Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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91 views

Movement of accelerating points with maximum speed (i.e. running away from tiger) [closed]

I'm walking through a forest and suddenly I see a tiger. And now I have a problem. I want to know how much time I have left but I don't know how to calculate it. Or more formally: Let's ...
9
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3answers
919 views

How do we know that the cesium-beam frequency used in atomic clocks is always the same?

Atomic clocks use cesium-beam frequency to determine the length of a second. This has shown that the period of orbit of the earth is decreasing. But what experiment showed that cesium-beam's period ...
0
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2answers
142 views

Naked Time ( Is there such a thing ?) [closed]

I have lately been concerned with time and whether or not it is an illusion. For argument's sake let's assume it is. Then time should stand on its own. Can anyone describe, (or point me to a paper ...
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1answer
343 views

Is time an illusion? [closed]

IS time an illusion? I have tried thought experiment after TE and quite frankly I can't find any instance where time is defined wholly on its own. It is always a measurement of the interim between to ...
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1answer
114 views

Can you use pulsar observations to determine absolute time? How long can you go without anything else?

In this old answer of Steve Allen's, he quotes this nice passage Imagine for a moment what would happen if, just as a practical joke, someone found a way to stop all atomic clocks, just for a ...
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2answers
200 views

are clocks always wrong? [closed]

So I was sitting thinking earlier and I remembered an experiment that I heard a couple days back about how scientists put a stop watch on a jet and it had a different time then one on earth because ...
12
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3answers
590 views

If time standard clocks and any memories about the time standard are destroyed, can we recover the time standard again?

Assume the time standard clocks and any memories about the time standard are destroyed. Can we recover the time standard again exactly? Recovering the time standard again means we can determine the ...
0
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1answer
77 views

Is our locally measured time actually conformal time?

The FRW metric at the origin $r=0$, with $c=1$, is given by: $$ds^2=-dt^2+a(t)^2dr^2$$ Now one can change variables so that near the origin the FRW metric is approximated by the Minkowski metric ...
1
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1answer
259 views

What is the difference between a parameter, a variable, and an operator in QM?

On the question why time isn't an operator, people will usually say that time is a parameter in QM (Time as a Hermitian operator in QM?) and not a variable. Can someone please distinguish between a ...
0
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1answer
77 views

Time relativity / paradox [duplicate]

After watching the movie Interstellar, the theory of time relativity / paradox really mind-boggles me. If it is true that gravity controls everything even to the extent of time, then it might as well ...
3
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1answer
232 views

Regarding the possibility of Closed Timelike Curves

I've been looking a lot at Closed Timelike Curves, and how if a theory allows for these curves it doesn't respect causality. I understand that about the curves themselves (Grandfather Paradox), but ...
8
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2answers
390 views

Time crystals : fake or revolution?

This article about "crystals of time" just appeared on the PRL website. Viewpoint: Crystals of Time (http://physics.aps.org/articles/v5/116) The authors (including famous Frank Wilczek) claim that ...
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2answers
65 views

Eulerian mass conservation on a stream line to Lagrangian mass conservation

if the density of a fluid particle is conserved on a streamline, $$\frac{d\rho}{dt}=0.$$ Why does this mean $$\frac{\partial \rho}{\partial t}+(\mathbf{v}\cdot\nabla)\rho=0$$ is true everywhere? Why ...
1
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2answers
92 views

Theory of relativity. Relative to what? [duplicate]

If I properly understand relativity, time ticks faster for an object sitting still than for an object passing by. So, in a universe with only two objects which have the same "age", object A is ...
0
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1answer
292 views

Doesn't the Big Bang negate the law of conservation of matter? [duplicate]

I was watching Hawking (2004 film) and in the movie, Hawking has a sudden insight that all the matter and energy observed in the known universe may, in fact, have sprung out from nothing (singularity) ...
0
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1answer
175 views

Would Special Relativity Predict Time Dilation of a Geostationary Satellite Compared to an Observer on Earth?

Consider a geostationary satellite at some arbitrary distance above the Earth's equator and consider a person directly below it, standing on the Earth's equator. Both satellite and person exist on the ...
0
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2answers
1k views

Does travelling light help us see past versions of an object?

