The tendency of a force to rotate an object about an arbitrary axis.

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How to find this torque? [on hold]

If I want to calculate the total torque, will it be $\sum$$\tau$$=$ $T_1$$l_1$$-$ $T_2$$l_2$$=$$I$$\alpha$ or $\sum$$\tau$$=$$T_1$$l_1$$-$$(T_2+mg)$$l_2$$=$$I$$\alpha$
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1answer
40 views

How do I know which force to use in moments calculation?

I'm working on some Statics problem, with the method of joints, etc and for all of them, we use sum of moments = 0. However, I'm very confused about which forces I should use to find the sum of ...
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1answer
46 views

Torque due to Gravity

I have learned that a torque on an object due to the gravity can be calculated as if the gravity acts on the center of mass of the object when the object is near the surface of the earth. Now I want ...
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1answer
43 views

How can a generalised force be dependent on an angle i.e. not a vector?

I'm currently working through an example question in Patrick Hamill's 'A Student's Guide to Hamiltonians and Lagrangians'. The question I'm having conceptual difficulty with is: A particle is ...
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2answers
43 views

What point of application of force ensures more acceleration in a rod?

Suppose there is one rod and a force F is applied in two cases: Case 1: exactly at the middle on center of mass Case 2: at one end of rod In which case would the center of mass of rod be accelerated ...
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22 views

Pressures in multiple hydraulic drive system circuits when driving common drive shaft

Assume that there are two 'idealised' and identical hydraulic drive system circuits each consisting of a connected positive displacement pump and hydraulic motor where both motors (from each ...
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1answer
9 views

Since Synchronous machines are constant speed machines how are their speeds varying with variation in load?

I understand that the power output depends on torque angle. So how does an increase in torque angle cause the rotor speed to reduce? Aren't the synchronous machines supposed to be running at constant ...
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1answer
48 views

Torque required to turn the inside of a drum (Honey extractor) [closed]

I need to mount a motor with a variable speed drive(VSD) onto a honey extractor but need to know how much torque I need to start the extractor to start turning. The diameter is 700mm and the max ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Falling off a chair, how best to save yourself

If I consider a man sitting on an office chair that reclines backwards iff you lean backwards. What could be done to prevent hin from falling? a) raising his legs till they are parallel to ground. ...
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1answer
62 views

Work done by magnetic field on magnetic dipole

In the above slide, it reads that $W=\int\mu B sin(\theta)d\theta=\mu B cos(\theta)$. But, I thought that $\int\mu B sin(\theta)d\theta=-\mu B cos(\theta)$ by some calculus calculation. Can ...
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1answer
75 views

How much wind does it take to tip a sign over? [closed]

Or said another way - how much counterweight does the base of a sign need to keep it from tipping over given a specific max wind? Assume the sign does not let wind through Assume the base of the ...
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1answer
29 views

What is the intuition behind the direction of torque? [duplicate]

I've seen the other posts on this question, but unfortunately I'm still having difficulty understanding the meaning of the direction of the torque vector. It makes intuitive sense that the magnitude ...
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2answers
48 views

Static equilibrium question [closed]

I was doing some static equilibrium problems and I came across this problem which should be easy to solve, but is posing quite a challenge. I want to point out that this is not homework, just plain ...
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3answers
94 views

Why doesn't a block rotate due to friction?

In a horizontal surface, a block (cube) is sliding due to a sudden push. When the block slides, there is frictional force which is acting on the block. Frictional force will have a torque around ...
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2answers
50 views

torque on a body without any supporting point

Suppose there is a rigid body in space and one single force is acting on it and the force does not pass through the center of mass. I would like to ask why the torque on a body is always the force ...
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26 views

What are torque parameters?

Torque is just the turning force on an object, i.e the force multiplied by the perpendicular distance from the force to the pivot. But when torque parameters are mentioned in mechanical engineering ...
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1answer
78 views

How can a reel of thread move in opposite direction?

