The temperature-dependant emission of electromagnetic waves. Combine this tag with [tag:thermodynamics] for a macroscopic view or [tag:quantum-mechanics] for a microscopic explanation.

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Energy loss in pipe/hose with hot water (how its affected by pipe/hose size, temperature)?

I'm working on low budget small solar power project. I want to transport heat (peak heat power about 1kW) over ~10 meter (~30ft) long pipe or hose. I was thinking about thin hose (6-8mm / about 1/4 ...
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0answers
84 views

Photon pumping in Laser

Let's consider a ring laser where the laser must pass through the gain material before it is sent toward a partially reflective surface $\ R=1-T $. The other mirrors are perfect reflectors with $\ ...
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2answers
631 views

How to interpret Stefan-Boltzmann's law?

The Stefan-Boltzmann equation states $e=\sigma T^4$, but how do we interpret this? Is this completely wrong: A body of size $s^2$ generates the radiation/temperature $T^4$ for a given size and a ...
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3answers
196 views

Why is the planck function continuous and not discrete?

If we imagine a object made up of Hydrogen gas that is optically thick to all radiation, and is in thermal equilibrium, then, microscopically, photons will be emitted and absorbed as ...
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365 views

Quantum uncertainty of particle falling in black hole

A stationary observer at infinity sees a particle of mass m falling in a supermassive Schwarzschild black hole. He observes an increasing redshift and sees the particle ceasing to progress when it ...
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1k views

Possible colors of fire?

I have learnt that depending on the various gases those are involved in the reaction that produces fire, different colors (yellow, red or blue) of flames become visible. I have a question .. what are ...
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4answers
334 views

what is the basic form of the 'fire'? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is fire matter or energy? What is the basic form of fire? physics defines every entity by a basic form either solid or liquid or as a gas, example: water is liquid, ice ...
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1answer
320 views

Is the Unruh radiation isotropic?

The Unruh effect is the prediction that what appears to be a Minkowski vacuum to an inertial observer, would appear to be a thermal bath of particles to an observer accelerating uniformly in the same ...
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1answer
91 views

Is synchrotron radiation considered incandescent?

Synchrotron radiation is produced via the acceleration of charged particles, much like incandescence. However, all information I've seen state that incandescent light is produced exclusively from the ...
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2answers
440 views

Temperature of a black-body in LEO on the dark side of the Earth

Questions about the temperature of something in space are often very hard to pin down (example), since there is radiative transfer to/from many different regions in the field of view at dramatically ...
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1answer
107 views

What would the spectral distribution of a greenbody look like?

Suppose you had a body that behaved like a blackbody for all wavelengths except some range that we would call "green". For those wavelengths it reflects all radiation incident upon it. Am I just ...
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1answer
9k views

How do you change Planck's law from frequency to wavelength? [duplicate]

I have to derive Wien's displacement law by using Planck's law. I've tried but I come to a unsolvable equation (well I can't solve it) anywhere I look online it comes to the same conclusion, you need ...
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3answers
958 views

How is Planck's law defined?

Now, I found three different definitions of Planck's law: $$ P_1(\nu,T) = \frac{8 \pi}{c}\frac{h \nu^{3}}{c^2} \frac{1}{e^{h\nu/kT}-1} $$ $$ P_2(\nu,T) = 2\frac{h \nu^{3}}{c^2} ...
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1answer
269 views

total noise power of a resistor (all frequencies)

Let's calculate the power generated by Johnson-Nyquist noise (and then immediately dissipated as heat) in a short-circuited resistor. I mean the total power at all frequencies, zero to infinity... ...
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1answer
207 views

What is the diameter of the sun as a function of wavelength/frequency (around 10GHz)?

I have this vague recollection of being told that the diameter of the apparent surface of the sun is a function of what band you observe it in. I'm looking for a model of this that works for bands in ...
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1answer
276 views

Mathematical derivation of $N(\lambda)d\lambda$

We all know that in Rayleigh-Jeans law, $$N(f)df ~=~ 8\pi f^2 df/c^3.$$ How do you derive $N(\lambda)d\lambda$? I am sort of confused...
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3answers
2k views

Quantum mechanics of thermal radiation

What are the quantum mechanisms behind the emission and absorption of thermal radiation at and below room temperature? If the relevant quantum state transitions are molecular (stretching, flexing and ...
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3answers
2k views

Does radiation change entropy?

