It's the physical property that indicates the degree/intensity of heat present in a substance or an object. It can be expressed and measured according to various scales.

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What is the lowest level things have temperatures?

Something can be cold. If you split it in half, it will still be cold, keep doing that and it will still be cold. My question is, what is the lowest level things can have temperature? Do atoms have ...
3
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3answers
493 views

What is the logic behind the Fahrenheit scale?

The Fahrenheit scale is defined by fixed points on the scale. What interests me is the apparent arbitrary chosen numbers in these fix-points. First wikipedia wites from 32 to 212. -and later in the ...
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2answers
88 views

How does temperature relate to the kinetic energy of molecules?

In ideal gas model, temperature is the measure of average kinetic energy of the gas molecules. If by some means the gas particles are accelerated to a very high speed in one direction, KE certainly ...
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3answers
85 views

Does Time change over temperature? [duplicate]

I am not a physicist, I am just an engineer. But I dared to ask whether the temperature changes the perception of time. Let's consider a particle that "stops" at absolute zero. I was thinking as a ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Am I very wrong with my grey body calculations?

I'm trying to calculate the maximum heat that an object on the moon can reach with the energy provided from Sunlight. I've got a total power output of the sun per square meter at the distance of the ...
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1answer
35 views

Inconsistencies between reported temperatures for objects on the surface of the moon

I'm involved in a bit of a debate over the temperatures of different objects on the surface of the moon during the moon landings. I've seen it said that the cameras only had to survive around between ...
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2answers
57 views

How fast will 1 Liter of 65°C water get back to 20°C?

I want to make a very simple example for a PID controller (to learn and understand it). I thought of a controller for a water boiler. 1 liter of water in the boiler is in a 20°C room (fixed ...
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1answer
77 views

Does time freeze at Absolute Zero? [closed]

Time has many definitions per se, but the basic idea being it's "the measurement of change" so as we know, all matter looses it's ability of changing with the loss of kinetic energy. and the where it ...
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25 views

Thermal Equilibrium of two thin sheets

While reading Gibbs' Elementary Principles in Statistical Mechanics I came across this footnote: The most simple test of the equality of temperature of two bodies is that they remain in ...
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1answer
38 views

Pressure, density, volume and mass in a room

Here's the question. A window in the room is open. The next day, the temperature of the room has increased, but the pressure of the air stayed the same. State and explain what has happened to ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Highest temperature possible to achieve using magnifying glass and sunlight [duplicate]

Temperature of the surface of the sun is about 5750K. Can you heat an object to more than 6000K using magnifying glass and sunlight? According to second law heat cannot be transferred from colder to ...
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1answer
132 views

What causes a heat generating source to stabilize at a certain temperature? (Answered by myself, I think)

For example, we out a heat sink on a microprocessor to keep it cooler. I understand that if we run 100 watts of electricity through the microprocessor, it will generate 100 watts of heat, or 100 ...
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1answer
33 views

Temperature effects on lead against radiation

I would like to know if bringing lead to near absolute zero temperatures would have any affects on how resistive it is against gamma radiation. It takes 40 centimeters of lead to reduce gamma ...
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1answer
18 views

Question about ohmic conductors

I'm having some trouble understanding Ohm's law. My trouble is with the different ways it is described when referring to ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. If someone can answer this question I think it ...
2
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1answer
22 views

Is it safe and theorotically correct to heat a bar magnet using an open fire/furnace, provided conditions given below?

For a project, I will have to heat a bar magnet to any temperature above 40 degree celsius. For this, can I place the magnet over an open fire --like one in a furnace-- for 20 minutes or so to achieve ...
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1answer
78 views

What is the overall rate of heat conduction through two pipes of different dimensions if the thermal conductivity is not constant?

I am trying to work out how I would find the rate of heat transfer through two pipes made of the same material that are joined at their ends but which have different cross-sectional areas and lengths. ...
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1answer
26 views

What is characteristic time in Fourier number exactly?