There is a nice puzzle about reel of thread. I wonder why the solution works. The puzzle: You take a reel with threads on it. Inner radius r, outer radius R. You put it on a table. If you pull ...
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4answers
137 views

What is the difference between dot and cross product?

What is the difference between dot product and cross product? Why do we use cross product to find torque, why can't we use dot product? Also we use dot product to find work done and not cross ...
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0answers
26 views

Wikipedia's derivation of torque related to angular acceleration [duplicate]

Wikipedia derivation of the relationship between a torque and an angular acceleration is given here. Could someone help me to see how the following: $$\vec{\tau} = \left(-\sum^n_{i=1}m_i [\Delta ...
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1answer
140 views

Apparent violation of Newton's 3rd law and the conservation of angular momentum for a pair of charged particles interacting magnetically

Consider a system of the two identical point positive charges situated in the space (isolated from influence of any other external fields) as shown in the figure.Particle1 is at (a,a,0) and Particle2 ...
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0answers
379 views

Sum of energy in a free rotation with Algodoo sofware

I try to understand why Algodoo software (freeware) give an efficiency greater than unity. I tested several scenes and at each time I can look the software give energy, I don't say it's all the time ...
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0answers
17 views

Is it possible to impart a moment with soundwaves?

How can one adjust the properties of a sound wave to use it to spin an arbitrary object of shape S in a medium comprised of the same material. My intuition tells me that it would be much more ...
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2answers
91 views

Why neglect friction when computing torque?

There is a block of wood on a plank, with friction, and the block is moving down with uniform speed. They are asking what is the torque acting through the center of the block. My doubt is that ...
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1answer
60 views

Calculating the rate at which a car turns

This is going to be difficult to describe, as I have no real concept of this sort of physics, so please bear with me. If this is too much or beyond the scope of this website, I apologize. I am making ...
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1answer
54 views

The choice of pivot point in non-equilibrium scenarios

It is true that under equilibrium condition, no matter what pivot point one choose, the resulting net torque will always be zero. I wonder if this principle apply to non-equilibrium scenarios as well, ...
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2answers
61 views

Is the moment of a force the same about any point?

I know that when a body is is equilibrium There is zero resultant force in any direction, i.e. the sum of all the components of all the forces in any direction is zero The sum of the moments about ...
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1answer
53 views

If the axis of rotation is fixed, is it ok to say clockwise torque?

I know that the direction of torque is along the axis of rotation, but would it be acceptable to say, for example considering a vertical thin rod in the x-y plane with a force acting on the bottom end ...
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1answer
42 views

Coordinate System vs. Angular Properties vs. Centroid

Please help me check my understanding related to the rotational motion of a 3D rigid body after reading some Physics textbooks and googling for some more materials (e.g., Wikipedia's Torque, ...
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2answers
109 views

Why does moment of force depend on the perpendicular distance?

Couyld anyone explain how the lecturer concluded that $$(\underline{r_2} - \underline{r_1}) \times \underline{H} = \underline{p} \times \underline{H}$$
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1answer
92 views

Torque and angular acceleration with bicycle wheel

This might be a simple problem for many of you. However, please help me understand it too. I have been looking trough a lot of materials online, and I still have the following questions, that would ...
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1answer
122 views

Will my hard-drive wear/damage when I tilt my laptop? [closed]

I have an old laptop that I turn off every 2 months or so, it's always on, and I use it whenever I need to do something away from my desk, where I have my real machine. Anyway, every time I grab ...
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0answers
21 views

What will be the direction of the force required on the ball to move the ball up the stairs?

Is this diagram correct? The point of force A is at the farthest distance from the fixed centre O ,so the moment arm CD is greater and therefore,maximum torque would be produced.Is my concept ...
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0answers
35 views

How does a simple weighing balance actually work? [duplicate]

I have made a simple sketch of how I think the system looks like. My problem is: I always thought that the angle the balance makes is a function of the difference between the two masses (or the ...
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16 views

Can we always apply a pure torque at arbitrary positions on an object in practice?

