Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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If an area remains at temperature 0 Kelvin would the area be frozen in time?

If an area is at 0 kelvin, I am guessing that there is no motion. Without motion in an area, will it not look as if time has stopped?
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5answers
340 views

A question about motion and time dilation

I was thinking that if you are in empty space with another person (with no other objects around), and from a distance you see that the other person is approaching you a constant speed, you wouldn't ...
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4answers
7k views

Why doesn't mass of bob affect time period?

Please correct me if I'm going wrong - By the gravitation formula: $F = \frac{G m_1 m_2}{r^2} $, So if the mass of a bob is greater then the torque on it should increase because the Force increased ...
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3answers
298 views

Is there a point in universe that is observable at present?

We know that we can see distant galaxies only billions years before now. We can observe the nearest stars just several years before the present. Something on the Moon can be observed only some seconds ...
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3answers
6k views

Hours of light per day based on latitude/longitude formula

I'm looking for a formula that will return the number of hours per day given a specific location. I was thinking that can be calculated as a difference of sunrise and sunset, but I see that there are ...
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2answers
89 views

When do natural leap years occur, on years based on the northern winter solstice?

I'm designing a new calendar and I want the first day of the year to be the first day after the longest night of year in the northern hemisphere. Under this plan, "natural" leap years, where the first ...
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1answer
102 views

Time passing near a black hole

Given distance $d$ from a normal black hole with mass $m$, how much seconds will pass at that distance while in infinite distance from the black hole $t$ seconds has passed?
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153 views

How are the higher derivatives (jerk, jounce) of position with respect to time used in physics?

I don't see them much in any physics lesson or course, but that's probably because I'm not into physics as much. I can understand why velocity and acceleration are useful, but why would someone want ...
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96 views

Does Time change over temperature? [duplicate]

I am not a physicist, I am just an engineer. But I dared to ask whether the temperature changes the perception of time. Let's consider a particle that "stops" at absolute zero. I was thinking as a ...
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1answer
126 views

Age of the universe [closed]

Does the fact that the edge of our observable Universe contains information from the beginning of the Universe give us an ability to determine its age? The edge of our observable universe surely has ...
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1answer
117 views

Are we comoving observers of space expansion?

In cosmology: A comoving observer is the only observer that will perceive the universe, including the cosmic microwave background radiation, to be isotropic. (Wikipedia) According to this ...
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2answers
223 views

Is time infinitely divisible? [duplicate]

Simple question (I think). Is time infinitely divisible? I heard that it was, although not from a particularly explanatory source. If so, are we sure that it is, without a shadow of a doubt?
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154 views

Time should run slower near massive body

We have considered that time should run slower near massive body like Earth, BH. There is no gravity in space, means time is faster in space compare to earth. Then How is it possible that man who ...
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73 views

Can time be Quantised? [duplicate]

Can time be quantised? Would it be the smallest distance between two photons moving in the same direction or the shortest wavelength?
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1answer
46 views

Are 2 time intervals the same only for same speeds?

I'm only amateur in modern phsyics having read some about relativity theory and time measurements depending on relative movement. Is it true that 2 clocks measure time the same only if the relative ...
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1answer
171 views

Do quartz watches actually implement the SI definition of the second?

I always wondered how much time means 1 second? Technically, the SI second is defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two ...
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1answer
143 views

What's the meaning of the age of the universe?

I'm not asking about how we worked backward from an expanding universe to the age of the big bang, but rather what is the meaning of time in a near infinitely dense point in the context of general ...
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1answer
154 views

Does the light speed change in media? [duplicate]

Does the light speed change? The Theory of Relativity says that the speed of light in vacuum is the same and unchangeable, while I read that the speed of light in glass is lower than in air, and that ...
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2answers
185 views

Time dilation and relativity

We've just started with relativity and I got a question regarding an exercise we got. A spaceship passes by earth on its way to planet X, at the moment it passes by Anna is born on the spaceship. Can ...
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4answers
568 views

Calculate average speed with unknown variable accelaration

I am in the middle of a vehicle tracking project where I have to calculate the distance traveled by the vehicle in a given amount of time. Data I am getting: ...
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1answer
375 views

Time dilation in a gravitational field and the equivalence principle

A clock near the surface of the earth will run slower than one on the top of the mountain. If the equivalence principal tells us that being at rest in a gravitational field is equivalent to being in ...
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1answer
130 views

How can I model a two dimensional and three dimensional equivalents of one dimensional delta dirac (impulse) function?

I just started to read the book 'A Brief History of Time' by Stephen Hawking. Actually When he was talking of the idea of infinite density 'thing' before big bang suddenly the mathematical function ...
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3answers
163 views

Do you age at different rate at different speed?

This is probably answered many times, but my confusion is the following. In special relativity it is said that there is no preferred coordinate system. Does that mean that for the people at rest ...
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1answer
2k views

Did space and time exist before the Big Bang? [duplicate]

I accept the Big Bang theory. What I can't understand is how there can be a where or when to the Big Bang if space time did not exist prior to it. Did space and time exist prior to the Big Bang?
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32 views

Are “timed” measurements actually revealing error-distributions of the measurement apparati?