I saw a passage in my son's homework book, constructing a scenario in which a person standing on a planet 65 million light years away from Earth, with an extremely powerful telescope pointed at Earth, ...
7
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4answers
988 views

Special Relativistic Time Dilation — A computer in a very fast centrifuge

Ok, I've stumbled onto what I think is a bit of a paradox. First off, say you had some computer in a very fast(near light speed) centrifuge. You provide power to this computer via a metal plate on ...
0
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1answer
378 views

Why do I different values compared to my theoretical time?

I'm having an experience about time needed to charge the capacitor to the 63.2% voltage of the batteries. There are resistance, capacitor and batteries in the circuit. When I calculate the ...
0
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3answers
267 views

Formation of the event horizon seems impossible with singularity inside seems impossible [duplicate]

According to what I was reading, the formation of an event horizon appears if the mass becomes compact enough. Unfortunately, due to time dilation the time for mass to fall into the event horizon ...
23
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7answers
6k views

Is there a maximum frames per second (FPS)?

Take a video camera and crank up the frames per second rate. Disregarding current technological advancements, could a camera's FPS go so fast that any two captured images be identical? Would ...
-1
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2answers
67 views

Relativity asymmetry?

If you have two bodies that move towards each other at a constant velocity, each body will observe the other body experience time faster. This does not make sense to me because if you had a person ...
0
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0answers
54 views

How can matter reach the singularity of a black hole if time stops at the event horizon? [duplicate]

Black holes are said to be composed of two parts: A singularity at the center, where all the mass of the black hole is condensed in a point of zero volume. A black and empty ball delimited by the ...
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2answers
576 views

If two observers pass each other in opposite directions at $.5c$ what would effect on each others clocks be?

Assume an alternate universe with same physical laws as here. In this universe nothing exists except 3 observers, each in a transparent box with a clock. Observer A is travelling at .5c. Observer C is ...
5
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4answers
2k views

How long would it take to travel through a wormhole?

Assuming wormholes exist and you put some matter into one, how long would it take to reach the other end versus how far apart the two ends are? Basically, by how much does a wormhole stretch ...
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1answer
888 views

Find Distance with Acceleration and Time

I'm working on Physics homework and have run into a problem I can't figure out. Any help would be much appreciated! Problem: Allison exerts a steady net force of 50N on a 22-kg shopping cart ...
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1answer
88 views

What it would look like to observe people with a different time flows?

As I learned, that the bigger gravity source you are influenced by the more slow time ticks for you, the farther away you are from a gravity source the faster times ticks. So Imagine two different ...
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2answers
84 views

Time Dilation: One observer at rest, two observers in motion

I am currently taking a course in Modern Physics mainly focused on Special Relativity and came up with the following problem: Let $O_1$ be an observer at rest. A second observer $O_2$ is moving to ...
0
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3answers
149 views

What is time, with respect to universe? [closed]

I want to know what is actually time, not like the measurable quantity. But with some scientific terms Someone said that "time is entropy". Is that true? also what makes time unique?
11
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3answers
663 views

Space is expanding so what is time doing? [duplicate]

Space is expanding and as we know space and time are intrinsically linked to be now known as spacetime. What is happening to time during expansion? Is there more time, longer time or is the time part ...
4
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2answers
231 views

How do physicists and astronomers handle leap seconds?

I'm confused by the many contradictory descriptions I see about how UTC leap seconds are accounted for. I understand that there are various ways to handle them in common practice, and I've seen a ...
0
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1answer
123 views

Immortality within the multiple worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics [closed]

I understand the multiple worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics as follows: Any time an event happens, all of the possible outcomes take place ("split the universe") If I then think about a ...
5
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2answers
332 views

What time scale is used by the JPL HORIZONS system?

