Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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How to calculate time dilation in approaching speed of light

If a spaceship travels close to the speed of light (say, at 0.9c), how do I calculate the time as the spaceship pilot experience it? I thought the formula was $$t = \frac{t_0}{\sqrt{1-v^2/c^2}}$$ ...
9
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3answers
831 views

Can black holes actually merge?

If time stops at the event horizon, can we ever detect two black holes merging? In other words, if you are a short distance away, would you encounter a spherically symmetric gravitational field, or a ...
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3answers
1k views

How accurate is the time on a digital clock versus the time on internet clocks? [closed]

How accurate is the time on a digital clock versus the time on internet clocks? The internet clocks seem slower than internet clocks. So which is the correct time? What are the most accurate clocks?
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3answers
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Hours of light per day based on latitude/longitude formula

I'm looking for a formula that will return the number of hours per day given a specific location. I was thinking that can be calculated as a difference of sunrise and sunset, but I see that there are ...
1
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2answers
62 views

When do natural leap years occur, on years based on the northern winter solstice?

I'm designing a new calendar and I want the first day of the year to be the first day after the longest night of year in the northern hemisphere. Under this plan, "natural" leap years, where the first ...
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1answer
72 views

Does the movement of things in the universe will cease one day?

To start or change the movement, we need a force. This force, according to Newton's second law, is variation of quantity of motion from the object per unit of time.Therefore, if the variation does not ...
1
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1answer
828 views

What is actually meant by 'sun set' and 'sun rise' times, when taking into account the mirage due to light bending in the atmosphere

I’ve heard from the likes of Brian Cox that what we see of the sun during a sunset and sun rise is actually the mirage of the sun. The Sun has actually set/risen and we see it due to the way light is ...
4
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3answers
216 views

Twin paradox - observers counter orbiting Earth

Imagine three observers - one (A) stationary on the surface of Earth (latitude 0 deg) and two others orbiting the planet in the same circular equatorial orbit just in the opposite direction. When the ...
4
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1answer
504 views

The nature of time, according to quantum field theory

I will try my best to ask the question that best fits something I have been pondering on for a few days. Are virtual particles really constantly popping in and out of existence? Or are they ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Accuracy of atomic clocks

When you hear about atomic clocks, it's accuracy is described by saying something like, " it neither gains or loses $x/y$th of a second in $z$ years." How is this error calculated? Does an error imply ...
0
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1answer
179 views

Approximate Time Dilation at Rocket Speeds

How do you calculate the time dilation effect experienced by a traveler traveling at a relatively low speed? Specifically, how much time dilation would a traveller moving at $v=0.0007 c$ (speed of ...
3
votes
4answers
908 views

How long would it take to travel through a wormhole?

Assuming wormholes exist and you put some matter into one, how long would it take to reach the other end versus how far apart the two ends are? Basically, by how much does a wormhole stretch ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Synchronising the Earth's rotation via mass redistribution

How much material would have to be moved per year from mountain-tops to valleys in order to keep the Earth's rotation synchronised with UTC, thus removing the need for leap seconds to be periodically ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What did Hawking mean? 'Time started at the big bang'. Book suggestions please [closed]

After writing down this question, I have come to realize that. What I really want is reading materials on the questions below. Before the big bang there was no such thing as 'time' (Steven Hawking on ...
2
votes
1answer
378 views

Einstein Relative Motion and Time Order of Events

According to Einstein, do observers in relative motion agree on the time order of all events? I don't think they would agree on the timing of events, but I am having trouble figuring out why they ...
4
votes
2answers
651 views

Time dilation as an observer in special relativity

I've been having a discussion regarding time dilation relating to special relativity and how it should be observed from the FoR (Frame of Reference) of "the person moving" : I assert- If we have a ...
1
vote
1answer
315 views

Is it a total or an explicite time derivative in the Schrödinger equation?

I am always dubious when I need write Schrödinger equation: do I write $\partial / \partial t$ or $d/dt$ ? I suppose it depends on the space in which it is considered. How?
1
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1answer
85 views

Time passing near a black hole

Given distance $d$ from a normal black hole with mass $m$, how much seconds will pass at that distance while in infinite distance from the black hole $t$ seconds has passed?
3
votes
2answers
386 views

What is a single word that describes the idea of the second time derivative of energy?

I think about position, its time derivative speed, and its second time derivative, acceleration. I would like to identify a single word that can be used as a handle for the second time derivative of ...
1
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0answers
218 views

Does time actually exist or is there just a single stateful system being updated over time? [closed]

What I mean is, is there a past, future and present? or just a NOW which changes? I'm a computer programmer so the second alternative is from my programming experience. In this second alternative, I ...
1
vote
1answer
525 views

Universe Expansion as an absolute time reference

Why we call "constant" to the Hubble constant?, if the universe were really expanding then the Hubble "constant" should change, being variable, smaller and smaller..with "time". Other example/view ...
6
votes
3answers
291 views

If the entire universe is the same age, can one assume that any potential life elsewhere is at the same stage of development as us?

