The temperature-dependant emission of electromagnetic waves. Combine this tag with [tag:thermodynamics] for a macroscopic view or [tag:quantum-mechanics] for a microscopic explanation.

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Thermal radiation of a nitrogen sphere

Let's imagine a : sphere of 100% pure nitrogen (N2), (edit: 1 m diameter) with a constant volume (edit: using a kind of "magic forcefield") (edit : at 1 bar) in the void far from any light source ...
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68 views

Can kinetic energy in atoms result in emission of all types of EM radiation?

I already know the fact that when solid objects heat up, they emit thermal energy which is also known as infrared radiation. However, if the atoms in that solid were to begin gaining more or less ...
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105 views

What does a hot, optically thin gas *look* like?

In another question I tried to answer what a sample of the Sun's photosphere or core would look like, if it could be brought into the lab. Here is a broader question - if I have a small inert ...
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95 views

How does an infrared thermometer actually calculate temperature?

I am slightly confused about infrared radiation and the equations related to it. $P = A \epsilon \sigma T^4$ (1) and $B_{\lambda}(\lambda,T) = \frac{2hc^2}{\lambda^5} \frac{1}{e^{\frac{hc}{\lambda ...
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197 views

Calculating new temperature of an object when air temperature changes

I'm trying to calculate the new temperature of an object when the air temperature around it changes, given a period of time. Basically I get periodic readings from an air temperature sensor in a ...
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43 views

Ideally black plates

Let's consider $m$ ideally black, thin, infinite plates. Let $T_i$ be the temperature of the $i$-th plate. For given $T_1 > T_m$, why is the radiant flux between any two adjacent plates the same ...
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190 views

Conservation of energy when focusing black body radiation on another black body

This question about whether or not it is possible to focus black-body radiation to make something hotter than the radiation's source was answered mostly negative: the second law of thermodynamics ...
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46 views

How does the density of states for black-body radiation change with geometry?

If I have a hollow conducting cylinder with another conducting cylinder inside it (as with a coaxial cable), would the density of states of the photons/radiation between the two cylinders be any ...
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52 views

Work done in adiabatic reversible process

I was solving a problem on turbine.the steam works on turbine adiabatic reversibly .Is change in enthalpy or is it change in internal energy which equal this work?
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201 views

Will Neil Armstrong's moon boot marks really last for thousands of years?

This question concerns the residual heat (if any) contained within the Earth's moon. At the time of the Apollo moon landings, it was widely reported that the boot marks left by the astronauts would ...
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208 views

Why would different metals glow red at different temperatures?

According to everything I've been taught about incandescence and black-body radiation, and some quick Googling to confirm I'm not crazy, just about everything, regardless of composition, should start ...
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188 views

Gravitational redshift of Hawking radiation

How can Hawking radiation with a finite (greather than zero) temperature come from the event horizon of a black hole? A redshifted thermal radiation still has Planck spectrum but with the lower ...
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49 views

Chemical Potential and Blackbody Radiation

What is the physical significance of the fact that the chemical potential of the photons in a box of volume V is zero ?
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119 views

black body simulation

black body radiation is typically understood from Planck's argument of light resonance in a box, from which the density of states is computed. Now, suppose I want to simulate a black body ...
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817 views

How do you estimate colour temperature based on the position of the sun in the sky?

I'd like to estimate the colour-temperature of sunlight (as applied in photography) based on the position of the sun in the sky for a mobile phone app I'm working on (app link from a more appropriate ...
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82 views

Photon pumping in Laser

Let's consider a ring laser where the laser must pass through the gain material before it is sent toward a partially reflective surface $\ R=1-T $. The other mirrors are perfect reflectors with $\ ...
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69 views

A problem concerning the change of temperature and spectrum of a filament

The spectrum of a filament has been given before, the left one having the lowest temperature, the middle with a medium temperature and the right one with the highest. My question is this: Why does ...
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In theory, Is it possible irradiate a blob of matter -for instance- with microwaves in order to that matter emit more energy than has received?

