2
votes
0answers
33 views

Energy from the Feynman-Kikuchi Partition Function

The Feynman-Kikuchi Partition function is given as $$Z_{FK}=K_\beta \int dx \eta(x) \exp \left(-\frac{x}{\beta}\right) $$ where $K_\beta$ is a normalization constant and ...
4
votes
1answer
520 views

How do I calculate the probability that the oscillator is in a certain state using partition function?

So let's say I have a single ($N=1$) quantum harmonic oscillator and the energy is determined by $E_n = (n + 1/2) \cdot \hbar \omega$ (where $n$ is the quantum number and $n$ = $0, 1, 2, \ldots$) ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

What does third law of thermodynamics tell us?

I just have a question concerning the third law of thermodynamics. The third law describes that the entropy should be a well defined constant if the system reaches the ground state which depends ...