Topological order is a new kind of order in quantum matter, which corresponds to pattern of long-range quantum entanglement. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topological_order

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Quasi 1D insulators with strong spin-orbital interaction

We know that the spin-1 chain realizes the Haldane phase which is an example of symmetry protected topological (SPT) phases (ie short-range entangled phases with symmetry). The Haldane phase is ...
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Why does the topological entropy scale with $\log(L)$ in 1D?

Why, in one dimension, does the topological entropy scale with the size of system as $S \sim \ln L$, while in a 2D system it scales with $S \sim L$? Why does dimensionality play such an important role ...
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effective field theory of the projective semion model

The "projective semion" model was considered in http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.6491 (page 2). It is a symmetry enriched topological (SET) phase. There is one non-trivial anyon, a semion $s$ which induces a ...
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Numerical Tools to find Braiding Statistics of Quasiparticles

While certain classes of systems that exhibit topological order can be solved exactly (such as the Toric Code, Abelian FQH Edges, etc.) there also exist systems (think of perturbed versions of the ...
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Topological invariant for interacting systems using single particle green functions?

Why Single particle green's function is (preferred) used to find topological for interacting systems? $N_1 =\frac{\epsilon_{ijk}}{24 \Pi ^2} \int dw d^3k G \partial_i ...
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Exact diagonalization to resolve ground state degeneracies

I am studying a perturbed Toric Code model that is not analytically solvable. On a torus the ground state degeneracy of the unperturbed model is 4. Once we turn on the perturbation there is a change ...
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75 views

Unpaired Majoranas in the Kitaev chain

How can we see unpaired Majoranas for a Kitaev chain in topological non-trivial phase? By looking at the equation below (obtained by making ...
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350 views

Is the “particle number” of “electrons” well defined in Wen's string-net theory of elementary particles?

According to professor Wen's string-net theory, electrons can be viewed as the elementary excitations of string-net objects. Just like the phonons and magnons are the elementary excitations of ...
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208 views

Topological entanglement entropy only defined for a system in the ground state?

What happens to the topological entanglement entropy of a system, when it is driven out of its groundstate by increasing the temperature?
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123 views

Third-order topological quantum phase transition in p+ip superfluid

A two-dimensional spinless non-relativistic p+ip superfluid undergoes a quantum phase transition between the BCS (weakly-coupled) and BEC (strongly-coupled) regimes. This transition is driven by ...
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Axiom approach for majorana fermions

This is the usual way of introducing majorana operators. First we have $N$ fermionic modes. The corresponding operators satisfy the commutation relations $$ \{c_i, c_j \}= \{c_i^\dagger, c_j^\dagger ...
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What is a modular tensor category / functor?

I have reads several answers here about this notion, especially regarding topological order, see e.g. this answer, but this notion sounds completely new for me. Also, I found nothing really helpful on ...
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Topolgical insulators order parameter

For topological insulators Is there any way to define order parameter for topological phase transitions?
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Jordan Wigner Transformation in 1d Majorana chain

So, I was reading the paper by Fidkowski and Kitaev on 1d fermionic phase http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.4138. It explains the classification of 1d fermionic SPT phases with $\mathbb{Z}_2^T$ symmetry for ...
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The topological degeneracy and quasiparticles

I know this conclusion in topological order for a while: "the topological degeneracy on torus is equal to the number of quasiparticles types." But can anyone give a physical argument that supports ...
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Topological order and entanglement in quantum quench problem

I would like to ask about useful reviews, must-read papers on the study of topological order and entanglement in quantum quench problems that give a good introduction to the topic.
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Choice of framing in Gravitational Chern-Simons

I was trying to understand formula(2.21) in Witten's paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial"(link: https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.cmp/1104178138) (Page 360). There, it was mentioned, the ...
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60 views

Weaker Formulations of Bulk-boundary Correspondence for Interacting Systems

From this post, it seems that bulk-boundary correspondence does not hold in general for interacting systems. What is meant by bulk-boundary correspondence there appears to be the existence of robust ...
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77 views

What is the definition of topological when talking about topological phases of matter?

