Covers the study of (mostly homogeneous) macroscopic systems from a heat/energy/entropy point of view. Maybe combine with [tag:statistical-mechanics].

learn more… | top users | synonyms (3)

1
vote
2answers
76 views

What is the relation between isothermal process and its surrounding?

In an isothermal process the temperature of a system remains constant but may or may not be similar to temperature of surroundings How is this possible?
0
votes
2answers
282 views

Information or Matter or Energy

Which one is the most fundamental of the universe? What it is made of? Physicists are searching for unique and fundamental form. The question is , information is more fundamental than energy ? ...
0
votes
1answer
462 views

What does 1/k represent regarding Newtons Law of Cooling?

What does 1/k represent regarding Newtons Law of Cooling? I know k represents the cooling constant. I think the inverse of k is the time taken for the liquid to cool from its maximum temperture to ...
1
vote
2answers
175 views

Why does hydrogen give up its electron to a platinum catalyst?

All descriptions of a Hydrogen fueled fuel cell (such as this one) Start with $H_2$ giving up its electrons to a platinum coated anode. Then the $H^+$ ions (protons really) travel through the ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Do COBE, WMAP, and Plack have design flaws? [duplicate]

MRI expert Pierre-Marie Robitaille on the design flaws of COBE, WMAP, & Planck and the violation Kirchhoff's Law: Here are his talks: Pierre-Marie Robitaille: The Cosmic Microwave Background ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Using Jacobians to prove an identity

I have to prove the identity $$ \left(\frac{\partial U}{\partial V}\right)_T=T\left(\frac{\partial p}{\partial T}\right)_V-p $$ I know how to do this using Maxwell's relations, but the assignment ...
2
votes
2answers
160 views

$E,H,\rho,\vec{j}$ intensive? $B,D,\Phi,\vec{A}$ extensive? Why not $ DdE,BdH ,\Phi\delta\rho,\vec{A}\cdot \delta \vec{j}$ as infinitesimal work?

$u$ is the e&m field energy $\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}=H\cdot \frac{\partial B}{\partial t}+E\cdot \frac{\partial D}{\partial t}$ Compared with thermo physics: $PdV,TdS,\mu dN$ ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Cooling - in vs out? [closed]

Suppose I have a 20x20x20 c"m plastic box where the top cover is open. On the top cover there is a fan ( 20x20 cm) which suppose to cool a cpu which is in the box . At the bottom there is a CPU ...
1
vote
2answers
891 views

Why a mono-atomic crystal layer (2D) can't be stable?

According to Peierls and Landau, 2D crystals were thermodynamically unstable. They can't exist! Of course, this theory was disapproved in 2004 (example: graphene). What is the general definition of ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Why does most of the heat transferred on Earth come from the infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum?

Why does the most of the heat transferred on Earth come from infrared part of electromagnetic spectrum?
1
vote
1answer
327 views

When the matter is heated does the photon absorbed by electrons of atoms or by atoms themself?

When the matter is heated does the photon absorbs by electrons of atoms or by atoms themself?
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Heat energy in special theory of relativity [duplicate]

Is heat energy invariant under Lorentz transformation? If so then how?
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Would being underwater help survive a nuclear bomb?

If I jump in my pool, on the river near my house knowing that a nuclear bomb, or atomic or H-Bomb exploded around 10 km from my house, would I survive? The way I see it is that water will protect me ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Why are intensive variables easier to control than extensive?

In a IUPAC Technical Report (Alberty, Use of Legender Transforms in Chemical Thermodynamics, pdf) I have found the following assertion (p. 1359): "Intensive variables are introduced because they ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Cooling power for cloud chamber

I'd like to build a small Peltier cell cooled cloud chamber. The cold surface would be a copper sheet with a surface of 200x200 millimeters. Is there a way to even guess the cooling power needed to ...
5
votes
2answers
152 views

In thermodynamic systems why must the free energy of the system be minimized?

