It's the physical property that indicates the degree/intensity of heat present in a substance or an object. It can be expressed and measured according to various scales.

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Determining if a solution will boil

A piston compresses a solution of 40% $HNO_3$ in $H_2O$. If the piston breaks and the pressure is reduced from 12.0 atm to 1.0 atm: a) If the temperature of the solution is 110 degrees C, will the ...
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Temperature limit of the increase in heat

If the sun is the hottest known thing to humans is it possible to have a temperature greater than the sun?.
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157 views

Why is $0 \,\mathrm{K}$ so special?

I know that $0 \,\mathrm{K}$ cannot be reached, this is discussed here and here. But, why is it such an important statement? I mean, there are many properties which will never be zero, like: ...
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Interesting properties exhibited by particles at negative temperature [closed]

I recently read an article which claims that "engine can do more work at negative temperature". The article seemed to have used a lot of jargon and hence a tough read for an amateur physics ...
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3answers
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Would a Cup of Tea Be Hotter If you Add the Milk Before or After Boiling Water?

This is a bit of dispute between work colleagues. An answer would be greatly appreciated. My argument is as follows: If you add X amount of milk at a temperature of M to a mug at room temperature R ...
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Why is the change of temperature $\Delta T$ measured in Kelvins, degrees Celsius, etc.?

Let me start by apologizing if this question seems pedantic and say that I'm not very familiar with physics in general, as I'm a math major instead. Anyway, say a body changes from temperature $T_1$ ...
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2answers
332 views

Measuring Cryogenic Temperatures

I need an inexpensive instrument to measure cryogenic temperatures (down to -200C). I can build a thermistor-based thermometer using an Arduino that is accurate to under 1 degree for 0 to 100C. ...
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Why isn't absolute $0 K$ temperature possible?

So $T$ is defined as $$T = \left(\frac{\partial E}{\partial S}\right)$$ and $S$ is defined as $$S = k_B \ln \Omega$$ where $\Omega$ is the number of accessible states of the system for a given ...
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Incorrect IR temperature reading on stainless steel?

Using a Fluke 62 Mini Infrared Thermometer today on a stainless steel pipe with coolant I noticed that it gives incorrect temperature readings. There is a temperature sensor inside the coolant ...
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1answer
95 views

How long will it take to temperatures of two solids to become equal?

If I have two solids with commmon area where they are touching each other, is there any way for calculating the time it will take to them to become equal? For example, I have two blocks of different ...
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Why has Earth's core not become solid?

The Earth is billions of years old, yet its core has not yet cooled down and become solid. Will this happen in the foreseeable future?
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373 views

Why is gas(oline) in gas stations sold by volume (as opposed to mass)?

Fluids (including natural gasoline/petroleum) have variable volume based on the ambient temperature for the same mass of fluid. So, really, the amount of gas that you're filling your car with depends ...
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91 views

How do I prevent shattering of glass?

I am not an expert of physics, instead I am more good at chemistry. I just wanted to ask that how do I prevent shattering of glasses on sudden large temperature changes? Sometimes, when I have to ...
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2answers
184 views

Ideal Gas Constant

Wikipedia states that the ideal gas constant relates the energy scale to the temperature scale. It serves as the constant of proportionality. This is obvious from the units. If temperature is a ...
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1answer
2k views

Estimate temperature and pressure of steam in a pot of boiling water

Suppose we have a pot of known dimensions filled to level L with boiling water on a stove, covered by a lid with a vent of known dimensions. Given the steady-state temperature of the stove (bottom of ...
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3answers
675 views

Does serving food on a hot plate really keep it warm longer?

I live in Ireland where serving food on hot plates is considered “good cooking practice” to ensure the food remains warm – I come from France where I have rarely seen it done. I am wondering if this ...
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Would the temperature of a gas change when accelerated in a train?

I was thinking about a situation where some gas is enclosed inside a container and kept in a train at rest. The train accelerates, gains a maximum speed and then suddenly stops. Would the temperature ...
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3answers
853 views

Why is the absolute zero -273.15ºC?

I can't find an answer of why the lowest temperature is -273.15ºC. Is it deduced theoretically or is it experimental? An explanation is that when any gas volume tends to zero, the temperature will be ...
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Definitions in thermodynamics: temperature, thermal equilibrium, heat

I'm currently reading Fermi's "Thermodynamics" and I'm trying to grasp the (possibly different) right definitions for temperature, thermal equilibrium, heat. To clarify, I'm looking for definitions ...
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What happened to high temperatures in the universe?

We know that after the big bang the temperature was about 10^32 K. But now the average temperature of the universe is about 4 K. What happened to the temperature at that time? Where did it go?
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753 views

Help with calculating resistance at a given temperature

The resistance of a bulb filament is $100\Omega$ at a temperature of $100^\circ \text{C}$. If its temperature coefficient of resistance be $0.005 \space \text{per} ^\circ \text{C}$, its resistance ...
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2answers
270 views

CMBR temperature over time?

How has CMBR temperature dropped as function of time? A graph would be nice, but I'd be happy with times (age of universe) when it cooled enough to not be visible to human eye, became room temperature ...
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Is the current situation possible for recreaction in a lab?

I want to convert cellulose to another form (crystalline => amorphous). Cellulose requires a temperature of 320 °C and pressure of 25 MPa to become amorphous in water.(Is the pressure achievable in ...
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When is temperature not a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance?

