Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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2answers
66 views

Can time be interacted with? [duplicate]

Astronauts come back to Earth younger than they would have been had they stayed on Earth for that same period of time. They are traveling so fast relative to the Earth that time slows down for them. ...
2
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0answers
30 views

Proper time integration [on hold]

Say if a clock is lowered very slowly at a speed $v << c$ towards the surface of a spherical mass $M$ of radius $R$ from an initial position $z = R_0$ and returned very slowly at the same speed ...
4
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2answers
275 views

What does it mean to “convert energy into time”?

In a recent article about creating electron-positron pairs by colliding photons in a laboratory, Andrei Seryi, director of the John Adams Institute at Oxford University, was quoted to said: It's ...
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1answer
34 views

Time energy uncertainty principle [duplicate]

$ \sigma _{H}\sigma _{Q}\geqslant \frac{h}{4\pi }\frac{d\left \langle Q \right \rangle}{dt}$ $\Delta E = \sigma _{H}$ $\Delta t = \frac{\sigma _{Q}}{d\left \langle Q \right \rangle / dt}$ $\Delta E ...
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4answers
144 views

A question about motion and time dilation

I was thinking that if you are in empty space with another person (with no other objects around), and from a distance you see that the other person is approaching you a constant speed, you wouldn't ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Time evolution in QFT

Standard quantum mechanics postulates that, for an isolated system, time evolution is ruled by unitary operators, then one can prove Schrodinger equation (SE), which is not Lorentz invariant. If we ...
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1answer
80 views

Why does time dilation cause you to age slower? And is time considered relative to the observer?

I understand that the higher your velocity the slower light will move. But how does time itself slow down while you are moving faster?
8
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5answers
375 views

Does time exist in a vacuum?

Imagine a perfect vacuum devoid of all matter and radiation. Irrespective of whether such a space can even exist, my intuition tells me that time would not exist within such a space. What this thought ...
3
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1answer
41 views

Why is cesium used to measure time in atomic clocks?

Seconds are measured by the frequency emission of cesium. Why is a frequency from the emission spectrum of cesium used as the standard in defining a second? Why particularly cesium?
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3answers
812 views

Symmetrical twin paradox

Take the following gedankenexperiment in which two astronauts meet each other again and again in a perfectly symmetrical setting - a hyperspherical (3-manifold) universe in which the 3 dimensions are ...
2
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1answer
432 views

Approximation to the number of seconds in a year?

Is there any mathematical formula which shows that there are approximately $\pi \times 10^7$ seconds in one year. I understand that the pi is probably due to the earth's circular orbit, but am not ...
0
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1answer
47 views

What is the longitudinal difference between the sub­solar point and the magnetic poles at time $t$ (hours)?

I'm trying to convert geomagnetic coordinate to geographic, but there are some steps in the paper which I'm reading, that I don't understand. I have the geomagnetic latitude centered around the ...
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2answers
67 views

can one measure energy to a finite accuracy?

Can one measure energy to a finite accuracy in bounded amount of time? I don't know much about QM, but someone told me that the energy-time uncertainty principle says that it would take infinite ...
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8answers
6k views

How does velocity cause time dilation?

I've been trying to learn about the speed of light and time dilation, but I'm at an impasse. The presented facts say that if I travel around the solar system at 50% the speed of light and then come ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Finding the velocity of a ball thrown upwards [closed]

A ball is thrown upwards with a speed of 16.1 m/s. What is the ball's velocity 1.6 seconds after it is released? I tried to solve this using the equation: $v = u+at$, substituting u for 16.1, a for ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Magnetism, spin and time reversal

I am somewhat confused about this topic. It is usually explained how magnetic fields avoid break*ing* time reversal symmetry by the example of a field produced by a circulating charge current - run ...
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0answers
24 views

Calculating relaxation time

When exploring the viscoelastic properties of glassy polymer like PMMA, there are usually two relaxation mechanism: alpha and beta. Usually beta relaxation time varies with temperature following ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Time and particles [closed]

What it is in basic particles that make them propagate themselves through time or, basically, what brings that property known as Duration in a particle (wave)? I sense that this is somehow is based ...
1
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4answers
3k views

The bigger the mass, the more time slows down. Why is this?

If I were to stand by a pyramid, which weighs about 20 million tons, I would slow down by a trillion million million million of second. Don't know if that's exactly right, but you get the point. Also, ...
23
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6answers
6k views

Should I abandon my thought experiment about time?

I'm trying to think about special relativity without "spoiling" it by looking up the answer; I hope someone can offer some insight - or at least tell me I'm wrong. Suppose I have an ordinary clock ...
0
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2answers
54 views

Deriving Time from Acceleration, Displacement, and Initial Velocity

I know the equation for displacement as a function of time is $$\vec{s} = \vec{v_i} \Delta{t}+\frac{1}{2}\vec{a}\,(\Delta t)^2$$ I need to solve for $\Delta t$ I'm having problems rearranging to do ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

Does time dilation correct for the Doppler effect?

Knowing that a body in motion experiences time dilation, "also" knowing when two objects travel at a great speed away from one an other, both observers experience the others clock as moving slower ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How can one always be standing still when compared to the speed of light?

I was thinking if I built a device with 7 clocks, synchronized to each other, one in the middle, one up, down, left, right, behind and in front of me, say 1 meter away, and I fired a laser from the ...
1
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2answers
66 views

Definite energy states for a single non-relativistic particle with a time dependent potential

Do definite energy states exist for a single particle when its potential itself changes with time? I tried solving it and the equations seem to show that they do not exist. But then i am confused as ...
5
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3answers
1k views

How is a second measured? And why is it measured that way?