Is this somehow a consequence of the second law of thermodynamics?
3
votes
3answers
611 views

Is there an upper limit to temperature in thermodynamics or statistical mechanics

In many presentations of statistical mechanics where we have a system of particles having mass, such as the molecules of an ideal gas, the temperature is often equated to the average relative velocity ...
0
votes
2answers
507 views

Isobaric expansion work, W = p(V2-V1) [closed]

Isobaric process, so $W = p\Delta V$ according to my book. We have 10 kg of saturated steam at $x = 0.9$, P = 200 kPa. We add work at a rate of $700 W$ and we're interested in the time it takes. We ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

consequences of universe in which second law of thermodynamics does not hold [closed]

What would happen if the second law of thermodynamics was not there for governing in every day processes. Can a universe exist and evolve if the second law of thermodynamics does not exist in first ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Thermodynamic entropy vs. quantum mechanical entropy

Is there a fundamental difference in the definition of entropy when considering the classical thermodynamic picture vs. the quantum mechanical picture, or are they both fundamentally equivalent?
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Can 'Backradiation' warm its own source? [duplicate]

Ok, although this question arises out of the global warming debate, this is a question purely for physicists and not intended to branch into that particular debate. We are told that LWIR from the ...
8
votes
1answer
172 views

What precisely does the 2nd law of thermo state, considering that entropy depends on how we define macrostate?

Boltzmann's definition of entropy is $\sigma = \log \Omega$, where $\Omega$ is the number of microstates consistent with a given macrostate. If I understand correctly, this means that it only makes ...
11
votes
2answers
648 views

Quantum entaglement and the arrow of time

I have seen several claims to that quantum mechanics is required to explain the arrow of time which I take to mean the macroscopic irreversibility of physical systems. This is presumably to resolve ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Proving $RTln(a_i)$ equal to non PV work done by system,where $a_i$ is activity

First of all many here will might say that it is Chemistry question.If you think so then read this article and then answer question. Question is --- We know chemical potential is defined as $\mu_i ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Thermal resistance of thermal interface materials?

Thermal conductivity are often used for surfaces between the computer chip and the heat sink to increase heat transfer and they want high thermal conductivity to decrease the thermal resistance. By ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Formula for molar specific heat capacity in polytropic process

I found this formula for a polytropic process, defined by $PV^n = {\rm constant}$, in a book: $$C = \frac R{\gamma-1} + \frac R{1-n} $$ where $C$ is molar specific heat and $\gamma$ is adiabatic ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Chemical potential of photons [duplicate]

Why do photons have zero chemical potential and what is its the physical significance? From what I know the chemical potential could be interpreted as the energy per unit particle that is put into a ...
0
votes
3answers
178 views

Heat flow in a hollow cylinder

Consider a hollow cylinder of different outer radius and inner radius and two different temperatures are maintained at the outer and inner surfaces such that inner temperature is higher. Because of ...
10
votes
1answer
366 views

Is there a true parallel between Gibbs' phase rule and Euler's polyhedral formula?

Gibbs' phase rule states: $$F=C-P+2$$ where $F$ is number of degrees of freedom, $C$ is number of components, $P$ is number of phases. Euler's polyhedral formula states: $$V+F-E=2$$ where $V$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Free Energy, Avialable Work in a reversible process

I was reading the Wikipedia page on Helmoltz Free Energy, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmholtz_free_energy, and run across a point I cannot unravel. The discussion goes as follows, I reproduce it ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between mechanical and thermodynamic pressure?

To start with I know thermodynamics deals with processes at equilibrium. Hence the thermodynamic pressure should most likely be the pressure of a fluid at equilibrium. I'm not sure if a fluid flow ...
7
votes
1answer
375 views

Why doesn't gravity ruin satellites?

Recently I watched a documentary about Io, a moon around Jupiter. Io has volcanic activity even though it is small and can't retain heat well because gravity from Jupiter and a nearby moon cause it to ...
6
votes
3answers
283 views

Why is adiabatic process isentropic?

