Covers the study of (mostly homogeneous) macroscopic systems from a heat/energy/entropy point of view. Maybe combine with [tag:statistical-mechanics].

learn more… | top users | synonyms (3)

4
votes
1answer
404 views

Is it possible to build an air compressor with no moving parts? [closed]

Is it physically possible to build an air compressor with no moving parts? A thermodynamic cycle capable of compressing air with no moving parts and operate it in stationary way. EDIT I will add a ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Entropy Change for a Thermally Isolated System

Clausius' Theorem states that $\int\frac{dQ}{T}\leq0$ for a closed cycle, with equality for a reversible cycle. Suppose we wish to take our system around a closed cycle such that the path from A to B ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Is it safe and theorotically correct to heat a bar magnet using an open fire/furnace, provided conditions given below?

For a project, I will have to heat a bar magnet to any temperature above 40 degree celsius. For this, can I place the magnet over an open fire --like one in a furnace-- for 20 minutes or so to achieve ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Calculations on heat transfers [closed]

An unclothed person whose body has a surface area of 1.4m^2 with emissivity of 0.85 has a skin temperature of 37 °C standing in a 20 °C room. How much heat does the person lose per minute?
-2
votes
1answer
1k views

Does time freeze at Absolute Zero? [closed]

Time has many definitions per se, but the basic idea being it's "the measurement of change" so as we know, all matter looses it's ability of changing with the loss of kinetic energy. and the where it ...
1
vote
1answer
280 views

Entropy change in mixing two gases

The entropy change of an ideal gas is calculated as \begin{equation} \Delta S = C_V n\ln(\frac{T}{T_0}) + nR\ln{\frac{V}{V_0}} \end{equation} derived by integrating $dU = TdS - pdV$. It is only true ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

What could be the effects of accidentally spilling supercooled water/liquid on an unprotected body surface?

Will the body rapidly start losing heat or will the water find a seed and solidify around it ?
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Classifying regions of Van der Waal like gas

Given the equation of state $$p+a\left(\frac{N}{V}\right)=\frac{Nk_BT}{V-bN} \tag 1$$ Taking into account of the fact that a realistic model requires $p \geq 0, V \geq Nb, N>0$ classify the ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

what is the supercritical state?

is the supercritical state of matter a separate state of matter or is it a combination of a liquid and a gas? could someone give me an overview of this state and its properties. i have seen some ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Heat capacity of solids vs liquids $s_{liquid} = 2\ s_{solid}$

I heard that specific heat capacity if water $s_{\text{water}} = 1\ \frac{\text{cal}}{\text{g}\cdot \text{K}}$ while for ice, $s_{\text{ice}} = \frac{1}{2} \frac{\text{cal}}{\text{g} \cdot \text{K}}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

How much heating Earth inner core provide to the surface?

Compare to the energy that the Earth surface receives from the sun, how much power comes from the inner melted core ? How important is this contribution to the surface temperature ?
2
votes
2answers
317 views

What is characteristic time in Fourier number exactly?

What is characteristic time in Fourier number? How can I calculate characteristic time? Suppose I started heating water in a closed container by immersion rod and temperature increases ...
0
votes
1answer
753 views

Why is there steam in a hot shower even though the water is not boiling? [duplicate]

When I take a hot shower, there is normally a fair amount of steam. However, I don't think the water coming out of the shower-head is actually boiling (unless I am mistaken). Why is there water ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Meaning of solutions of an equation of state [closed]

Question Let $p \geq 0, V \geq Nb, N > 0$. Now we are given the equation of state $$p+a\left(\frac{N}{V}\right)=\frac{Nk_BT}{V-b} \tag 1$$ Classify the solutions of the equation of ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Problem with indistinguishability in partition function

Consider an ideal gas of classical particles of mass $m$ in uniform potential $\xi$ in 3d. The gas $N$ molecules, volume $V$ and is at temperature $T$. I believe that the Hamiltonian of this system is ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Finding $p(z), \rho(z)$ of an ideal classical gas in a box

