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3answers
254 views

Heat flow in a hollow cylinder

Consider a hollow cylinder of different outer radius and inner radius and two different temperatures are maintained at the outer and inner surfaces such that inner temperature is higher. Because of ...
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2answers
499 views

Finding effective thermal conductivity multi-layer cylinder

How does one find the effective thermal conductivity of a cylindrical body made of multiple layers? E.g. Copper core (k1), insulator 1 (k2) and insulator 2 (k3). I need the effective properties for ...
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1answer
117 views

Is it possible for an object to have low specific heat capacity and low thermal conductivity?

As I see, there are many examples of object with low specific heat capacity and high thermal conductivity and vice versa. Since they are different properties of matter and their definitions are not ...
2
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1answer
336 views

Calculating new temperature of an object when air temperature changes

I'm trying to calculate the new temperature of an object when the air temperature around it changes, given a period of time. Basically I get periodic readings from an air temperature sensor in a ...
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1answer
31 views

Is $\kappa_e$ caused by charge-carrier transport or electron transport?

$\kappa$ usually symbolises thermal conductivity, a material's ability to conduct heat. $\kappa$ can be expressed with other partial thermal conductivities: $\kappa=\kappa_e+\kappa_{ph}+...$ where ...
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1answer
64 views

Spherical Shaped Electrical Leads for Thermal Conductivity Mitigation?

I am designing a thermionic converter and one of the biggest inefficiencies is the thermal conductivity and limited electrical conductivity of the leads. I'm trying to mitigate the loss of heat ...
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1answer
21 views

Anomalous expansion of water when heated

In one question I found that when water was heated from 0°C to 15°C then the volume 1st decreases and then increases why is that so ?
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1answer
151 views

What is the overall rate of heat conduction through two pipes of different dimensions if the thermal conductivity is not constant?

I am trying to work out how I would find the rate of heat transfer through two pipes made of the same material that are joined at their ends but which have different cross-sectional areas and lengths. ...
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1answer
156 views

Work done in adiabatic reversible process

I was solving a problem on turbine.the steam works on turbine adiabatic reversibly .Is change in enthalpy or is it change in internal energy which equal this work?
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1answer
109 views

Air Thermal Conductivity vs Humidity

If air of a certain temperature blows through a car radiator (or a computer case), what effect will air humidity (non-condensing) have on cooling rate?
-1
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1answer
300 views

How to prove R value for insulation?

I ran some tests on different types of insulation. I heated water, and placed it into an insulated box. The temperature was recorded every minute, for the water, as well as the air. The insulation ...
-1
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1answer
700 views

Time constant of ice melt

I'm familiar with problems of "how much ice can you melt given some amount of energy", but I'm writing to get some clarification on the time constant of this event. This question might be somewhat ...
-1
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1answer
770 views

Why do phonons cause excellent heat conduction in diamonds?

Phonons are the quantum of lattice vibrations in crystals and are not to be confused with photons, the gauge bosons of the electromagnetic force. Apparently, they contribute to heat conduction, but I ...
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0answers
150 views

Is my method of calculating thermal conductivity of a metal wrong?

I am trying to determine the thermal conductivity of pure copper at various temperatures using the Weidemann-Franz Law but for some reason it is not matching up to textbook data. I used the Bloch ...
2
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0answers
82 views

In a non-degenerate plasma, why are e-e collision negligible compared to e-ion for thermal conduction?

I'm trying to make some order of magnitude estimates of heat transfer in stars - to better understand 1) why conduction is said to be negligible (for non-degenerate matter) and 2) when convection ...
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0answers
33 views

At the lambda point, why does specific heat capacity tend to infinity?

The specific heat capacity is the energy required to raise the temperature of unity mass by 1K, if at the lambda point all the bosons occupy the lowest quantum state, shouldn’t the specific heat ...
1
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0answers
65 views

Is thermal and electrical conductivity correlated for all phases of matter?

After reading this interesting post about why copper is a great heat conductor, I wondered if a plasma would conduct heat better than a gas. Or, are some properties like density more important for ...
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0answers
41 views

Heat transfer coefficients

I am trying to make a model of non-stationary heating on a plate and I have questions considering coefficients. I am using explicit method to solve it (have to use it). I am not sure if I am using the ...
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0answers
29 views

Why the whole object cannot be observed to vibrate when energy is transferred through conduction (solid)?

Conduction is the transfer of thermal energy when particles in an object vibrate and collide with neighbouring particles thereby transferring their kinetic energy to them, why doesn't the whole object ...
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0answers
29 views

Does illuminating a conductor with light energy less than its workfunction change the measured conductivity?

For example, does the light absorbed in an exposed metal wire increase the average velocity of the electrons, hence increasing mobility and conductance?
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0answers
30 views

What is the boundary of restorable thermal expansion?

As every book indicates, thermal expansion is a linear process $\frac{\Delta L}{L}=\alpha \Delta T$. Upon heating an object the result is thermal expansion. If we cool it down it is restored its ...
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0answers
80 views

For thermal mass flow measurement technologies is it necessary to measure gas pressure to determine volumetric flow rate?