Please tell me What is characteristic time in Fourier number? How can I calculate characteristic time? Suppose I started heating water in a closed container by immersion rod. And temperature increases ...
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2answers
45 views

How to measure temperature of a laser cooled sample at picoKelvin temperatures?

I'm reading about laser cooling.. my question is: how can the temperature of the sample be measured? (using laser cooling we can reach $10^{-12}K...)$
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0answers
33 views

What is source of Infrared Radiation from some solid object? [duplicate]

I use a Fluke infrared temperature measurement meter for various applications. I have not thought too much about the source of that infrared radiation until recently. Assume some solid with maybe a ...
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1answer
27 views

/HVAC/ Air speed and influence on human body

I was wondering about three things: Wind chill effect. Human body perceives surrounding temperature as colder, with increasing air flow (chart). This is understandable, as thermal transfer "consists" ...
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0answers
9 views

transient condition from bodies subjected to condective boundary conditions

I would like to request you that please solve my queries about two questions. What type of conduction, Transient or steady state, should i consider during heating of water in a closed container ...
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0answers
29 views

When was the temperature of the CMB between 0°C? When was it 100°C? [duplicate]

The current temperature of the CMB is something like 3°K. When was the CMB temperature between 0° and 100° Celsius?
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2answers
30 views

Lake Ice Temperature

Given: A lake with an established sheet of ice of some nominal thickness covering it. It is night (no radiant energy from the sun). No wind. Air temperature -10 degrees Celsius. Will the ...
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7answers
14k views

Why does hot water clean better than cold water?

I had a left over coffee cup this morning, and I tried to wash it out. I realized I always instinctively use hot water to clean things, as it seems to work better. A Google search showed that other ...
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1answer
96 views

How can I estimate the cooking time of a roast?

I never remember what worked before, or to write it down someplace. In any case the size and starting temperature will vary. The instructions I learned from refuse to give a time at all, and the ...
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1answer
93 views

Newton's law of cooling for the heat equation boundary condition

Newton's law of cooling says the temperature of an object satisfies $$ \frac{dT}{dt} = -k(T(t) - T_0),\tag{1} $$ where $T_0$ is the surrounding temperature. See these HTML notes for example. Now if ...
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3answers
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273 + degree Celsius = Kelvin. Why 273?

Temperature conversion: 273 + degree Celsius = Kelvin Actually why is that 273? How does one come up with this? My teacher mentioned Gann's law (not sure if this is the one) but I couldn't find ...
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1answer
134 views

Heat Equation with In-Depth Radiation Exact Solution [closed]

I am looking to solve the heat conduction equation in a semi-infinite solid with in-depth radiation on the domain $-\infty < x < 0$. The governing equation of this problem is: $$\rho c ...
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0answers
31 views

Thermodynamics of a rubber band

I have a streched rubber band and I know that tension f is proportional to the temperature T when the length is constant. How can I proove that internal energy is only a function of temperature? I ...
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4answers
15k views

Why does a gas get hot when suddenly compressed? What is happening at the molecular level?

My guess is that the molecules of gas all have the same speed as before, but now there are much more collisions per unit area onto the thermometer, thus making the thermometer read a higher ...
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0answers
129 views

Thermalization of coupled classical oscillators

I would like to understand if it is possible to perform an experiment, where a bunch of classical harmonic oscillators (e.g., LC circuits or mechanical pendula) coupled in a simple manner (e.g., one ...
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1answer
19 views

Will a thermometer successfully be able to measure the temperature of this?

In a hypothetical experiment, I would be measuring the temperature change over time of a system; however, there would be no liquid (mostly gas). Would a regular thermometer (probably digital, as ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Thermistor calibration - estimation of number of reference temperature points needed

A thermistor changes resistance with the temperature in a non-linear way and follows the exponential Arrhenius equation. Two reference points, ice slush water and boiling water, are used for ...
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1answer
25 views

The difference in how temperature feels inside in the summer vs. in the winter?

