Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

1
vote
1answer
61 views

What is the physical significance of taking derivative with respect to proper time?

I would like to know if there is any physical significance associated with the derivative of a quantity with respect to proper time or is it just a mathematical trick. Since proper time is measured in ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Fixing time in Feynman phase space path integral

The phase space version of Feynman's path integral expression for the free particle propagator involves a (formal) sum over paths in phase space with fixed $q$ endpoints and (as far as I'm aware) ...
7
votes
0answers
379 views

Why is my approach to the equation of time off by a constant?

I'm trying to better understand the causes for the equation of time by deriving an approximation from first principles. My naive approach, $EOT_{NAIVE}$, is to take the difference between the right ...
6
votes
0answers
174 views

Time diffeomorphisms breaking in inflation

I am currently working on the topic of inflation. It seems that at the stage of inflation, the universe can be described as a de Sitter space. In such a space, all spacetime diffeomorphisms are ...
5
votes
0answers
123 views

SciFi Stasis Field and the Quantum Zeno Effect

The Quantum Zeno Effect concerns the use of repeated measurement of a particle to prevent the time evolution of the wave function, and hence "freeze" it in the observed state. A Stasis Field is a ...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

What ticks in an optical clock?

After reading several articles about current state of the art clocks, I'm still wondering one thing: What ticks? As I understand it, in cesium clocks time is measured in cycles of a microwave ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

What is the shortest controllable time?

I was reading http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planck_time and noticed a reference to: http://phys.org/news192909576.html where it is stated that: 12 attoseconds is the world record for shortest ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Should we consider space and time as separate entity?

In general relativity, we think of space and time in spacetime framework. As some people say, metric tensor sign difference, along with our inability to go backward in time suggests that space and ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

In KK theory, is proper time defined using the 5 dimensional or the 4 dimensional line element?

Let's consider five dimensional KK theory. This is Klein's metric $\hat{g}_{AB}= \begin{pmatrix} g_{00}+A_{0}A_{0}&g_{01}+A_{0}A_{1}&g_{02}+A_{0}A_{2}&g_{03}+A_{0}A_{3}&A_ 0\\ ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Expectation value for the time of a photon reflection

A photon is reflected by matter (by an electron in empty space). How long does the reflection take? (i.e. is there any infinitesimal time elapsing during the reflection process?), or more precisely, ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

How to prove that a time-oriented spacetime possesses a nowhere vanishing timelike vector field?

Penrose gave a very brief proof to this question. Since the spacetime is paracompact, there exists a positive definite metric called $h_{ab}$. Then, the nowhere vanishing time-like vector field $V^a$ ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

What's the connection between being homogeneous in energy and having a proper time scale?

Towards the end of page 8 of this scientific paper, I have found the following sentence: ...given the fact that the system is homogeneous in energy, or equivalently, that it has no proper time ...
2
votes
0answers
150 views

Can we derive the relation between proper time and the spacetime interval?

In GR, it's usually taken for granted - or as a definition - that the time measured by an observer's clock is related to the geometry in a very simple way, $d\tau^2 = |ds^2|$. This is easy enough to ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

Is time ordering defined for a single operator depending of two time variables?

The time ordering for the purpose of quantum mechanics is e.g. given by $${\mathcal T} \left[A(x) B(y)\right] := \begin{matrix} A(x) B(y) & \textrm{ if } & x_0 > y_0 \\ \pm B(y)A(x) & ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

How to make timelike entanglement in the laboratory?

http://io9.com/5744143/particles-can-be-quantum-entangled-through-time-as-well-as-space http://arxiv.org/abs/1101.2565 How to make timelike entanglement in the laboratory? How to test whether mixed ...
2
votes
0answers
570 views

Is large-scale “time reversal” (Poincaré recurrence) possible given infinite time?

The following are some assumptions I'm basing my question on, from what (little) I understand of physics. I list them so an expert can (kindly) tell me where I'm going wrong. There is a probability ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Could time consistently flow in reverse?

Could time consistently flow in reverse? Here is an article about the subject of quantum asymmetry of time and space. Thoughts?
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Gravitational Time Dilation

In my calculus class (high school), I'm writing an exploration paper on time dilation, specifically gravitational time dilation. One of the scenarios I'm thinking of looking at is the time dilation an ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Non-time orientable quotient of de Sitter space

Examples of non-time orientable spacetimes are pretty scarce, but it seems the big one is quotients of de Sitter space of the form $dS^n/\pi_1$, where $\pi_1$ is some subgroup of the isometries of de ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Is there a model of the universe with the transfinite (space)time?

In mathematics there is a concept of ordinal numbers where one can count to infinity and beyond. For example the least number that is greater than all the finite numbers is denoted by $\omega$. Such ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Smallest possible spinning clock?

The earth's rotation acts as a clock and defines a rather precise unit of time called the day. We could go out in outer space and spin a marble and get a reasonable clock. On the other hand, it is my ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Smallest measurable time increment

What is the smallest increment of time which can be measured using modern methods, and is not theoretical?
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Looking for more information about these two hypotheses

Big Lurch - This was one I read about in a special issue of Scientific American from 2014. It was explained as The Big Lurch is a theoretical scientific model suggested as one of the ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Which physical entities equal “distance times time”?