I'm confused by the ust of the term "UT" in the description of time scales used by the JPL HORIZONS system. Their manual states that UT is Universal Time This can mean one of two non-uniform ...
3
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4answers
328 views

QFT and violation of Heisenberg uncertainty principle

In some QFT books is said that a free electron can emit a virtual photon as long as it reabsorbs the photon and returns to its original state within a time: $$\Delta t<\dfrac{\hbar}{2\Delta E}$$ ...
7
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6answers
15k views

How many colors exist?

How many "colors" do exist? Our perception: As far as I know, colors are just different frequencies of light. According to wikipedia, we can see wavelengths from about 380 nm und 740 nm. This means ...
14
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3answers
396 views

Is there a prediction of quantum mechanics that could be construed as representing an “energy-time uncertainty relation?” [duplicate]

As the title suggests. Is there a prediction of quantum mechanics that could be construed as representing an "energy-time uncertainty relation?" Does there exist any reference to such a prediction, or ...
-1
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2answers
242 views

Proof that time exists [duplicate]

Is time just an axiom? Or can it be proven to exist? Correct me if I'm wrong, but our whole understanding of the universe is based on directly observing the world and building out axioms that are ...
1
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0answers
72 views

Looking for more information about these two hypotheses

Big Lurch - This was one I read about in a special issue of Scientific American from 2014. It was explained as The Big Lurch is a theoretical scientific model suggested as one of the ...
0
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1answer
66 views

Is it possible to tell time within a steady state?

(Inspired from this question (A) which unfortunately the link in the selected answer is now 404 broken (which might have contained my answer), thus cannot read any deeper than that) From the above ...
5
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1answer
244 views

In the calculation of sunrise, where do the magic numbers come from?

In this question about how to calculate sunrise, there is a link to a page that describes a algorithm to calculate sunrise sunset. But when I start to follow the instructions I find that there is a ...
3
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3answers
4k views

How to calculate time dilation in approaching speed of light

If a spaceship travels close to the speed of light (say, at 0.9c), how do I calculate the time as the spaceship pilot experience it? I thought the formula was $$t = \frac{t_0}{\sqrt{1-v^2/c^2}}$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

The Big Crunch and perceived entropy

I'm aware of the Big Crunch theory, that once at capacity, the universe may collapse in on itself. Hawking once theorized that time may go backwards during this crunch. So, that got me thinking: how ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Time in a perfect vacuum? [duplicate]

If we were able to make a perfect vacuum with no forms of energy in, including all forms of light would time still go on in that vacuum and if it doesn't how would we tell that it doesn't? Then if we ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Which Schrödinger equation is correct?

In the coordinate representation, in 1D, the wave function depends on space and time, $\Psi(x,t)$, accordingly the time dependent Schrödinger equation is $$H\Psi(x,t) = ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Can relative speed be faster than c [duplicate]

If there are two spaceships moving away from each other(in opposite directions) at a speed 0.6c, then wouldnt that make the relative speed of one from the other's frame of reference 1.2c? Does this ...
3
votes
2answers
741 views

Approximation to the number of seconds in a year?

Is there any mathematical formula which shows that there are approximately $\pi \times 10^7$ seconds in one year. I understand that the pi is probably due to the earth's circular orbit, but am not ...
0
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2answers
65 views

What is the correct way to treat operators that has “time” in QM? [duplicate]

I don't know if this question has already been resolved but considering that $i\hbar\partial_t$ is the energy operator, and $\partial^2_t$ is the waves operator (or helmholtz), I can't accept that $t$ ...
2
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2answers
1k views

What would earth look like if traveling at 77% the speed of light?

I've been having a bit of trouble wrapping my mind around this. If I were in a ship going 77% the speed of light (enough to experience reasonable time dilation) would I see earth going in fast ...
44
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7answers
34k views

Is anti-matter matter going backwards in time?

Or: can it be proved that anti-matter definitely is nót matter going backwards in time? From wikipedia: There is considerable speculation as to why the observable universe is apparently almost ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

How do sharp time intervals arise in a mesoscopic/macroscopic system?

$\newcommand{\ket}[1]{\left|#1 \right\rangle}$ $\newcommand{\bra}[1]{\left\langle #1 \right|}$ For a physical process in a mesoscopic/macroscopic system, how exactly can one deduce the time that ...