We have a classical ideal gas of particles of mass $m$ at fixed chemical potential $\mu$ and fixed temperature $T$. We have a potential energy $U(z)=mgz$ and the gas is in a rectangular box of height ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Deriving pressure from a given partition function

If the partition function for some system is given as $e^{\text{$\alpha $T}^3V}$; please note note that $\alpha$ is a constant. I have computed $$\left[\frac{\text{$\delta $Z}}{\text{$\delta ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Finding the equation of state from a thermodynamical potential

Given a themrmodynamical potential eg, the helmholtz free energy, $$F=-Nk_BT \ln(V-bN)+aN\ln V + k_BTN\left( \ln N! -\frac{3}{2}\ln T\right)$$ $a,b$ positive constants and $V \geq Nb$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

The energy contribution of a frequency at finite temperature

This is from a paper I'm reading: Since each frequency contributes $\hbar \omega/2$ of energy (or at finite temperature, $\hbar \omega /2 \coth(\hbar\omega/2kT)$), we can find the energies for the ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

Temperature change in adiabatic free expansion

Consider a gas with fixed number of particles $N$ undergoing adiabatic free expansion from $V_1$ to $V_2$. Apparently we have the following relation $$\Delta ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Rain system movements and highways?

In my free time I sometimes enjoy watching the weather or radar and trying to predict how a rain system will move. Pretty often I notice that a small rain system or even a large one will congregate or ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

2nd law of thermodynamics - thought experiment

I have designed this simple thought experiment that seems to contradict 2nd law of thermodynamics. Could you please find a mistake in my reasoning? ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Understanding view-/formfactor for radiation with a specific example

There is radiation coming from a point source (black body). How much of the total emitted energy (from the point source) hits a spherical surface given by $\phi = 0 - \pi $ and $\theta = 0 - \pi/2 $? ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Vertical wall at 3 different temperatures - do the same natural convection coefficient correlations apply?

I have an vertical enclosure that consists of 3 shelves, each with its own temperature and are thermally isolated from each other. We will call the shelves A, B, and C with A being the base shelf. The ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Does heating an electromagnet cause change in its magnetic field?

Does heating an electromagnet cause change in its magnetic field as well and vice versa?
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Can we determine what happened in every event of the past?

All movement in our universe produces heat from collisions with molecules (correct me if I'm wrong). If you had a super-powerful heat sensor/detector, could you use it to detect where heat is and use ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Is refraction of light a thermodynamic process?

Is refraction of light a thermodynamic process? Can it be explained by conservation of energy? If so, does temperature has an effect on refraction of light?
1
vote
1answer
644 views

Mechanical equilibrium : thermodynamics and classical mechanics

A similar question was asked here but mine is a bit different. In thermodynamics, a mechanical equilibrium is defined as a uniform pressure (for a fluid). In classical mechanics, equilibrium is ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Passively moving air [closed]

I'm interested in channeling air into an underground condenser to generate water. Which of these approaches would be most appropriate, and is there a better approach I haven't considered? A: A ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Refined diffusion/heat models [duplicate]

I'm a math student myself, but as is natural I encounter some physics along the way too. My question concerns the heat/diffusion model. As the reader will recall this is that the heat function ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Planck's postulate for oscillators or for light?

I know that Planck originally postulated that the energy of an oscillator in a black body was quantised to $E=nh\nu$ but did he know at the time that this meant the energy of light was also quantised ...
5
votes
1answer
156 views

Why does aluminium-on-glass mirror work without distortion?

I have read an article about glass (zerodur) with low thermal expansion coefficient. It is mentioned that large casts of such glass are covered with reflective layer of Aluminium and used as mirrors ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Why is $c_p$ higher than $c_v$?

why is heat capacity at constant pressure higher than heat capacity at constant volume? It is supposed to be this way, since if you increase $C_p$ in volume work is being done, in other case not. This ...
0
votes
1answer
243 views

Does a closed system with fixed entropy imply an isolated system?