Are there useful physical quantities with dimensions of distance-time? The background for this question is a differential equation which I try to make sense of: ...
1
vote
0answers
273 views

Calculating relaxation time

When exploring the viscoelastic properties of glassy polymer like PMMA, there are usually two relaxation mechanism: alpha and beta. Usually beta relaxation time varies with temperature following ...
1
vote
0answers
111 views

In an Evolving Block Universe, does the growth rate of the universe give the value of C

In an Evolving Block Universe (http://arxiv.org/abs/0912.0808, http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.7243) the future does not exist. The present moment is the bounding edge of the universe in the time dimension. ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Synchronizing time between two points

Suppose we have two points on earth, A and B, both with clock. Suppose we can send some information between points, with a random delay: $$ min < delay < max $$ ($min$ theoretically exists ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Time-Independent Gravitational Equation?

Is it possible to calculate gravitational induced position change without requiring the use of time (and therefore, acceleration) anywhere in the equation? If such an equation were to be discovered, ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Wave Particle duality because of discrete time?

If time is discrete, such as the Planck's length, would the transition from one frame of time to the next explain why it appears matter changes from a particle to a wave? During that infinitely small ...
1
vote
0answers
246 views

Time ordering and Fermions

Having time ordering operator for fermions, should it reverse sign if it swaps operators with opposite spin variable? In other words should $T[c_{t_1,\uparrow}c_{t_2,\downarrow}^\dagger]$ return ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Are there any specific examples of the application of Lewis-Riesenfeld procedure to time dependent Hamiltonians in QM?

Lewis-Riesenfeld invariant theory is a theory applicable to solve time-dependent Schrodinger equations. I have always encountered the theory related to the procedure, however never encountered any ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Gravity's effects on time

So, in the movie Interstellar they say that one year by the black hole is about 35 years back on Earth (excuse any lack of accuracy in the numbers, I haven't seen the movie in over a year). Now, the ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Calculating travel time based on distance, velocities, acceleration, and jerk

Not much physics background so please bare with me. Say we have an object traveling on a straight line going from x to y. We know the starting velocity at x, the velocity when y is reached, the max ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Data: decoherence time

Searching for experimental data on decoherence time. For example, this type of data can look like (but is not limited to): atomic species (eg. Carbon) vs. decoherence time. Physics stackexchange ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Time taken to cover a point object in a circular region

I'm assuming a finite width rotating beam with increasing width as it gets closer to the circular edge. I'm trying to find the time it takes the beam to cross a point object at some distance from the ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What would you experience if the universe ceased existing whilst you were under extreme time dilation?

Hypothetical situation, if you were in the center of a supermassive black hole (and managed to not be immediately obliterated), time dilation would be so that billions of years may pass outside the ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Age difference between hands and feet due to relativity?

According to relativity time passes faster the faster something moves, and gravity slows time. My head is moving faster than my feet (assuming I'm not at one of the poles). My head is further away ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

How person in different gravity field be seen?

We know that gravity affects time. More the gravity, slower the time, and vice-versa. Now consider a hypothetical condition where two people are walking next to each other. One person is subjected ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Can we choose any dense subset of $\mathbb{R}$ to represent time?

Is there any particular reason for choosing time to be real? Is choosing time to be represented by say rationals going to give problems? Can someone give a physical reason that requires it to be ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

How long does it take for disturbed water to stop making sound?

Suppose I have a bowl with water or another liquid. The water from the bowl is perfectly quiet. Then I throw a stone in the water and I wait. How can I calculate the time after which the water is ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

How power spectral density in time domain can be understood?

I got some data which basically gives me the variation on the time of a PSD measured across specific frequency bands ranges, for instance [10Hz-30Hz]. However I have not found any good explanation ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

If time somehow went backwards would this violate one of the laws of thermodynamics?

If time somehow went backwards and all the physical events that had occurred in a sequence , would some of the events occurring 'backwards' or in the reverse order violate the principle of entropy or ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

With the new time cloak technology could it be possible to stop time for everything except one person

So I was just reading up on some new research on national geographic from the Cornell University scientists and it seems that they've managed to bend waves of light around something to hide it from ...
0
votes
0answers
129 views

Calculating time of being in a lift only by weight & travel distance

If someone is in a lift and normally weighs 90kg, when the lift starts accelerating the person weighs 100kg. After the lift has maintained a constant speed for a while it starts slowing down. While ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

How long did it take for the universe to become 1 one light year?

Given the density, pressure and other cosmological parameters. At this point we're not even thinking of time... But would this have occurred during or post Inflation? Could this be the Expansion ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Review and mentions about time discretization

I would like to get basic knowledge in this topic of time discretization, at least basics. Because of I'm new in this field I don't know what is better way to start. Could anybody suggest any reviews ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

A Global Measure on a Gravitational System

I am a computer science engineer and I am trying to simulate the gravity on my computer; several objects with different masses randomly distributed in a Three-dimensional space. I would like to ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Does the direction of perceived time depend on location in the universe?

Do the laws of physics allow for the possibility that in a galaxy far far away, the perceived arrow of time is in the opposite direction to ours, where people (aliens) die before they are born, and ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

How much time a ball stays at rest when throw up?

You throw a ball straight up in the air. The ball attains its maximum height when it is momentarily at rest,(v=0). How mutch time is this moment? If we take time has continuous it is an infinitesimal ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

Deterministic universe vs Law of Conservation of information

Simply put Can Law of Conservation of information hold along side presence of truly random events in the universe? Say for example if event of a particle decay is a really truly random process which ...