Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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Do particles travel backward in time in a particle interpretation of field theory?

In this Phys.SE answer Ron Maimon stats: there is no relativistic particle formalism in which the particles have postive energies and casual propagation. You can either deal with fields in which ...
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1answer
136 views

Expectation value of Hamiltonian in different pictures of quantum mechanics

We start with the familiar Schrodinger equation: $$ i\hbar \frac{\partial \left|\psi_S\right\rangle}{\partial t} = \hat{H}_S \left|\psi_S\right\rangle $$ As we switch to a different picture than ...
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683 views

The example of relativity of simultaneity given by Einstein

I understand (supposedly) the mathematics concerning the relativity of simultaneity in Special Relativity, but I have a nagging question regarding the original example given by Einstein supporting it (...
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1answer
3k views

If time stops at the speed of light is a photon 'everywhere' at once? [duplicate]

I am not a physicist so excuse my question if it's paticularly stupid. As a particle gets closer to the speed of light time slows down as for that particle as compared to a reference from the ...
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1answer
198 views

How can we know the time frames for events in the early universe?

I just finished watching Into the Universe with Stephen Hawking (2010). Specifically the third episode titled 'The Story of Everything.' In the episode Hawking is explaining the mainstream theories ...
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380 views

How does light travel create time travel violating causality?

Saw a question about faster than light travel... I still have the same question though none of the answers offered any resolution for me. It is so summarily assumed by all physicists and commentaries ...
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2answers
367 views

Speed of Entropy change

If time in systems moving with different speed goes differently, does speed of entropy change differ in these systems? (is "speed of entropy change" a valid term? can we compare them?)
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2answers
858 views

How to calculate the amount of night time during a flight?

I have been asked to find a way to calculate the amount of time that a flight takes during night time. So far, I have the departure latitude and longitude and the time of takeoff, the arrival ...
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1answer
69 views

Is the age of the Universe relative to where you are within it? [duplicate]

The accepted age of the Universe is 13 billion years give or take. If you were a super space being and hypothetically had spent a large portion of this time sitting next to a black hole then your ...
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36 views

Is Entropy Maximized, or Just Increased?

Do different real processes involve different rates of change of entropy? (Is the rate of change of entropy constant with time throughout all regions of space, or perhaps in other words, constant with ...
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2answers
49 views

Can only one now imply every future? [closed]

In logic, A implies B, if B is always true in instances where A is true. Obviously, there can only be one possible future, for every potential now, that is, in all instances where a certain now is ...
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0answers
81 views

Should we consider space and time as separate entity?

In general relativity, we think of space and time in spacetime framework. As some people say, metric tensor sign difference, along with our inability to go backward in time suggests that space and ...
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0answers
32 views

What factors affect decoherence times? [closed]

The question say it all. For example is it the mass of the system? The amount of energy? The species of atom? The electric charge?
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0answers
73 views

Does really time exist? [duplicate]

I was wandering whether time really "exists" or is it just a mathematical parameter used to describe how things change.
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3answers
118 views

Is time created by movement through a higher dimensional object? [closed]

In a comment I read on this page, someone mentions a theory where time is created by moving through and slicing "moments" of a higher dimensional object. For analogy, a 2-D creature living on a plane ...
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2answers
86 views

Would a person in a gravity well observe the sky as rapidly moving due to time shift?

Inspired by the movie Interstellar (2014) - I was wondering about the crew on the surface of the planet which was deep in the gravity field of the black hole (Gargantua) - if they would look up at the ...
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0answers
57 views

Is time infinite? [duplicate]

If time has a beginning, must it not exist for some amount of "time"? If not, it exists from the point when existence started and if there was ABSOLUTELY no existence there may not exist something ...
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0answers
41 views

What is the definition of time? [duplicate]

I wanted to know the definition of time just like as we define displacement, current etc. **Note:**There should be no mention of time period or time interval in the definition.
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92 views

What is the true fundamental 'stuff' of physics? [closed]

It seems to me that most if not all of the publications and the institutional education of physics 'jump in' and start describing detailed phenomena without spending too much time describing and ...
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1answer
396 views

How to find “Time” from “Force vs. Velocity” graph? [closed]

If I have Velocity on the $y$ axis and force on the $x$ axis how can I calculate the total time it takes to reach 4000 newtons? Is this just a case of integrating the gradient of the line?
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60 views

Time and particles [closed]

What it is in basic particles that make them propagate themselves through time or, basically, what brings that property known as Duration in a particle (wave)? I sense that this is somehow is based ...
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0answers
70 views

In KK theory, is proper time defined using the 5 dimensional or the 4 dimensional line element?

Let's consider five dimensional KK theory. This is Klein's metric $\hat{g}_{AB}= \begin{pmatrix} g_{00}+A_{0}A_{0}&g_{01}+A_{0}A_{1}&g_{02}+A_{0}A_{2}&g_{03}+A_{0}A_{3}&A_ 0\\ g_{10}+...
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0answers
75 views

Expectation value for the time of a photon reflection

A photon is reflected by matter (by an electron in empty space). How long does the reflection take? (i.e. is there any infinitesimal time elapsing during the reflection process?), or more precisely, ...
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98 views

How to prove that a time-oriented spacetime possesses a nowhere vanishing timelike vector field?

