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1answer
370 views

Question about contraction with metric tensor

I just starting to study GR and I could not prove the following: if I have to tensors $T_{\mu\nu}$ and $Q_{\mu\nu}$ such that $T_{\mu\nu}=Q_{\mu\nu}$, why can I multiply both sides of the equation by ...
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2answers
426 views

What is the Riemann curvature tensor contracted with the metric tensor?

Can the Ricci curvature tensor be obtained by a 'double contraction' of the Riemann curvature tensor? For example $R_{\mu\nu}=g^{\sigma\rho}R_{\sigma\mu\rho\nu}$.
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2answers
590 views

What kind of invariants are proper time and proper length?

Under the Lorentz transformations, quantities are classed as four-vectors, Lorentz scalars etc depending upon how their measurement in one coordinate system transforms as a measurement in another ...
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2answers
53 views

Compute the inertial tensor and then solve the equation? [closed]

If the $J_{\Omega}$ is the following matrix, which is solved by ja72 in How to compute the inertia tensor ${\bf{J}} _{\Omega}$ of a body of revolution: $${\bf J} = \rho\, \begin{bmatrix} ...
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1answer
123 views

Proof that terms in decomposition of a tensor are symmetric and antisymmetric

Any tensor of rank 2 can be rewritten as: $$A_{bc} = \frac{1}{2}(A_{bc} + A_{cb}) + \frac{1}{2}(A_{bc}-A_{cb})$$ I can understand how that works. My question is: Prove that (independently): ...
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1answer
143 views

What is the difference between a skew-symmetric and an antisymmetric tensor?

What is the difference between a skew-symmetric and an anti-symmetric tensor? If they represent the same tensor, then why use different labeling.
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1answer
120 views

S. Weinberg, “The Quantum theory of fields: Foundations” (1995), Eq. 2.4.8

Unfortunately I'm struggling to understand how do we get eq. (2.4.8) from eq. (2.4.7), p. 60; namely how $(\Lambda \omega \Lambda^{-1} a)_\mu P^\mu$ is transformed into ...
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2answers
863 views

Kronecker delta confusion

I'm confused about the Kronecker delta. In the context of four-dimensional spacetime, multiplying the metric tensor by its inverse, I've seen (where the upstairs and downstairs indices are the same): ...
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1answer
450 views

What is the Lorentz tensor with a superscript and subscript index?

I have been reading about symmetries of systems' actions, e.g. the Polyakov action, and I have encountered Lorentz transformations of the form: $\Lambda^{\mu}_{\nu} X^{\nu}$. I am moderately familiar ...
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1answer
380 views

Covariant derivative with upper index

I just need clarification, that is, to see that I'm doing the right thing. When calculating central charge for certain metric, I need to solve an integral that contains Lie brackets etc. And I have ...
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1answer
808 views

metric signature explanation

Can anyone explain what metric signature is? I have a basic knowledge regarding tensors, btw. Also, how is it related to fundamental understanding of general relativity? Thanks.
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2answers
43 views

Index gymnastics and representing bra-kets as covariant and contravariant tensors

I am trying to figure out how to write, in Einstein notation as well as pick out elements of $$\langle A|[\mu]|B\rangle \langle X|[\nu]|Y\rangle$$ where $[\mu] = \begin{bmatrix} \mu_{11} & ...
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1answer
34 views

Tensors applied to vector and dual vector fields in GR

This is a specific question about tensor manipulation in Wald's GR. I'm asking for clarification of a trivial step, because I'm working through the text outside the context of a class, without prior ...
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1answer
62 views

Demostrating possible equivalence of two tensors

Is there anyway to see by inspection that a form like $$a(x^2 )^{-3} (g _{μσ} x_{\rho} x_{ ν} + g_{μρ} x_{σ} x_{ ν} +g_{νσ} x_{ρ} x_{ μ} + g_{ νρ} x_{ σ} x_{ μ} ) $$ may be equivalent to (i.e ...
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1answer
100 views

Interpretations of (r,s) tensors [duplicate]

A tensor of type (r,s) on a vector space V is a C-valued function T on V×V×...×V×W×W×...×W (there are r V's and s W's in which W is dual space of V) which is linear in each argument. We take (0, 0) ...
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1answer
206 views

Transformation rule of a partial derivative

We know the following transformation rule: $$ \partial'_b = \frac{\partial}{\partial x'^b} = \frac{\partial x^c}{\partial x'^b} \, \frac{\partial}{\partial x^c} = \frac{\partial x^c}{\partial x'^b} ...
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1answer
277 views

