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2
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2answers
70 views

Energy loss of Earth

How does the Earth lose the energy that it gains from the sun's radiation if it is surrounded by - and in contact with - nothing?
0
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1answer
89 views

Air insulation cavity depth: rule of thumb to avoid convection

I want to know more about optimising an air gap between two surfaces, such as window panes or a building's walls. I was taught that as a general rule, a 6cm air gap is the optimum. Any larger and ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

What thermal conductivity coefficient should I be using when modeling a heatsink?

Using the finite difference model for heat transfer, I am trying to model the heat flow into a heatsink. However, I am unsure of what k value or coefficient of thermal conductivity to use. Should I be ...
2
votes
2answers
506 views

Does coffee cool faster than tap water?

A friend of mine, based on casual observation, believes that coffee will cool faster than ordinary hot tap water. Being curious about this I have tried to investigate it myself, but I'm not well ...
0
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2answers
1k views

Is there a heat transfer equation that takes conduction, convection, radiation and dT/dt into account?

I see equations that take 2 or 3 of the listed parameters into account but I haven't been able to find one that is that complete. I'm seeking to solve this equation using matlab for a simulation ...
0
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2answers
70 views

What is the distinction between thermal and electrical conductivities?

Aren't they both caused by electron motion?
1
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0answers
125 views

Thermal Conductivity Graph

This is our first time (as an engineer) seeing this type of graph that we can't interpret. This is a rough comparision of thermal conductivity from the Wiki page. ...
2
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2answers
709 views

Can any solid of low heat capacity release or gain energy slower than another solid of higher heat capacity?

If our sense of contact temperature is influenced by the thermal conductivity of the material: Can any solid material with a low heat capacity exist that feels closer to human body temperature than ...
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3answers
3k views

What is the Units for Thermal conductivity?

What are the units for thermal conductivity and why?
-1
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3answers
283 views

Peltier heating/cooling of small surface area [closed]

I am looking at peltier heaters/coolers, and all of them are thin wafers like the one pictured below. This works fine for some things (ie. a microchip or a beer coaster) but not for others (ie. ...
0
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1answer
730 views

Stress due to the mismatch of thermal expansion coefficients of two different attached materials

I'm simulating the thermo-electro-mechanical behavior of a copper wire which is surrounded by silicon dioxide. In other words, the wire segments is under mechanical and thermal loads and at the same ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Can we make any substance that will produce ions at low temprature

I am talking about thermal ionization, Is to possible to make any material or is there any element that can be ionized at let say 20 degree centigrade Temperature? I am a computer engineer and into ...
8
votes
6answers
739 views

What's the best strategy to fully fill the fridge with beer bottles and have them all cooled?

I'm having a party. Suppose I'd like to have a fridge full of cold ($6~^\circ\text{C}$ or below) beer bottles, in as short a time frame as possible. The fridge indicates that it is targeting (and ...
1
vote
1answer
410 views

Is the convective heat coefficient always dependent on heat flux and delta T?

I'm having a difficult discussion with a colleague because I'm running heat flow simulations for a small heater (5 mm^2 area), and I insist that if we're going to run more electrical power through the ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Are two thin blankets significantly warmer than a single thick blanket?

Almost every source I can find online maintains that two 0.5 cm blankets are significantly warmer than a single 1cm blanket due to air trapped between the thin blankets. However, the thermal ...
-1
votes
1answer
130 views

Heat Sink Design-Choice of Material [closed]

I am currently designing a heat sink for OPA 549. Among the many considerations, for example, the choice of material, the geometry of heat sink, the design of fins and all the parameters that come ...
-1
votes
1answer
120 views

Heat preserving performance of container relative to content

This question has been addressed in the case of a thermos bottle: Performance of a thermos bottle relative to contents I am asking the question again without the hypothesis that it is a thermos ...
3
votes
2answers
858 views

Performance of a thermos bottle relative to contents

I'm not a physicist but I majored it at high school (a long time ago) and I study university math. Me and my roommate discussed whether the performance of a Thermos bottle is influenced by how full ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

Abacus about the thermal expansion of copper

I am currently working on the measurement of the coefficient of thermal expansion of copper. In order to compare my experimental results with theory or experiments made by others, I am looking for ...
3
votes
2answers
169 views

What are the largest thermal gradients achievable in a lab environment?

I am looking for a system capable of creating a gradient of $100\, \mathrm{K}/\mathrm{\mu \textrm{m}}$ on a $30\, \mathrm{\mu}\textrm{m}$ spacing of a system mounted on a Si-N membrane. My so-called ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

How thermally conductive is a black body?

Does a black body (imagine like a square of solid black-body-matter) thermally conduct well at room temperature?
5
votes
1answer
303 views

What exactly heats a pool of water on a sunny day

On a sunny day an outdoor swimming pool will heat up fairly quickly. My question is, what is the exact mechanism for this and can we put numerical figures on it? Given that water is clear and ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Why the heat flux vector at a point must be perpendicular to the temperature isothermal surface? Is it a definition or a deduction?

Before the question: I am working on numerical calculation of three dimension parabolic equation that based on Fourier's Law of which I am a little confused. Here comes the law in modern mathematics ...
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3answers
264 views

Conceptual difficulty in understanding Fourier's Law of heat conduction

I am having a bit of difficulty understanding the statement of Fourier's law of heat conduction. As mentioned in Georg Joos , Theoretical Physics The quantity of heat passing per second through ...
2
votes
2answers
401 views

How would a change in ambient temp affect a radiator?

I'm curious if you have a radiator or say a block of metal (lets say it's copper since it has the highest thermal conductivity) and on one side is a processor producing heat. At idle the processor ...
-2
votes
1answer
481 views

Time constant of ice melt

I'm familiar with problems of "how much ice can you melt given some amount of energy", but I'm writing to get some clarification on the time constant of this event. This question might be somewhat ...
16
votes
7answers
9k views

Does an empty refrigerator require more power to stay cold than a full one?

