the force on parts of a extended body in a non-uniform gravitational field due to residual of the gravitational attraction between the overall effect on the body and the expected effect on the point in question. Tidal forces are most notably in large moons orbiting near their primaries.

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Size of black hole so large that I could pass event horizon without dying from tidal forces?

Were I to fall towards a typical black hole, the tidal forces would rip me apart well before I got to the event horizon. However, if a black hole were big enough, I could enter the event horizon ...
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179 views

How do the “tidal forces warming moons” theories hold when apart from heating from expansion, there may be also cooling from contraction?

I can understand a temporary heating, from the tital forces exerted on the moon but wouldn't there be cooling as well eventually when particles "give in" to contraction? Wouldn't they eventually net a ...
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2answers
2k views

How gravitation affects tides

I know that tide is caused by the gravitational pull of moon but what I don't know is how it affects water. I have actually these doubts. Why does gravity of the moon creates tides only in water? ...
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41 views

Tidal tails of galaxies after collision

When there is a collision of 2 disc shaped galaxies, there is a tail formation created from both the galaxies. I read here that this was due to tidal forces, but I couldn't figure out how this ...
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80 views

Physics of tidal locking: can the process be underdamped?

Is it possible for a satellite undergoing the process to overshoot the required rotation rate for tidal locking? For example, if its rotation rate is being slowed, can it become slower than it needs ...
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82 views

A space train falls front first into a black hole

A long space train's HAL 2000 computer goes wacko and drives the ship and its sleeping crew front first straight into a Black Hole. As it nears/crosses the event horizon, does the space train break up ...
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125 views

Could tidal effects make matter hot enough for nuclear fusion?

There was a recent question about cosmological firewalls. Putting aside questions of entanglement and information and looking at the problem from a pure mechanical viewpoint, we know that although ...
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1answer
351 views

Would the Moon drift away from the Earth due to extraction of tidal energy? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why does the moon drift away from earth? It seems to me that, due to conservation of energy, the moon would drift away from the Earth if humans began extracting large ...
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1answer
96 views

Perpetual Mobile and Gravitation

I have fundamental question about what is called the “law of conservation of energy”. We all hear about the tidal power stations which using the tidal power. The source of the tidal power came from ...
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1answer
213 views

How can you calculate the tidal gradient for an orbit?

In the movie Gravity, two characters are dangling from the international space station by a long tether. I've previously wondered exactly how you could calculate the tidal forces that act on an ...
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1answer
58 views

Question about tide

Let's say a canal is built in the middle of Kansas in the shape of a ring that stretches 100 miles in diameter. The band of water is 100 feet wide and 10 feet deep throughout the entire canal, and the ...
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70 views

Can one verify the Earth tide in his yard?

The ocean tide you can see on the coast. But the Earth tide beneath our feet is hardly perceivable. Is there any way to verify it in one's yard?
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143 views

Is the equivalence principle in General Relativity an approximation?

I read in web that Einstein used the principle of equivalence to explain General Relativity but we know the gravitation is approximately equal in all of rested frame in gravitional field. In ...
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120 views

Is Earth/Luna tidal lock approaching faster?

Wikipedia pegs the mass of Earth at $5.972\cdot 10^{24}\,\text{kg}$ or $5.972\cdot 10^{21}\,\text{metric tons}$. Assuming Earth accumulates approximately $30,000\,\text{metric tons}$ annually. To ...
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203 views

Tidal acceleration for a retrograde rotation?

Consider two nonelastic spherical bodies with uniformly distributed density, a small such body in a circular orbit around the bigger one. And consider the smaller body's rotation is matched (as if ...
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4answers
303 views

Dark matter and tides

As I understand, "dark matter" is what they call a theoretical substance which is only known by it's influence upon velocity curve of the galaxy. If indeed the gravity of "dark matter" is so strong ...
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1answer
328 views

How many hours will there be in a day 5,000,000,000 years from now?

