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What is the Units for Thermal conductivity?

What are the units for thermal conductivity and why?
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1answer
913 views

When a color LCD/LED display is off it is black, when on it is colored. What color to light is an LCD/LED display

When a modern display using pixels is turned on its colors are different than the black that the screen is actually made up of. When put in light, such as sunlight, does the screen react to the color ...
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1answer
45 views

Laser excitation of Phonon Modes

Can a laser only excite optical modes? The name appears to have historical significance in terms of the sodium ion, but I presume it must be true when looking at the dispersion relationship (the ...
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1answer
48 views

Measurements for thermal diffusivity of graphene?

We have known for a long time that graphene has in-plane thermal conductivity ranging between 2000 and 4000 $W m^{-1} K^{-1}$. But in order to model heat transport on a sheet of graphene, we need more ...
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1answer
71 views

Refrigerator cooling power usage

I have a refrigerator, that makes a lot of noise, and we have therefore set a time on it will limit the run time to when we are not at the office. But this is where our discussion begins, should we ...
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1answer
47 views

Can I apply symmetry to this boundary value problem (BVP)?

Let's say I have a hollow cylindrical shell with inner radius $a$ and outer radius $b$ and length $L$. The temperature at at z=L is $T_{2}$ and the temperature at z=0 is $T_{1}$. There is also an ...
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1answer
324 views

Is the convective heat coefficient always dependent on heat flux and delta T?

I'm having a difficult discussion with a colleague because I'm running heat flow simulations for a small heater (5 mm^2 area), and I insist that if we're going to run more electrical power through the ...
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1answer
36 views

Spherical Shaped Electrical Leads for Thermal Conductivity Mitigation?

I am designing a thermionic converter and one of the biggest inefficiencies is the thermal conductivity and limited electrical conductivity of the leads. I'm trying to mitigate the loss of heat ...
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0answers
79 views

Thermal expansion of two bolts

I have this question asking me about the thermal expansions of two bolts, a steel one, and a brass one. I have the equation: $\ (\delta L/L)/T = \alpha $ I don't understand how I can use this ...
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2answers
79 views

Should water cool faster if is inserted metal canister with ice inside either mix only with ice?

Let's say that we have two canister first bigger (metal canister 2l) with 1l of water at 100C, and second smaller (metal canister 1l) with 1l of ice. And we want to cool down boiled water to 50C. So ...
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0answers
70 views

Conduction– conservation of energy

So I know that conduction is transfer of thermal energy by direct contact via molecular collisions. For conduction, $Q/t$ is the rate of heat flow and is heat current ($I$). My textbook says that ...
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0answers
116 views

Thermal Conductivity Graph

This is our first time (as an engineer) seeing this type of graph that we can't interpret. This is a rough comparision of thermal conductivity from the Wiki page. ...
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1answer
272 views

Does a Peltier Thermoelectric layer make a good regulator for LN2 heat-sink interfacing

I understand that when cooling water with LN2 directly (through pipes for example), that it can be too effective, freezing the water (and blocking the pipe). From what I read, regulation of the heat ...
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1answer
262 views

Ideal gas temperature and pressure gradients?

Consider an ideal gas in a $d\times d\times L$ box with the $L$ dimension in the $x$-direction. Suppose that the opposite $d\times d$ sides of the box are held at temperatures $T_1$ and $T_2$ with ...
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2answers
67 views

What is the distinction between thermal and electrical conductivities?

Aren't they both caused by electron motion?
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2answers
806 views

How can I measure the conductivity of a copper rod?

I would like to perform an experiment to measure the conductivity of a copper rod. What device can I use to perform to experiment? is there such a thing as a conductivity meter? All i found was an ...
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1answer
216 views

Is this a simple system in which no heat transfer is possible?

Let's say that a hot gas is trapped in a metal box. This metal box is magnetically suspended in another structure with a low temperature. The inner box does not touch anything. And there is a void in ...
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2answers
947 views

Is there a heat transfer equation that takes conduction, convection, radiation and dT/dt into account?

I see equations that take 2 or 3 of the listed parameters into account but I haven't been able to find one that is that complete. I'm seeking to solve this equation using matlab for a simulation ...
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1answer
57 views

What thermal conductivity coefficient should I be using when modeling a heatsink?

Using the finite difference model for heat transfer, I am trying to model the heat flow into a heatsink. However, I am unsure of what k value or coefficient of thermal conductivity to use. Should I be ...
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1answer
17 views

Estimating the effect of radiant barrier on the radiant and conductive heat transfer through a metal roof

The basic question is -- Will a radiant reflective coating be more effective applied to the upper surface or the lower surface of a metal? Case 1: Imagine a metal roof subject to solar heating. The ...
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1answer
66 views

conducting heat to infinity

I am modeling a situation in which an object that is a small object that is spherical in shape is receiving heat at a constant rate and then conducting it away into a medium that can be model as ...
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1answer
158 views

Heat equation : boundary conditions?

Say we have a bar centered at $x=0$, that is heated. We have the 1D Heat equation which we can solve to find a parabolic temperature profile : $$\kappa \frac{d^2 T}{d x^2}=-\frac{Q}{L S}$$ with ...
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1answer
27 views

Does a surface in front of a radiator (not in contact) have a significant effect on the room's temperature or heating rate?

Does a surface in front of a radiator (not in contact) have a significant effect on the room's temperature or heating rate? Some time ago I had a discussion about it, and despite none of us knowing ...
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1answer
98 views

How hot does the upstairs need to be before it will heat the basement through convection?