There was some discussion in another question regarding whether you can consider all parts of the universe to have existed for the same length of time, and the conclusion seemed to be that, because of ...
2
votes
4answers
272 views

Are circularly defined {velocity, distance, and time} a problem in physics?

In order to measure velocity, one needs a calibrated measuring stick and clock. But in order to calibrate a measuring stick you need a calibrated clock and velocity. And in order to calibrate a clock ...
2
votes
3answers
18 views

Does anybody actually do astrometry in the 21st century?

I mean the nitty-gritty measurements of positions of stars and planets using transit circles. The transit instruments I've seen are mostly in national observatories and are essentially museum pieces: ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Resources for current thought on time/spacetime?

Are any of the big-name physicists associated with the time in the same way that Hawking and Penrose are associated with black holes? I'm interested in some good books that focus on the topic.
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1answer
146 views

Red shift and time distortion

Superman throws a light emitting object away from himself fast enough to notice a red-shift. The object passes through a region in which time runs more slowly. From Superman's perspective, does the ...
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1answer
173 views

Is time the property of an object?

I don't know if the title makes much sense, but hopefully it will become clear with the text. Temperature is not a property of a point in the three dimensions, but actually of the object occupying ...
5
votes
1answer
553 views

How to calculate how many degrees the Sun is from the horizon?

Given a position on earth (latitude/longitude, and maybe also height relative to sea-level) and a time, what's the algorithm to find how many degrees the Sun is from the horizon? And the same for ...
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0answers
100 views

Confusion with infinity and time [closed]

I have some confusion between with resolving the following situation. I know that no measurable quantity can have a value of infinity. For example, I just wrote something out, but clearly this ...
4
votes
2answers
508 views

Why is time special?

In Special Relativity, the spacetime interval between two events is $s^2 = -(c{\Delta}t)^2+({\Delta}x)^2+({\Delta}y)^2+({\Delta}z)^2$ giving the Minkowski metric $\eta_{\mu\nu}=\text{diag}(-1, 1, 1, ...
8
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4answers
722 views

Special Relativistic Time Dilation — A computer in a very fast centrifuge

Ok, I've stumbled onto what I think is a bit of a paradox. First off, say you had some computer in a very fast(near light speed) centrifuge. You provide power to this computer via a metal plate on ...
0
votes
1answer
189 views

If you removed every particle from space…? [closed]

I'm trying to find something Einstein (I think) said about time...It was something like.. "If you removed every particle from space and were left with only one pocket watch (clock, timepiece?), time ...
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2answers
200 views

length, width, and time

is it possible to have length, width and time. A 2D or 1D object with the 4th dimension (although then there would not be 4 dimensions so would it b 3D?) .
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2answers
162 views

How to create unusual sundial?

I am considering small "artsy" project. I would like to create sundial by placing gnomon on the window and painting hour lines on the window facing wall. Since this is to be placed in bedroom I am ...
2
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2answers
233 views

Special Relativity and time [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Question about Time Dilation.. I have a question about special relativity which was bothering me for a while now. I know that as one approaches the speed of light, time ...
0
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1answer
195 views

Is relativistic motion equivalent to fluctuating gravitational fields?

The theory of relativity makes very precise predictions about how an object's motion through space-time affects the passage of time for both the object and observers in other frames of reference. I ...
1
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2answers
520 views

what about there is no time, only space [closed]

what about a theory where no time exists, only discrete space, steady states and occasion chains. what would speak against this? ;-)
6
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2answers
426 views

Is Time Significant in the Double Slit Experiment

When doing the classic double slit experiment is the time between emitting photons significant at all? Say, a single photon is emitted, the scientist waits T seconds, then emits another photon. Are ...
4
votes
2answers
394 views

What is the closest general-relativistic equivalent of a “time slice”?

In a newtonian universe, one can talk of a "time slice", that is, the state of the universe at a given point in (global) time. In a "typical" classical universe, a time slice would contain enough ...
4
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1answer
1k views

time difference with airplane travel direction

a fight from east to west, (e.g. Australia melbourne to perth) takes longer than travel backwards. (west to east). What's the reason?
8
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3answers
378 views

If time standard clocks and any memories about the time standard are destroyed, can we recover the time standard again?

Assume the time standard clocks and any memories about the time standard are destroyed. Can we recover the time standard again exactly? Recovering the time standard again means we can determine the ...