Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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1k views

Why does time dilation cause you to age slower? And is time considered relative to the observer?

I understand that the higher your velocity the slower light will move. But how does time itself slow down while you are moving faster?
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1answer
121 views

Can you calculate unix timestamps (universal clock) from any planet?

Given the definition of unix timestamp as the number of seconds elapsed since January 1st, 1970 as GMT+0, without leap seconds, is it possible to create a universal clock that will generate the ...
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1answer
51 views

If an area remains at temperature 0 Kelvin would the area be frozen in time?

If an area is at 0 kelvin, I am guessing that there is no motion. Without motion in an area, will it not look as if time has stopped?
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5answers
619 views

Clocks in special relativity

One book on special relativity says: Any observer at rest relative to his own timepiece will see that other clocks moving with respect to him run fast - the greater their speed, the faster they ...
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2answers
550 views

What is the duration of a snap?

What is the duration of a snap (of the fingers)? When someone says, "it's ridiculously fast, it's like [snap]" - where [snap] is them snapping their fingers - they would normally mean it is ...
2
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1answer
241 views

Does negative energy density (i.e. weak energy condition violation) create closed timelike curves?

I remember reading something about Stephen Hawking denying the fact you can't make CTC's (Closed Timelike Curves) without weak energy condition violation. If this is true, where do the light cones ...
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4answers
1k views

How can there be really any instantaneous velocity?

I have read about Zeno's arrow paradox that tells us there is no motion of the arrow at a particular instant of its flight. It can be inferred that there can be no velocity at any instant. Moreover we ...
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1answer
170 views

Is there no fourth dimension (time) in the universe? [closed]

In this article (and numerous others) http://phys.org/news/2011-04-scientists-spacetime-dimension.html and http://www.rebelscience.org/Crackpots/notorious.htm they suggest that there is no time ...
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1answer
112 views

Travel time for accelerating object [closed]

I have an object which starts at velocity = 0. Accelerates to a known max speed and continues thereon at constant velocity (max speed). My problem: How long does it take to reach a known ...
2
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1answer
47 views

What are the units for rate of movement through time? [duplicate]

Thinking of time as the dimension orthogonal to depth, it seems logical that the rate at which a body moves through time could vary. Do units exist for rate of movement through time? The numerator ...
0
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3answers
109 views

Am I accelerating in the fourth dimension (time)? [closed]

I have an intuitive feeling that I am accelerating in the fourth dimension. As we get older, we all perceive time moving faster. Are there any arguments or theories in physics which address this ...
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0answers
33 views

Review and mentions about time discretization

I would like to get basic knowledge in this topic of time discretization, at least basics. Because of I'm new in this field I don't know what is better way to start. Could anybody suggest any reviews ...
2
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1answer
336 views

How to get time from equation of linear uniformly accelerated motion? [closed]

I have had a problem solving this equation for time (from Linear Uniformly Accelerated Motion (LUAM)): $$ s= v_0t + \tfrac{1}{2}at^2 $$ I'll appreciate if someone could provide me some step-by-step ...
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2answers
232 views

How is time not a constant?

I am a visual person, so it's hard to imagine the information I keep getting, but shouldn't time be a constant? If you were traveling at the speed of light and your able to cover $299{,}792{,}458$ ...
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1answer
147 views

Quantum entanglement and special relativity PARADOX

Imagine two entangled atomic clocks. After we entangle them, we measure the time: it does has to be the same , right ? Now lets suppose that we entangle them , but don't measure them, then we plant ...
3
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1answer
121 views

How to interpret $t^2$? [closed]

I can't think of the meaning of squaring the Time (multiplying it by itself). It makes sense in Mathematics. But how can you figure it out in nature (or physics). As an example, the formula ...
3
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1answer
130 views

Quantum Field Theory with (2,2) metric

Does someone know some reference which treats QFT in a space with the following non-Lorentzian signature: $g_{\mu\nu}=\text{diag}(-1,-1,1,1)$. I'm interested in basic stuff like the shape of the ...
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0answers
41 views

How do you determine who is moving “faster” in relativity? [duplicate]

I suspect this question has a simple answer, but I can't get my head around it. The classic example of a person in orbit around the Earth at high speed experiencing a slower passage of time than the ...
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2answers
514 views

What does it mean to “convert energy into time”?

In a recent article about creating electron-positron pairs by colliding photons in a laboratory, Andrei Seryi, director of the John Adams Institute at Oxford University, was quoted to said: It's ...
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1answer
2k views

If gravity bends space time, could gravity be manipulated to freeze time? [closed]

You age at a different rate depending on the force of gravity. Astronauts age fractions of fractions of fractions of a second less than earthlings. If you took a sphere of equal masses, separated by ...
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2answers
194 views

I understand the Big Bang Theory (BBT), but how was the matter in the BBT created?

I understand the Big Bang Theory to consist of all of the matter being pulled into one great gravitational pull. such a great force that it expelled the matter out causing the idea of Red-Shift and ...
2
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1answer
186 views

Do particles travel backward in time in a particle interpretation of field theory?

In this Phys.SE answer Ron Maimon stats: there is no relativistic particle formalism in which the particles have postive energies and casual propagation. You can either deal with fields in which ...
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1answer
169 views

Do quartz watches actually implement the SI definition of the second?

