Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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63 views

Could it be a limit in our measuring the speed of photon, instead of photon having a speed?

Are we (not) limited by our own speed through time (1 sec / sec) to measure highest possible speeds(c)? I fire a laser which hits a mirror and comes back and I precisely measure the time, and knowing ...
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104 views

I heard that at quantum level the past-present-future is not in order, is this true? Is time really messed up there?

I heard that at Quantum level events can happen out of order making causality invalid. Thus the future can happen in present and the present in the future. Is this true?
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99 views

How do we know that time and distance are not discrete?

I know that it is believed that energy is discrete, in that it travels in quanta. I was wondering if there is any evidence which either proves or disproves something similar with both time and ...
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1k views

Did space and time exist before the Big Bang? [duplicate]

I accept the Big Bang theory. What I can't understand is how there can be a where or when to the Big Bang if space time did not exist prior to it. Did space and time exist prior to the Big Bang?
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190 views

Time Dilation in relation to Acceleration

What I am looking for is a layman's explanation on the equations required to work out Time Dilation at high speeds including acceleration and deceleration of velocity. Or I would greatly appreciate it ...
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167 views

Does photon possesses no time to cover any arbitrary distance?

Photon travel 8 minutes (with speed $c$) from the sun to reach the earth. Any particle (or space-ship) with velocity $0.99 c$ covers the same distance (93 millions km) within less than 2 minutes ...
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192 views

Approximate Time Dilation at Rocket Speeds

How do you calculate the time dilation effect experienced by a traveler traveling at a relatively low speed? Specifically, how much time dilation would a traveller moving at $v=0.0007 c$ (speed of ...
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161 views

Red shift and time distortion

Superman throws a light emitting object away from himself fast enough to notice a red-shift. The object passes through a region in which time runs more slowly. From Superman's perspective, does the ...
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2answers
85 views

Resources for current thought on time/spacetime?

Are any of the big-name physicists associated with the time in the same way that Hawking and Penrose are associated with black holes? I'm interested in some good books that focus on the topic.
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196 views

Is relativistic motion equivalent to fluctuating gravitational fields?

The theory of relativity makes very precise predictions about how an object's motion through space-time affects the passage of time for both the object and observers in other frames of reference. I ...
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376 views

When are we now? Time coordinate system [closed]

The Second and the metre are well defined. We have those units available. Of course units are meant to express measurement, tools to compare with precision, and interchange that information ...
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56 views

Why does time dilation cause you to age slower? And is time considered relative to the observer?

I understand that the higher your velocity the slower light will move. But how does time itself slow down while you are moving faster?
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61 views

Distance travelled given velocity at various moments of time [closed]

I am trying to solve a problem where I need to find the distance travelled at the end of the nth second and my input data contains only velocities at different time instances. Say for instance I ...
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1answer
97 views

Time to heat/cool a room

So, I have a basic, very basic, understanding of thermodynamics. I don't take it until next semester. I'm attempting to write a program which plots a temperature over time graph of a room being ...
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120 views

What's the meaning of the age of the universe?

I'm not asking about how we worked backward from an expanding universe to the age of the big bang, but rather what is the meaning of time in a near infinitely dense point in the context of general ...
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1answer
106 views

Calculate impulse based on mass, acceleration and time elapsed [closed]

I want to move to Sprite Kit framework offered by apple which has physics integrated right into it. The back bone of the physics engine is famous Box2D. Sprite Kit has made it pretty easy by wrapping ...
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1answer
67 views

How does time dilation work in this situation?

It is my understanding that when moving near the speed of light, time slows down relative to other things not moving so fast. Based on this principle, would it be theoretically possible to travel a ...
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2answers
129 views

Breaking the simultaneity

I have expressed my self in a detailed way. I've labeled the points to which I want an answer. I have doubt in the Einstein's rail experiments which he mentioned in his book. In this experiment ...
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2answers
110 views

Time Delays in General Relativity

If gravity propagates at, or less than, the speed of light, and is therefore not instantaneous, does that introduce time delays to gravity? For example: suppose that we, the observer, sit within the ...
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150 views

What really happens with Time Dilation? [duplicate]

I know if you move your time moves slower than someone who is stationary, by Lorentz's transformation. However, I don't get how this happens. What does it mean when time moves slower? How does it ...
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207 views

Time dilation in a gravitational field and the equivalence principle

A clock near the surface of the earth will run slower than one on the top of the mountain. If the equivalence principal tells us that being at rest in a gravitational field is equivalent to being in ...
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2answers
85 views

The speed of light through space and its effects on black holes

I was curious about a couple of things that don't quite make sense to me: (and probably won't when I get the technical answer, but I'll ask it anywise.) When light travels through space, is its ...
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1answer
135 views

General Relativity and the effect of mass on time [duplicate]

My question is related to the first page of this article regarding the big bang theory and refers to this specific sentence: Armed with the best physics of the 20th century, Albert Einstein came ...
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1answer
220 views

If time stops for an object, does that object feel gravity?

As far as I understand The GTR, it is said that Mass bends space-time which causes gravity. So every Mass in this universe is flowing through space-time example earth is moving along with space-time ...
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224 views

If two observers pass each other in opposite directions at $.5c$ what would effect on each others clocks be?