Pauli matrices and the Levi-Civita symbol

This is just a quick question. I would figure this out myself if I wouldn't have an exam about this tomorrow. I am working on the non-relativistic approximation of the Dirac equation for an electron ...
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1answer
75 views

true three index tensors

is such a tensor, $T_{\alpha\beta\, \gamma}$, possible such that $$T_{\alpha\beta\, \gamma}=T_{\beta\alpha\, \gamma}=-T_{\alpha\gamma\, \beta}=-T_{\gamma\beta\, \alpha}$$ That is, symmetric under two ...
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1answer
73 views

Transpose of (1,1) tensor

When we transpose a (1,1) tensor, shall we simply switch the two indices while keeping their upper/lower positions or switch them and also switch their upper/lower positions? In general, would the ...
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1answer
58 views

Rotation matrix in yo-yo problem?

I need to solve the yo-yo problem not in the normal sense. Instead, I need to include the position vector $r$ and rotation matrix $R$. Assume the yo-yo is rotating in the plane. In the problem yo-yo ...
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1answer
73 views

How to compute the inertia tensor ${\bf{J}} _{\Omega}$ of a body of revolution

Suppose that $\Omega$ is a body of revolution of the function $y=f(x), a\le x \le b$ around the $x$-axis, where $f(x)>0$ is continuous. How to compute the inertia tensor ${\bf{J}} _{\Omega}$? ...
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2answers
80 views

Raising and Lowering indices of tensor

Why we use metric tensors $g$ to raise or lower indices of tensors, why not using other (invertible) order-2 tensors to do the job?
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1answer
77 views

Electric Magnetic duality

In this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9705122 Section 2 We have $$S_A = \frac{1}{4g^2} \int{d^4x F_{\mu\nu}(A)F^{\mu\nu}(A)}$$ where $F_{\mu\nu}(A) = \partial_{[\mu A\nu]}$. Its Bianchi Identity ...
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2answers
114 views

Planetary motion: integration of equation of motion

I was reading Planetary Motion (page 117) in Barry Spain's Tensor calculus, and stupidly enough, I didn't understand this. The equations are : $$\frac{d^2\psi}{d\sigma^2} + ...
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1answer
99 views

Covariant derivative as a tensor

$$\nabla_{j} v^{i}~=~g^{ik}\nabla_{j}v_{k}.$$ Does this equality involve an intermediate step, where I take the metric inside the derivative, and then use the fact that covariant derivative of the ...
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1answer
137 views

Second Rank Tensors [duplicate]

I'm a little confused, for the twentieth time, on what tensors are. I thought they were a generalization of matrices-but then they have special transformation rules. I'm looking for a concise ...
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2answers
130 views

Inner products in relativity

In physics, the definition of a dot (inner) product is often between a vector (“contravariant vector”) and a covector (“covariant vector”). However, in mathematics, a dot product is always defined ...
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1answer
68 views

Unable to resolve 2 equivalent geodesic equations

A free particle moves along geodesics, one form being \begin{split} \ddot x^\mu &= -\Gamma^{\mu}_{\sigma \rho} \dot x^\sigma \dot x^\rho \\ &= -\frac{1}{2}g^{\mu \nu}(\partial_\sigma g_{\rho ...
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1answer
120 views

Spinor indices and antisymmetric tensor

Excuse me for long prehistory. Maybe it can be useful for someone. I was little confused with spinor indices when getting an expression relating the spinor and antisymmetric tensors. An antisymmetric ...
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1answer
258 views

Vector analysis in curvilinear coordinates using the metric tensor

In Weinberg's Gravitation, the formula for the volume element in curviliniar coordinates is given by $$dV=h_1 h_2 h_3 dx^1 dx^2 dx^3.$$ The metric is given by $ds^2=h_1^2 dx_1^2+h_2^2 ...
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1answer
321 views

Tensors: relations between physics and linear algebra

In continuum mechanics we use finite deformation tensors to exprime deformations in a point. The 9 components of the tensor (in reality 6 because of its symmetry) are defined as $$ ...
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0answers
20 views

Decomposition into symmetric and antisymmetric form [closed]

(a) Given a second-rank tensor Tμν, often viewed as an $N \times N$ matrix (for a space of dimension $N$), show by explicit construction that one can always decompose $T_{\mu\nu}$ into a symmetric ...
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0answers
28 views

Is energy-momentum of curvature a boundary/holographic density?