I always wondered how much time means 1 second? Technically, the SI second is defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two ...
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1answer
74 views

Twin Paradox: Whose time is slow? [closed]

What I understand about the twin paradox is that if a person stays at rest with something lets say the earth and a traveller moves with a great velocity with respect to the firsy person, then the time ...
34
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7answers
6k views

If we suddenly lost track of time, how would we know what time is now? [duplicate]

If we hypothetically lost all watches and all devices that keep track of time, how would we say what is the current time? Or we actually don't and time is just a convention?
3
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2answers
570 views

Flight time Toronto to Moscow the same [duplicate]

I have a question. How come that the flight from Toronto to Moscow takes the same time as the flight from Moscow to Toronto. Should it take much longer because of the earth rotation? One direction we ...
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2answers
220 views

Confused about the concept of time and time dilation [duplicate]

I am having a hard time understanding what is time. If scientists define time as a multiple of caesium frequency, then time itself is dependent on motion, so what if I have a number of particles that ...
2
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2answers
143 views

How is time distributed through space?

I was greatly confused when I saw video saying that if two wormholes were separated by time instead of distance, it would allow time travel. My question is what did they mean by this statement? What ...
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3answers
276 views

What makes now special?

I recently came across the paper Relation between the psychological and thermodynamic arrows of time (arXiv). Their argument makes sense to me, however their concept doesn't seem to address what ...
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3answers
220 views

Expansion of the Universe regarding Time and lightspeed

According to our current understanding, the universe is expanding... it is often said that every galaxy is moving away from us (I'm assuming that isn't true for galaxies in our local group), and it's ...
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4answers
1k views

Time dilation all messed up!

Okay! There is a problem with my logic and i cannot seem to point out where. There's a rocket ship travelling at close-to-c speed v without any acceleration (hypothetically), and there is an observer ...
3
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0answers
57 views

What is the shortest controllable time?

I was reading http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planck_time and noticed a reference to: http://phys.org/news192909576.html where it is stated that: 12 attoseconds is the world record for shortest ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Expectation value of Hamiltonian in different pictures of quantum mechanics

We start with the familiar Schrodinger equation: $$ i\hbar \frac{\partial \left|\psi_S\right\rangle}{\partial t} = \hat{H}_S \left|\psi_S\right\rangle $$ As we switch to a different picture than ...
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1answer
300 views

Distance travelled given velocity at various moments of time [closed]

I am trying to solve a problem where I need to find the distance travelled at the end of the nth second and my input data contains only velocities at different time instances. Say for instance I ...
4
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1answer
188 views

Time-Energy Uncertainty Principle and Operators

In most of examples, I notice that uncertainty principle for time & energy is given between mass & lifetime. The UP for time and energy is $$ \Delta t\,\Delta E\geq\frac h{4π} $$ where $$Δt ...
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5answers
327 views

A question about motion and time dilation

I was thinking that if you are in empty space with another person (with no other objects around), and from a distance you see that the other person is approaching you a constant speed, you wouldn't ...
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4answers
233 views

Relation between Force, Time, and Energy

Is energy involved independent of force applied over time? In other words, if I wish to apply a force for much more time would I require more energy?
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1answer
273 views

Time to heat/cool a room

So, I have a basic, very basic, understanding of thermodynamics. I don't take it until next semester. I'm attempting to write a program which plots a temperature over time graph of a room being ...
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3answers
97 views

How can a clock work if the uncertainty principle is true?

If the uncertainty principle and Copenhagen Interpretation are true, then how can a clock tick? Supposedly particles can do all sorts of things when not measured, then how can they be formed into ...
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1answer
242 views

Is the Universe Past-Eternal?

Does the Borde-Guth-Vilenkin theorem definitively demonstrate that the Universe cannot be past-eternal, whatsoever? Does it not assume a classical space-time while the real world requires Quantum ...
3
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1answer
146 views

How is UT1 being computed?

I've recently read up about time standards and now understand that UTC is a second-corrected version of international atomic time so that it is kept within 0.9s from UT1. And then UT1 is defined as ...
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3answers
146 views

Can it be considered as time travel?

India is about 8.5 hours ahead of US. If some person starts from India at 9 pm(according to his wrist watch) and reaches US in 2 hours(just assume),at that time his wrist watch will b showing 11 pm ...
0
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1answer
349 views

How does a black hole slow time? [duplicate]

I've been reading about black holes, and I keep coming across the fact that time runs slower near a them. My questions are: Does this mean that if you left Earth at age 30 and spent 30 years near the ...
16
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2answers
1k views

Inflation and the Meaning of Time

I'm not quite sure how to ask this so that it can be answered in layman's terms, but I have lately seen, in several places, that with cosmological inflation, there was a point where the universe ...
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2answers
558 views

How can photons interact with anything?

I read photons do not age because they move at the speed of light. So when a photon interacts with my eyes, aren't they apart in space-time by the difference of the time in the frame of reference of ...
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1answer
77 views

What is the longitudinal difference between the sub­solar point and the magnetic poles at time $t$ (hours)?

I'm trying to convert geomagnetic coordinate to geographic, but there are some steps in the paper which I'm reading, that I don't understand. I have the geomagnetic latitude centered around the ...
7
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3answers
412 views

Do gravitational waves cause time dilatation?

The effect of gravitational waves in transverse traceless gauge on matter is represented by the expansion and contraction of a ring of test particles in the direction of polarization of the wave. ...
0
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1answer
140 views

What's the meaning of the age of the universe?

I'm not asking about how we worked backward from an expanding universe to the age of the big bang, but rather what is the meaning of time in a near infinitely dense point in the context of general ...
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1answer
157 views

Determine the distance from time-velocity graph [duplicate]

A small car that we made in class was travelling and its time was recorded at 1,2,3, and 4 meters. The points in the form (seconds, meters) are as follows: ...
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0answers
84 views

Calculating impact velocity and time with non-uniform acceleration [duplicate]

Here goes: imagine a spacecraft with engines shut off in a free fall towards some celestial body x. let's say the distance to surface is $100 000$ $\text{meters}$. initial vertical velocity is ...