Time is defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be

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Synchronising the Earth's rotation via mass redistribution

How much material would have to be moved per year from mountain-tops to valleys in order to keep the Earth's rotation synchronised with UTC, thus removing the need for leap seconds to be periodically ...
3
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1answer
3k views

What did Hawking mean? 'Time started at the big bang'. Book suggestions please [closed]

After writing down this question, I have come to realize that. What I really want is reading materials on the questions below. Before the big bang there was no such thing as 'time' (Steven Hawking on ...
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2answers
1k views

Time dilation as an observer in special relativity

I've been having a discussion regarding time dilation relating to special relativity and how it should be observed from the FoR (Frame of Reference) of "the person moving" : I assert- If we have a ...
2
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1answer
465 views

Einstein Relative Motion and Time Order of Events

According to Einstein, do observers in relative motion agree on the time order of all events? I don't think they would agree on the timing of events, but I am having trouble figuring out why they ...
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4answers
2k views

How long would it take to travel through a wormhole?

Assuming wormholes exist and you put some matter into one, how long would it take to reach the other end versus how far apart the two ends are? Basically, by how much does a wormhole stretch ...
6
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6answers
11k views

How many colors exist?

How many "colors" do exist? Our perception: As far as I know, colors are just different frequencies of light. According to wikipedia, we can see wavelengths from about 380 nm und 740 nm. This means ...
2
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1answer
381 views

Is it a total or an explicite time derivative in the Schrödinger equation?

I am always dubious when I need write Schrödinger equation: do I write $\partial / \partial t$ or $d/dt$ ? I suppose it depends on the space in which it is considered. How?
1
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1answer
191 views

How does the winter solstice relate to the “longest night”

The winter solstice just gone was on the 22nd at 11:12 UTC. Does that mean the longest night was the night before or the one after? Or more generally, given the time of the winter solstice of any ...
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2answers
87 views

When do natural leap years occur, on years based on the northern winter solstice?

I'm designing a new calendar and I want the first day of the year to be the first day after the longest night of year in the northern hemisphere. Under this plan, "natural" leap years, where the first ...
4
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5answers
168 views

Could there be more universes?

In the documentary: "Curiosity - Did God Create the Universe (on YouTube)", theoretical physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking states that time did not exist before the big bang. The first ...
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1answer
100 views

Time passing near a black hole

Given distance $d$ from a normal black hole with mass $m$, how much seconds will pass at that distance while in infinite distance from the black hole $t$ seconds has passed?
4
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2answers
580 views

What is a single word that describes the idea of the second time derivative of energy?

I think about position, its time derivative speed, and its second time derivative, acceleration. I would like to identify a single word that can be used as a handle for the second time derivative of ...
2
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0answers
363 views

Does time actually exist or is there just a single stateful system being updated over time? [closed]

What I mean is, is there a past, future and present? or just a NOW which changes? I'm a computer programmer so the second alternative is from my programming experience. In this second alternative, I ...
6
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2answers
5k views

How might clock synchronization work with RSA SecurID tokens?

My workplace uses these things to generate one-time passwords which only work within a short time period. I have always been curious about how the clock synchronisation between the authentication ...
5
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3answers
439 views

How can we know, today, that there's something from 100 light-years from here?

In my understanding, to take a picture of something that is 100 light-years from here, our "camera" would have to travel 100 years at light speed, take the picture, send to us, and 100 years later we ...
4
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4answers
4k views

That 10km/day error predicted if GPS satellite clocks not corrected for relativity

Some authorities have stated publicly and without explanation that if the theories of Special and General Relativity were not taken into account in the design of the GPS (by building the satellite ...
6
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3answers
344 views

If the entire universe is the same age, can one assume that any potential life elsewhere is at the same stage of development as us?

There was some discussion in another question regarding whether you can consider all parts of the universe to have existed for the same length of time, and the conclusion seemed to be that, because of ...
2
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4answers
309 views

Are circularly defined {velocity, distance, and time} a problem in physics?

In order to measure velocity, one needs a calibrated measuring stick and clock. But in order to calibrate a measuring stick you need a calibrated clock and velocity. And in order to calibrate a clock ...
2
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3answers
21 views

Does anybody actually do astrometry in the 21st century?

I mean the nitty-gritty measurements of positions of stars and planets using transit circles. The transit instruments I've seen are mostly in national observatories and are essentially museum pieces: ...
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7answers
1k views

Time, what is it? [closed]

If you ask any person about time, she/he will give you some answer. I suspect that it is extremely difficult, (if not impossible) to define time. Is there a definition of what it is in physics? Is it ...
0
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1answer
200 views

Red shift and time distortion

Superman throws a light emitting object away from himself fast enough to notice a red-shift. The object passes through a region in which time runs more slowly. From Superman's perspective, does the ...
0
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2answers
91 views

Resources for current thought on time/spacetime?

Are any of the big-name physicists associated with the time in the same way that Hawking and Penrose are associated with black holes? I'm interested in some good books that focus on the topic.
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4answers
1k views

Energy is actually the momentum in the direction of time?

By comparatively examining the operators a student concludes that `Energy is actually the momentum in the direction of time.' Is this student right? Could he be wrong?
4
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7answers
464 views

Is 'now' smeared over time?

Conventional physics as is usually presented in textbooks deals with the evolution of states in phase space parameterized by sharp instances in time, a real parameter. However, quantum fluctuations ...
4
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1answer
192 views

Why isn't sunset time in sync with solstice?

The winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere in 2011 is on December 22. But if I look at the sunset times for a location such as Washington, DC on the USNO site, the sunset time starts reversing ...
6
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3answers
6k views

Convert acceleration as a function of position to acceleration as a function of time?