A thought experiment: Given some object moving (swinging) from left to right and back with constant velocity, imagine a camera set up to take a picture of the scene at a fixed interval so that we can ...
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367 views

parallel=time, perpendicular=space? on multiple time dimensions

There are some discussions on more than one time dimensions, e.g., Intuition for multiple temporal dimensions and More than one time dimension. If we define that the parallel direction is time, of ...
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1answer
122 views

The status / acceptance of block time?

What is the current status or acceptance of block time as it relates to Einstein's theory of relativity? Has quantum mechanics ruled it out or is it still the favored view of the world? Perhaps there ...
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1answer
252 views

Why does only one twin travel in the twin paradox?

The wikipedia page repeatedly says that the twin travelling in space is the only one which travels, and also is the only one which faces acceleration and deceleration. So it does not age, while the ...
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2answers
223 views

Can time dilation be explained by limitations on computing power?

Are there any ideas of explaining the time dilatation as limits in "computing power"? What I mean is basically that the greater is a concentrated mass, the harder is to "compute" what happens in such ...
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91 views

When are leap seconds added in various time zones?

I understand that technically when a leap second is added, it is added after midnight UTC, but I'm unclear how the addition is handled in other timezones. For precise reckoning of course (e.g. ...
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2answers
3k views

When moving fast Time slows down Vs speeds up

I was watching an old cartoon movie where a scientist makes a gadget, which when bound on the wrist, freezes the movement of the whole world. So, that one may do 100s of things in a single second. ...
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92 views

A clock devoid of motion

My understanding is that every clock mechanism we have depends on motion of something w.r.t the observer. From atomic transitions to clockwork gears. So, does this property/constraint makes every ...
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1answer
389 views

How precisely can we date the recombination?

The early universe was hot and opaque. Once it cooled enough, protons and electrons were able to form hydrogen atoms. This made the universe transparent, and was known as recombination. We can see the ...
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4answers
907 views

How to describe a well defined “zero moment” in time

Suppose you have to specify the moment in time when a given event occurred, a "zero time". The record must be accurate to the minute, and be obtainable even after thousands of years. All the measures ...
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3answers
84 views

Would a giant see our year as a second? [closed]

If there were an enormous being whose arm span is one light year across, how would that being perceive time? Wouldn't what we perceive as a year be virtually nothing to that being? Explanation: ...
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75 views

Can we observe a star collapse into a black hole? [duplicate]

Let's say that I happen by a star that has just burned out and is collasping into a black hole. I seat at infinity to watch it as a Schwarzschild observer. Will I ever see the black hole collapse into ...
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46 views

Standardising shadow length on sundials

The sundial is fundamentally flawed in that the length of each hourly shadow changes with the seasons. If the base of the sundial was engineered to move cyclically on an anual basis however, the ...
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3answers
24 views

How can we be sure that a new frequency standard is better than the old one?

Lets assume for this question that at one point in scientific history everyone was running along well with their cesium frequency standards, and someone has a brilliant idea and builds an active ...
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1answer
65 views

Understand the relation of time and the space dimensions of spacetime?

I assume the relation of the three spacial dimensions and the time dimension is handled purely in the mathematical domain, usually. But is there any intuitive description of this relationship, how ...
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2answers
103 views

Speed of light and perception

So I'm reading a book called "The Elegant Universe" and here is a part of it Imagine two countries that have been at war are sitting down to sign a treaty ending hostilities while traveling aboard a ...
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2answers
111 views

Is time dilation based on the formula for period of a pendulum?

The theory Albert Einstein put forward about special relativity mentions a possibility for time dilation, in which he states gravity has a considerable effect on time. And in high school physics we ...
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1answer
93 views

Could time be considered a force

I think I understand the basic concept of spacetime, at least some of it. And when people talk about spacetime they don't call gravity a force, but rather the result of mass interacting with it. And ...
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1answer
116 views

What is the difference between a parameter, a variable, and an operator in QM?

On the question why time isn't an operator, people will usually say that time is a parameter in QM (Time as a Hermitian operator in QM?) and not a variable. Can someone please distinguish between a ...
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1answer
131 views

Modeling the motion of a bouncing ball

I'm writing a program that displays a line of text, and animates a ball that bounces from syllable to syllable (like a sing-along). The program knows the location of each syllable, and it knows at ...
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2answers
83 views

Does information paradox in the Many Worlds interpretation cause a problem? [closed]

I'm taking a philosophy of time travel class. In one of the lectures, the teacher was discussing problems with the Many Worlds interpretation. He talked about how since anything that can possibly ...
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1answer
101 views

Time dilation: faster or slower?

I was wondering about Time-dilation in Special Relativity. I am still a middle school student who wonders so please excuse me if I missed any important aspects. Let us assume we have a system of ...
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1answer
52 views

Rate of time progression

We know time can dilate, but what about the base "rate" of how "fast" time progresses? Is it even possible to conceptually pinpoint what time would be progressing relative to? Some relevant points ...
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2answers
79 views

can one measure energy to a finite accuracy?

Can one measure energy to a finite accuracy in bounded amount of time? I don't know much about QM, but someone told me that the energy-time uncertainty principle says that it would take infinite ...
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2answers
107 views

Definite energy states for a single non-relativistic particle with a time dependent potential

Do definite energy states exist for a single particle when its potential itself changes with time? I tried solving it and the equations seem to show that they do not exist. But then i am confused as ...
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2answers
50 views

Time, distance perception [duplicate]

If photons going c have no local time or distance 'perception' why isn't the same true for us as we're going c relative to them?