Are there entropy changes associated with the transmission of energy from the sun to the earth? Does radiation differ from other modes of heat transfer with respect to the entropy changes? Are the ...
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1answer
2k views

Do materials cool down in the vacuum of space?

Do materials cool down in the vacuum of space? If yes, how does it really work?
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579 views

black body and cosmic microwave background radiation

Why is the sprectum of the cosmic microwave background radiation (or seems to be) that of a black body?
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4answers
2k views

How to get Intensity over a range of wavelengths from a Total Intensity

This is a theory vs experiment problem for me I think in that - as usual - I think I know the theory, but when it comes time to run an experiment, I can't actually extract squat. So, here is my light ...
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1answer
1k views

How do we see different colours?

Why do different wave lengths cause electrons to behave(?) differently, causing us to see different colors? What is happening at the quantum level which causes the colour black to absorb all of the ...
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4answers
6k views

What causes hot things to glow, and at what temperature?

I have an electric stove, and when I turn it on and turn off the lights, I notice the stove glowing. However, as I turn down the temperature, it eventually goes away completely. Is there a cut-off ...
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7k views

Light emitted by an object according to its temperature

According to this picture the light emitted by an object depends on its temperature. That makes perfect sense when we heat a metal. As its temperature raises we see it red at first, then orange, ...
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2answers
787 views

Deriving Planck's radiation law from microscopic considerations?

In the usual derivation of Planck's radiation law, the energies or frequencies $\omega$ of the oscillators depend on the measurements $L$ of the black body. The model is such that the only ...
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1answer
266 views

Black body balloon in vacuum [closed]

The problem statement, all variables and given/known data There is a perfectly spherical balloon with surface painted black. It is placed in a perfect vacuum. It is gently inflated with an ideal ...
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1answer
285 views

2d or 1d conduction in this scenario?

There is a rectangular fin attached to a heat exchanger with a base temperature of 350K. The fin has uniform properties and experiencesa uniform heat generation. It also experiences heat transfer with ...
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5answers
181 views

Will a warm body naturally slowdown?

Suppose a warm body moving in an empty space with high speed. The body emits radiation based on its temperature. The protons emitted forwards of the body will have higher energy due to Doppler shift ...
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2answers
236 views

Global warming and planetary thermodynamics

To a first approximation, the earth currently radiates out as low frequency thermal radiation the same amount of energy as it absorbs as high frequency solar radiation. (This ignores energy generated ...
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4answers
434 views

Paradox?: What is the form of radiation experienced by a harmonically accelerated observer?

Theory predicts that uniform acceleration leads to experiencing thermal radiation (so called Fulling Davies Unruh radiation), associated with the appearance of an event horizon. For non uniform but ...
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2answers
321 views

Polarisation directions in standing waves in cubical cavity

I was studying Rayleigh-Jean's formula. The author has assumed a cubical cavity of each side $L$ with perfectly reflecting surfaces. According to author, there are two perpendicular directions of ...
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1answer
269 views

Will this poor-man's single band pyrometer work?

One of the unsolved problems I still have is measuring temperature in furnace at 700-1100C range (I need some +-0.1% repeatability and +-1% precision). Obviously, contact thermometers are quite rare ...
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2answers
1k views

How thermal imaging cameras work

As far as I see from wiki, 'consumer'-grade(non-cryogenic) thermal imaging cameras use microbolometer sensors to get integrated IR intensity over some 5-12um range. But I had an impression, that ...
3
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2answers
360 views

How might a resonant antenna and black body radiation interact?

How does an antenna behave when it is cooled so that its black-body radiation is emitting energy at its resonant frequency? Edit: To clarify, its not how they're related in general, but how might ...
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2answers
28k views

What is the difference between thermal and infrared imaging?

Is there any sort of difference between thermal radiation and infrared radiation at least when detected by a camera? What are the differences between the two?
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729 views

Thermal radiation spectrum of a blackbody

Why is it that thermal radiation of a black body usually described by a spectral distribution function rather than an intensity vs frequency curve? I have a vague explanation for this: Any measured ...
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1answer
1k views

What temperature can you attain with a solar furnace?

A solar furnace is a device that concentrates the sun's light on a small point to heat it up to high temperature. One can imagine that in the limit of being completely surrounded by mirrors, your ...
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1answer
546 views

How to estimate condensation from air?

How to estimate the amount of water condensing from air on a surface, given the air's temperature and relative humidity and how they change over time, the surface temperature, material's thermal ...