Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

1
vote
1answer
114 views

Theoretical implications of multidimensional Time [duplicate]

While the idea of extra spatial dimensions has been around for quite a while now, is there a possibility or any theory which proposes extra time dimensions? If so, what could be theoretical ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

What is the physical significance of taking derivative with respect to proper time?

I would like to know if there is any physical significance associated with the derivative of a quantity with respect to proper time or is it just a mathematical trick. Since proper time is measured in ...
-1
votes
1answer
161 views

Position from velocity time graph [closed]

I have taken Calculus before but unfortunately no equation is given so I have to do it the old way. An object is at x = 0 at t = 0 and moves along the x axis according to the velocity-time graph ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

Is there really a direction of time?

Laws of physics are (almost) time symmetric, so a time-reversed description of a physical process is as qualified as the original one. What's the reason then, that in reality one version seems to ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Time taken to cover a point object in a circular region

I'm assuming a finite width rotating beam with increasing width as it gets closer to the circular edge. I'm trying to find the time it takes the beam to cross a point object at some distance from the ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Gravitational Time Dilation

In my calculus class (high school), I'm writing an exploration paper on time dilation, specifically gravitational time dilation. One of the scenarios I'm thinking of looking at is the time dilation an ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

Ideal shape of a water clock

The ancients undoubtedly discovered the ideal shape of a water clock by trial and error. In examining some ancient water clocks I notice the shape is different depending on the size. For example, a 9-...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Calculating time from altitude of the sun

If I know the angle between the sun and the horizon, the latitude and longitude of the location, and the day, what equations are needed to calculate the time? I found a website to do it: http://aa....
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Does really time exist? [duplicate]

I was wandering whether time really "exists" or is it just a mathematical parameter used to describe how things change.
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Time dialation as observed on earth

Probably a silli q but, I wanted to know if someone has taken a wind up clock into space and observed time dialation? If all our observations are by electronic methods, we dont know if electrics/...
2
votes
2answers
187 views

Can multiple timelines exist according to theoretical physics? [closed]

Multiple timelines is not a reality yet (as of 2016's science and technology), but exists only in Marvel/DC universe. It is something that is used to explain the paradox of time-travel. If you go back ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Will physics ever be able to answer the question: “What caused the universe to come into existance”? [closed]

Or is this just the flip side of a metaphysical question "why does the universe not exist", if the opposite was the case and nothing existed i.e. a universe devoid of all energy, matter forces, ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

How to describe time-shifts in Noether's theorem in Hamiltonian formalism

As was described in, for example, this post, one can formulate Noether's Theorem also in Hamiltonian Mechanics. Symmetries are then represented by vector fields generated by observables whose Poisson ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Time dilation and freefall (follow up and simplification) [closed]

A person is four miles up in the atmosphere, and freefalls towards earth. Another person is standing on earth, watching them come down. During this period of freefall, which person experiences more ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

How to interpret irreversibility in time?

I'll quote Feynman's Lectures, chapter 52 (Symmetry in Physical Laws) of volume 1: [...] If we see the egg splattering on the sidewalk and the shell cracking open, and so on, then we will surely ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Is there a fundamental frequency of time? [duplicate]

Our eyes and brains can only perceive frequencies as individual frames up to some limit, after which we perceive the motion to be "continuous." Is there such a frequency of time? Along the same line,...
3
votes
2answers
109 views

How do you think about time as an axis/dimension?

I'm studying mathematics, but (obviously?) have an interest in physics. I've been thinking, how do people in physics think about time as an axis or dimension (as they would be called in mathematics)? ...
2
votes
3answers
112 views

Is time created by movement through a higher dimensional object? [closed]

In a comment I read on this page, someone mentions a theory where time is created by moving through and slicing "moments" of a higher dimensional object. For analogy, a 2-D creature living on a plane ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Questions regarding the Feynman-Stueckelberg interpretaion

I am studying for an introductory particle physics exam, and I am having some problems with the Feynman-Stueckelberg interpretation of antiparticle states. Background: The course was being thaught ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

What determines time flow? (arrow of time) [closed]

I've been reading up on the arrow of time and there is one thing that is being omitted from every explanation that I've found: time flow. I am rewording this question to make it clearer. From the ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What would you experience if the universe ceased existing whilst you were under extreme time dilation?

Hypothetical situation, if you were in the center of a supermassive black hole (and managed to not be immediately obliterated), time dilation would be so that billions of years may pass outside the ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Can we see ourselves slower due to time relativity?

Please bear with me because I'm noob at physics. Numbers don't have to be calculated, these are just examples, I'm just asking conceptual stuff. Just double check: Objects traveling at $0.99c$ in ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Question regarding gravity and time

I and my friend (Age 15) were discussing about light and speed of light when we thought of a question. Imagine you are travelling in a spaceship at the speed of 2.9*10^8 m/s circling the earth. ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Age of universe?

Well relativity teaches us that time interval between two events is a frame dependent quantity, then how can we say that our universe is 13.8 billion years old? Should it not depend on who is asking ...
-2
votes
1answer
53 views

Reversal of time, an absurd concept? [closed]

Consider a specific case of a hourglass. Here, because of gravity sand flows down and reaches the equilibrium state when all the sand is in the lower half. This way we can keep a measure of time. From ...
-6
votes
1answer
130 views

Traveling through time, reaching the past - POSSIBLE? [closed]

I was obsessed in studying the "faith" and I've made several great discoveries. I don't want to publish anything yet, but I have a semi-proven (proven partially) / theories / so I am curious on bones. ...
0
votes
3answers
45 views

Looking at past events by observing sky? [duplicate]

Since solar system (and our galaxy) is constantly in motion at a great speed, is it possible that we can look at our own image as it was sometime ago? Since the light of that age takes sometime to ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Age difference between hands and feet due to relativity?