Just first to clarify, my university notation is $$\text{change in entropy} = \text{entropy flow} + \text{internal production of entropy}$$ I am confused with the term fixed entropy. Does that mean ...
0
votes
1answer
251 views

Electrical conductivity of metals on heating

What effect does heating have on metals (to be specific, on the electrical conductivity) ? And why does it have that effect?
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Paramagnetic/ferromagnetic transition under a magnetic field

The paramagnetic/ferromagnetic phase transition is an archetypal example of a continuous (or second-order) phase transition. When the temperature $T$ approaches the Curie temperature $T_c$, the ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Why is the cloth cooled to a temperature below that of the hot wind? [duplicate]

When a wet cloth is hung up in a hot wind in the desert, it is cooled by evaporation to a temperature that may be or so below that of the air. Discuss this process in light of the second law of ...
5
votes
2answers
187 views

Why is it impossible to build an air filter that lowers the average velocity of the air molecules in a house?

Imagine a special air filter placed in a window of a house. The tiny holes in the filter allow only air molecules moving faster than a certain speed to exit the house, and allow only air molecules ...
1
vote
3answers
278 views

Speed of heat / quantification of heat and other magnitudes

Is the speed of heat infinite? When solving the heat equation in a semi-infinite bar, we can see that a pulse in the finite end draws an immediate change in every point of the bar. So, at any given ...
2
votes
1answer
616 views

Area under temperature time graph

I have an open desiccant heating system which has a flow rate of $0.7$ litres/sec, I have recorded the temperature profile after the air has been heated and plotted it against time in seconds. My ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

How to convert the molar attenuation coefficient, ie. molar absorptivity, to heat capacity?

In spectroscopy techniques, such as infrared spectroscopy, light of a certain wavelength is absorbed. I see parallels to the concept of heat capacity, i.e. the heat necessary to change the temperature ...
0
votes
2answers
194 views

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Flow Hot Cold

Based on sources I referred, I got to know that a double pipe heat exchanger operates in a way where hot water flows in a pipe and comes out as cold water and cold water flows into another pipe and ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

when a steam is being liquified, does its temperature change or not?

Here is a question: When ice is being melted, its temperature doesn't change. So, when a steam is being liquified, does its temperature change or not? And is the heat transferred here calculated by ...
1
vote
2answers
445 views

Why is heat transfer better from within circular tubes versus ex. square tubes?

It is claimed that heat exchange, through the tube-suface, is best from within circular tubes versus either (not sure which is correct): from outside of the tube itself other shapes like for example ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

How to relate internal energy to atomic motion?

I am trying to conceptualize how atomic motion leads to the thermodynamically-defined internal energy (denoted as $U$ below) through some broad mathematical relationships. I get that the internal ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

What causes the black shimmering bands on a sun-lit surface?

I can't figure it out. I thought it was the window causing it, but even without it it happened. It seems to be the motion of the air that causes it, but why shimmering black bands? Sometimes this ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

How complex is an energy balance for this problem?

Let's say I have an enclosed room in the shape of a box with forced airflow on the outer walls at an ambient temperature. Each end of the room (forward and rear) has a vent that ducts in warm air to ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Measured temperature (thermometre set to emissivity of 1) of smooth surface too high or to low?

We want to measure the temperature of a smooth flat surface with a thermometre based on absorption of thermal rays. The emissivity setting of the thermometre is set to 1 (same as a black surface), ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Thermo - Plotting constant pressure and temperature on a Pv and Ts diagram

I was just curious what the saturation curve for water (plotting pressure versus specific volume) would look like if you drew both a line of constant pressure as well as constant temperature. I am ...
4
votes
1answer
755 views

Newton's law of cooling for the heat equation boundary condition

Newton's law of cooling says the temperature of an object satisfies $$ \frac{dT}{dt} = -k(T(t) - T_0),\tag{1} $$ where $T_0$ is the surrounding temperature. See these HTML notes for example. Now if ...