It is known that the moon is moving away from Earth 2cm a year, and in doing so makes the days longer. I want to know how many hours will have one day, when our planet is near its end.
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124 views

How is strong time dilation consistent with weak tidal forces?

Nolan's latest film, Interstellar, takes pains to explain to lay audience members that the passage of time slows in the presence of strong gravitational fields (as per Einstein's theory of General ...
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1answer
146 views

How should I be thinking about tides?

I am working on a project for physics that involves tides. This is my current mind set when thinking about tides: The earth applies a gravitational force on some mass ...
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1answer
61 views

How are tidal gravity and curvature related?

I see tidal gravity mentioned in the literature sometimes, and sometimes people even say something like that is the “real gravity”. I am confused about the significance of tidal gravity, and what ...
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1answer
115 views

Tidal locking of a planet to a satellite

As in the case of Pluto and its moon Charon, both the bodies are tidally locked to each other, will the Earth ever be tidally locked to the Moon? Is there any effect on the rotation of the Earth ...
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1answer
131 views

When will the Earth stop rotating?

I looked up leap second in Wikipedia. It is a second added (usually) to clocks to keep them in sync with the atomic clock. It said that 25 leap seconds were added in the last 43 years and that none ...
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1answer
244 views

How does angular momentum transfer between a planet and its moon?

Could you explain how a moon draws angular momentum from a planet? I know that the gravitational force transfers momentum, but I don't understand the mechanics behind it.
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1answer
104 views

Does the Earth gets closer to the Sun?

We know that the sun loses an amount of it's mass equivalent to the amount of energy it produces, according to the $E=mc^2$ equation. so the sun is losing mass every second. Does this affect the ...
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1answer
94 views

Synchronized rotation of the moon

Does the moon rotates? Yes. The rotation matches exactly the orbit of the Earth. Which means in 28 days the moon makes one rotation. Shouldn't this be also happening with the Earth rotation around the ...
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1answer
65 views

What are the tidal effects of Io on Jupiter?

I recall reading an essay by Asimov (I think) around 1980 stating that the tides are a function of a power of the diameter of the primary, so (surprisingly) small close moons of Jupiter raise large ...
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1answer
126 views

If a hot Jupiter was not tidally locked, then are there any specific cases where its wind speeds would be milder than those found on Jupiter?

If a hot Jupiter was not tidally locked, are there any specific cases where its wind speeds would be milder than those found on Jupiter? After controlling for the age of the hot Jupiter, of course. ...
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1answer
48 views

How did the Moon survive next to the Earth since earth and Moon came into existence?

What mechanism(s) prevented the gravitational effect of the earth on the moon from shattering the moon when it was closer to the earth than the Roche Limit some 4.5 billion years ago?
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79 views

Why doesn't no rotation imply tidal locking?

That I know of, in most parts of physics 0 movement means the body is resting, all the forces are in equilibrium. Why in orbital mechanic 0 rotation speed doesn't mean tidal lock as it would be the ...
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59 views

How strong can tidal forces get?

I am imagining a planet the size of Earth being in close proximity to something of high mass such as a gas giant or a star, but ultimately I'd be more interested in how to figure this out myself. So ...
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0answers
38 views

Would a large, small mass object in orbit experience induced rotation

Imagine a large (multiple earth radii), very small-mass ring orbiting The Sun. Half of the ring would be closer to The Sun than the outer half. Since orbital velocity decreases with distance, two free ...
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53 views

Calculating the gravity gradient of a black hole [duplicate]

Given a black hole of, say, $10^8 \odot$ (solar masses), how can I calculate the gravity gradient ($\frac{\Delta g}{m}$?) at a given distance from it?
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6answers
1k views

Can orbital energy be a source of perpetual power?

A thought just came to me, and I want to comfirm it here: If we figured out a way to harvest the energy from the orbit of the Moon, would that be perpetual? The Moon has been orbiting the earth for ...
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2answers
42 views

How can contact binaries persist?