What is the definition of topological when talking about topological phases of matter? Why do people think that the fractional quantum hall effect is topological? I think it means that the ground ...
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Explicit degeneracy in SPT phases

In the wikipedia article on symmetry protected topological phases the author states: If the boundary is a gapped degenerate state, the degeneracy may be caused by spontaneous symmetry breaking ...
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110 views

Construction of a spin chain Hamiltonian invariant under a finite subgroup of SO(3)

I would like to construct a 2-local Hamiltonian that acts on a 1D spin chain where each spin transforms as the 3D irrep of $A_4$ which is a subgroup of $SO(3)$. I know that an $SO(3)$ invariant ...
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139 views

Questions on the elementary excitations in the resonating-valence-bond(RVB) states?

It is known that the RVB states can support spin-charge separations and its elementary excitations are spinons and holons. But it seems that there are some different possibilities for the nature of ...
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$Z_2$ invariant and Wannier states switching partner

I have been reading about $Z_2$ topological invariant recently. However, after some literature survey, I still cannot understand $Z_2$ invariant in language of time reversal polarization. Basically, ...
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Topological theta term as a topological quantum field theory?

It is well known that the theta term $\int d^4x\frac{\theta}{4\pi}Tr[F\wedge F]=\int d^4x\frac{\theta}{4\pi}\epsilon_{\mu\nu\sigma\lambda}Tr[F^{\mu\nu}F^{\sigma\lambda}]$ is a topological term, ...
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What is the different between topological order and Landau's order in a system

I have thought about topological order for a long time, but I am still confused it. Roughly speaking in my understanding, the topological state is the eigen-state of some special symmetry such time ...
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64 views

Effective Theory of FQH Edge State

When I was learning Xiao-Gang Wen's paper about the edge theory of Fractional Quantum Hall(FQH) state, I had one question. The paper's link is as below:\ http://dao.mit.edu/~wen/pub/edgere.pdf As ...
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Momentum conservation in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect

Generically an Abelian Fractional Quantum Hall Systems is described by chiral scalar fields $\hat{\Phi}^{\ }_{i}(t,x)$ with $i=1,\ldots,N$ and a Hamiltonian of the form $ \hat{H}^{\ }_{0}:= ...
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What is the first excited state of the honeycomb Kitaev model in its gapped phase?

As we know, there are both gapless and gapped phases of the Kitaev model, and let's fix the couplings $J_x,J_y,J_z$ such that the model being in the gapped phase. My question is, what is the first ...
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Equivalent Chern Simons Theories

This is a follow-up question to FQH Edge Theory as decoupled chiral bosons . The document that I will be refering to is http://dao.mit.edu/~wen/pub/toprev.pdf . On page 14 in Eq.(2.33) the author ...
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153 views

Central charges c and topological ground state degeneracy GSD

A 2+1D topological field theory (topologically ordered states), implies that the topological ground state degeneracy (GSD) on $T^2$ torus (2D manifold without boundary). For example a level k U(1) ...
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70 views

Conventions for Klein factors in bosonization of Quantum Hall edge states

I am not having much experience in the field of bosonization, hence the following question: In some papers (such as http://arxiv.org/pdf/cond-mat/9501007.pdf Eq. (6) ) a Quantum Hall edge is ...
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Can a conformal field theory with chiral central charge be gapped out?

Consider a 2-dimensional conformal field theory with nonzero chiral central charge (that is, the central charges of the holomorphic and antiholomorphic sectors are different.) I think that ...
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How $Z_{2}$ topological order is introduced to distinguish states?

In the $Z_{2}$ topological order and the quantum spin hall effect:Here is what the authors said" the states withe zero and on flux quantum threading the cylinder...However, the two states are ...
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Topological disorder in condensed matter?

What is meant by topological disorder in condensed matter (both crystalline and amorphous)? For example, please see the following two papers from arxiv.org http://arxiv.org/pdf/0906.3848.pdf ...