During the winter we keep the basement door closed so that the cold air from upstairs won't flow into the basement. Then we heat the basement and the upstairs gets heated partially by conduction ...
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1answer
56 views

Thermal resistance of thermal interface materials?

Thermal conductivity are often used for surfaces between the computer chip and the heat sink to increase heat transfer and they want high thermal conductivity to decrease the thermal resistance. By ...
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1answer
44 views

Thermal Dynamics Conduction Comparison

I didn't have to take much physics for my advanced college degree, so I apologize if my question is painful. From reading and experience it seems that water is a better thermal conductor than air. I ...
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1answer
78 views

Air insulation cavity depth: rule of thumb to avoid convection

I want to know more about optimising an air gap between two surfaces, such as window panes or a building's walls. I was taught that as a general rule, a 6cm air gap is the optimum. Any larger and ...
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2answers
108 views

Is it possible to “add cold” or to “add heat” to systems?

Amanda just poured herself a cup of hot coffee to get her day started. She took her first sip and nearly burned her tongue. Since she didn't have much time to sit and wait for it to cool down, ...
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1answer
1k views

Calculating (Glass) thermal conductivity

I read that glass has a thermal coefficient of 0.8-1 W/mK. Given that my window window thickness is around $5\ mm$, then I would calculate my heat loss per area being $160-200\ Wm^{-2}K^{-1}$. Yet ...
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1answer
330 views

Energy loss in pipe/hose with hot water (how its affected by pipe/hose size, temperature)?

I'm working on low budget small solar power project. I want to transport heat (peak heat power about 1kW) over ~10 meter (~30ft) long pipe or hose. I was thinking about thin hose (6-8mm / about 1/4 ...
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0answers
12 views

Which constant is required to calculate the energy in a thermal analysis?

I want to calculate the energy in a thermal analysis. I want to do it in analogy to the electrostatic field, because I'm interested calculating the $H_1$ error in a Finite Element analysis. For ...
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1answer
34 views

Why do metal surfaces reflect thermal signature?

I recently borrowed a thermal camera from a friend and I tried to observe my palm print over a reflective metallic plate. When I looked at it through the camera, it reflected my thermal signature too. ...
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1answer
31 views

At what gap width between two plates does convection not occur?

Does the Grashof number lead to the answer? The Wikipedia article (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grashof_number) yields an equation for vertical plates $$Gr_L = \frac{g\beta(T_s-T_\infty ...
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1answer
67 views

How to prove R value for insulation?

I ran some tests on different types of insulation. I heated water, and placed it into an insulated box. The temperature was recorded every minute, for the water, as well as the air. The insulation ...
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34 views

Thermal Conduction through sphere

In general, a sphere with conductivity $\kappa$, heat capacity per unit volume $C$ and radius $R$ obeys the differential equation at time t: $$C\frac{\partial T}{\partial t} = \kappa \frac{\partial^2 ...
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1answer
66 views

Heat flow in a hollow cylinder

Consider a hollow cylinder of different outer radius and inner radius and two different temperatures are maintained at the outer and inner surfaces such that inner temperature is higher. Because of ...
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0answers
30 views

Thermography time evolution

I have an imaging problem. I essentially have a metallic plate with a number of holes through it. I am looking at the number of holes with a thermal camera. While looking at the plate I have two ...
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0answers
109 views

Is the thermal time constant simply the heat capacity divided by thermal conductivity?

My professor gave me this temperature decay data to make an exponential fit and told me that the time constant tau should be heat capacity over thermal conductivity. I'm looking at the wikipedia page ...
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0answers
83 views

Calculate thermal conductance of thick walls of a cuboid, given material conductivity and cube size

Note 1: This is probably as much a maths question as physics. Note 2: I am not sure if my use of the the term conductance is correct. I want to make a kiln. The walls will be thick. I can come to ...
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1answer
613 views

Stress due to the mismatch of thermal expansion coefficients of two different attached materials

I'm simulating the thermo-electro-mechanical behavior of a copper wire which is surrounded by silicon dioxide. In other words, the wire segments is under mechanical and thermal loads and at the same ...
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0answers
50 views

Can we make any substance that will produce ions at low temprature

I am talking about thermal ionization, Is to possible to make any material or is there any element that can be ionized at let say 20 degree centigrade Temperature? I am a computer engineer and into ...
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3answers
241 views

Peltier heating/cooling of small surface area [closed]

I am looking at peltier heaters/coolers, and all of them are thin wafers like the one pictured below. This works fine for some things (ie. a microchip or a beer coaster) but not for others (ie. ...
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2answers
594 views

At the atomic level, is heat conduction simply radiation?

Radiation and conduction are two ways that heat is transferred. Convection isn't really a mode of transfer as the actual heat transfer really occurs through radiation/conduction and not by some other ...
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1answer
119 views

Heat Sink Design-Choice of Material [closed]

I am currently designing a heat sink for OPA 549. Among the many considerations, for example, the choice of material, the geometry of heat sink, the design of fins and all the parameters that come ...
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1answer
112 views

Heat preserving performance of container relative to content

This question has been addressed in the case of a thermos bottle: Performance of a thermos bottle relative to contents I am asking the question again without the hypothesis that it is a thermos ...
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1answer
373 views

Time constant of ice melt

I'm familiar with problems of "how much ice can you melt given some amount of energy", but I'm writing to get some clarification on the time constant of this event. This question might be somewhat ...
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1answer
548 views

Why do phonons cause excellent heat conduction in diamonds?

Phonons are the quantum of lattice vibrations in crystals and are not to be confused with photons, the gauge bosons of the electromagnetic force. Apparently, they contribute to heat conduction, but I ...