It's the physical property that indicates the degree/intensity of heat present in a substance or an object. It can be expressed and measured according to various scales.

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Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, temperature, and ordering

In my thermodynamics course (and in other places on the internet) it is asserted that the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics can be used to define the concept of temperature. One statement of the Zeroth ...
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69 views

Reducing the evaporation of water at room temperature

Water drops kept on different surface evaporate after a few minutes. How can I reduce the rate of evaporation of these drops? Can I add some additives which suppress evaporation?
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37 views

Balloon gas temperature experiment in water

In this problem set I have a passage that describes an experiment that looks at the changing temperature as an air filled balloon rises to the surface from the bottom of a water filled tank. The graph ...
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62 views

What is concept of temperture in ion trap?

As only several thousands of particles are holding in the ion trap, how can we understand the temperature?
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92 views

Temperature on the surface of the sun calculated with the stefan-boltzmann-rule

In Wikipedia, the following calculation for the temperature on the surface of the sun is made : $\sigma=5.67*10^{-8}\frac{W}{m^2K^4}$ (Stefan-Boltzmann-constant) $S = 1367\frac{W}{m^2}$ (solar ...
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66 views

What causes a heat generating source to stabilize at a certain temperature? (Answered by myself, I think)

For example, we out a heat sink on a microprocessor to keep it cooler. I understand that if we run 100 watts of electricity through the microprocessor, it will generate 100 watts of heat, or 100 ...
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39 views

How to define the thermodynamic temperature

I've been reading derivations of the thermodynamic temperature scale. I'm assuming these are using Kelvin's method. I follow the math and the conclusion of the argument, but I don't understand how it ...
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68 views

Temperature in a Voltaic Cell

The potential difference across a voltaic cell varies with temperature. But my question is whether the voltage increases or decreases as temperature rises. According to the Nernst equation, the two ...
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206 views

Characteristic length for the diffusion equation (temperature)

The background: I'm doing some simulation work involving the diffusion equation in 1D. Specifically I have some temperature profile, constant thermal conductivity and fixed temperature at each end of ...
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74 views

Heating up a room to 50 °C

Suppose I have an empty room of $24 m^3$ and I want to heat it to 50 °C, assuming the current room is well isolated and the current temperature is 20 °C. How much power (in Watts) would a single ...
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62 views

Heisenberg's uncertainty and $0 K$ temperature

when a body is subjected to $0 K$ temperature, it becomes rigid. hence if we see in terms of quantum the lattice vibration decreases, resulting in no change in the direction of the Random velocity, ...
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Is Feynman talking about the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics?

In Volume 1 Chapter 39 of the Feynman Lectures on Physics, Feynman derives the ideal gas law from Newton's laws of motion. But then on page 41-1, he puts a caveat to the derivation he has just ...
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72 views

A physicists perspective on a material science/engineering problem

I am looking into some research that involves engineering and material science. As a physicists I wondered what other physicists would think of this problem and how they would approach it. Much of the ...
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How did the radiative flux of each gas giant planet change with respect to time (since their formation)?

We know that each gas giant planet was warmest when it was young. This warmth came from internal heating from both radioactive decay and from gravitational potential energy. This warmth, in turn, ...
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62 views

Does a cooler, submerged in water, keep beer colder, longer?

Looking around the web, I see some submerged bucket-like things, without insulation, and some floating coolers, where the actual cooler is not submerged. Given that your water temperature is lower ...
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20 views

Copper mean free path dependence on temperature

I'm doing simulations of copper, where the temperature can reach up to ~1300 K. Some calculations depend on the mean free path (MFP) of copper. The only value I've found for it is 39nm and it's ...
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22 views

Quantum computing records (storage times)

Long storage times for qubits will be integral in the construction of a scalable quantum computer. This leads me to ask the current state of affairs in our ability to store qubits. Namely, what is the ...
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112 views

Second derivative of vapor pressure from a cubic equation of state

It is quite easy to compute the first derivative of vapor pressure with respect to temperature from a cubic equation of state at least at the critical point since there is a continuity with the ...
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83 views

How Temperature, Pressure and Altitude are related in the atmosphere?

I'm looking for an approximation for the temperature of the atmosphere at any height and pressure. Both altitude and pressure are known variables, I've derived this equation using maxwell's ...
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112 views

Calculate how hot PLA will become

I am trying to attach the shaft of a brass heating tip to a PLA component. My problem is that the tip will have to reach a temperature of about 200°C and the PLA can only handle a temperature of about ...
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How can I read density fluctuation from microwaves?

The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation shows temperature differences. The red and yellow areas are warmer. The green and blue areas are cooler. For example consider this picture of CMBR ...
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483 views

How much power to keep surface of aluminum plate at given temperature?

