Covers the study of (mostly homogeneous) macroscopic systems from a heat/energy/entropy point of view. Maybe combine with [tag:statistical-mechanics].

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Monotherm cycle, negative $Q_{net}$

In the demonstration of the Clausius theorem in classical thermodynamics my book uses the fact that $Q_{net}\le0$ is negative in a cyclic monotherm (meaning with one heat reservoir) transformation. ...
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114 views

Please correct my understanding of Clausius-Clapeyron and latent heat

As I work a problem set, I'm being asked to calculate the latent heat associated with a particular phase transition of $NH_3$ (solid -> liquid, liquid -> gas, solid -> gas). I'm being told to perform ...
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36 views

How to compute the change in entropy of s system when the temperature is decreasing?

How to compute the change in entropy of s system when the temperature is decreasing? Such a question may be too general,then we may ask a special case:How to compute the change in entropy of Annealing ...
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246 views

Constant Pressure lines in evaporation diagram

Assume that there is the following $T-H$ phase diagram with the constant pressure lines. Which is greater preasure? The preasure drops as we move to lower temperatures (i.e. from top to bottom)? ...
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323 views

Triple point temperature and freezing point

Why does the triple point temperature have very similar values to the freezing point, in most substances?
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323 views

How does the volume change affect an adiabatic process?

A gas consisting of rigid diatomic molecules was initially under standard conditions. Then the gas was compressed adiabatically, 5 times the original volume. Find the mean KE of rotating molecules ...
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45 views

How connected thermodynamical stability and dynamical stability for black holes?

Criteria for thermodynamical stability is the convex of entropy. But for black hole entropy is non-additive.
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57 views

Lambda transition data points of $\require{mhchem}\ce{^4He}$

I'm looking to get some data on the lambda transition of $\require{mhchem}\ce{^4He}$. I need the data points of the specific heat vs. temperature graph, if that makes sense.
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49 views

Heat of adsorption from fugacity data

I have a set of data relating the fugacity ($\approx$ pressure) to the loading for a given set of temperatures. There are three temperature sets each having five fugacity vs. loading points. The ...
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63 views

Increase in number of micro states explanation or restatement of second law?

Is the boltzmann's expression of entropy as log of micro states leading to the formulation that system is more likely to be in a macrostate with more no. Of micro states really is an explanation or ...
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88 views

Landauer's principle vs Rayleigh–Jeans law

Can we argue based on Landauer's principle that if one bit information is changed inside a blackbody, the total radiated energy should be at least or in order of $kTln2$? If it is so, can we also ...
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207 views

The physical laws of thermodynamics tell us that electrical impulses must produce heat?

Health - Controversial New Idea: Nerves Transmit Sound, Not Electricity - By Robert Roy Britt, LiveScience Managing Editor posted: 14 March, 2007 1:00 pm ET Rendering shows a biological membrane ...
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579 views

Entalpy and entropy role in freezing-point depression phenomena

There's this "atomic" explanation of the freezing-point phenomena on Wikipedia that leaves me really intrigued. Consider the problem in which the solvent freezes to a very nearly pure crystal, ...
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98 views

Using thermodynamics and Kinematics together to solve a parachuter problem?

I need to find a parachutist's displacement after a given height (nearly 37000m) and at a given latitude. I have his mass, area, parachute area, drop height, parachute deployment height, data about ...
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224 views

Constant volume specific heat

A monatomic ideal gas is confined to move in two dimensions. What is the constant volume specific heat for this gas? Consider a system of N independent harmonic oscillators moving in two dimensions. ...
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2answers
454 views

What is the ion drag mechanism in dielectric heating?

While reading about dielectric heating on Wikipedia, I read about the ion drag mechanism but there wasn't enough information about. I know there is another Phys.SE question talking about the ion drag ...
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224 views

Measurement of the energy of an atom using a cold substance

An atom was prepared in a superposition of ground state and excited states.I propose to measure the state by coupling the system to a cold enough substance. By cold enough I mean $$kT\ll E_1,$$ where ...
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2answers
453 views

Does a concave or flat bottom pan use heat more efficiently?