According to relativity time passes faster the faster something moves, and gravity slows time. My head is moving faster than my feet (assuming I'm not at one of the poles). My head is further away ...
6
votes
2answers
235 views

Is there a time operator in quantum mechanics?

The question in the title has been asked many times on this site before, of course. Here's what I found: Time as a Hermitian operator in QM? in 2011. Answer states time is a parameter. Is there an ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Cooling of atomic clocks

I have read of cooling atoms to one-quarter of one-thousandth of a degree above absolutely zero. According to Physicist William Phillips, this improves the measurement of the ticking frequency. I have ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Time Travel: Is it Possible to return to an earlier time? [duplicate]

(Please note: I've seen some other questions asked like the one I myself am asking, I realize that I am indeed late to the party, but I am genuinely curious and none of the previous answers have ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

A fast object (0.8c) getting overtaken by another fast object (0.9c): why don't times agree?

I'm trying to work on an exercise in Wolfgang Rindler's book "Introduction to Special Relativity" and I'm stuck on the following exercise: Two particles move along the x-axis of S at velocities 0....
0
votes
0answers
31 views

How person in different gravity field be seen?

We know that gravity affects time. More the gravity, slower the time, and vice-versa. Now consider a hypothetical condition where two people are walking next to each other. One person is subjected ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Non-time orientable quotient of de Sitter space

Examples of non-time orientable spacetimes are pretty scarce, but it seems the big one is quotients of de Sitter space of the form $dS^n/\pi_1$, where $\pi_1$ is some subgroup of the isometries of de ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Does the Heisenberg uncertainty principle hold up for events in the past? [duplicate]

I was watching this youtube video on predicting the future if you can know the exact position and momentum of every particle in the whole universe. But you can't ever know that says Heisenberg. But ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Calculate the relativity of time of an event occurred in different frames

Imagine we have a train which is moving with a velocity and there's an observer inside of that train and there is an observer that is outside of the train observing the train moving. There's a ball ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Hamiltonian in commutator contradiction [duplicate]

Consider the following: $$[ \hat H, \hat x]=\left[-\frac{\hbar^2 \hat p^2}{2m}+V,\hat x\right]\ne0 \text{ in general}$$ But $$[ \hat H, \hat x]=\left[i\hbar \frac{\partial }{\partial t},\hat x\right]...
2
votes
6answers
201 views

Wouldn't backwards time travel break the law of conservation of mass? [closed]

We know from the law of conservation of mass that the amount of mass in the universe is constant. Suppose there were a way for a person to travel backwards in time. Let's call this mass $m_t$ for some ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Biological concept behind time dilation [duplicate]

What is the exact mechanism which makes aging process slow for persons travelling at higher velocity relatively. How does our body cells responds to gravity and undergo aging?
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Wave Function State Reduction As a Result of Quantum Measurement

This is a question about indirect quantum measurement, involving an observable of an object of interest and a probe that is used to measure that observable. In this experiment, an observable of the ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Would a person in a gravity well observe the sky as rapidly moving due to time shift?

Inspired by the movie Interstellar (2014) - I was wondering about the crew on the surface of the planet which was deep in the gravity field of the black hole (Gargantua) - if they would look up at the ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Is there a model of the universe with the transfinite (space)time?

In mathematics there is a concept of ordinal numbers where one can count to infinity and beyond. For example the least number that is greater than all the finite numbers is denoted by $\omega$. Such ...
1
vote
4answers
124 views

What if a light clock travels perpendicular to mirrors that make up the clock?

I'm guessing you're all familiar with the classic intuitive way of explaining time dilation: with a light clock traveling at velocity v directed at a parallel direction to the mirrors that make up the ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Full time-derivative, Poisson brackets and Hamilton's equations (classical mechanics)

While studying Poisson brackets in classical mechanics and the derivation of $\dot{q_j}=\{q_j,H\}$ and $\dot{p_j}=\{p_j,H\}$ form of Hamilton's equations I encountered a surpsing identity, which led ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What is considered now over astronomical distances?

For the sake of discussion, let's say that Mars is exactly 5 light-minutes away and that Earth and Mars are moving with the exact same velocity so that special relativistic effects are irrelevant. Let'...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Twin paradox in special relativity [duplicate]

The Twin Paradox involves 2 observers, usually twins. Let them be named A and B. A remains at rest in the same reference frame as Earth while B is in a separate reference frame moving at velocity v, ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Coordinate Time and Proper Time/Simultaneity [closed]

At close to the speed of light, clock A is running slower than "stationary" clock B. Does clock A enter the future time reference of clock B as it slows down? Trying to understand where the forward ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Range of a mediating particle

My book describes the derivation of the formula $R\approx\hbar/2mc$ by: $$(\Delta E)(\Delta t)\geq\hbar/2$$ The violation of energy conservation is $\Delta E=mc^2$ to create the particle’s mass. Also, ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Relativistic Commutation relation for momentum and position

We all know that the canonical commutation relation give you $$[x_i,p_j]=i\hbar\delta_ij,$$ is there a relativistic version such as $$[x^a,p_b]=i\hbar\delta_a^b?$$ If so what is the time ...