The temperature-dependant emission of electromagnetic waves. Combine this tag with [tag:thermodynamics] for a macroscopic view or [tag:quantum-mechanics] for a microscopic explanation.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

2
votes
1answer
121 views

Partition Function and BlackBody Radiation

I'll start with a few definitions: $$\beta \equiv \frac{1}{k_bT}$$ Where T is the temperature of a system. And the partition function: $$Z \equiv \sum_{j}e^{-\beta \epsilon_j}=\int D(\epsilon)d\...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Black Body radiation and Uv, x and gamma rays [closed]

Is the reason why UV, x-rays and gamma rays are non-existent on the blackbody radiation spectrum is because instead of the atoms present in the walls of the blackbody absorbing the energy, the energy ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Modes inside a cavity and black body radiation

Consider a perfect conductor that encloses a spatial volume such as a parallelepiped or cylinder. If we solve Maxwell's equations inside that volume, seeking solutions that depends on time with a ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Method used to prove emissive power, $E \propto T^4$

Stefan's Law states that emissive power($E$) of a black body is proportional to $T^4$. But how did Stefan arrive at the conclusion? I mean, it is not possible currently to get a perfectly black body, ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Blackbody radiation and thermal equilibrium?

I'm new to blackbody radiation and I have been struggling with the following question: The dominant wavelength of light from the sun is 510nm. Estimate the equilibrium temperature of the earth. ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Direction of thermal radiation

Take an object that radiates thermal radiation. In which direction does the thermal radiation go? I would think it equally distributed through all directions, but I can't seem to find it mentioned. ...
2
votes
3answers
495 views

Non-ideal black body's thermal radiation?

Planck's law neatly describes the thermal radiation of an ideal black body in thermal equilibrium. So the question is, what about things that are not black bodies? Like an object with a mirror finish?...
1
vote
3answers
110 views

why do coiled wire create so much heat?

I am wondering how coiled wire creates so much heat when a current is passed through it. Is it just a larger surface area of heated substance is available or are interacting forces at work eg ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

Will the Sun ever get 100x powerful? If so, when?

I was doing a theoretical research regarding life on Titan. The temperature of Titan is so low, and it needed more sunlight, as a result, the Sun would require to get hotter. My question is, when will ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

AM1.5 Spectral Irradiance unit conversion

I have the AM 1.5 spectrum http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/spectra/am1.5/ Which gives spectral irradience in units of $\frac{W}{m^2 nm}$ vs wavelength in $nm$. For my purposes I need this spectrum in ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

What is a simple calculation to figure out how many watts needed to maintain a hot piece of tungsten?

The specific heat of tungsten is $.13 (\text{kJ /(kg K)})$. 1 cubic cm of tungsten is .0193 kg And the melting point of stainless steel is $1900 \deg \text{K}$ conservatively (giving it plenty of ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Einstein's 1905 “Concerning an Heuristic…emission and transformation of light”

I'm currently attempting to read Einstein's annus mirabilis papers, starting with his introduction of the quantization of light in the paper: "Concerning an Heuristic Points of View Toward the ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

What physical process is the source of blackbody radiation? [duplicate]

Blackbody radiation is the radiation given off an object solely as a result of its absolute temperature. The (continuous) spectrum is given solely by the temperature. How can this be? Why should a ...
3
votes
2answers
492 views

Frequency and Wavelength peak for Wien's displaement law of a blackbody [duplicate]

This is a question relating to Wien's displacement law for the Planck function. As we all know frequency and wavelength are related to the speed of light by: $$\nu\lambda=c$$ However, why is it ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How do amorphous objects emit blackbody/thermal radiation? [duplicate]

How do amorphous objects emit blackbody/thermal radiation when such objects don't have optical phonons?
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Does a crucible need to be fired in a kiln before use?

Say I made a crucible out of aluminum oxide primarily. Won't it be fired by normal use of it or do you have to pre-fire it? I understand they do that to get a consistent mass measurement. But does ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Black body in thermal equilibrium

In the answer of an exam said that a black body in thermal equilibrium with it's surroundings won't emit any energy, but I don't really understand why. My logic is that every object emits ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

How much time would have to pass for a blackbody object at 0.1 K to emit a single infrared photon? [closed]

My understanding is that blackbody radiation occurs on a curve that depends on the temperature of the object - as the temperature increases, the area under the curve increases, and the peak of the ...
3
votes
2answers
219 views

Temperature of a falling meteor

I am reading "What if?" article https://what-if.xkcd.com/20/ and I'm interested in it's scientific background. Mr. Munroe writes: As it [the meteor] falls, it compresses the air in front of it. ...
0
votes
1answer
329 views

A “bump” in the cooling curve of naphthalene? [closed]

While doing an experiment, I noticed a slight bump in the cooling curve. I have searched for it on the internet and all of the articles say that it is something related to super-cooling. The graph's ...
5
votes
5answers
194 views

What would the RBG color value of an infinitely hot blackbody be?

In other words, what is the limit of the rgb values of color temperature as temperature approaches infinity? Put differently, what is the terminal point of the Planckian locus? Is there an exact value?...
7
votes
1answer
295 views

What is the origin of blackbody radiation? [duplicate]

Of course I know what black-body radiation is, like everyone else who has taken a thermal or statistical physics course. But it was recently pointed out to me that one thing that is rarely taught (...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Why do high altitudes have larger diurnal temperature variation than lower altitudes?

