Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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Period of a pendulum [closed]

In the book 'Calculus the Early Transcendetals' at page 776 (7th edition) they give that the period of a pendulum with length $\text{L}$ that makes a maximum angle $\theta_0$ with the vertical is: $$\...
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132 views

What does it mean that the laws of physics are time reversible?

The Universe, as far as we can tell, only operates according to laws of physics. And just about all of the laws of physics that we know are completely time-reversible, meaning that the things they ...
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27 views

Is the time for light to go a certain distance the same amount of time sped up through relativity?

If you were to stand on the tower of my Lemmon and had an atomic clock that was exactly synchronized with one at tucson, (6734 feet difference) for 24 hours, it was shown to be roughly a 20 nano ...
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25 views

Special Relativity and its relation to refractive index [duplicate]

As is known, light slows down (compared to vacuum) whenever it enters a medium. Also, Special Relativity effectively puts a limit on the max. speed of any body. So is it possible for a body (in a ...
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69 views

How does pressure change over time in an open box?

Imagine that you have a 1 cubic meter metal box with two 20 mm diameter holes. One of them is connected to an air-compressor that constantly pressurizes the inside of cube. Let's say 5 atm. The other ...
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318 views

Is time dilation based on the formula for period of a pendulum?

The theory Albert Einstein put forward about special relativity mentions a possibility for time dilation, in which he states gravity has a considerable effect on time. And in high school physics we ...
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45 views

Traveling slower by traveling in opposite direction as the Earth rotates

I know that if I were to travel fast, the time would pass by fast for me. But if I were to travel fast in the opposite direction of the earths rotation while I'm still on earth, would the time pass by ...
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104 views

How long is a 'sun year'?

I know that a 'sun day' is the time that a sun spot takes to orbit one time across the suns surface (25-30 days dependent on location I think) and what is actually defined as a 'sun year' is how long ...
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69 views

Is time a coordinate or a parameter in Newtonian mechanics?

In classical (Newtonian) mechanics we only ever seem to consider 3-dimensional space, with physical quantities being represented by 3-vectors. My understanding for this is because in classical (...
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2answers
109 views

Is acceleration relative in relativity?

Suppose a box A is moving relative to a Box B, then by time dilation equation if I take 1 sec passed for an observer in A then for an observer in B will be little longer. Now if I suppose that the box ...
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0answers
30 views

How much time a ball stays at rest when throw up?

You throw a ball straight up in the air. The ball attains its maximum height when it is momentarily at rest,(v=0). How mutch time is this moment? If we take time has continuous it is an infinitesimal ...
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21 views

Are there any specific examples of the application of Lewis-Riesenfeld procedure to time dependent Hamiltonians in QM?

Lewis-Riesenfeld invariant theory is a theory applicable to solve time-dependent Schrodinger equations. I have always encountered the theory related to the procedure, however never encountered any ...
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88 views

What is the best way to calculate impact time with collisions?

I've been teaching myself physics and I've been wondering about the impact time in collision calculations. The scenario I've been using to learn is an object with a mass of 4000 kilograms colliding ...
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1answer
113 views

How can Big Bang happen without time?

I had recently watched a video and he says big bang could have happen by the slow collision rather than a fast collision. But I know that there was no time before the big bang and fast and slow are ...
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2answers
514 views

Why doesn't the existence of proper-time $\tau$ imply a preferred reference frame?

A proper time interval $\Delta\tau$ for a given observer is a relativistic invariant. However, the calculation of $\Delta\tau$ requires reference to some arbitrary coordinate time t: $$\Delta\tau = \...
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What is time, does it flow, and if so what defines its direction?

This is an attempt to gather together the various questions about time that have been asked on this site and provide a single set of hopefully authoritative answers. Specifically we attempt to address ...
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1answer
64 views

Is time a vector in Minkowski space? [duplicate]

I am arguing about this topic with my school teacher in so long time, I want to finish this debate. My teacher's opinion is "Yes, Time is vector" because four-vector has $t$ component, and mine is "...
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2answers
106 views

Where the time-dependent wavefunction $\Psi(\vec{x},t)$ lies?

Supose $\vec{x}=(x,y,z)\in \mathbb{R}^3$. The state of a physical system is described by the function $\Psi(\vec{x},t)$, where it must satisfy $$\int_{\mathbb{R}^3} d^3\vec{x}\;\vert\Psi(\vec{x},t)\...
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2answers
411 views

Stanford: “Objects in spacetime all move at constant speed $c$.” Are they right? [duplicate]

In this Stanford University lecture on Relativity, it is stated: Likewise, objects in spacetime all move at constant speed c in spacetime but if you change its direction, say by moving at speed v in ...
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4answers
677 views

Before the Big Bang

I've heard this saying before I don't know about anyone else. It says, "What ever was before the Big Bang is something physics can't explain..! Is this saying true (accurate)?
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Why doesn't mass of bob affect time period?

The gravitation formula says $$F = \frac{G m_1 m_2}{r^2} \, ,$$ so if the mass of a bob increases then the torque on it should also increase because the force increased. So, it should go faster and ...
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1answer
64 views

How time and speed of light are related? [closed]

I want to know how speed and light and time are related? How will motion with highspeed effect time? I am not a physics student. I want an answer which is free of mathematical relations. I want an ...
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60 views

Equation for everything?