Given that everything else is equal (model of fridge, temperature settings, external temperature, altitude), over a given duration of having the door closed, does it require more electricity to cool ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

Is it possible to “add cold” or to “add heat” to systems?

Amanda just poured herself a cup of hot coffee to get her day started. She took her first sip and nearly burned her tongue. Since she didn't have much time to sit and wait for it to cool down, ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Thermal conductivity affected by electrical current

Does anyone know of any materials whereby the thermal conductivity can be changed by passing an electrical current through the material?
2
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3answers
547 views

Glass pipe cutting

I want to know how to quickly create the straightest possible breaks in glass pipes I apologise if this is only borderline suitable for a physics forum - I just hope experts with a lot of experience ...
6
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2answers
584 views

When should I take wine out of the fridge - transient heat transfer problem

I am hosting a dinner tonight for which I'll be serving white wine (Riesling to be more specific). Generally white wine is best served chilled (not COLD!) at around ...
0
votes
1answer
286 views

Ideal gas temperature and pressure gradients?

Consider an ideal gas in a $d\times d\times L$ box with the $L$ dimension in the $x$-direction. Suppose that the opposite $d\times d$ sides of the box are held at temperatures $T_1$ and $T_2$ with ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculating (Glass) thermal conductivity

I read that glass has a thermal coefficient of 0.8-1 W/mK. Given that my window window thickness is around $5\ mm$, then I would calculate my heat loss per area being $160-200\ Wm^{-2}K^{-1}$. Yet ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

why does a larger thermal conductivity provide a smaller temperature gradient?

I was thinking about Fourier's Law in heat transfer today and for some reason I am just not understanding the relationships it gives us. Fourier's tells us that if the heat transfer rate is kept ...
9
votes
4answers
9k views

What happens when you heat vodka in a microwave?

Since ethanol has a lower dielectric constant than water would the water heat up and boil before the ethanol? Would the water transfer heat to the ethanol and, since ethanol has a lower boiling point, ...
0
votes
1answer
367 views

Energy loss in pipe/hose with hot water (how its affected by pipe/hose size, temperature)?

I'm working on low budget small solar power project. I want to transport heat (peak heat power about 1kW) over ~10 meter (~30ft) long pipe or hose. I was thinking about thin hose (6-8mm / about 1/4 ...
-1
votes
2answers
671 views

At the atomic level, is heat conduction simply radiation?

Radiation and conduction are two ways that heat is transferred. Convection isn't really a mode of transfer as the actual heat transfer really occurs through radiation/conduction and not by some other ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

In a non-degenerate plasma, why are e-e collision negligible compared to e-ion for thermal conduction?

I'm trying to make some order of magnitude estimates of heat transfer in stars - to better understand 1) why conduction is said to be negligible (for non-degenerate matter) and 2) when convection ...
1
vote
1answer
316 views

Does a Peltier Thermoelectric layer make a good regulator for LN2 heat-sink interfacing

I understand that when cooling water with LN2 directly (through pipes for example), that it can be too effective, freezing the water (and blocking the pipe). From what I read, regulation of the heat ...
-2
votes
1answer
596 views

Why do phonons cause excellent heat conduction in diamonds?

Phonons are the quantum of lattice vibrations in crystals and are not to be confused with photons, the gauge bosons of the electromagnetic force. Apparently, they contribute to heat conduction, but I ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do some metal containers not conduct heat, while some do?

Some metal containers such as the Nissan Thermos ones, even if 100 C water is filled inside, the container is still cold to the touch on the outside. It won't be even warm: At the same time, some ...
5
votes
1answer
269 views

How do I measure the temperature of a tiny water droplet?

How do I accurately (+/- 0.1 degrees Celsius or better) measure the temperature of a small (5 to 50 microliter) water droplet without noticeably affecting its temperature? The mass of a thermistor or ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Do materials cool down in the vacuum of space?

Do materials cool down in the vacuum of space? If yes, how does it really work?
2
votes
1answer
231 views

What is the difference between contact-limited and space-charge-limited charge transport?

I am reading a paper ("Tunable Electrical Conductivity of Individual Graphene Oxide Sheets Reduced at 'Low' Temperatures," Jung, et al. Nano Lett. 2008, 8, 4283-4287) about electrical conductivity in ...
3
votes
1answer
366 views

What is the time correlation function in the Green-Kubo formulation of ionic current?

I am reading a paper, and I came across the Green-Kubo formulation, where the conductivity $\sigma$ of charged particles is related to the time correlation function of the $z$-component of the ...
1
vote
4answers
961 views

Maximum efficiency for a counter-current heat exchanger (double flux controlled motorized ventilation)

I am not sure if I can explain the question correctly because I don't know the name of this mechanism in English. This is my explanation attempt: In a house, a tube is expelling the air from the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How fast is heat transferred by conduction?

How fast is heat transferred by conduction? Is there some simple, but quantitative way that starts from some properties of the material (e.g. its thermal conductivity) and makes rough predictions, for ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

When a color LCD/LED display is off it is black, when on it is colored. What color to light is an LCD/LED display

When a modern display using pixels is turned on its colors are different than the black that the screen is actually made up of. When put in light, such as sunlight, does the screen react to the color ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is oil a poor conductor of heat?

Why is oil a poor conductor of heat? Does it help in insulation?
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is the lid of the cookware kept on induction cooker not hot?

Induction cookware cooks food by inducing an electro magnetic field in the ferro-magnetic cookware. Since iron offers a lot of resistance to the current, the current is converted into heat in the ...