Since the beginnings of General Relativity, we have had this awkward, unholy separation of the universe in marble versus wood. divergence of the stress-energy momentum holds at all points of ...
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0answers
43 views

How can a vector have both contra-variant and co-variant components? [duplicate]

I have read that contra-variant and co-variat vectors have different transformation properties , which distinguish them, yet at the same time I have read that a vector can have contra-variant and ...
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0answers
38 views

Derivative of a constant tensor field along a path

I understand that the time derivative of a tensor filed $\mathbf T$ along a curve $\gamma\left(t\right)$ can be shown to be, $$ \frac { d\mathbf{T}}{ dt } = \left(\frac { dT^{ i } }{ dt } + V^{ k ...
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0answers
41 views

Just a contraction of indices

I came across a contraction which is not giving the desired result. This is a toy problem in how to get a supergravity theory in low energy limit of a superstring theory using the vanishing of beta ...
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0answers
100 views

Variation of the purely covariant Riemann tensor

I need to find the variation of the purely covariant Riemann tensor with respect to the metric $g^{\mu \nu}$, i.e. $\delta R_{\rho \sigma \mu \nu}$. I know that, $R_{\rho \sigma \mu \nu} = g_{\rho ...
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0answers
95 views

Index Notation Double Curl

My question is about Einstein notation. It does not matter the specifics of this example (the del operator could be another random vector), I just want to know if my assumption about notation is ...
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0answers
78 views

What is $T_{\mu\nu}T_{\mu\nu}$ for the electromagnetic stress-energy tensor?

Given the electromagnetic stress-energy tensor components \begin{align} T_{\mu\nu} = \begin{pmatrix} u_{00} && s_{0 \nu} \\ s_{\mu 0} && \sigma_{\mu\nu} \end{pmatrix}_{\mu\nu} ...
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0answers
41 views

How to calculate the minimum number of extrinsic dimensions of a metric tensor?

The Question How does one calculate the minimum number of dimensions of an extrinsic space that can be used to define the metric tensor \begin{align} g_{mn} = \dfrac{\partial y^k}{\partial x^m} ...
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0answers
126 views

How to integrate twice of this viscous term?

I am reading a paper, and I do not understand why the author said the following term when integrated twice will become, $\int\limits_\Omega {{\rm{d}}\Omega {{\bf{\psi }}^{\bf{u}}}\cdot\nabla ...
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2answers
164 views

Weinberg's proof that Levi-Civita Symbol is a tensor

In Gravitation and Cosmology, S.Weinberg states the following: $$\Lambda_{\epsilon}^{\alpha}\Lambda_{\zeta}^{\beta}\Lambda_{\kappa}^{\gamma}\Lambda_{\lambda}^{\delta}\epsilon^{\epsilon \zeta \kappa ...
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2answers
202 views

Raising indices in Killing equation or not?

I'm having issues with computation of Killing equation. I'm using Mathematica to check if the given vectors are Killing vectors or not, and by hand for simple vector like $\xi=\partial_t$ I get the ...
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2answers
127 views

A tensor summation question

With the definition of the tensor: \begin{equation} J_{ij} = I_{ij} - \tfrac{1}{3}\delta_{ij}I^{k}_{k}, \qquad i,j,k\in\{1,2,3\}, \end{equation} I have seen the quantity: \begin{equation} ...
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3answers
672 views

Need some basic help with notation and the Christoffel symbols

Apologies in advance if some of the questions below seem overly simple. In an introductory GR book, I find the following expression for the autoparallel of the affine connection (the upper bound of ...
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2answers
95 views

Why is the cosmological constant a scalar?

Maybe my understanding is just off, but the cosmological constant is just a scalar, right? What are it's units? Why a scalar? - was a tensor 'cosmological constant' ever considered or is it just not ...
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1answer
71 views

Little problem with indexes

Suppose I have a diagonal matrix metric, like $$b_{\mu\nu} = \mbox{diag}(1, -1, -1, -1)$$ namely there are nonzero values only for $\mu = \nu$. My problem is this (please be quiet to explain me ...
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1answer
598 views

Contraction of the metric tensor

This is perhaps a simple tensor calculus problem -- but I just can't see why... I have notes (in GR) that contains a proof of the statement In space of constant sectional curvature, $K$ is ...
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1answer
40 views

Energy-Momentum Tensor with mixed indices

I know that $T_{\mu\nu}$ is the Energy-Momentum Tensor and $T=g^{\mu\nu}T_{\mu\nu}$, but does anyone know what $T^{\nu}_{\mu}$ is and how its calculated?
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1answer
103 views

Kronecker delta in inertial tensor

I feel confused in (11.9) how does the book prove the following identity: $$\sum\limits_{i} w_{i}x_{\alpha,i} \sum\limits_{j} w_{j}x_{\alpha,j} = ...