Suppose that you want coerce a block of matter to lose his energy. I mean thermal energy. This should be done by irradiation of more energy. The final thermal energy should be lower that the original ...
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How to understand/derive Eq 5.5 in Geiner's Quantum Mechanics - An Introduction?

Geiner's Quantum Mechanics - An Introduction has an unnumbered equation above Eq. 6 in section 2.4 discussing density -- not sure if it is energy density -- of radiation: ... $$dE/dV = E/V =a ...
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29 views

What would happen to the Earth's atmosphere if all the solar radiation was in the extreme ultraviolet?

According to this, our Earth's atmosphere is completely opaque to radiation with wavelengths less than 100 nm as this radiation has enough energy to ionize the air. Since the surface temperature of ...
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60 views

Radiation heat transfer

I'm looking at the radiosity equations for heat transfer http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radiosity_(heat_transfer)#Radiosity_method Specifically, I'm hesitant to accept the equation: $$ \dot Q_i = ...
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22 views

Radiation pressure at high temperature

I am reading a book on the history of the hydrogen bomb. The author describes the Teller-Ulam design and explains that the liquid deuterium charge was compressed by the radiation pressure generated by ...
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39 views

What would Planck's Radiation Law look like if there were only two modes of oscillation, $n = 0, 1$?

I have an idea that the law (since it's based on average energy, number of modes per volume, and a constant) would be shortened to something that would eliminate the summation terms in average energy. ...
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296 views

Radiative cooling time for a black body

Okay, so this is confusing me a bit. How can I calculate the time it takes to cool a perfect black body from an initial temperature $T$ down to equilibrium temperature (say, 3 K for space)? I know ...
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313 views

Does coffee with cream cool slower than black coffee?

At Modernist Cuisine, Nathan Myhrvold states that "Coffee with cream cools about 20% slower than black coffee". He then gives three reasons, two of them related to radiation and the third one to the ...
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165 views

Intensive radiative heat transfer in very hot gas ( >5000K, gas core nuclear reactor related )

The question: At temperatures above ~5000K are not stable any solid or liquid materials or even more complex molecules (such as fullerenes and Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) which emit/absorb ...
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33 views

Am I very wrong with my grey body calculations?

I'm trying to calculate the maximum heat that an object on the moon can reach with the energy provided from Sunlight. I've got a total power output of the sun per square meter at the distance of the ...
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11 views

how can I compute the temperature of a metal (iron / steel) rod when a current is applied?

I would like to compute something like $T(j,l,R)$ where $T$ is the temperature of the rod, $j$ the current, $l$ the lenght of the rod and $R$ the radius of the rod. there is any difference if the rod ...
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25 views

Polarisation states in 1d?

I am working through a derivation of the spectral energy density in a 1d cavity. The derivation says that the number of modes (per unit volume) in a frequency interval $dv$ is given by: $$g(\nu)d\nu ...
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64 views

What kind of thing did Lummer and Wien use as a 'black body'?

When I was reading about the experiments on the black body, I was wondering what such a black body would look like. When I google for the black body used during these experiments by Wien and Lummer, I ...
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28 views

Why do thermal noise exist in the $\mu V$ range?

I am not familiar with thermal physics. I am conducting an experiment where I have to use muscle signal to control a car. I have noticed that in the literature a lot of thermal effects such as ...
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27 views

Does the orientation matter by a heat mirror?

I have a roller blind, which has a heat mirror, so one side seems to be covered with some sort of metal. In summer the metallic side faces outwards, so it can reflect the sunlight. Now in the winter ...
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107 views

How do I map color to temperature?

Following up to Do burning red coals and red-hot iron have the same temperature? and Are Colors Emitted at Specific Temperatures?, how do I determine the temperature of the object by the color of the ...
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53 views

Can we make any substance that will produce ions at low temprature

I am talking about thermal ionization, Is to possible to make any material or is there any element that can be ionized at let say 20 degree centigrade Temperature? I am a computer engineer and into ...
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89 views

Landauer's principle vs Rayleigh–Jeans law

Can we argue based on Landauer's principle that if one bit information is changed inside a blackbody, the total radiated energy should be at least or in order of $kTln2$? If it is so, can we also ...