This may be anecdotal. Playing in the kitchen I realized the frying pan comes with both a flat, and a concave bottom. So here's the question - Given two pans made of brass, one has a concave base ...
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519 views

Carnot Engine for Finite Reservoirs

Two solid, finite thermal reservoirs have temperatures of $T_1$ and $T_2$ respectively and an engine operates between the two. Assume $T_1 > T_2$ and that each reservoir has constant heat capacity ...
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150 views

direct conversion of heat to electric potential / current - are there theories that contradict the 'Kelvin Statement'?

In particular, William Thomson (Kelvin) appeared to be wrong about key things in physics (initially X-rays, aether, even aviation feasibility). ...
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65 views

What is the average total heat incident on Earth's surface each hour?

Just what the title states Some part or the other of this Globe faces approximately towards the Sun during each 24 hour period. What is the total amount of heat (in calories) incident on average ...
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59 views

What would happen to Earth if the Sun suddenly disappeared? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: If the earth left the solar system for interstellar space. How long would it take for atmosphere to freeze Suppose the Sun simply vanished, what would be the ...
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1answer
1k views

How to calculate specific heat capacity of an alloy

I have done an experiment in which I measured the specific heat capacity of a coin. I would like to compare the results to the actual value. I have found out that the coin is made of Cupronickel alloy ...
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7k views

Water Electrolysis Calculations

From Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_electrolysis#Efficiency): The electrolysis of water requires a minimum of 237.13 kJ of electrical energy input to dissociate each mole. Each ...
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147 views

2 streams going into an engine and 2 come out. Find the enthalpy?

Problem: Steam supply to an engine is made of two streams that mix before entering the engine. Stream 1 flows at a $.01\frac{kg}{s}$ with an enthalpy of $2952\frac{kJ}{kg}$ and a velocity of ...
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2answers
979 views

Does power from a resistor perform work or heat transfer?

Let's say I have a cylindrical piston filled with air and fitted with an electrical resistor. The resistor has a current going across it and a voltage for a certain amount of time. My system would be ...
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40 views

What is the heat sink in an internal combustion engine?

I believe that the heat source is the spark plug because it heats up the fuel-air mixture and that the working substance is the fuel-gas mixture. Then, I know that the explosion created by the fuel ...
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2answers
32 views

first law of thermodynamics change in internal energy

Change in state {for example from liquid to gas} is an isothermal process but the change in internal energy is not zero in this process isn't this contradictory?
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4answers
92 views

Why don't the collisions of the particles in a gas affect its temperature?

Temperature is defined as the mean kinetic energy of the system. Now the particles are constantly colliding with each other; as a result of which kinetic energy of each particle changes. ...
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116 views

Does car colour affect car temperature? [duplicate]

My family will buy a car, so to minimise the car's air conditioning and heating (and thus fuel) costs, how should we choose a car exterior's colour and the interior's colour and material (eg fabric ...
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3answers
104 views

Entropy Change in an irreversible process

I have just started learning thermodynamics and the concept of entropy confuses me. Suppose I have a gas in a cylindrical container fitted with a piston. I take it through an adiabatic irreversible ...
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1answer
68 views

Are all means of heating equally efficient? [duplicate]

In terms of cost of electricity, does it matter if I heat my room using a space heater, an open oven, a flood light, an ASIC? Assume no energy escapes the room, that the heat quickly becomes uniformly ...
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1answer
101 views

What happens to matter when in a thermodynamic equilibrium?