72 degrees feels cooler when it's hotter outside, say 90 F but warmer if it's really cold outsid, say 32F However it also feels different if it's 90 vs say 70F outside. Why is that?
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Canonical or microcanonical ensemble?

What of this ensembles is more honest with natural thermal equilibrium? In microcanonical ensemble the sample is isolated, and we don't now the precise value of energy. By this considerations we have ...
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2answers
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Heat Transfer From a Spaceship in Deep Space

Space is a very low temperature environment, however it also has an extremely small number of particles per unit volume. This leads me to believe that, contrary to popular portrayals of heat loss in ...
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2answers
40 views

In the Ideal Gas Law, what does “fixed amount” of gas mean?

Does it mean mass? If so, wouldn't Pressure/Temperature basically represent its density?
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3answers
234 views

double of temperature

I'm not a physicist, but I was having a discussion with a friend and I could not convince her about the main point. I asked her: "If I am in a place which temperature is 10ºC and she is in a place ...
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2answers
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How to calculate temperature of an incandescent bulb filament?

Suppose we have a light bulb, for which we know its power rating, like voltage of $12\mathrm V$, and power consumption of $10\mathrm W$. We also know it's a halogen bulb with a tungsten filament ...
2
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1answer
121 views

If we go to space why isn't the temperature high? [duplicate]

We know that the temperature in space (which has vacuum) is low. If I go to space will I feel sweaty and hot or chilly? I think I will feel sweaty and hot because the radiation (UV, IR, etc) of the ...
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0answers
19 views

Thermodynamics of a heated enclosure [closed]

i have to maintain an aluminum enclosure of size 200x300x400mm at around 80 degrees Celsius, there for i need to calculate the thermodynamics of the system, ie what power of heater i need to achieve ...
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2answers
123 views

How long does it take for water to boil when subjected to intense heat?

I have a rather odd question that may just boil (sorry) down to a fairly simple problem I can't solve. The scenario is this: A person is testing the intensity of a super-focused beam of sunlight in a ...
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1answer
36 views

Temperature and Renormalization Scale in QFT

A particle physicist told me that everything in Peskin & Schroder is at zero temperature, and once you consider finite-$T$ QFT, things become more complicated. Meanwhile, I sometimes see people ...
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1answer
117 views

How hot is Plutonium-238 in Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs)?

As I understand it, Plutonium-238 is used to provide power through heat generation in radioisotope thermoelectric generators. My question is... how hot is a pellet of Plutonium-238? Does the heat ...
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0answers
38 views

Square of velocity = 2 times temperature times specific heat capacity ; seems too tidy [closed]

So I did some algebra and came up with the following $v^2 = 2Tc$ where $ v = $ average velocity of the particles $ T = $ tempreture $ c = $ specific heat capacity but this seems too tidy
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2answers
69 views

What unit system does Fahrenheit belong to?

Wikipedia's page for Imperial Units does not list Fahrenheit. The corresponding page for SI Units lists Kelvin as an SI unit, and Celcius as a derived SI unit. This leads me to believe that ...
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4answers
1k views

Does extreme cold make **everything** extremely brittle?

First of all, I'm genuinely sorry if this question isn't "serious" enough for this forum! A common cliche in movies and tv is that a very tough object (eg the villain) is frozen, and then hit with ...
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6answers
4k views

Why can't a gas be liquified by pressure above its critical temperature?

What is the cause behind a gas being difficult to liquify above its critical temperature no matter how much pressure is applied on it?
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1answer
393 views

Triple point temperature and freezing point

Why does the triple point temperature have very similar values to the freezing point, in most substances?
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Does wrapping a wet paper towel around a glass bottle really speed up the cooling process?

There are claims like this one that you can improve the cooling speed of beverages when you put them wrapped in a wet paper towel inside the refrigerator/freezer. I've just tried it by myself and ...