The earth's rotation around the sun isn't exactly 24 hours. It off by some seconds which becomes somewhere around 6 hours per year and 1 day in 4 years(leap year), which brings the question why didn't ...
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2answers
43 views

Time, distance perception [duplicate]

If photons going c have no local time or distance 'perception' why isn't the same true for us as we're going c relative to them?
2
votes
3answers
118 views

Expansion of the Universe regarding Time and lightspeed

According to our current understanding, the universe is expanding... it is often said that every galaxy is moving away from us (I'm assuming that isn't true for galaxies in our local group), and it's ...
2
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5answers
2k views

Why are objects at rest in motion through spacetime at the speed of light?

I read that an object at rest has such a stupendous amount of energy, $E=mc^2$ because it's effectively in motion through space-time at the speed of light and it's traveling through the time dimension ...
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15answers
2k views

What are the mechanics by which Time Dilation and Length Contraction occur?

What are the mechanics of time dilation and length contraction? Going beyond the mathematical equations involving light and the "speed limit of the universe", what is observed is merely a phenomenon ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

Circular motion and time dilation

Einsteins' time paradox was shown when two atomic clocks were synchronized and one was sent in a super sonic plane and the other kept at rest. When the two where then checked it was shown that yes ...
5
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2answers
346 views

Speed of light in general relativity

My question has a few parts concerning the speed of light in general relativity. Firstly, time changes in response to gravity and speed. Therefore, as gravity effects time in an area of space, should ...
0
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2answers
245 views

Mistake in Briefer History of Time by Stephen Hawking [closed]

I was reading A Briefer History of Time by Stephen Hawking and Mlodinow. I found something silly. On page 36 at the bottom, it says the following : If, say, the sun suddenly disappeared, Maxwell's ...
1
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1answer
406 views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
2
votes
5answers
167 views

Two clocks along different worldlines

I have been reading and watching videos about this subject for a while now. I just can not seem to grasp the idea. Let's say we have two clocks. I leave one at home and keep one in my pocket. Then, ...
8
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2answers
450 views

What is the closest general-relativistic equivalent of a “time slice”?

In a newtonian universe, one can talk of a "time slice", that is, the state of the universe at a given point in (global) time. In a "typical" classical universe, a time slice would contain enough ...
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2answers
74 views

Gravity vs. Velocity Time Dilation [closed]

Can some one give me the unified formula for Gravity Time Dilation and Velocity Time Dilation.
2
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1answer
66 views

What was a second in the early universe?

I have read some popsci articles and documentaries about the early universe and they often explain how various features of the universe came about and at what time. For example hydrogen atoms came ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Decoherence without time?

Decoherence is a phenomenon that provides a part of the explanation of why quantum systems and classical systems behave differently. What I understood from decoherence so far is that it requires ...
3
votes
3answers
238 views

Is it time or duration? [closed]

Taking this post: "Is there a proof of existence of time?", as a starting point. Therein was mentioned that there is confusion between: "time" and "flow of time". There was a comment (of mine) that ...
4
votes
4answers
819 views

How can there be really any instantaneous velocity?

I have read about Zeno's arrow paradox that tells us there is no motion of the arrow at a particular instant of its flight. It can be inferred that there can be no velocity at any instant. Moreover we ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

What makes us move in time? [duplicate]

Time is considered to be a dimension, and we are moving at certain rate in one direction in time. What force makes us move in time? I mean it must be ether time moving or us moving in time so there ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Displacement of an object due to opposite and equal forces acting at different times?

This question is about mechanical waves in solids, the speed at which forces propagate through solids, and the displacement that might occur due to unequal starting times of equally sized forces. ...
12
votes
3answers
788 views

Is “now” or “the present moment” properly defined in GR?

My question is about the extent to which "now" is defined in GR. In Minkowski spacetime, it's possible to define a "now" for an inertial observer by finding a spacelike 3-plane such that, in the ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

How do we know that clocks slow down relative to each other? [duplicate]

For example if a body in motion experiences time dilation, why does it see a body at rest slow down relative to it? wouldn't it make more sense if the body at rest has a faster clock relative to it?
6
votes
3answers
272 views

Is quantum tunneling related to imaginary time?

I was studying for my exam and looking at the chapter which talks about Potential-energy graphs. Let's take this as an example: My book states that: "If the object is in $B$ and has a total energy ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

How is UT1 being computed?

I've recently read up about time standards and now understand that UTC is a second-corrected version of international atomic time so that it is kept within 0.9s from UT1. And then UT1 is defined as ...
0
votes
3answers
63 views

CPT theorem and annihilation of matter and antimatter after the big bang

Is the hypothesis that antimatter is moving backwards in time compatible with the hypothesis of annihilation of matter and antimatter after the big bang? It is said that the big bang should have ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Beginner question: timelessness of massless particles [duplicate]

I am not very familiar with the quirkiness of relativity, and I was wondering how to explain this situation. If a beam of light is shining at some object at some distance from the origin of the beam, ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

In an Evolving Block Universe, does the growth rate of the universe give the value of C

In an Evolving Block Universe (http://arxiv.org/abs/0912.0808, http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.7243) the future does not exist. The present moment is the bounding edge of the universe in the time dimension. ...
1
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1answer
126 views

Is “now” the bounding edge of the universe in the time dimension? [duplicate]

The universe is expanding in the 3 spatial dimensions, could it not also be expanding in time dimension. In other words, are we stuck in 3 dimensions because we are riding the "bow wave" of the big ...