Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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Why do atomic clocks only use caesium?

Modern atomic clocks only use caesium atoms as oscillators. Why don't we use other atoms for this role?
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Accuracy and Error of Atomic Clocks

I'm quoting a passage from my notes: The development of clocks based on atomic oscillations allowed measures of timing with accuracy on the order of $1$ part in $10^{14}$, corresponding to errors ...
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3answers
112 views

What is the pace of absolute time

How fast or slow compared to my alarm clock time does time passes in a place where there is no gravitational pull and where you are not moving. I don't know if my question is clear, but is there some ...
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1answer
73 views

Hafele-Keating revisited with a gravity clock

Most modern clocks use electromagnetic phenomena to measure time. There are perhaps some older clocks that involve gravity to some degree (hour glass, pendulum), but I believe they still have a ...
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2answers
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What would a closed timelike curve look like?

What exactly are closed timelike curves. In a metric in which they would exist, what would they look like. What would it be like travelling through them? It obviously wouldn't look like a door. Would ...
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1answer
109 views

Does time stand still at a phase transition?

For second order phase transition thermodynamic properties can be described in very general terms by their critical exponents. So at every transition the correlation length $\xi$ should diverge as ...
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638 views

If time stops for an object, does that object feel gravity?

As far as I understand The GTR, it is said that Mass bends space-time which causes gravity. So every Mass in this universe is flowing through space-time example earth is moving along with space-time ...
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1answer
53 views

Relationship between gravitational time dilation and energy?

The rate that a stationary clock slows down near a massive object, relative to one far away, can be read off from the Schwartzschild metric: ...
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3answers
67 views

What does it mean to say that “remembering the future and not the past?”

I encountered a rather stupid question which I don't quite understand. - "Why can we remember the past but not the future?" It sounds cool when I first read about it but I think about it more, about ...
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1answer
74 views

Calculate Time travel with Time Dilation [closed]

Does the following hold: If we have: person A moving at a speed of $0$; person B moving at a speed of $xC$ (where $C$ is speed of light, $x$ a fraction) And if time passes for $m$ ...
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9answers
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Is there a proof of existence of time?

It seems to me that there is no such thing as time. There is only movement in the universe and we compare our own movement to a different object to have a sense of time. It can be a clock or a atomic ...
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0answers
28 views

Discrete time like a computer program [duplicate]

Has anybody thought about the effects of discretizing time in the way most computers do? In computer programming; collision detection for example, or updating a trajectory of a particle, everything is ...
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1answer
327 views

Cancelling special & general relativistic effects

We know that for a GPS we need to make a correction for both general and special relativity: general relativity predicts that clocks go slower in a higher gravitational field (the clock aboard a GPS ...
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Is time a Scalar or a Vector?

In Wikipedia it's said that time is a scalar quantity. But its hard to understand that how? As stated that we consider only the magnitude of time then its a scalar. But on basis of time we define ...
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How fast will the sun become a red giant?

I've read many accounts of our sun's distant fate, but what I've never heard is on what time scale these events occur. For instance, when the sun runs out of hydrogen, I presume it doesn't just WHAM! ...
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4answers
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Why doesn't mass of bob affect time period?

Please correct me if I'm going wrong - By the gravitation formula: $F = \frac{G m_1 m_2}{r^2} $, So if the mass of a bob is greater then the torque on it should increase because the Force increased ...
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0answers
35 views

What is time except “Dimension”? [duplicate]

I know everybody says that time is the fourth dimension. But I want to know what is the definition of Time without just saying that it's the Fourth Dimension.
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1answer
77 views

A problem on rectilinear motion in a car [closed]

Today, I attempted the third question in the first chapter (Physical Fundamentals of Mechanics) in the book Problems in General Physics by I. E. Irodov. The question goes like this: A car starts ...
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1answer
54 views

By what factor would you have to slow down time for water to feel like glass?

I have been told that though glass seems like a solid, it is somehow, in theory, a liquid -- but is just somehow a liquid that is so thick that it appears to be solid. (Of course --- if this premise ...
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1answer
65 views

Understand the relation of time and the space dimensions of spacetime?

I assume the relation of the three spacial dimensions and the time dimension is handled purely in the mathematical domain, usually. But is there any intuitive description of this relationship, how ...
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1answer
141 views

How are the higher derivatives (jerk, jounce) of position with respect to time used in physics?

I don't see them much in any physics lesson or course, but that's probably because I'm not into physics as much. I can understand why velocity and acceleration are useful, but why would someone want ...
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Physics without time

The structure of physical law as we generally recognize it today is firmly held together by the existence of time. Although physical laws can both predict and retrodict (reversible time does not break ...
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1answer
45 views

Is it possible to travel forward and backward along with time? [closed]

Is it possible to travel along through time if we found a thing that is more speeder than light?
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23 views

What's the difference between cosmic time and conformal time? [duplicate]

When they say that the age of the Universe is about 13.7 billion years, they are giving the age in cosmic time, is that right?. There's this other thing called conformal time which I don't understand. ...
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2answers
84 views

Meaning of Proper time

Sorry for a bit of a basic question, but want to clarify things in my head. Is proper time quantified by the amount of physical process that an object, or physical system undergoes, for example the ...
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1answer
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How can bubble collision happen if there is no space and time outside the universe?

