Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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If a second is defined as a duration of 9192631770 periods of radiation - what is time?

Given the wiki definition of 1 second as: "the duration of 9192631770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium 133 ...
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4answers
2k views

Lagrangian to Hamiltonian in Quantum Field Theory

While deriving Hamiltonian from Lagrangian density, we use the formula $$\mathcal{H} ~=~ \pi \dot{\phi} - \mathcal{L}.$$ But since we are considering space and time as parameters, why the formula ...
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3answers
19 views

How can we be sure that a new frequency standard is better than the old one?

Lets assume for this question that at one point in scientific history everyone was running along well with their cesium frequency standards, and someone has a brilliant idea and builds an active ...
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1answer
27 views

Time dilation: reference frame

So I'm calculating how long it will take for half of some muons to decay for in a stationary observers frame of reference. They have a half life of 2.2 * 10^-6 and are moving at a speed of .98c ...
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0answers
30 views

My own thoughts about singularities and spacetime [on hold]

I believe the assumptions about black holes are mostly wrong due to the idea that time dilates relative to an outside observer as you get closer to the singularity at the center of the black hole. ...
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2answers
356 views

Is time the property of an object?

I don't know if the title makes much sense, but hopefully it will become clear with the text. Temperature is not a property of a point in the three dimensions, but actually of the object occupying ...
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1answer
44 views

Understand the relation of time and the space dimensions of spacetime?

I assume the relation of the three spacial dimensions and the time dimension is handled purely in the mathematical domain, usually. But is there any intuitive description of this relationship, how ...
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0answers
124 views

Definition of the “present” in physics (not “instant”) [on hold]

Instead of wondering about what time is, I'll just assume for the moment that it is a parameter describing the evolution of the universe. Observe then that there is a distinguished/preferred time, ...
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2answers
439 views

Why does time exist? [on hold]

So I have been thinking about some subjects and one of it involves time. And I tried writing a story/question on here to summarize the bigger picture but it's not going to happen it's too complicated ...
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5answers
258 views

Does coordinate time have physical meaning?

I have always been a little confused by the meaning of the "$t$" which appears in spacetime intervals or metrics in general relativity. I concluded that $t$ was just a mathematical thing which allow ...
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9answers
1k views

Did relativity make Newtonian mechanics obsolete?

Did Einstein completely prove Newton wrong? If so, why we apply Newtonian mechanics even today? Because Newton said that time is absolute and Einstein suggested it relative? So, if fundamentals are ...
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1answer
49 views

How much is time slowed down inside a planet or star?

An answer to What would be the rate of acceleration from gravity in a hollow sphere? states "that according to General Relativity time passes more slowly inside a hollow massive sphere than it does ...
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1answer
52 views

Has the effect of magnetic fields on time ever been examined experimentally?

Relativity of time can be examined with satellites as gravitational or acceleration. Is there any similar experiment with intense magnetic fields?
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3answers
86 views

Does Time change over temperature? [duplicate]

I am not a physicist, I am just an engineer. But I dared to ask whether the temperature changes the perception of time. Let's consider a particle that "stops" at absolute zero. I was thinking as a ...
1
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1answer
154 views

Wormholes and the illusion of time?

I was watching a video on Youtube by Brian Greene, "the illusion of time."http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-u1aaltiq4 In that video, he introduces to me the idea of a "brane," or a slice of the ...
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1answer
130 views

Can two distinct events occur at precisely the same moment in time?

I am writing a simulation and am having difficulty resolving the order in which two distinct forces occur. The simulation will give different results if the forces are applied to the state in ...
2
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1answer
260 views

How come the concept of an instant of time is such a controversial topic with relativity, but with entanglement it's completely acceptable?

When talking about relativity most people say that a universal instant of time doesn't exist, but when talking about entanglement most will say that the particles are both measured instantaneously. ...
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1answer
77 views

Does time freeze at Absolute Zero? [closed]

Time has many definitions per se, but the basic idea being it's "the measurement of change" so as we know, all matter looses it's ability of changing with the loss of kinetic energy. and the where it ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Observing from a black hole proximity

Suppose that you could get close enough to a black hole that time slowed down significantly for you, and you looked at a giant clock back on earth through a telescope. Would you see the earth clock go ...
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1answer
130 views

How GR, QFT, or string theory address the one-directional feature of time?

It seems to me today's theoretical relativistic physics treat time and space on equal footing, with manifold diffeomorphism structure decoded in metric. However an obvious difference is that time is ...
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1answer
86 views

Understanding gravitational time dilation / Schwarzschild metric

I've had a look at the answers to these sorts of questions already, but feel like I'm still missing something. Starting with this question, and this one and even this one here. I'm looking at this ...
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2answers
63 views

Can photons decay without interaction?

Can photons decay like other particles without interacting with other particles or fields, i.e. by just "being"? In case the answer is "no" - does this have anything to do with them travelling at c, ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Is there a “framerate” for the universe? [duplicate]

I've been wondering this for quite some time. I just can't wrap my head around the idea of truly continuous time. If time is truly infinitely divisible, then how can any object in the universe move? ...
3
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3answers
98 views

Force and Acceleration, is there a delay?

Suppose we have a mass $m$. We can talk about two of its parameters : The net force applied on it $f(t)$ and its net acceleration $a(t)$. I want to know whether there is any delay between $f(t)$ and ...
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5answers
148 views

How can we justify dropping the absolute time hypothesis?