I am trying to gain a better understanding of thermodynamic equilibrium. Here's what (I think) I know: If a system is in Thermal, Radiative, Chemical, and Mechanical Equilibrium, then it is in ...
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1answer
91 views

Trying to turn a nonlinear differential equation into a linear one

The problem I have today is to determine the differential equation for a square fin protruding from a wall that experiences surface to ambient radiation and has an internal heat generation of $\dot q$ ...
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1answer
26 views

Steady State temperature

Let's say I have two opposite sides of a box with temperature $T_{1}$ and $T_{2}$ respectively. And I have calculated the temperature in the region between the two sides. So, just like the equation ...
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2answers
410 views

If quantum gas goes below 0K, is calling 0K absolute zero irrelevant?

Lord Kelvin defined the absolute temperature scale in the mid-1800s in such a way that nothing could be colder than absolute zero. Physicists later realized that the absolute temperature of a gas is ...
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624 views

A fan in a hot room at what point does it put in more energy that it dissipates

If a fan that is using 50 watts is moving 1 m³/min of air. Lets say the walls are the same temperature as the air so there’s no heat dissipation there. How do I know if the fan is putting in more ...
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4answers
450 views

What forces are at play when molecules wiggle (due to heat)?

What forces are at play when molecules wiggle (due to heat)? Or in other words, What makes them move?
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3answers
108 views

I open the fridge - do I let the heat in or the cold out?

Conventionally, heat flows from hot to cold. How legitimate is it to redefine things in terms of "cold" rather than "heat" eg Cold flows from cold to hot?
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61 views

Which is more efficient cooling? Cooling yourself from cold water from Referigerator or Airconditioning? [closed]

Case a: You chill a glass of water in refrigerator to a certain temperature and drink it.. it lowers your body temperature by X degrees. Case b: You switch on the a/c for a certain duration.. it ...
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2answers
38 views

How to find the initial temperature? [closed]

I am stuck in the given problem hope u can help me: Some hot water was added to three times its mass of water at 100 C and the resulting temperature was 200 C. What was the temperature of the hot ...
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1answer
43 views

How many grams of anthracite coal is needed to convert to steam? [closed]

So I have searched the internet but it would not give me the answer that will truly satisfy the question. I hope someone could answer this
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2answers
122 views

Can we reach absolute zero one day, and if so, can we measure it?

I was reading this question, and I had this doubt, if we can ever reach absolute zero, how can we measure it? I ask this because as far I know, any measurement could change (increase) the ...
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1answer
605 views

Costant volume gas thermometer [closed]

I have two constant volume gas thermometers, one with an ideal gas $pv=RT$ and the other following the Van der Waals equation $(p+\frac{a}{v^2})(v-b)=RT$. They are calibrated using the freezing point ...
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2answers
119 views

Help me check units [closed]

I need to check units in this equation, I know, that there's Pa in the numerator, but what about the denominator? $p_1$ - pressure in [Pa] $T_1$, $T_2$ - temperature in [K] $\rho_w$ - density $g$ - ...
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1answer
262 views

I need help with this question on Heat Capacity

A calorimeter has a Heat Capacity of $70 J/K$. There is $150g$ water with a temperature of $20^oC$ in this calorimeter. In this, you put a metal cube of $60g$ with a temperature of $100^oC$. The ...
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1answer
74 views

Heat and the Temperature? [closed]

I have two chambers, one with oil and another with water. They are 1 kg each. When I supply an energy of 33600 J. Find the temperature that oil and water get heated to ? Specific heat capacity of oil ...
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3answers
316 views

Explain internal energy and enthalpy

Internal energy and enthalpy. I am finding it hard to distinguish between the two. Confused. Can someone explain me the two terms and difference between them? I tried learning from wikipedia but it ...
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3answers
602 views

Why do high current conductors heat up a lot more than high voltage conductors?

120 volts x 20 amps = 2,400 Watts However, if I increased the voltage and lowered the current, you can also use a smaller wire size (more inexpensive), also have less heat and achieve the same watt ...
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176 views

How light causes increase in temperature

Temperature is the measure of movements of atoms. So if something is said to have high temperature it means that its atoms are moving fast or have high KE energy. There are basically two ways heat ...