Suppose, I throw a ball and it bounce. If we observe it from the time of it hitting the ground, we can see it moves due to the initial velocity it had and the interaction it had with the ground. We ...
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1answer
25 views

What does Time tells about mass of an object? [closed]

According to theory of relativity Time becomes slower in presence of an heavy object. And In theory on concentration it is said when we are in deep concentration our perception of Time changes and it ...
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45 views

Gravity's effects on time

So, in the movie Interstellar they say that one year by the black hole is about 35 years back on Earth (excuse any lack of accuracy in the numbers, I haven't seen the movie in over a year). Now, the ...
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Distance in General relativity

I read a few lines about general relativity and one of the first equations is the one defining the eigentime of a time - like curve. But observers should also be able to measure length, right? So is ...
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Atomic Clocks: How is time measured?

I am trying to understand atomic clocks better. I am not getting HOW the cesium oscillation is actually being counted. So from my understanding of an older atomic clock: cesium gets heated-> ...
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128 views

Calculating travel time based on distance, velocities, acceleration, and jerk

Not much physics background so please bare with me. Say we have an object traveling on a straight line going from x to y. We know the starting velocity at x, the velocity when y is reached, the max ...
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Do residents of the Hudson Bay area have more time?

Apparently there is a gravity anomaly in the Hudson Bay Area in Canada: gravity is "missing" or it is slightly less than it is in the rest of the world. Does that mean that things in the Hudson Bay ...
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2answers
49 views

Can only one now imply every future? [closed]

In logic, A implies B, if B is always true in instances where A is true. Obviously, there can only be one possible future, for every potential now, that is, in all instances where a certain now is ...
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Oh-my-god particle: How can it get through Milky way in 10 seconds?

My question is concerning wikipedia article on Oh-my-God particle, to be precise, this paragraph: This particle had so much kinetic energy it was travelling at 99.99999999999999999999951% the ...
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3answers
568 views

Why time is considered a dimension?

Why is time considered to be a dimension? And the other 7 (except the 3 dimensions of space, and the dimension of time) dimensions that string theory suggests, why can't they be realized?
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214 views

How can an action be dependent on both its past and future?

Is it true that whenever an action takes place it is dependent on both its past and future? I mean if we already know that whatever we are doing is dependent on future as much as it is dependent on ...
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3answers
127 views

What would happen if you went back in time to get a random number?

For example, you go to a website that generates a random number. You get the number 8. What would happen if you went back in time a few minutes, and repeated the same actions. Would you get the same ...
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696 views

Do clocks really measure time?

Each time I listen to this quote from The man from Earth, I'm absolutely intrigued: Dan: Time... you can't see it, you can hear it, you can't weigh it, you can't... measure it in a laboratory. It ...
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58 views

How to measure size of x in time (“time thickness” and not “lifetime”)? [closed]

My question is a consequence of a personnal hypothesis which might be wrong. Everything which exists has a size mesurable in 3D space with different size of rulers. This stands for any particle, ...
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81 views

Should we consider space and time as separate entity?

In general relativity, we think of space and time in spacetime framework. As some people say, metric tensor sign difference, along with our inability to go backward in time suggests that space and ...
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1answer
172 views

Does antimatter travel faster than light

I have read in the answers here that an electron traveling backwards in time would behave as a positron. I also read in another there that antimatter is matter traveling backwards in time As far as I ...
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0answers
37 views

Time. Is it really a dimension? [duplicate]

I have trouble accepting that time is a dimension, in the same way that space has three dimensions. Wherever there is space and matter, it has spatial properties. You can move back and forwards in ...
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6answers
4k views

What is the proper way to explain the twin paradox?

The paradox in the twin paradox is that the situation appears symmetrical so each twin should think the other has aged less, which is of course impossible. There are a thousand explanations out there ...
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1answer
185 views

Does Inertial time dilation demonstrate that Time is not a dimension? [duplicate]

If time is a dimension and 'now' simply an expression of your position with respect to that dimension, the progress of any object along that dimension should remain in step with all other objects. By ...
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3answers
153 views

Is time unidirectional because of 4th spatial dimension? [closed]

We heard about an expanding universe. Consider an expanding sphere. Consider the surface of the sphere as our 3 dimensional universe. Can time dimension be the radius $R$ of this sphere? And because ...
2
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3answers
79 views

Can the passage of time be measured in the absence of motion? [duplicate]

All of the ways I have heard of to measure the passage of time involve measuring some sort of motion (e.g. vibrations of a cesium atom, movement of the hands on a clock, etc.). Can the passage of ...
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1answer
265 views

Wormholes and the illusion of time?

I was watching a video on Youtube by Brian Greene, "the illusion of time."http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-u1aaltiq4 In that video, he introduces to me the idea of a "brane," or a slice of the ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between UT0, UT1 and GMT time?

Every reference I find says that they are "essentially" the same, which we all know really means that they are not the same, but different only by a some small amount that someone else other than me ...
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1answer
120 views

Is there any naturally occurring light wave with a constant frequency that has a terminable decimal. [closed]

I was wanting to think of a natural unit of time, if one exists, that is known exactly. I started thinking about it with the Voyager plaque and the 21 cm Hydrogen line (HL). When I looked into the HL, ...
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62 views

Does travelling towards something at relativistic speed cause it to appear to speed up?

If one were to travel towards a giant TV floating in space, at a fraction of the speed of light, would a video playing on the TV appear to play faster? I'm guessing the answer is no. From what I ...
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2answers
51 views

How Can a Singularity contain different things? [closed]

According to the Big Bang model, space and everything in it was squeezed into a infinitely small point which subsequently expanded. But if everything is squeezed into a point of zero size than there ...
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3answers
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Is it possible to hear the past?

From this Stack Exchange Physics Post, I am certain that it is possible to view the past. But then this interesting question came to me. Is it possible to hear the past? Ok, you might say, "Well, ...
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Did time exist before the creation of matter in the universe?

Does time stretch all the way back for infinity or was there a point when time appears to start in the universe? I remember reading long ago somewhere that according to one theory time began shortly ...