I want to apply a pure torque to an object, say a square box on the ground. And I also require that the torque is generated on the corner of the square, not the center of mass. Is there any way for me ...
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1answer
40 views

Have I calculated the Newtonmeter ($Nm$) of torque for my corded drill correctly? [closed]

The corded drill is rated at: 450watts at 3000rpm the calculation I have used is: $$\frac{450}{3000} \times 2 \times \frac{3.14}{60}=0.0157 $$ I feel I have made a basic error somewhere (as the ...
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1answer
80 views

Why are non-horizontal levers not considered to be in equilibrium?

Consider a triple-beam balance, like so: An unknown mass is placed on the left pan, and the provided weights are moved on the right until the lever arm comes to rest at an exactly horizontal ...
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1answer
35 views

Torque required to rotate panel on one axis

I am working on a project that requires solar panel to rotate around its axis, but I am struck with deciding the specs of the Servo Motor that is capable of doing this. Though, the panel hangs on its ...
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1answer
46 views

Thrust to Weight ratio in Space with an off set CoM

With regards to this thread, Thrust center in space My question is, if the thrust to weight ratio was increased so that it was much higher than the weighted mass of the sphere (ship), would the ...
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36 views

Rolling resistance

Today, my physics teacher asked the following question (and gave it as homework): How can a moving body deaccelerate both in means of center of mass and rotationally? I quickly answered that ...
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63 views

Angular velocity in fluids (Air resistance)

Few days ago I started making physics engine on directx. As it obvious I have encountered one problem. I can't find formula of air resistance for angular velocity. I only able to find drag force, but ...
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2answers
395 views

Why do speed skaters use their right hand to accelerate?

I was watching the speed skating event, and was wondering, why do the athletes use their right hand while accelerating? If they want to increase the moment of inertia, then they should move the hand ...
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0answers
61 views

Rolling in 3D using Torque, Angular Momentum/Velocity

I'm stuggling to get a simulation working correctly. Below you can see what I am attempting to do. You can also view it here. Can you spot where I'm going wrong? (Calculated at start) 1) Inertia ...
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1answer
206 views

Line of action force

The task is to reduce the two forces into a single net force and then find the equation of its line of action. I chose to find the net force and momentum with respect to the origin. The magnitude of ...
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1answer
220 views

Proof for torque=force*perpendicular distance to line of action of force [closed]

I want to derive from first principles the proof for magnitude of torque about a point O = perpendicular distance from O to the line of action of the force * magnitude of the force. I want to derive ...
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2answers
62 views

Torque for rotation

The force for revolution of earth is provided by the gravitational force of attraction between earth and the sun. What provides the force(torque) for the rotation of earth?
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3answers
402 views

Why if the torque equals zero measured from one point in space it equals zero measured from any other point?

I've heard it from two teachers and saw a task with a solution based on this assumption: If the net torque is zero when measured from one frame of reference, it is equal to zero in all other ...
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1answer
90 views

Moment around a point in a frame

Note: Both diagrams are 2d(they might look 3d because I drew them manually.) I have a prismatic frame that looks like this: I made a section on the half of the first pillar(the red line represents the ...
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2answers
97 views

Why can't I calculate center of mass via torque? Results off by a few percent

Why do I keep getting a slightly different result from the following two ways of determining the center of mass of a rigid, geometrically simple object? The object is a rectangular 5(x) by 7(y) ...
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2answers
275 views

Deriving torque equation from Newton's 2nd Law

I'm trying to understand the derivation of the torque equation $\vec{r} \times \vec{F} = I \alpha$. My textbook derives this easily enough from Newton's 2nd Law for a single point with mass $m$ and ...
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2answers
74 views

Mathematically determining the direction of torque?

I need to mathematically derive the direction of torque in a 2D plane(clockwise/anticlockwise), for a physics engine. I have torque calculated, but it is always positive, so rotation always is in the ...