I want to heat one side of an aluminum plate enough to hold the other side of that plate $100K$ above ambient. I'm willing to assume that the heated side of the plate is "well" insulated (along with ...
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43 views

Temperature of Bose-Einstein-Condensate in space

Recently I heared a talk by Bill Phillips, who talked about the coldest temperatures in the universe. Among others, he sayed that the coldest temperatures created at the moment are BECs, which can ...
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How do I calculate the speed of a temperature change?

I know how to calculate the change of temperature in a copper wire depending on voltage and current, but not how fast the temperature would change.
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Temperature of air effused into tank - different predictions?

Consider air from outside at $T_0$ effusing into an evacuated and thermally isolated chamber. By thermodynamic potentials, the temperature inside the tank is given by: $$T_1 = \gamma T_0 = ...
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857 views

Definitions in thermodynamics: temperature, thermal equilibrium, heat

I'm currently reading Fermi's "Thermodynamics" and I'm trying to grasp the (possibly different) right definitions for temperature, thermal equilibrium, heat. To clarify, I'm looking for definitions ...
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Photon temperature above Electroweak Symmetry Breaking (EWSB) transition

In discussions of the history of our Universe, photon temperature is substituted for time. As the Universe cools, phase transitions break symmetries, including electroweak symmetry. Why does it make ...
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ideal gas law modelization in a vacuum chamber

I am trying to model a pressure sensor in COMSOL. The basic work is that there is current flowing inside it, if the pressure of the gas around it drops down, the temperature goes down as well (ideal ...
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How to solve state parameters using these givens for an ideal gas?

In a thermodynamic turbine using air as an ideal gas, given that you have a known inlet temperature value $T_i$, a known exit pressure value $P_e$, a known inlet and exit velocity $V_i$ and $V_e$, a ...
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“This is not a perpetual motion machine, because reservoir temperatures are changing.” Is it a valid argument?

I've already faced this situation several times: given a statement (in area of thermodynamics) I used it to provide an example of some perpetual motion machine (of first or second kind). Therefore, I ...
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521 views

How to liquefy Hydrogen?

I have got a science project and my teacher has recommended me to do "Liquefying Hydrogen". I have been continuously thinking about that but I have not come to a solution. Can anyone please tell me ...
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Linear decrease in temperature during a redox reaction?

This is physics-related, don't worry. To calculate the enthalpy change of a solution during a redox reaction, what we did in class was measure the temperature of the solution every 30 seconds (before, ...
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23 views

extreme heat to extreme cold (define the endstate)

Contemporary cosmology frequently has space temperatures just after the 'big bang' in the regions of millions of degrees and with inflation and expansion of the universe this is now down to a couple ...
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57 views

Milk-First School

I have always been struck by the huge amount of different arguments about the issue: When you make a cup of tea, the milk should be poured first or added to the cup after the tea? Wikipedia, ...
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Lag model (using Tustin's first order algorithm)

I have an environment control system where I need to control and lag a temperature to 200C value.I am trying to perform dampening of the temperature in such a way that the fluctuation doesn't occur ...
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32 views

Temperature coefficient of resistivity (resistance) in function of temperature

If I'm correct, the definition of the temperature coefficient of resistivity at a certain reference temperature is the derivative of the resistivity in function of the temperature, divided by the ...
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31 views

Can temperature affect or change the wavelength or frequency of EMR?

If we were to emit Electro Magnetic Radiation(X-rays for example) to a very hot body such as the sun would we still get X-rays if we had a capturing device at the other end or would the high ...
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29 views

Techniques to cool gas to -100 celsius degrees

I am planning to design a scrubber system to separate CO2 and some other gases from a gas mixture. For this purpose, I thought to cool the gas below CO2's boiling point which is -57 Celsius. There are ...
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41 views

Optimal temperature for Mpemba Effect

Is there an pptimal temperature for the Mpemba Effect? Is there an optimal initial water temperature for speedy freezing? If so, what is it? If a specific example is needed: There is a 100 milliliter ...
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48 views

Linearity of the critical isochore?

When looking at the pressure-temperature diagram along the critical isochore (up to quite high reduced temperatures) a very linear trend can be observed. From a theoretical point of view, is the ...
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65 views

Is it correct to assume that a stretched rubber-band has negative entropy change?

If so, how could we express it in equations connecting S,T,Q? I was wondering if the net change is heat transfer was positive; Since we could feel the heat when it is stretched.
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Is the current situation possible for recreaction in a lab?

I want to convert cellulose to another form (crystalline => amorphous). Cellulose requires a temperature of 320 °C and pressure of 25 MPa to become amorphous in water.(Is the pressure achievable in ...
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248 views

Triple point temperature and freezing point

Why does the triple point temperature have very similar values to the freezing point, in most substances?