In some approaches to Special Relativity the theory is motivated talking about the Michelson-Morley experiment and how this relates to the postulate that the speed of light is the same in every ...
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1answer
31 views

Symmetric Time Dilation in Uniform Relative Motion

I feel (and hope) this is an easily answerable question among physicists versed in GR. I promise that I searched for other answers on the forum. Here goes: Observer 1 starts at X distance from ...
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0answers
25 views

The speed of light sets a lower limit to the rate at which a reference frame can pass through time. Is there anything that sets an upper limit? [duplicate]

Is there any "slowest" velocity that sets a cap on how fast a reference frame passes through time, or can you pass through time infinitely fast given a "slow" enough velocity?
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4answers
100 views

What's the differences between time in Physics and time in everyday use?

OK. This question might sound as not a good question, but the word 'time' is so confusing to me. I mean thermodynamics says time is the product of entropy. Relativity says time is relative. Quantum ...
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3answers
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Is there a constant/baseline for how fast time passes?

Say we have an object completely unaffected by the effects of gravity/velocity. Is there a way to measure the passing of time for this object? Since time moves slightly slower for us on or near ...
3
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5answers
259 views

Two clocks along different worldlines

I have been reading and watching videos about this subject for a while now. I just can not seem to grasp the idea. Let's say we have two clocks. I leave one at home and keep one in my pocket. Then, ...
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2answers
89 views

Speed of light and perception

So I'm reading a book called "The Elegant Universe" and here is a part of it Imagine two countries that have been at war are sitting down to sign a treaty ending hostilities while traveling aboard a ...
2
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2answers
613 views

Time Reversal in a Black Hole

I had a lively discussion with a person about black holes recently, and was making the point about gravitational acceleration in GR being paralleled by speed in SR. One thing that I know people talk ...
4
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2answers
132 views

Physics without time

The structure of physical law as we generally recognize it today is firmly held together by the existence of time. Although physical laws can both predict and retrodict (reversible time does not break ...
86
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4answers
11k views

Why do electrons, according to my textbook, exist forever?

Does that mean that electrons are infinitely stable? The neutrinos of the three leptons are also listed as having a mean lifespan of infinity.
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2answers
84 views

Is time dilation based on the formula for period of a pendulum?

The theory Albert Einstein put forward about special relativity mentions a possibility for time dilation, in which he states gravity has a considerable effect on time. And in high school physics we ...
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5answers
355 views

What is the exact mechanism by which time dilates?

What is the exact mechanism by which time dilates for a fast moving object? Can the time dilation be explained by any theory other than relativity?
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1answer
115 views

Age of the universe [closed]

Does the fact that the edge of our observable Universe contains information from the beginning of the Universe give us an ability to determine its age? The edge of our observable universe surely has ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Does time really differs drastically?

As I heard/read time moves slower and slower for me as I speed up, but does it change drastically? Our current formulas say, If I go at a speed very close to light's, time almost stops. I've seen ...
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3answers
78 views

Time period related to acceleration due to gravity

The period of a pendulum is given by $$ T = 2\pi \sqrt{\frac{L}{g}}. $$ If we take a pendulum where there is no gravitational field, then $g=0$, therefore the period should become infinity. In such a ...
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2answers
356 views

Is the second defined arbitrarily? [duplicate]

According to the definition a second is defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of ...
1
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1answer
717 views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
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0answers
33 views

Is Twin Paradox solved in Special Relativity or General Relativity? [duplicate]

I'm getting pretty frustrated about finding the true solution to the Twin Paradox. If I open 10 relativity books, they all tell that they have the correct solution and the other books are wrong. So I ...
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2answers
152 views

Does the universe have a different age to different observers?

Although I understand that the universe is approximately 12 billion light years wide, and that may mean that it took the light photons 12 billion years at 186,000 miles per second to reach the ...
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1answer
72 views

Could time be considered a force

I think I understand the basic concept of spacetime, at least some of it. And when people talk about spacetime they don't call gravity a force, but rather the result of mass interacting with it. And ...
0
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2answers
54 views

Movement of accelerating points with maximum speed (i.e. running away from tiger) [closed]

I'm walking through a forest and suddenly I see a tiger. And now I have a problem. I want to know how much time I have left but I don't know how to calculate it. Or more formally: Let's ...
9
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3answers
719 views

How do we know that the cesium-beam frequency used in atomic clocks is always the same?

Atomic clocks use cesium-beam frequency to determine the length of a second. This has shown that the period of orbit of the earth is decreasing. But what experiment showed that cesium-beam's period ...
0
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2answers
130 views

Naked Time ( Is there such a thing ?) [closed]

I have lately been concerned with time and whether or not it is an illusion. For argument's sake let's assume it is. Then time should stand on its own. Can anyone describe, (or point me to a paper ...
0
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1answer
135 views

Is time an illusion? [closed]

IS time an illusion? I have tried thought experiment after TE and quite frankly I can't find any instance where time is defined wholly on its own. It is always a measurement of the interim between to ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Calculating Time to reach a given velocity knowing force of thrust [closed]

so I am working on a physics problem for a class I am taking. The problem is as follows: -A rocket, weighing $4.36\times10^4 N$ has an engine that provides an upward force of $8.90*10^5 N$. It reaches ...
3
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2answers
339 views

Why time is considered a dimension?

Why is time considered to be a dimension? And the other 7 (except the 3 dimensions of space, and the dimension of time) dimensions that string theory suggests, why can't they be realized?