Suppose I have acceleration defined as a function of position, $a(x)$. How to convert it into a function of time $a(t)$? Please give an example for the case $a(x)= \frac{x}{s^2}$.
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15answers
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What are the mechanics by which Time Dilation and Length Contraction occur?

What are the mechanics of time dilation and length contraction? Going beyond the mathematical equations involving light and the "speed limit of the universe", what is observed is merely a phenomenon ...
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11answers
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understanding time: Is time simply the rate change?

Is time simply the rate of change? If this is the case and time was created during the big bang would it be the case that the closer you get to the start of the big bang the "slower" things change ...
5
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2answers
89 views

Tropical year is 27s/year off from Gregorian year?

http://hpiers.obspm.fr/eop-pc/models/constants.html states the tropical year is $365.242190402$ days. The Gregorian calendar's average year is $365.2425$ days (every 4th year a leap year, except ...
3
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1answer
375 views

Is time the property of an object?

I don't know if the title makes much sense, but hopefully it will become clear with the text. Temperature is not a property of a point in the three dimensions, but actually of the object occupying ...
6
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1answer
912 views

How to calculate how many degrees the Sun is from the horizon?

Given a position on earth (latitude/longitude, and maybe also height relative to sea-level) and a time, what's the algorithm to find how many degrees the Sun is from the horizon? And the same for ...
9
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5answers
6k views

The Time That 2 Masses Will Collide Due To Newtonian Gravity

My friend and I have been wracking our heads with this one for the past 3 hours... We have 2 point masses, $m$ and $M$ in a perfect world separated by radius r. Starting from rest, they both begin to ...
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0answers
130 views

Confusion with infinity and time [closed]

I have some confusion between with resolving the following situation. I know that no measurable quantity can have a value of infinity. For example, I just wrote something out, but clearly this ...
5
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2answers
698 views

Why is time special?

In Special Relativity, the spacetime interval between two events is $s^2 = -(c{\Delta}t)^2+({\Delta}x)^2+({\Delta}y)^2+({\Delta}z)^2$ giving the Minkowski metric $\eta_{\mu\nu}=\text{diag}(-1, 1, 1, ...
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3answers
2k views

How accurate is the time on a digital clock versus the time on internet clocks? [closed]

How accurate is the time on a digital clock versus the time on internet clocks? The internet clocks seem slower than internet clocks. So which is the correct time? What are the most accurate clocks?
8
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3answers
6k views

How fast will the sun become a red giant?

I've read many accounts of our sun's distant fate, but what I've never heard is on what time scale these events occur. For instance, when the sun runs out of hydrogen, I presume it doesn't just WHAM! ...
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4answers
1k views

Relativity in Real Life

I have no formal training at all in relativity. But I was just wondering if our perception of time is altered by different events. Here are some examples I had in mind: If I touch a stove for 10 ...
3
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3answers
813 views

Time in special relativity and quantum mechanics

The time is treated differently in special relativity and quantum mechanics. What is the exact difference and why relativistic quantum mechanics (Dirac equation etc.) works?
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6answers
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How exactly does time slow down near a black hole?

How exactly does time slow down near a black hole? I have heard this as a possible way of time traveling, and I do understand that it is due in some way to the massive gravity around a black hole, but ...
14
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2answers
2k views

Has everything we see happened in the past?

Whatever we see is basically based on the light that hits our eyes, right? When we look at the Moon we are looking at the Moon as it was couple of seconds ago, as the light takes some seconds (~2 ...
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1answer
234 views

length, width, and time

is it possible to have length, width and time. A 2D or 1D object with the 4th dimension (although then there would not be 4 dimensions so would it b 3D?) .
7
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2answers
208 views

How to create unusual sundial?

I am considering small "artsy" project. I would like to create sundial by placing gnomon on the window and painting hour lines on the window facing wall. Since this is to be placed in bedroom I am ...
9
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3answers
159 views

Seeing cosmic activity now, really means it happens millions/billions of years ago?

A Recent report about a cosmic burst 3.8 billion light years away. It is written as though it is happening now. However, my question is, if the event is 3.8 billion light years away, doesn't that mean ...
4
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2answers
771 views

Why don't two observers' clocks measure the same time between the same events?

Person A in reference frame A watches person B travel from Star 1 to Star 2 (a distance of d). Of course, from person B's reference frame, he is at rest and is watching Star 2 traveling to him. ...
0
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1answer
192 views

If you removed every particle from space…? [closed]

I'm trying to find something Einstein (I think) said about time...It was something like.. "If you removed every particle from space and were left with only one pocket watch (clock, timepiece?), time ...
3
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1answer
710 views

Universe Expansion as an absolute time reference

Why we call "constant" to the Hubble constant?, if the universe were really expanding then the Hubble "constant" should change, being variable, smaller and smaller..with "time". Other example/view ...
3
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2answers
265 views

Special Relativity and time [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Question about Time Dilation.. I have a question about special relativity which was bothering me for a while now. I know that as one approaches the speed of light, time ...
0
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1answer
200 views

Is relativistic motion equivalent to fluctuating gravitational fields?

The theory of relativity makes very precise predictions about how an object's motion through space-time affects the passage of time for both the object and observers in other frames of reference. I ...
8
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2answers
605 views

What is the fastest process or shortest time in nature?

We know about some events that happen very quickly. For example, the dielectric relaxation time is about $10^{-14}\, \mathrm{seconds}$. I'm interested in other processes that switch extremely fast ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Question about Time Dilation

I just have a quick question about time dilation/proper time because my physics book makes it a little confusing. Let's say we have an observer on Earth, and then an observer on a space ship. The ...