I had always thought that temperature of a substance was a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in that substance: $E_k = (3/2) k_bT $ where $E_k$ is the average kinetic energy of ...
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432 views

Measuring temperature at a distance

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKYrXHZwtPw In this video it is explained that Land Skin Temperature (LST) are measured by NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites. It seems it works by collecting the ...
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Photon temperature above Electroweak Symmetry Breaking (EWSB) transition

In discussions of the history of our Universe, photon temperature is substituted for time. As the Universe cools, phase transitions break symmetries, including electroweak symmetry. Why does it make ...
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Opening the fridge door to cool a room

I'm well aware that the default answer to this textbook default question is "it doesn't work", but still, I believe it does. To cool the insides of the fridge, the compressor must do work, and since ...
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What's the best strategy to fully fill the fridge with beer bottles and have them all cooled?

I'm having a party. Suppose I'd like to have a fridge full of cold ($6~^\circ\text{C}$ or below) beer bottles, in as short a time frame as possible. The fridge indicates that it is targeting (and ...
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1answer
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Why does a breeze of wind make us feel cooler? [duplicate]

In my Astronomy class, I learned that temperature results from the speed of air molecules colliding into your skin. Thus, if the air molecules in the room have a high kinetic energy and thus collide ...
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212 views

Temperature of rod if end points are different temperature [closed]

How does the temperature vary along the length of the rod if its both ends are at different temperature. As an example, consider the problem: 20 cm long rod has rod at one end 100 ºC and another ...
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In a large city how much hotter on average is it outside due to the air conditioning of all the buildings?

Title pretty much states the question. How much hotter do air conditioning units make it outside in a large city like NYC, Chicago, etc?
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597 views

Why do we feel a sudden chill?

When we are in a room, especially in some old houses, we feel this sudden rush of cold air. How does a strong air current arise and pass away so quickly?(lasts for about a second) I know air-currents ...
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1answer
40 views

Organs & Oscillations: An Analysis on the Temperature Dynamics of Solids

Does temperature have an influence on the frequency of an oscillating organ pipe?
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Why do some air-conditioned stores blast you with jets of air as you enter?

I went to a grocery store on a hot day that was very well air-conditioned, and I noticed as I went through the open entrance that there seemed to be a very powerful downward air current right at the ...
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ideal gas law modelization in a vacuum chamber

I am trying to model a pressure sensor in COMSOL. The basic work is that there is current flowing inside it, if the pressure of the gas around it drops down, the temperature goes down as well (ideal ...
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Time required for water to freeze

recently I was wondering if there is any specific formula in order to calculate how long it takes for certain liquids to freeze (especially water). I know this depends on: the volume of the liquid, ...
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1answer
423 views

How much does sunlight affect inside temperature?

Suppose we have a $3\cdot 3\cdot 3\,m^3$ room of which one side is glass. And suppose that the other 5 sides have no effect on temperature (super isolation). We know from physics how to calculate ...
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3answers
862 views

Best way to chill a cup of coffee with cold water and 5 minutes [duplicate]

Initial data 1 x 3/4 full cup of hot coffee / tea / your favorite morning beverage cold water 5 minutes Considering that it's starting to get hot outside, and we all want to drink reasonably cold ...
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2answers
815 views

How fast would body temperature go down in space?

What would be the rate of temperature loss for an average sized human in space without a suit? A human generates about 100 watt at rest. But how can we use that to calculate how fast the temperature ...
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925 views

Can a rock be considered frozen

Water usually comes to mind when thinking about freezing. Once it reaches a certain temperature, water freezes, becoming a solid. However could you make the same statement about a rock? Is a rock at ...
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Which is more efficient cooling? Cooling yourself from cold water from Referigerator or Airconditioning? [closed]

Case a: You chill a glass of water in refrigerator to a certain temperature and drink it.. it lowers your body temperature by X degrees. Case b: You switch on the a/c for a certain duration.. it ...
4
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1answer
367 views

Why do ice cubes make a cracking sound when placed in fizzy wine (Prosecco)?

When placing ice cubes in a fizzy drink such as Prosecco, ice makes a cracking sound, after which the fizzy bubbles more than usual. What is the physics of this phenomenon?
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Having a problem about entropy, thermodynamics

I am a high school student. So, while studying about thermodynamics, I got a little curious about entropy. As I read, entropy is the rate of change of chaos. So, if the entropy change of a system is ...
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1answer
664 views

Newton's law of cooling: changing temperature of environment

A metal ball having temperature of $80^\circ C$ is placed into $m$ grams of water at $0^\circ C$. After ten minutes, it was found that the temperature of ball and water are $60^\circ C$ and ...
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2answers
549 views

Guitar strings and temperature

I am investigating Mersenne's law with a guitar by varying tension (hanging weights) and string length. Will temperature change (room temperature to ~4°C) effect the frequency noticeably? If so, is ...
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1answer
468 views

How long does the 2nd pot of water take to boil right after the 1st one finishes?

Say I have a pot of water that boils in 20 minutes, at whatever temperature. If I leave the fire on, take the pot off, pour the hot water into a container, refill the pot with tap water and put it ...
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2answers
684 views

Why isn't the Earth's core temperature the average of its surface temperatures?

Assuming that the earth is spherical, that its temperature is continuous, and that some other more or less realistic conditions hold, we might think that the Earth's core temperature should be about ...
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1answer
270 views

Temperature gradient in body [closed]

Is there a Temperature gradient in the human body? especially I have heard that the eye is colder than other places? Is that right?
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323 views

Triple point temperature and freezing point

Why does the triple point temperature have very similar values to the freezing point, in most substances?
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Why is a degree Celsius exactly the same as a Kelvin?

How on earth is it possible that the difference between two temperatures in Celsius and Kelvin is exactly the same. Given the historical definition of Celsius, I find it hard to believe that this is ...