It seems like the lack of atmosphere should not be playing a role in the diurnal temperature variation because that's what makes it colder. Mountains are not that dry, usually.
-2
votes
1answer
324 views

Dr. Pierre-Marie Robitaille: On the Validity of Kirchhoff's Law

Lately I've been researching about the black-body spectrum and the historical development of Planck's Law. I mainly wanted to understand a little bit more why many different objects (Stars, Hot Metals)...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Are these two writings of Planck's Law the same thing? [duplicate]

I checked one of the other questions on this - and I still seem to have a different equation than they offer (as far as I can tell). I'll use the notation the books used, btw. In one of my reference ...
1
vote
3answers
126 views

If heat can't be transformed into other forms of entropy, why do hot things radiate electromagnetic waves?

The laws of entropy says entropy can only increase. On the other hand, if I take a hot object, it will naturally convert its heat into EM radiation. How is this possible? Does EM radiation count as ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How does the hot cup of tea cool down? [duplicate]

I am not sure about my answer. I think that the cup of tea cools down by the following modes: Radiation between the surface of the tea and the air molecules. Conduction between the tea and the cup ...
1
vote
3answers
100 views

The thermal expansion of material

The question is that: they drill a hole in the middle of a metal. Then when this metal is heated, will the hole become larger or smaller? The hole will get bigger, by experiment, but I think that when ...
10
votes
2answers
298 views

Would a rocky planet orbiting so close to a very hot star eventually vaporize?

I was thinking about the physics behind a hypothetical scenario where a planet the size and the mass of the Earth is orbiting so close to a very hot star and what the long-term fate of such a planet ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Computing color and brightness of a hot material

Every blackbody color calculator I've managed to find only calculates hue and saturation; they completely ignore brightness, which severely limits their usefulness if you're trying to model the actual ...
27
votes
3answers
4k views

How many X-rays does a light bulb emit?

I read somewhere that most things1 emits all kinds of radiation, just very few of some kinds. So that made me wondering whether there is a formula to calculate how many X-rays an 100W incandescent ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

What is the wavelength of a hot metal when its temperature 400 C? [closed]

I would like to know what will be the wavelength of a hot steel which temperature is 400 degree C
3
votes
1answer
284 views

An object glows red at around 1000K while a red star is around 3000K. What causes this misalignment in spectra?

According to the H-R diagram, a red star is 3000K, a yellow star is 6000K and a white star 10000K. But a hot metal appears red at 1000K, yellow at 1500K and white at 2000K.(approximately) Why is ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Second Law of Thermodynamics and heating a blackbody with another blackbody

Given a large blackbody with surface area $A_1$ and temperature $T_1$, let's assume I can use some mirror and lens system to capture all the emitted radiation and transfer this energy to a smaller ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

When can we assume a body to behave like a black body?

In an experiment I estimated the temperature of a Tungsten bulb filament measuring the resistance of it, and tried to verify whether the power of the filament is proportional to the fourth power of ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Calorimetry - Emitted Joules [closed]

How can one calculate the total amount of emitted joules from an object with a temperature that isn't constant? A great start is this formula: ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Is there an acoustic Black Body Radiation?

Imagine a cavity in a infinitely extended solid filled with another type of solid in thermal equilibrium. Are there statistics for phonons equivalent to the Black Body Radiation by Planck?
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Counting modes Rayleigh-Jeans

In the derivation of the Rayleigh-Jeans Law, we count the number of EM modes in a square cavity. After calculating the number of allowed modes due to boundary conditions, we multiply it by a factor of ...
-2
votes
1answer
352 views

Explain Stefan-Boltzmann Law?

Can someone explain the Stefan-Boltzmann law in an easy-to-understand way?
1
vote
1answer
748 views

Is Ronald Ace's “solar trap” patent plausible?

This newspaper article and a few others from last year discussed a patent by independent US inventor Ronald Ace. It's about a kind of absorber for solar thermal energy systems, and it's supposed to ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Car Heating due to the sun: comparison of different contributions

Let's imagine that we need to choose a car in order to minimize the Temperature that the inner part of the car will reach after some hours under the sun. We know that two factors (if we suppose that ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Heat transference in my lunch [closed]

Say that I have a hot sandwich and a cool salad, both in functionally-identical plastic containers that provide no effective heat insulation. I need to stack these two containers for ease of carrying,...
4
votes
0answers
43 views

Temperature modelling

I have to find a mathematical model for the temperature vs. time to study the temperature of the environment next to a lamp. This lamp is made off and on on, let's say, a daily basis The lamp is ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Temperature of planets without atmosphere

I am wondering how come a planet without atmoshhere loses heat in space when the space around it is a vacuum. In my understanding for one object to lose heat it must have contact with another object/...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Classical absorption of radiation

How does electromagnetic radiation get absorbed by an object (like a black body) in the classical regime? In the classical picture, electromagnetic radiation is produced by the movement of charges, ...
0
votes
2answers
162 views

Radiation from home heaters [closed]

My understanding of radiation is energy being emitted from a source. So much radiation would come out of a home gas or oil heater to become dangerous. I'm assuming infrared radiation.
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Is UV catastrophe same as IR catastrophe?

I am currently studying quantum physics from Serwey-jewet. Where in the topic of Planck's law, infrared catastrophe is alternatively used for UV catastrophe while explaining how Plancks constant ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

How can I find the radiance over a finite range of wavelengths using Planck's Law?

I'm working on a small programming project involving Planck's Law, and I keep getting errors. I'm fairly certain this is due to a misunderstanding of physics on my behalf. Basically, I am trying to ...
12
votes
2answers
384 views

Will Neil Armstrong's moon boot marks really last for thousands of years?

This question concerns the residual heat (if any) contained within the Earth's moon. At the time of the Apollo moon landings, it was widely reported that the boot marks left by the astronauts would ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

In theory, Is it possible irradiate a blob of matter -for instance- with microwaves in order to that matter emit more energy than has received?

Suppose that you want coerce a block of matter to lose his energy. I mean thermal energy. This should be done by irradiation of more energy. The final thermal energy should be lower that the original ...