Assume an alternate universe with same physical laws as here. In this universe nothing exists except 3 observers, each in a transparent box with a clock. Observer A is travelling at .5c. Observer C is ...
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1answer
98 views

How can we observe lights properties if it travels at the speed of light, or can we? [duplicate]

Special relativity says that anything moving (almost) at the speed of light will look like its internal clock has (almost) stopped from the perspective of a stationary observer. How do we see light as ...
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1answer
190 views

Deriving infinitesimal time dilation for arbitrary motion from Lorentz transformations

I'm trying to derive the infinitesimal time dilation relation $dt = \gamma d\tau$, where $\tau$ is the proper time, $t$ the coordinate time, and $\gamma = (1-v(t)^2/c^2)^{-1/2}$ the time dependent ...
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219 views

Time Contraction

This is my first time posting on this site. I am a computer programmer that stumbled across a physics text book and have a question on special relativity. So firstly, I understand that there is no ...
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7k views

Finding deceleration and velocity using distance and time

A car is moving down a street with no brakes or gas. The car is slowing due to wind resistance and the effect of friction. The road is flat and straight. The only data I have are timings taken at 100m ...
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1answer
191 views

If you removed every particle from space…? [closed]

I'm trying to find something Einstein (I think) said about time...It was something like.. "If you removed every particle from space and were left with only one pocket watch (clock, timepiece?), time ...
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56 views

How has the age of the Universe been derived from the observations made by the Planck mission?

The parameters of $\rm\Lambda CDM$ model have been determined to an amazing high precision from the measurements made by the Planck mission. In particular, the Hubble "constant" (the value of Hubble ...
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73 views

Twin Paradox Without Acceleration

So I've been doing a lot of reading about the twin paradox and have encountered several different explanations that strive to resolve it. First off let me start by saying general relativity is not an ...
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1answer
40 views

How is that the life of a virtual particle duo is shorter than Planck Time?

I have always thought that the time is discrete (jumping), not continuous and the shortest time is Planck Time. One reason for that was the information on ...
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30 views

Review and mentions about time discretization

I would like to get basic knowledge in this topic of time discretization, at least basics. Because of I'm new in this field I don't know what is better way to start. Could anybody suggest any reviews ...
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37 views

How do you determine who is moving “faster” in relativity? [duplicate]

I suspect this question has a simple answer, but I can't get my head around it. The classic example of a person in orbit around the Earth at high speed experiencing a slower passage of time than the ...
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1answer
74 views

How does a black hole slow time? [duplicate]

I've been reading about black holes, and I keep coming across the fact that time runs slower near a them. My questions are: Does this mean that if you left Earth at age 30 and spent 30 years near the ...
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59 views

Time relativity - 'philosophical' question

I'm aware that time is relative to the observer. But, does this also extend to the perception of time? For example, let's consider a fly (there's research suggesting that flies perceive time passing ...
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36 views

What is the longitudinal difference between the sub­solar point and the magnetic poles at time $t$ (hours)?

I'm trying to convert geomagnetic coordinate to geographic, but there are some steps in the paper which I'm reading, that I don't understand. I have the geomagnetic latitude centered around the ...
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81 views

Calculating impact velocity and time with non-uniform acceleration [duplicate]

Here goes: imagine a spacecraft with engines shut off in a free fall towards some celestial body x. let's say the distance to surface is $100 000$ $\text{meters}$. initial vertical velocity is ...
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1answer
73 views

Increase thinking capability through relativity

As Einsteins relativity suggests that everything slows down along with the speed of light. So, if we were to live in space would our thinking capability (essentially speed) increase or decrease (due ...
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4answers
118 views

Two clocks along different worldlines

I have been reading and watching videos about this subject for a while now. I just can not seem to grasp the idea. Let's say we have two clocks. I leave one at home and keep one in my pocket. Then, ...
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33 views

Is aging independent of time progression when relativistic effects are taken into account? [duplicate]

I have been trying to understand Einstein's principle of relativity for quite some time. I have at least I believe, understood the notion that time is relative and can actually 'change' relative to ...
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3answers
174 views

Do photons see shorter distances due to space contraction?

I may be wrong, but this is just what I've heard. People often talk about what would happen if we, humans, were able to make a spaceship travel at the speed of light. If I'm not mistaken, then we ...
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41 views

A Global Measure on a Gravitational System

I am a computer science engineer and I am trying to simulate the gravity on my computer; several objects with different masses randomly distributed in a Three-dimensional space. I would like to ...
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60 views

What “time” is it for or on Voyager 1? If you could be “still” in the Universe who fast would time be? [duplicate]

I just sent this to JPL but am not putting all my eggs in one basket so thought I would try some other clever people. :-) I think about physics and space quite a lot but I'm not a maths genius so do ...
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34 views

Does the direction of perceived time depend on location in the universe?

Do the laws of physics allow for the possibility that in a galaxy far far away, the perceived arrow of time is in the opposite direction to ours, where people (aliens) die before they are born, and ...
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1answer
143 views

Did physicists solve the grandfather paradox? [duplicate]

Now, physicists are trying to send information backward in time. But, why are physicists almost sure that this would happen and why are they so confident about it? Did physicists solve the grandfather ...
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0answers
30 views

Is the universe immediately dependent upon the past? [duplicate]

Given complete knowledge of the precise state of every property of every particle and energy phenomenon existing in our universe for a given infinitely small frame of time, is it possible to ...
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0answers
41 views

Calculate age of the Universe at 7 billion and 28 billion years old [duplicate]

If $1 / H_0 $ is about 14 billion years, then what happened when the universe was half its current age? Is the empirically determined $H_0$ supposed to have been twice its current value? And when ...
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60 views

Measurement and wavefunction collapse. problematic time in quantum mechanics

Q: When does the wavefunction collapse? A: When a measurement is made. But when exactly is this? I have a question about the time at which a measurement can be considered to have occurred: what ...