This answer discusses contact binaries, which I did not even know existed. I can understand how they could exist for a short time (maybe) as gravitational waves carry off energy that causes the stars' ...
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2answers
109 views

In the time of the dinosaurs the Earth rotated once in 17 hours rather than about 24 hours, where did the rotational energy and angular momentum go?

where did the rotational energy and angular momentum go? Some claim that the angular momentum went to the Moon. Astronauts put a corner reflecting mirror on the moon and reflected a Laser and timed ...
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1answer
818 views

True or false: the Moon was touching the Earth 1.2 billion years ago

A creationist website makes this argument for the 6,000 year old earth. I'm embarrassed to say I don't know how to do the math to evaluate the claim myself. However, the time scales involved seems ...
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1answer
33 views

Gravity's tall box with a ball inside - scenario

Let's imagine we put a ball inside a box such that it doesn't touch its walls, and suddenly drop the box. Because the two objects fall at the same rate of acceleration, the ball will stay at the same ...
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1answer
25 views

How to calculate tide times?

How do I calculate the time of the tides at a given location? I'm not interested in the amplitude of the tides, just the times when they occur.
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1answer
129 views

Why are tidal forces pointing away from the Moon? [duplicate]

I am currently reading The Science of Insterstellar, which explains most things very well, but some things leave me confuzzled, which I hope to get answers to here. I am no physicist, but highly ...
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2answers
232 views

What would Earth have been without the Moon?

Would Earth rotation have been more slowed down because of the tidal effect from the Sun, as seems to be the case with Mercury and Venus? Due to the giant impact hypothesis the angular momentum from ...
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1answer
89 views

Newtonian tidal forces and curvature

Today in my physics class, my lecturer said something which confused me. He said: "Newtonian tidal forces are reinterpreted as a manifestation of curvature in General Relativity". Now I know what ...
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1answer
81 views

Tidal affect on an object and the length contraction in Relativity Theory

According to the equivalence principle in general relativity theory; If an object are in free falling in a gravitational field,the object will not detect gravitational force on it. From this ...
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1answer
158 views

Tidal Forces from the Moon on the Earth's Crust

How do we determine how much the surface of the Earth deflects due to tidal forces from the Moon (and Sun)?
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1answer
128 views

Is the trajectory of the Moon around the Earth stable? [duplicate]

I understand how mathematically is possible to have one object with elliptical or circular orbit around another object in space. so can I think of it as a limit cycle? If yes, then is it stable or ...
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1answer
68 views

About Earth Gravity and its characteristics in different scenarios

Earth's gravitational field gives rise to a typical acceleration of 9.80 m/s². If you say gravity changes with altitude, then what will be the gravity at per say 8900 meters. Is there any specific ...
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2answers
252 views

Saturn ring stabilization

The rings of Saturn are the most extensive planetary ring system of any planet in the Solar System. I'm wondering, what power is primarily responsible for that stability? © Public Image by NASA ...
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2answers
212 views

How important are electromagnetic tidal effects in QFT? Can they be used to determine whether a particle is point-like?

I just did a back-of-the-envelope calculation, which surprised me. I calculated the difference in acceleration (due to repelling like-charges) experienced by two sides of an electron the size of the ...
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1answer
899 views

Curvature of spacetime in only required to explain tidal forces?

I'm a bit confused about the equivalence principle in GR. I'm quoting from Wikipedia: An observer in an accelerated reference frame must introduce what physicists call fictitious forces to ...
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2answers
29 views

What is “Barotropic tidal forcing”?

I have been searching for a simple explanation for "Barotropic tidal forcing". Can anyone provide an definition or explain what it is?
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43 views

For gravitational wave from twin stars, how was the tidal effect counted?

As the primary indirect evidence, the work on calculating the rotational slow down earned the 1993 Nobel prize. However, I cannot find any where mention how the work deal with the tidal effect. Are ...