Covers the study of (mostly homogeneous) macroscopic systems from a heat/energy/entropy point of view. Maybe combine with [tag:statistical-mechanics].

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2answers
154 views

Extreme heating by Sun on Earth- Can eggs be fried?

Will it be possible to fry eggs in Sahara desert by just keeping them under the sun? If so, then will the radiated eggs be any different? Or will we have to use the solar cooking concept to some ...
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1answer
540 views

Calculating the amount of dissolved gases in a liquid?

The most basic situation, water at room temperature, has dissolved oxygen, CO2, and more. Why is this? How would one calculate how much gas should be dissolved in any given liquid?
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0answers
119 views

Traditional Transfer Matrix on the Potts model — how it grows for strip lattices?

What is the transfer matrix size for a strip lattice of width $n$ vertices, with arbitrary $q$?? I am not sure if it is $q^n$ x $q^n$ or something else. Any reference is also welcome.
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1answer
319 views

Where does additional heat energy come from in isothermal step of Carnot cycle

According to widipedia: During step 1 (isothermal heat addition or absorption) the gas is allowed to expand and it does work on the surroundings. The temperature of the gas does not change ...
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1answer
660 views

Costant volume gas thermometer [closed]

I have two constant volume gas thermometers, one with an ideal gas $pv=RT$ and the other following the Van der Waals equation $(p+\frac{a}{v^2})(v-b)=RT$. They are calibrated using the freezing point ...
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1answer
664 views

How is the distribution probability in the canonical ensemble derived?

I'm confused by the derivation of the canonical ensemble, namely the origin of the probability density, that is the Boltzmann factor. Here's what I have: We have a system of particles with ...
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1answer
2k views

Are two thin blankets significantly warmer than a single thick blanket?

Almost every source I can find online maintains that two 0.5 cm blankets are significantly warmer than a single 1cm blanket due to air trapped between the thin blankets. However, the thermal ...
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1answer
178 views

Heat Sink Design-Choice of Material [closed]

I am currently designing a heat sink for OPA 549. Among the many considerations, for example, the choice of material, the geometry of heat sink, the design of fins and all the parameters that come ...
3
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2answers
170 views

The heat equation in relation to smoothing algorithm

Recently I learned about a technique in image processing, which has its roots in something called the 'heat equation' from physics. The original creators of this technique were inspired by the physics ...
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4answers
5k views

Can you make ice red hot?

This video clip allegedly shows an otherwise unspecified ice cube that turns red hot (and burns) due to induction heating. Can somebody explain how this works?
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2answers
1k views

Simple thermodynamics basics - can internal energy be calculated?

Well this got me stumbled, because I've been wondering what the "question" is. One of the example examns got the following question (strangely there are no supplied solution books): A $0.2 {\rm ...
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1answer
256 views

Can solar furnace achieve higher temperature than sun surface? [duplicate]

Can solar furnace achieve higher temperature than sun surface? I guess not, but I'm not sure about that. Can you check my reasoning: -------- My reasoning ----------- Consider Sun as a black body ...
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1answer
143 views

Heat preserving performance of container relative to content

This question has been addressed in the case of a thermos bottle: Performance of a thermos bottle relative to contents I am asking the question again without the hypothesis that it is a thermos ...
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1answer
559 views

Thermodynamically possible to hide a Dyson sphere?

You build a Dyson sphere around a star to capture all its energy. The outer surface of the Dyson sphere still radiates heat at much higher temperature than the cold space background, so you're easy to ...
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1answer
50 views

What is the limit of vanishing density?