The question is almost self-explanatory. What I am trying to say is that if there are no space-time outside our universe, how does collisions even happen. I am having a hard time explaining this ...
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1answer
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Time dilation and space time [closed]

I know a little about space time, and I know that space time is adding the time component into the three- dimensional world and creating an abstract universe. But my question is that why time is ...
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2answers
51 views

What is the least count of the timer clocks used in RADAR?

I was checking out some videos in YouTube regarding the working principle of RADAR. To quote some HOW IT WORKS: World War II Radar (720p), part 1, How does RADAR work? | James May Q&A | Head ...
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1answer
55 views

Is gravitation time dilation simply c/v?

Recently, I've been very interested in forms of time dilation. I'm relatively new to relativity, so I apologize for any stupid mistake I may make. I was messing with the equation for gravitational ...
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0answers
32 views

How power spectral density in time domain can be understood?

I got some data which basically gives me the variation on the time of a PSD measured across specific frequency bands ranges, for instance [10Hz-30Hz]. However I have not found any good explanation ...
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0answers
49 views

What perpetuates change? [duplicate]

People say that our notion of "time" comes from entropy which in turn is just a large scale effect of the laws of physics, but what is it that perpetuates the laws of physics from one state into the ...
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0answers
57 views

If time somehow went backwards would this violate one of the laws of thermodynamics?

If time somehow went backwards and all the physical events that had occurred in a sequence , would some of the events occurring 'backwards' or in the reverse order violate the principle of entropy or ...
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2answers
924 views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
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1answer
46 views

Standardising shadow length on sundials

The sundial is fundamentally flawed in that the length of each hourly shadow changes with the seasons. If the base of the sundial was engineered to move cyclically on an anual basis however, the ...
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1answer
47 views

Cellular automata and time T

Reading around about various CA models I saw that there are even those who are following the track to provide a single mechanicist model of the universe. For example Gerard van 't Hooft claims that ...
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Can I sum-up time?

If a kinetic process takes 1 second to complete(reach a point), and that process is repeated $n$ number of times, is this formula correct $t_t$=$n\times 1$ = total time in seconds? It's similar to a ...
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4answers
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Lagrangian to Hamiltonian in Quantum Field Theory

While deriving Hamiltonian from Lagrangian density, we use the formula $$\mathcal{H} ~=~ \pi \dot{\phi} - \mathcal{L}.$$ But since we are considering space and time as parameters, why the formula ...
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3answers
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How can we be sure that a new frequency standard is better than the old one?

Lets assume for this question that at one point in scientific history everyone was running along well with their cesium frequency standards, and someone has a brilliant idea and builds an active ...
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1answer
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Time dilation: reference frame [closed]

So I'm calculating how long it will take for half of some muons to decay for in a stationary observers frame of reference. They have a half life of 2.2 * 10^-6 and are moving at a speed of .98c ...
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1answer
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Is time the property of an object?

I don't know if the title makes much sense, but hopefully it will become clear with the text. Temperature is not a property of a point in the three dimensions, but actually of the object occupying ...
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2answers
529 views

Why does time exist? [closed]

So I have been thinking about some subjects and one of it involves time. And I tried writing a story/question on here to summarize the bigger picture but it's not going to happen it's too complicated ...
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9answers
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Did relativity make Newtonian mechanics obsolete?

Did Einstein completely prove Newton wrong? If so, why we apply Newtonian mechanics even today? Because Newton said that time is absolute and Einstein suggested it relative? So, if fundamentals are ...
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1answer
63 views

How much is time slowed down inside a planet or star?

An answer to What would be the rate of acceleration from gravity in a hollow sphere? states "that according to General Relativity time passes more slowly inside a hollow massive sphere than it does ...
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1answer
56 views

Has the effect of magnetic fields on time ever been examined experimentally?

Relativity of time can be examined with satellites as gravitational or acceleration. Is there any similar experiment with intense magnetic fields?
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3answers
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Does Time change over temperature? [duplicate]

I am not a physicist, I am just an engineer. But I dared to ask whether the temperature changes the perception of time. Let's consider a particle that "stops" at absolute zero. I was thinking as a ...
2
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1answer
136 views

Can two distinct events occur at precisely the same moment in time?

I am writing a simulation and am having difficulty resolving the order in which two distinct forces occur. The simulation will give different results if the forces are applied to the state in ...
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1answer
280 views

How come the concept of an instant of time is such a controversial topic with relativity, but with entanglement it's completely acceptable?

When talking about relativity most people say that a universal instant of time doesn't exist, but when talking about entanglement most will say that the particles are both measured instantaneously. ...
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1answer
150 views

Does time freeze at Absolute Zero? [closed]

Time has many definitions per se, but the basic idea being it's "the measurement of change" so as we know, all matter looses it's ability of changing with the loss of kinetic energy. and the where it ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Observing from a black hole proximity

Suppose that you could get close enough to a black hole that time slowed down significantly for you, and you looked at a giant clock back on earth through a telescope. Would you see the earth clock go ...
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1answer
123 views

Understanding gravitational time dilation / Schwarzschild metric

I've had a look at the answers to these sorts of questions already, but feel like I'm still missing something. Starting with this question, and this one and even this one here. I'm looking at this ...