I have read that adiabatic process is isentropic because there is no heat exchange in an adiabatic process and thus no change in entropy. But my question is - Even in adiabatic process, work can be ...
0
votes
1answer
201 views

Boundary conditions for the heat equation when solving a mass density gradient

I'm working with a mass density gradient with length $L$ and I'm trying to solve the heat equation in 1-D (mass diffusion equation, $\partial_t\rho(t,x)=D\Delta\rho(t,x)$), but I'm not sure which ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

fusing two air containers with fixed pressures $p_1,p_2$ and temperatures $T_1, T_2$, what end-result $T$ and $p$ will be?

Let's say that I have two boxes with both volumes equal $V$, filled with an air. Air in first box have pressure $p_1$ and temperature $T_1$, likewise air in second box have pressure $p_2$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
260 views

Temperature in an isobaric process

I have a certain conceptual issue - I'm solving heat engine problems and I found something difficult to understand. Let's take an isobaric part of a cycle of an engine, let's say that the ideal gas is ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Director field fluctuations in a liquid crystal in a magnetic field

If we consider the Frank elastic free energy in the equal constants limit (for more details, see here Chapter 4.1.) with an external magnetic field, we have $$ F = \frac{1}{2}\int \text{d}^3 r\left ( ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

What is the principle of equivalence in thermodynamics?

I've been searching for this for a while. There is a principle of equivalence in general relativity: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equivalence_principle But I need the principle of equivalence in ...
2
votes
1answer
247 views

How to use specific heats and temperature change in a system to calculate mass?

In a system where multiple liquids and solids are mixed together with different specific heats at different initial temperatures, reaching an equilibrium temperature, how do all of these things relate ...
0
votes
1answer
505 views

Latent heat of vaporization

The molecular weight of water is 18.015 gram. The number of moles of water in one liter (1000 gram) will be: $3.34\times 10^{25}$ molecules (in 1kg). We know that latent heat of vaporization of water ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does an electric motor burn up when you physically stop it?

As an electric motor spins, the energy from the electricity is 'conducted' to the rotor by the magnetic fields. However, when the motor is stopped, the energy becomes heat and burns up to motor. ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Radiation heat transfer

I'm looking at the radiosity equations for heat transfer http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radiosity_(heat_transfer)#Radiosity_method Specifically, I'm hesitant to accept the equation: $$ \dot Q_i = ...
0
votes
1answer
521 views

If fans increase the heat of the air and this DIY AC decreases it, why don't they neutralize eachother?

Please try to answer in layman terms, i am only starting to study thermodynamics (And physics) In my book one of the curiosity parts gives that fans don't actually cool the room but by hitting the ...
15
votes
5answers
26k views

Does wrapping a wet paper towel around a glass bottle really speed up the cooling process?

There are claims like this one that you can improve the cooling speed of beverages when you put them wrapped in a wet paper towel inside the refrigerator/freezer. I've just tried it by myself and ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Heating a black body

By definition, Black body has absotivity=emmisstivity=1. This means the black body radiates all energy it accepts. Does this mean the black body cant be heated?
4
votes
1answer
325 views

How to solve the heat equation for compound materials with different heat conductivities numerically?

I'm solving the heat equation with time dependent boundary conditions numerically in a 2D system using the ADI scheme. For the purpose of this question, let's assume a constant heat conductivity and ...
4
votes
0answers
25 views

Time for which a drop stays in the leidenfrost point

Is there any way to find out the time required for a drop of given dimensions to vaporize after attaining Leidenfrost point?
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Thermodynamics, chaperones : How to model polymer fragmentation

Living polymers are well described by equilibrium statistical physics. Now I would like to consider a case were living polymers undergo fragmentation due to chaperones. I can think of a kinetic ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

In what forms do fire energy transfer in common situations

Yesterday I was standing by the campfire. I used to think that campfire heat carried to me only by air. It was heating my face too much, so I blocked it with my hand just like blocking the sun. Then ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Thermodynamic relations

I'm asked to establish the following relations: $\left( \frac{\partial C_V}{\partial V} \right)_{T,N} = \frac{T}{N} \left( \frac{\partial^2 P}{\partial T^2} \right)_{V,N} $ $\left( \frac{\partial ...