I've been asked to examine the limit of vanishing density for the virial equation of state derivation of $\left(\frac{\partial U}{\partial V}\right)_T$ and quite frankly, I have no idea what this is ...
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2answers
193 views

Conditions for heat exchange and evaporation

I wonder if there is any law for heat exchange. I have learnt that heat exchange between systems occurs when the temperature of respective systems differ. But in case of evaporation, the process ...
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2answers
160 views

Temperature in a calorimeter [closed]

A closed calorimeter of negligible water equivalent contains 1kg ice at 0 degree Celsius. 1kg of steam at 100 degrees Celsius is pumped into it. Find the resultant temperature of the mixture. I ...
8
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2answers
291 views

radiation thermodynamics paradox

This question is concerned with a thermodynamic paradox for radiating bodies and radiation in a cavity of a specific shape. Consider two nested shells that are axisymmetric ellipsoids with the same ...
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1answer
97 views

Monotherm cycle, negative $Q_{net}$

In the demonstration of the Clausius theorem in classical thermodynamics my book uses the fact that $Q_{net}\le0$ is negative in a cyclic monotherm (meaning with one heat reservoir) transformation. ...
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1answer
109 views

Does time stand still at a phase transition?

For second order phase transition thermodynamic properties can be described in very general terms by their critical exponents. So at every transition the correlation length $\xi$ should diverge as ...
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1answer
188 views

Temperature loss of a moving object

I would like to know how to calculate the temperature change of a moving object. For example if I throw a ball that is warmer than the surrounding air, how much would it lose form it's temperature in ...
2
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1answer
955 views

Pressure derivatives of the bulk modulus of materials? (Solved) [closed]

Isotherm bulk modulus is defined by $$K=\rho\left(\frac{\partial p}{\partial\rho}\right)_T=-v\left(\frac{\partial p}{\partial v}\right)_T$$ wherein $v=\tfrac{1}{\rho}$ is the specific volume. Studying ...
2
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2answers
620 views

Doubt over Kelvin-Planck statement of thermodynamics' second law

I have a doubt over the Kelvin and Planck's statement of thermodynamics' second law, in particular applied to a cycle. Let's take a Carnot cycle as an example, and let's call the first two ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Performance of a thermos bottle relative to contents

I'm not a physicist but I majored it at high school (a long time ago) and I study university math. Me and my roommate discussed whether the performance of a Thermos bottle is influenced by how full ...
2
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1answer
145 views

Clarification on the Seebeck Effect

Alright, I've been interested in the Seebeck effect lately, so I've been trying to learn it. From what I understand, this is measured with the Seebeck Coefficient, which gives you the $\mu\textrm{V}$ ...
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0answers
132 views

Please correct my understanding of Clausius-Clapeyron and latent heat

As I work a problem set, I'm being asked to calculate the latent heat associated with a particular phase transition of $NH_3$ (solid -> liquid, liquid -> gas, solid -> gas). I'm being told to perform ...
7
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1answer
371 views

Is a venturi pump feasible at very low pressure?

I need assistance (or experience feedback) in estimating if a Venturi pump would work at low pressure. A boiler under vacuum (10% atmosphere) will produce steam (at a given speed depending on the ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Thermodynamic cycles, when is the work negative/positive?

ever since I begun calculating thermodynamical cycles, I've had problems with determining the sign of the work along a particular bit of the cycle. Of course, I guess that an arbitrary cycle is ...
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0answers
304 views

ideal gas law modelization in a vacuum chamber

I am trying to model a pressure sensor in COMSOL. The basic work is that there is current flowing inside it, if the pressure of the gas around it drops down, the temperature goes down as well (ideal ...
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1answer
133 views

What sort of thermodynamic process is this?

I have to calculate the work done in this thermodynamic cycle: LINK. But the bottom bit of the cycle is something I've never seen before. I guess the curve in $pV$ space is given by $$\left( V- ...
2
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2answers
160 views

Is an ice globe the worst possible way to cool a drink (with ice)?

Given an alcohol solution and a mass of ice in whatever shape you like, is shaping it into a sphere the worst possible way to cool your drink without diluting it? If the ice starts off at a sub-zero ...
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0answers
36 views

How to compute the change in entropy of s system when the temperature is decreasing?

How to compute the change in entropy of s system when the temperature is decreasing? Such a question may be too general,then we may ask a special case:How to compute the change in entropy of Annealing ...
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1answer
144 views

How do I calculate the work of a gas showed up on a graph? [closed]

I have this graph of a gas: Now, I need to calculate work of it, based on ABCD cycle of changes (that's a bit confusing to me, do I calculate AB, BC, CD separately?). How do I do it? Also, how can ...
3
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2answers
181 views

What are the largest thermal gradients achievable in a lab environment?