Penrose gave a very brief proof to this question. Since the spacetime is paracompact, there exists a positive definite metric called $h_{ab}$. Then, the nowhere vanishing time-like vector field $V^a$ ...
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1answer
326 views

Relativity of simultaneity and the second law of thermodynamics? [closed]

Has the connection been noted between these two? I have been studying special relativity and in learning Minkowski diagrams I have noticed that as v approaches c, the relativity of simultaneity is so ...
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1answer
95 views

What are the units for rate of movement through time? [duplicate]

Thinking of time as the dimension orthogonal to depth, it seems logical that the rate at which a body moves through time could vary. Do units exist for rate of movement through time? The numerator ...
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1answer
528 views

How to get time from equation of linear uniformly accelerated motion? [closed]

I have had a problem solving this equation for time (from Linear Uniformly Accelerated Motion (LUAM)): $$ s= v_0t + \tfrac{1}{2}at^2 $$ I'll appreciate if someone could provide me some step-by-step ...
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60 views

What's the connection between being homogeneous in energy and having a proper time scale?

Towards the end of page 8 of this scientific paper, I have found the following sentence: ...given the fact that the system is homogeneous in energy, or equivalently, that it has no proper time ...
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155 views

Can we derive the relation between proper time and the spacetime interval?

In GR, it's usually taken for granted - or as a definition - that the time measured by an observer's clock is related to the geometry in a very simple way, $d\tau^2 = |ds^2|$. This is easy enough to ...
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136 views

Is time ordering defined for a single operator depending of two time variables?

The time ordering for the purpose of quantum mechanics is e.g. given by $${\mathcal T} \left[A(x) B(y)\right] := \begin{matrix} A(x) B(y) & \textrm{ if } & x_0 > y_0 \\ \pm B(y)A(x) & \...
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1answer
525 views

Life of a photon [duplicate]

I am a student of class 12th and as far as i know when anything reaches about 99.99% of the speed of light it starts traveling in time or time for it slows down so that it don't breaks the speed ...
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0answers
58 views

Can a black hole actually grow, from the point of view of a distant observer? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Black hole formation as seen by a distant observer I've read in several places that from the PoV of a distant observer it will take an infinite amount of time for new ...
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70 views

How to make timelike entanglement in the laboratory?

http://io9.com/5744143/particles-can-be-quantum-entangled-through-time-as-well-as-space http://arxiv.org/abs/1101.2565 How to make timelike entanglement in the laboratory? How to test whether mixed ...
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284 views

In a very small static universe with only a particle, does it make sense to talk about time?

I am sorry if this question is silly; it′s just one of those things I wished I asked before leaving university. If there were a static universe only as big as the size of two particles, say electrons,...
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587 views

Is large-scale “time reversal” (Poincaré recurrence) possible given infinite time?

The following are some assumptions I'm basing my question on, from what (little) I understand of physics. I list them so an expert can (kindly) tell me where I'm going wrong. There is a probability ...
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0answers
6k views

What's the relationship between mass and time? [closed]

This question has arisen from a wish to understand an end-of-universe scenario: heat death. Are time and mass intrinsically linked? If so, does time "run slower" (whatever that may mean) in a ...
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5answers
301 views

Two clocks along different worldlines [duplicate]

I have been reading and watching videos about this subject for a while now. I just can not seem to grasp the idea. Let's say we have two clocks. I leave one at home and keep one in my pocket. Then, ...
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6answers
218 views

Wouldn't backwards time travel break the law of conservation of mass? [closed]

We know from the law of conservation of mass that the amount of mass in the universe is constant. Suppose there were a way for a person to travel backwards in time. Let's call this mass $m_t$ for some ...
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2answers
213 views

Does anti-matter increase or decrease in entropy over time?

Antimatter is matter going backwards through time. From a matter-based observer does antimatter: Increase in entropy (and therefore decrease in entropy in its own time) OR Decrease in entropy (...
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4answers
287 views

Time when talking on the phone…?

A few days ago I noticed (I'm sure we all know this) that when talking on the phone you receive the messages a few seconds after it is said by the sender. So person A says "hello" to person B. In ...
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3answers
180 views

How many seconds is a temporal meter?

Is there a proof that time is a 4th dimension? If it is, then why not measure it in units of the previous three? Logical right? How many seconds is a temporal meter?
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514 views

Why doesn't the existence of proper-time $\tau$ imply a preferred reference frame?

A proper time interval $\Delta\tau$ for a given observer is a relativistic invariant. However, the calculation of $\Delta\tau$ requires reference to some arbitrary coordinate time t: $$\Delta\tau = \...
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2answers
129 views

Is there an equivalent of the Planck length for time?

Is there an equivalent of the Planck length for time? I'd just like a term I may use (high-level) for a similar "unit of time"? I am not looking for a debate on how discrete time might be, but if ...
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1answer
4k views

In general relativity (GR), does time stop at the event horizon or in the central singularity of a black hole?

I was reading through this question on time and big bang, and @John Rennie's answer surprised me. In the immediate environment of a black hole, where does time stop ticking if one were to follow a '...
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2answers
651 views

Mistake in Briefer History of Time by Stephen Hawking [closed]

I was reading A Briefer History of Time by Stephen Hawking and Mlodinow. I found something silly. On page 36 at the bottom, it says the following : If, say, the sun suddenly disappeared, Maxwell's ...
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3answers
110 views

Observing a point 13.82b ly away, 1b years ago

I understand that we can observe far away galaxies to get an idea how the universe looked like in the past. Assuming the universe is 13.82b years old, would it be correct to say that if we looked at ...
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141 views

What's the differences between time in Physics and time in everyday use?

OK. This question might sound as not a good question, but the word 'time' is so confusing to me. I mean thermodynamics says time is the product of entropy. Relativity says time is relative. Quantum ...
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1answer
296 views

Is there a physical quantity which is the reciprocal/multiplicative inverse of time?

Is there a physical quantity which is the reciprocal/multiplicative inverse of time? If time =distance/speed what is speed/distance. Please forgive my ignorance if there is a really simple ...
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292 views

Twin Paradox in case of two twins that don't meet

If there are two twins. such that one of them goes on a space voyage maintaining a constant velocity, and that one never returns to earth, and the twins decide to never meet but send information about ...