveled for a rubber band powered car?

I am to make a rubber band powered car, and I have to maximize it's distance traveled. The time taken to reach said distance, top speed of the car, acceleration of the car, is not relevant. I just ...
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32 views

Torque due to non-uniform force [closed]

Suppose a non-uniform force, varying along with the distance, is acting normally on the surface of a rod hinged at the mid point. The force varies along the length of the rod, i.e as we go down along ...
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1answer
69 views

Movement and Rotation of a Inverted-Pendulum-like Object with External Forces

I'm struggling to model the movement of a complex object based on an external force. Let's start with a simple example of what I'm looking for. We have a block $b$ of mass $M_b$, moving ...
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1answer
59 views

To which side will it move? [closed]

Children pull the carousel with diverse forces (as in the picture below). In which direction will the carousel move? Calculate the torque. I have done the following: The torque of the force that ...
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2answers
170 views

How does a wheelie work?

So I've been trying to create a mathematical model for an electric motorcycle and began to wonder about the maximum possible torque that could be supplied to the rear driven wheel without having the ...
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0answers
49 views

Total angular momentum of a continuous body

I find the definition of total angular momentum $\mathbf{L}$ of a system of $n$ material points with respect to a given point $Q$ as the sum of the momenta $\ell_i=\mathbf{r}_i\times\mathbf{p}_i$ ...
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4answers
905 views

Paradox in applying Newton's second law [duplicate]

Suppose I apply two vertical but opposite forces with the same magnitude in a body like is shown in the picture: According to newton's second law, the center of mass shouldn't accelerate, since the ...
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1answer
53 views

Torque considered about different points in a system [duplicate]

If we consider the torque about point A, there is none, so there is no rotation about point A. If we consider torque about point B, there is a net torque which means that there is rotation about point ...
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Choosing a term's sign — a rolling body question

https://prettygoodphysics.wikispaces.com/file/view/Rollin_and_Slippin.pdf In this link's first problem, top-spin is applied to a ball that slips; while the ball moves forward, it spins clockwise. ...