I am looking for a system capable of creating a gradient of $100\, \mathrm{K}/\mathrm{\mu \textrm{m}}$ on a $30\, \mathrm{\mu}\textrm{m}$ spacing of a system mounted on a Si-N membrane. My so-called ...
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1answer
175 views

How to multiply Celsius and kilograms? [closed]

I have something like this: $$\frac{0.04\,\text{kg} \times 90\,^{\circ}\text{C} + 0.06\,\text{kg} \times 50\,^{\circ}\text{C}}{0.1\,\text{kg}} = T_k$$ Where $T_k$ is a temperature, in Celsius. But ...
3
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2answers
3k views

Time required for water to freeze

recently I was wondering if there is any specific formula in order to calculate how long it takes for certain liquids to freeze (especially water). I know this depends on: the volume of the liquid, ...
2
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1answer
566 views

How much does sunlight affect inside temperature?

Suppose we have a $3\cdot 3\cdot 3\,m^3$ room of which one side is glass. And suppose that the other 5 sides have no effect on temperature (super isolation). We know from physics how to calculate ...
2
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0answers
148 views

Heat equation with Neumann boundary conditions

I would like to explore some ideas with different geometries exchanging energy mainly by radiation. This means solving Laplace equation for the steady state. However the boundary conditions are always ...
10
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3answers
1k views

Best way to chill a cup of coffee with cold water and 5 minutes [duplicate]

Initial data 1 x 3/4 full cup of hot coffee / tea / your favorite morning beverage cold water 5 minutes Considering that it's starting to get hot outside, and we all want to drink reasonably cold ...
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3answers
539 views

What is the deal with heat capacity?

For some time now I've been confused about heat capacity. The way I understand it, if I put in an amount of heat energy into the system, $dQ$, its temperature will change by $CdT$. But now, ...
5
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2answers
704 views

Why does asphalt crack along painted lines?

My elementary school playground was made of asphalt and had a track painted on with white lines. While walking on the track, I noticed that cracks in the asphalt often followed the paint. The ...
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1answer
70 views

Electricity directly from heating a material [duplicate]

I am looking for some more information about how to obtain electricity from heat directly. This e.g. involves the Seebeck effect, as I have found it is called, where a material produces a voltage ...
1
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1answer
27 views

Gas in movement

Suppose I have a gas contained in a solid box and I drop it from a certain height, is the temperature of the gas going to change because of the velocity that it acquires during the fall? If so, by how ...
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2answers
100 views

on Brownian motors

From this review on Brownian motors, there is such a statement without detailed explanation: (I think this statement is general enough so that one does not need to read the article) "Apart from ...
2
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2answers
132 views

A box with cooler and heater on opposite faces

Suppose there's a box with one face cold, and the opposite face hot. So when the air molecules hit the cooler face, it will transfer its momentum and energy to the wall, bouncing back with less ...
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1answer
287 views

1/2 freeze a water bottle

Is it possible to quick freeze half of an unopened bottle of water or soda by putting half of the bottle in a subfreezing solution liquid nitrogen or other solution without freezing the whole bottle?
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3answers
2k views

Office Air Conditioning and Open Windows

Today is nice and sunny and the air con is on in the office. It's a fairly large office seating 20 people, 30x30x15ft with 20 small windows and a single large AC unit on the back wall where there are ...
2
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0answers
71 views

Is there a source that provides data for the temperature coefficient of resistivity at different temperatures?

I'm looking for a source where I can find the temperature coefficient of resistivity at different temperatures for pure metals. Tables are everywhere for 20$\,^{\circ}$C, but I'm having difficulties ...
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1answer
223 views

Fluids in thermodynamic equlibrium

I am reading about the Euler equations of fluid dynamics from Leveque's Numerical Methods for Conservation Laws (Amazon link). After introducing the mass, momentum and energy equations, some ...
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2answers
194 views

Is there a general form for heat capacity?

Can you derive a general form (not keeping either volume or pressure constant) for heat capacity from the first law of thermodynamics? Do you have to make any assumptions to do so? It sounds trival, ...