Mass flow readings from thermal mass flow measurement technologies often provide output readings in volumetric units (e.g. standard liters per minute). Mathematically I can derive the volumetric flow ...
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0answers
397 views

Thermal expansion of two bolts

I have this question asking me about the thermal expansions of two bolts, a steel one, and a brass one. I have the equation: $\ (\delta L/L)/T = \alpha $ I don't understand how I can use this ...
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0answers
128 views

Conduction– conservation of energy

So I know that conduction is transfer of thermal energy by direct contact via molecular collisions. For conduction, $Q/t$ is the rate of heat flow and is heat current ($I$). My textbook says that ...
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0answers
186 views

Thermal Conductivity Graph

This is our first time (as an engineer) seeing this type of graph that we can't interpret. This is a rough comparision of thermal conductivity from the Wiki page. ...
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0answers
19 views

Heat Losses to furnaces

I am looking in to the thermal efficiency of a furnace vessel. I am wanting to get a full, or at least better, understanding on the calculations needed to look at the thermal efficiency. So I know ...
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0answers
15 views

How is Thermal Design Power (TDP) related to Surface Power Density (SPD)

Although this question is kind of IT related I'm interested into the actual physical backgrounds and thus posting it here. I know that TDP is an indicator for dimension of the thermal dissipation ...
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0answers
43 views

Different results for thermal resistances using different methods

A system is set up which is composed of a cylinder with hemispheres on either ends. The length of the cylinder is l and inner and outer radii of cylinder and hemisphere are $R_i$ and $R_f$. The ...
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0answers
23 views

Thermal conductivity of a binary gas mixture

I want to estimate the thermal conductivity of binary gas mixture, say water vapor+nitrogen. I assume the mixture as ideal gas. The molar fraction and thermal conductivities of the components are ...
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0answers
19 views

Heat transfer in liquid helium channel connected to “infinite” reservoir

I am trying to solve the temperature distribution in liquid helium using numerical analysis (OpenFOAM for those who are familiar with it). One part of the fluid is contained in a narrow channel, one ...
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0answers
26 views

Solving for temperature at the source, given a distant measurement

Let me start of by stating that I am not a physicist, so this question may appear trivial to those more enlightened than me. My problem is as follows: I have an object at $x = 0$ and at some initial ...
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0answers
20 views

Kubo formula for thermopower (seebeck coefficient)

I have a long-standing puzzle about the Kubo formula relating to the thermopower defined as S=L_{21}/L_{11}. Here L_{ij} are elements a 2 × 2 matrix of transport coefficients, with J_E=L_{11} E - ...
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0answers
29 views

How do you go from the heat equation to calculate the steady state heat transfer to the end of a rod?

Heat equation: $$ k\nabla \cdot \nabla T + \dot{q} = \rho C_p\frac{\partial T}{\partial t} $$ I want to know given a rod or a cylinder of material, but lets start simply with a rectangular rod, and ...
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0answers
98 views

High resistance wire as a heating element

I'm redesigning one of the labs for our senior lab class at my university. It's a thermal conductivity experiment meant to measure aluminum's thermal conductivity in a thin (1.1 cm diameter) rod. I ...
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0answers
47 views

Ratio between thermal conductivity heat transfer coefficient

Consider the Robin boundary condition for the diffusion/heat equation $u_t=a(t)u_{xx}+f(x,t)$: $$\mathrm{-k(t)u_x(0,t)=h(t)u(0,t)}$$ or $$\mathrm{u_x(0,t)+\frac{h(t)}{k(t)}u(0,t)=0}$$ where ...
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0answers
45 views

Activation energy as a function of defects

Electrical conductivity has a form of Arrhenius equation. It is assumed that activation energy decreases with defect density in the insulating state and becomes zero in the conducting state. Can one ...
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0answers
51 views

How water and honey behave with increasing pressure?

Is there any relation between pressure and viscosity of water and honey? I hardly found the topic. Is it related to the Laplace law?
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0answers
270 views

Thermal conductivity in vacuum

It is my assumption that material objects preserve/gain heat via: 1) material contact (air or other touching material/object) and/or 2) absorbing radiation / electromagnetic waves So, imagine that ...
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0answers
54 views

Thermal conductivity in gases

I've been musing about thermal conductivity and came upon the following question. Heat is transported through matter by molecules passing their kinetic energy onto other molecules, or simply by the ...
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0answers
29 views

Hot wire anemometry and gas species

Hot wire anemometry is a technology that measures mass flow of a gas stream in the neighborhood of a heated wire. The sensitivity of a flow sensor using this technology is usually specified for a ...
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0answers
56 views

Can we make any substance that will produce ions at low temprature

I am talking about thermal ionization, Is to possible to make any material or is there any element that can be ionized at let say 20 degree centigrade Temperature? I am a computer engineer and into ...