0
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0answers
27 views

What are the most commonly misunderstood/explained everyday phenonmon, and how do they really work [closed]

So, there are all kinds of 'standard' explanations that people just 'know' about how things work which are wrong. The sort of explanations a dad may give to their son when he asks the infamous "why" ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

If you dig a deep tunnel, will the rock sublimate?

If a tunnel is dug deep inside the crust (but before reaching places where the rock is liquid), how will the enormous downwards pressure manifest itself? Will the difference in pressure ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Liquid Column “Recoils” in a Sealed Cylinder When Hit by a Piston — Is it Possible?

Consider a cylinder filled partially with a liquid (e.g. water). The cylinder is sealed, and is at held at room temperature (e.g 298K). At equilibrium (or when no external disturbance is imparted to ...
2
votes
3answers
96 views

Is thermodynamic free energy and potential energy the same thing?

The equation for free energy $F$ and potential energy $E_{pot}$ are: $$ F=U-TS \\ E_{pot} = E_{tot} -E_{kin} $$ But the temperature $T$ is proportional to the average kinetic energy of a system. So ...
3
votes
3answers
164 views

In what limit do we *really* get Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics from Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac?

Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein energy occupation number $n(\epsilon)$ in natural units ($[T]=[\epsilon]$) read $$n(\epsilon) = \frac{D(\epsilon)}{e^{(\epsilon-\mu)/T}\pm 1},$$ where $D(\epsilon)$ is ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Applied / environmental question: direction of exhaust fumes

I'm not sure the Physics StackExchange is the perfect place for this environmental/applied physics question, but as I found no forum more fitting I ask my question here. Otherwise please move my ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

How to calculate the van der Waals force from the van der Walls equation?

Given the van der Waals equation $$\left(p+\frac{n^2a}{V^2}\right)\left(V-nb\right)=nRT$$ and the van der Waals constants $a$ and $b$, how can I find the van der Walls force between two atoms at ...
8
votes
1answer
480 views

Why isn't temperature frame dependent?

In (non-relativistic) classical physics, if the temperature of an object is proportional to the average kinetic energy ${1 \over 2} m\overline {v^{2}}$of its particles (or molecules), then shouldn't ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Do vortex tubes work with a reversed end plug?

Would a vortex tube still work if instead of a cone plugged into the 'hot' end you had a smaller hole on the 'cold' end? As I understand it, the point of the cone on the hot end is to only allow the ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

Is there valid physics behind the bodybugg?

The bodybugg is a faddish gadget whose marketers claim it can measure your body's daily energy expenditure. Their sales literature says: As reported in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2008 ...
0
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0answers
240 views

Can the laws of classical mechanics be derived from quantum mechanics? [duplicate]

Can classical mechanics be derived from quantum mechanics as the same way thermodynamics derived from statistical mechanics?
8
votes
1answer
112 views

Are Carnot engine efficieny and Fourier heat trasmission law related?

It just occured to me that the efficiency of Carnot cycles is $\eta= \frac{T_1 - T_2}{T_1}$, that is, the efficiency decreases as the difference between reservoir temperatures decreases. On the other ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Physics of homebrewing heat exchangers

In homebrewing on of the key steps when brewing with extract is to rapidly chill the wort from boiling temperatures to about 80F in 30 min. This is needed to reduce risk of environmental ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Where does the lost energy go in a rubber band powering a rotating shaft?

Okay, I'm no physics whiz, and this has me stumped. You know those toy airplanes you can get with the rubber-band driven propellers? You twist the propeller a bunch of times, and this stores ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

Entropy, flow of informations and fundamental theories

In the hierarchy of theories, first comes hamiltonian theory, from which one deduces kinetics theory, and at last thermodynamics and fluid theories. From a kinetics point of view, entropy and ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Confused with stress, strain and linear thermal expansion

Four rods A, B, C, D of same length and material but of different radii r, 2r , 3r and 4r respectively are held between two rigid walls. The temperature of all rods is increased by same ...
1
vote
0answers
376 views

How equivalent are heat energy and work energy in connection with a spinning flywheel?

Let's say we have two identical spinning flywheels, that have arbitrary geometry, and are made of copper. Now we apply some heat energy at the center point of flywheel A, causing it to slow down a ...
1
vote
0answers
298 views

Exam review question on thermodynamics [closed]

A cube has a side length of $20\text{ cm}$. An atom in the gas moves around the cube as shown. It continually bounces off the four lateral walls of the cube. The atom has a mass of $6.6\times ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Do all closed systems, only considering kinematic/mechanical principles, exhibit time reversal symmetry?

It makes a lot of sense to me to imagine a cannonball flying through space as not so much experiencing a macroscopic non-conservative drag force, but as pushing a bunch of air molecules and giving ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Testing the temperature of an open flame

How, and what device do you need, to obtain the exact temperature of an open flame? For the purpose of this question, you wanted to maintain 375 degrees. You can control the flame, but have no idea ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

What happens to temperature when pressure is constant in a cylindrical piston of saturated liquid ammonia?

Let's say I have a cylindrical piston containing saturated liquid ammonia that is fitted with an electrical heater and a paddle wheel for stirring at an initial pressure and an initial temperature. ...
3
votes
0answers
229 views

Does a thermally expanding torus experience internal stress?

I'm trying to learn continuum mechanics and thermo-mechanics. As we know, heating an object increases the mean atomic distance $a_0$ of the atoms in a rigid body. Let's assume it is a linear elastic ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Mechanics + Thermodynamics: Bouncing Ball

In preparation for an exam, I'm revisiting old exam questions. This one seems neat, but also quite complicated: A soccer ball with Radius $R=11cm$ is inflated at a pressure of $P =9 \times 10^4 ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

In a gas of particles, how is the displacement vector related to the number density?

Suppose I have a gas of particles that is initially uniformly distributed so that the number density is $n_0$ (number of particles per unit volume), and then I displace the particles by the vector ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Physical meaning of Legendre transformation

I would like to know the physical meaning of the Legendre transformation, if there is any? I've used it in thermodynamics and classical mechanics and it seemed only a change of coordinates?
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Could life survive a pole shift caused by an asteroid collision?

Could life on earth survive a large pole shift caused by an asteroid collision? I became aware that there are people who believe that the earth's pole suddenly shifts. That is, its rotational ...